309 relations: Acoustic signature, Acoustic torpedo, Admiralty, Advanced Light Torpedo Shyena, Aegean Sea, Aerial torpedo, Aircraft, Aircraft carrier, Aluminium, American Civil War, American Revolutionary War, Ammunition, André Rebouças, Andrew Clarke (British Army officer), Anti-submarine weapon, APR-3E torpedo, ARA General Belgrano, Argentine Navy, Armed merchantman, Atmosphere of Earth, Australia, Austria-Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Navy, Autonomous underwater vehicle, Axis powers, Bangalore torpedo, Battle of Mobile Bay, Battle of Pacocha, Battle of Taranto, Battle of the Atlantic, Battle of the Dalmatian Channels, Battle of the North Cape, Battle of Tsushima, Battle off Samar, Battlecruiser, Battleship, Bomber, Boxer Rebellion, Bradley A. Fiske, Brennan torpedo, British Empire, British T-class submarine, Bulkhead (partition), Bureau of Ordnance, Caliber, Carboy, Charles Edmonds, Chile, Chilean Civil War of 1891, Chilean ironclad Blanco Encalada, ..., Chilean ship Almirante Lynch, Chinese ironclad Dingyuan, Coastal defence and fortification, Coastal Motor Boat, Cold War, Combat endurance, Combustion, Combustion chamber, Confederate States Navy, Contra-rotating, Cordite, Cornelis Drebbel, Cowcross Street, Crimean War, Croatian Navy, Croatian War of Independence, Cruiser, Daphné-class submarine, Dartmouth Museum, David Farragut, Destroyer, Detonation, Differential (mechanical device), DM2A4, Dreadnought, Drzewiecki drop collar, E-boat, E. W. Bliss Company, Electric battery, Electric ray, Empire of Japan, England, Fairey Swordfish, Falklands War, Fast attack craft, Fire-and-forget, First Sino-Japanese War, Flagship, Fleet Air Arm, Flight commander, Flight International, Flight lieutenant, Flywheel, Fortification, Frigate, Frogman, Futlyar, G7a torpedo, G7e torpedo, G7es torpedo, Gallipoli Campaign, Garrison Point Fort, German battleship Bismarck, German battleship Scharnhorst, German Navy, Giovanni Luppis, Glossary of nautical terms, Greenock, Guidance system, Gulf of Finland, Gunpowder, Gyroscope, Hardpoint, Hasan al-Rammah, Helicopter, HMS Ben-my-Chree, HMS Conqueror (S48), HMS Duke of York (17), HMS Manchester (15), HMS Saumarez, HMS Savage, HMS Shah (1873), HMS Sheffield (C24), Hoot (torpedo), Howell torpedo, Huáscar (ironclad), Hugh Childers, Human torpedo, Hydrogen peroxide, Imperial Japanese Navy, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, INS Khukri (F149), Internet Archive, Interwar period, Ironclad warship, James VI and I, Japan, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, Japanese cruiser Haguro, John Adams Howell, John Ericsson, John Isaac Thornycroft, John Louis Lay, Kaiten, Keel, Kerosene, Korean War, Kriegsmarine, Latin, Lead–acid battery, Li Hongzhang, Lieutenant commander, Line of battle, List of torpedoes by name, Lithium, Logistics, Louis Brennan, Ludwig Obry, Magnetic pistol, Mark 13 torpedo, Mark 14 torpedo, Mark 18 torpedo, Mark 24 mine, Mark 27 torpedo, Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes, Mark 45 torpedo, Mark 46 torpedo, Mark 48 torpedo, Mark 50 torpedo, Mark 54 MAKO Lightweight Torpedo, Mark 6 exploder, Mark 60 CAPTOR, MAS (motorboat), Mirna-class patrol boat, Missile guidance, Mobile, Alabama, Monopropellant, Motor Torpedo Boat, MU90 Impact, Nautilus (1800 submarine), Naval artillery, Naval mine, New London, Connecticut, New Year picture, Nikola Tesla, Nitrocellulose, NMS Rândunica, Nuclear torpedo, Nuclear weapon, Operation Pedestal, Oxygen, Pacific War, Pakistan Navy, Paraguayan War, Pendulum-and-hydrostat control, Phosphor bronze, PID controller, Pneumatics, Polymer-bonded explosive, Portland Harbour, Pound sterling, Pre-dreadnought battleship, Primary cell, Propeller, Proximity fuze, PT boat, Pump-jet, Qing dynasty, Radio control, Ramjet, Rear admiral, Rechargeable battery, Reciprocating engine, Remote control, Revolutions per minute, Rhode Island, Rijeka, River monitor, Robert Fulton, Robert Whitehead, Rocket, ROKS Cheonan sinking, Romanian War of Independence, Royal Arsenal, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Engineers, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, RUR-5 ASROC, Russian battleship Knyaz Suvorov, Russian Empire, Russian Navy, Russian tender Veliky Knyaz Konstantin, Russo-Japanese War, Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Salmon-class submarine, Samuel Eliot Morison, Sargo-class submarine, Schwartzkopff torpedo, Sea of Marmara, Seaplane, Shaped charge, Sheerness, Shell (projectile), Ship of the line, Shock factor, Shock wave, Short Brothers, Short Type 184, Siege of La Rochelle, Silver-oxide battery, Six-Day War, Slide rule, SMS Szent István, Soviet Union, Spar torpedo, Spearfish torpedo, Squadron (naval), Stefan Drzewiecki, Stepan Makarov, Sting Ray (torpedo), Submarine, Sulfur hexafluoride, Supercavitation, Tambor-class submarine, Tōgō Heihachirō, The Century Company, The Century Magazine, Tigerfish (torpedo), Torpedo belt, Torpedo boat, Torpedo bomber, Torpedo Data Computer, Torpedo tube, Torpex, Tugboat, Turkey, Turret ship, Turtle (submersible), Type 53 torpedo, Type 65 torpedo, Type 89 torpedo, Type 91 torpedo, Type 92 torpedo, Type 93 torpedo, Type 95 torpedo, Type 97 torpedo, Umbilical cable, United Kingdom, United States, United States Congress, United States Navy, United States Porpoise-class submarine, USS Liberty incident, VA-111 Shkval, Varunastra (torpedo), Wake, Wake homing, War of 1812, War Office, Warhead, Warship, Whitehead torpedo, Winch, Wire-guided missile, World War I, World War II, Yono-class submarine, Zinovy Rozhestvensky. 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Acoustic signature is used to describe a combination of acoustic emissions of sound emitters, such as those of ships and submarines.
An acoustic torpedo is a torpedo that aims itself by listening for characteristic sounds of its target or by searching for it using sonar (acoustic homing).
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
The Advanced Light Torpedo (TAL) Shyena is the first indigenous advanced lightweight anti-submarine torpedo of India, developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory of the DRDO for the Indian Navy.
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
An aerial torpedo, airborne torpedo or air-dropped torpedo is a naval weapon, a torpedo, that an aircraft—fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter—drops in the water, after which the weapon propels itself to the target.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
André Pinto Rebouças (13 January 1838 – 9 April 1898) was a Brazilian military engineer, abolitionist and inventor, son of Antônio Pereira Rebouças (1798–1880) and Carolina Pinto Rebouças.
Lieutenant General Sir Andrew Clarke, (27 July 1824 – 29 March 1902) was a British soldier and governor, as well as a surveyor and politician in Australia.
An anti-submarine weapon (ASW) is any one of a number of devices that are intended to act against a submarine and its crew, to destroy (sink) the vessel or reduce its capability as a weapon of war.
The APR-3E airborne light ASW acoustic homing torpedo is designed by Russian Tactical Missiles Corporation JSC to engage current and future submarines in at depth from the surface down to 800 metres at speed of up to 43+ knots, and it is a replacement for earlier APR-2 light antisubmarine acoustic homing torpedo.
ARA General Belgrano was an Argentine Navy light cruiser in service from 1951 until 1982.
The Navy of the Argentine Republic or Argentine Navy (Armada de la República Argentina — ARA, also Armada Argentina) is the navy of Argentina.
An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine, Hungarian: Császári és Királyi Haditengerészet "Imperial and Royal War Navy") was the naval force of Austria-Hungary.
An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is a robot that travels underwater without requiring input from an operator.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
A Bangalore torpedo is an explosive charge placed within one or several connected tubes.
The Battle of Mobile Bay of August 5, 1864 was an engagement of the American Civil War in which a Union fleet commanded by Rear Admiral David G. Farragut, assisted by a contingent of soldiers, attacked a smaller Confederate fleet led by Admiral Franklin Buchanan and three forts that guarded the entrance to Mobile Bay.
The naval Incident of Pacocha took place on 29 May 1877 when Nicolás de Piérola was leading a revolution to overthrow then Peruvian President Mariano Ignacio Prado.
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of the Dalmatian Channels was a three-day confrontation between three tactical groups of Yugoslav Navy ships and coastal artillery, and a detachment of naval commandos of the Croatian Navy fought on 14–16 November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence.
The Battle of the North Cape was a Second World War naval battle which occurred on 26 December 1943, as part of the Arctic Campaign.
The Battle of Tsushima (Цусимское сражение, Tsusimskoye srazheniye), also known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan (Japanese: 日本海海戦, Nihonkai-Kaisen) in Japan, was a major naval battle fought between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle off Samar (Filipino: Labanan sa may Samar) was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944.
The battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
Rear Admiral Bradley Allen Fiske (June 13, 1854 – April 6, 1942) was an officer in the United States Navy who was noted as a technical innovator.
The Brennan torpedo was a torpedo patented by Irish-born Australian inventor Louis Brennan in 1877.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Royal Navy's T class (or Triton class) of diesel-electric submarines was designed in the 1930s to replace the O, P, and R classes.
A bulkhead is an upright wall within the hull of a ship or within the fuselage of an aeroplane.
The Bureau of Ordnance (BuOrd) was the U.S. Navy's organization responsible for the procurement, storage, and deployment of all naval weapons, between the years 1862 and 1959.
In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.
A carboy (or carbouy), demijohn, or jimmyjohn is a rigid container with a typical capacity of.
Air Vice Marshal Charles Humphrey Kingsman Edmonds, (20 April 1891 – 26 September 1954) was air officer of the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chilean Civil War of 1891, also known as Revolution of 1891 was an armed conflict between forces supporting Congress and forces supporting the President, José Manuel Balmaceda.
Blanco Encalada was an armored frigate built by Earle's Shipbuilding Co.
Several ships of the Chilean Navy have been named Almirante Lynch after Patricio Lynch (1824–1886), a Chilean hero during the War of the Pacific.
Dingyuan was an ironclad battleship and the flagship of the Chinese Beiyang Fleet.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Castillo San Felipe de Barajas in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, an example of an Early Modern coastal defense Coastal defence (or defense) and coastal fortification are measures taken to provide protection against military attack at or near a coastline (or other shoreline), for example, fortification and coastal artillery.
During the First World War, following a suggestion from three junior officers of the Harwich destroyer force that small motor boats carrying a torpedo might be capable of travelling over the protective minefields and attacking ships of the Imperial German Navy at anchor in their bases, the Admiralty gave tentative approval to the idea and, in the summer of 1915, produced a Staff Requirement requesting designs for a Coastal Motor Boat for service in the North Sea.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Combat endurance is the time that a military system or unit can remain in combat before having to withdraw due to depleted resources.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
The Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861.
Contra-rotating, also referred to as coaxial contra-rotating, is a technique whereby parts of a mechanism rotate in opposite directions about a common axis, usually to minimise the effect of torque.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel (1572 – 7 November 1633) was a Dutch engineer and inventor.
Cowcross Street is a street in London.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The Croatian Navy (Hrvatska ratna mornarica or HRM) is a branch of the Croatian Armed Forces.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
The Daphné class was a type of diesel-electric patrol submarines built in France between 1958 and 1970 for the French Navy and for export.
Dartmouth Museum is a local museum in Dartmouth, Devon, which displays and chronicles the history of the port of Dartmouth.
David Glasgow Farragut (also spelled Glascoe; July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
A differential is a gear train with three shafts that has the property that the rotational speed of one shaft is the average of the speeds of the others, or a fixed multiple of that average.
DM2A4 Seehecht (export designation "SeaHake mod 4") is the latest heavyweight torpedo developed by Atlas Elektronik for the German Navy, as a further update of DM2 (Deutsches Modell 2) torpedo which was released in 1976.
The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century.
The Drzewiecki drop collar was an external torpedo launching system most commonly used by the French and Imperial Russian Navies in the first two decades of the 20th century.
E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The E. W. Bliss Company is a manufacturer of machine tools founded by Eliphalet Williams Bliss.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins, composing the order Torpediniformes.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The Fairey Swordfish was a biplane torpedo bomber designed by the Fairey Aviation Company.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship armed with anti-ship missiles, gun or torpedoes.
Fire-and-forget is a type of missile guidance which does not require further guidance after launch such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, and can hit its target without the launcher being in line-of-sight of the target.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
A flight commander is the leader of a constituent portion of an aerial squadron in aerial operations, often into combat.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
Flight Lieutenant (Flt Lt in the RAF and IAF; FLTLT in the RAAF and RNZAF—formerly sometimes F/L in all services) is a junior commissioned air force rank that originated in the Royal Naval Air Service and is still used in the Royal Air Force and many other countries, especially in the Commonwealth.
A flywheel is a mechanical device specifically designed to efficiently store rotational energy.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.
A frogman is someone who is trained in scuba diving or swimming underwater in a tactical capacity that includes police or military work.
Futlyar (Fizik-2) is a Russian deep-water homing torpedo tested by the Russian Navy in 2017; it entered service in the same year.
The G7a(TI) was the standard issue Kriegsmarine torpedo during the early years of World War II.
The G7e or more appropriately the G7e/T2, G7e/T3, and G7e/T4 Falke torpedoes were, with the exception of the T4 model, the standard torpedoes for Germany during World War II.
The G7es (T5) "Zaunkönig" ("wren") was an acoustic torpedo employed by German U-boats during World War II.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Garrison Point Fort is a former artillery fort situated at the end of the Garrison Point peninsula at Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent.
Bismarck was the first of two s built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.
Scharnhorst was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship and battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.
The German Navy (Deutsche Marine or simply Marine—) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified Bundeswehr ("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces.
Giovanni (Ivan) Biagio Luppis von Rammer (27 August 1813 – 11 January 1875), sometimes also known by the Croatian name of Vukić, was an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Navy who developed the first prototypes of the self-propelled torpedo.
This is a partial glossary of nautical terms; some remain current, while many date from the 17th to 19th centuries.
Greenock (Grianaig) is a town and administrative centre in the Inverclyde council area in Scotland and a former burgh within the historic county of Renfrewshire, located in the west central Lowlands of Scotland.
A guidance system is a virtual or physical device, or a group of devices implementing a guidance process used for controlling the movement of a ship, aircraft, missile, rocket, satellite, or any other moving object.
The Gulf of Finland (Suomenlahti; Soome laht; p; Finska viken) is the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
A hardpoint (more formally known as a station or weapon station) is a location on an airframe designed to carry an external or internal load.
Hasan al-Rammah (died 1295) was an Arab chemist and engineer during the Mamluk Sultanate who studied gunpowders and explosives, and sketched prototype instruments of warfare, including what some have maintained is a torpedo.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
HMS Ben-my-Chree (Manx: "Woman of My Heart"Dotan, p. 133) was a packet steamer and a Royal Navy (RN) seaplane carrier of the First World War.
HMS Conqueror (nickname "Conks") was a nuclear-powered fleet submarine which served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1990.
HMS Duke of York was a battleship of the Royal Navy.
The second HMS Manchester was a light cruiser of the Royal Navy, belonging to the Gloucester subclass.
Two ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Saumarez, after Admiral James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez.
Eight ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Savage.
The first HMS Shah was a 19th-century unarmoured iron hulled, wooden sheathed frigate of Britain's Royal Navy designed by Sir Edward Reed.
HMS Sheffield was one of the Southampton sub class of the cruisers of the Royal Navy during the Second World War.
The Hoot (حوت; Whale) is an Iranian supercavitation torpedo claimed to travel at approximately, several times faster than a conventional torpedo.
The Howell Automobile Torpedo was the first self-propelled torpedo produced in quantity by the United States Navy, which referred to it as the Howell Mark I torpedo.
Huáscar is an ironclad turret ship built in Britain for Peru in the 1860s.
Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (25 June 1827 – 29 January 1896) was a British Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century.
Human torpedoes or manned torpedoes are a type of diver propulsion vehicle on which the diver rides, generally in a seated position behind a fairing.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.
INS Khukri was a British Type 14 (''Blackwood''-class) frigate of the Indian Navy.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Haguro (羽黒) was a heavy cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after Mount Haguro in Yamagata Prefecture. Commissioned in 1929, Haguro saw significant service during World War II, participating in nine naval engagements. She was sunk in 1945 during a fight with Royal Navy destroyers, one of the last major Japanese warships to be sunk during World War II.
John Adams Howell (16 March 1840 – 1918) was a rear admiral of the United States Navy, who served during the Civil War and the Spanish–American War.
John Ericsson (born Johan) (July 31, 1803 – March 8, 1889) was a Swedish-American inventor, active in England and the United States, and regarded as one of the most influential mechanical engineers ever.
Sir John Isaac Thornycroft (1843–1928) was an English shipbuilder, the founder of the Thornycroft shipbuilding company and member of the Thornycroft family.
John Louis Lay (January 14, 1833 - April 17, 1899) was an American inventor, and a pioneer of the torpedo.
were manned torpedoes and suicide craft, used by the Imperial Japanese Navy in the final stages of World War II.
On boats and ships, the keel is either of two parts: a structural element that sometimes resembles a fin and protrudes below a boat along the central line, or a hydrodynamic element.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The lead–acid battery was invented in 1859 by French physicist Gaston Planté and is the oldest type of rechargeable battery.
Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
In naval warfare, the line of battle is a tactic in which a naval fleet of ships forms a line end to end.
The list of torpedoes by name includes all torpedoes operated in the past or present.
Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
Louis Brennan CB (28 January 1852 – 17 January 1932) was an Irish-Australian mechanical engineer and inventor.
Ludwig Obry was an Austrian engineer and naval officer of the Austrian Navy who invented a gyroscopic device for steering a torpedo in 1895.
Magnetic pistol is the term for the device on a torpedo or naval mine that detects its target by its magnetic field, and triggers the fuse for detonation.
The Mark 13 torpedo was the U.S. Navy's most common aerial torpedo of World War II.
The Mark 14 torpedo was the United States Navy's standard submarine-launched anti-ship torpedo of World War II.
The Mark 18 torpedo was an electric torpedo used by the United States Navy during World War II.
The Mark 24 mine (also known as FIDO or Fido) was a United States air-dropped passive acoustic homing anti-submarine torpedo used during the Second World War against German and Japanese submarines.
The Mark 27 torpedo was the first of the United States Navy 19-inch (48-cm) submarine-launched torpedoes.
The Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes (Mk 32 SVTT) system is a torpedo launching system designed for the United States Navy.
The Mark 45 anti-submarine torpedo, a.k.a. ASTOR, was a submarine-launched wire-guided nuclear torpedo designed by the United States Navy for use against high-speed, deep-diving, enemy submarines.
The Mark 46 torpedo is the backbone of the United States Navy's lightweight anti-submarine warfare torpedo inventory, and is the current NATO standard.
The Mark 48 and its improved Advanced Capability (ADCAP) variant are American heavyweight submarine-launched torpedoes.
The Mark 50 torpedo is a U.S. Navy advanced lightweight torpedo for use against fast, deep-diving submarines.
The Mark 54 Lightweight Hybrid Torpedo (LHT) is a standard 12.75 inch (324 mm) anti-submarine warfare (ASW) torpedo used by the United States Navy.
The Mark 6 exploder was a United States Navy torpedo exploder developed in the 1920s.
The Mark 60 CAPTOR (Encapsulated Torpedo) is the United States' only deep-water anti-submarine naval mine.
Motoscafo armato silurante (Italian: "torpedo armed motorboat"), commonly abbreviated as MAS was a class of fast torpedo armed vessel used by the Regia Marina (the Royal Navy of Italy) during World War I and World War II.
The Mirna class (referred to as the Type 171 in some sources) is a class of eleven patrol boats built for the Yugoslav Navy (Jugoslavenska ratna mornarica - JRM) by the Tito's Kraljevica Shipyard.
Missile guidance refers to a variety of methods of guiding a missile or a guided bomb to its intended target.
Mobile is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama, United States.
Monopropellants are propellants consisting of chemicals that release energy through exothermic chemical decomposition.
Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy.
The MU90 Impact is an advanced lightweight anti-submarine torpedo of the 3rd generation developed by France and Italy for navies of France, Italy, Germany, Denmark, Australia and Poland.
Nautilus was a submarine first tested in 1800.
Naval artillery is artillery mounted on a warship, originally used only for naval warfare, later also for naval gunfire support against targets on land, and for anti-aircraft use.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
A New Year Picture (Chinese: 年画) (Pinyin: Nían Hùa; literally "Year Picture") is a popular Banhua in China.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
NMS Rândunica was the first torpedo boat of the Romanian Navy.
A nuclear torpedo is a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Operation Pedestal (Battaglia di Mezzo Agosto, "Battle of mid-August"), known in Malta as the Santa Marija Convoy (Il-Konvoj ta' Santa Marija), was a British operation to carry supplies to the island of Malta in August 1942, during the Second World War.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
The Pakistan Navy (rtl; Pɑkistan Bahri'a) (reporting name: PN) is the naval warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases.
The Paraguayan War, also known as the War of the Triple Alliance and the Great War in Paraguay, was a South American war fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, the Empire of Brazil, and Uruguay.
Pendulum-and-hydrostat control is a control mechanism developed originally for depth control of the Whitehead Torpedo.
Phosphor bronze is an alloy of copper with 0.5–11% of tin and 0.01–0.35% phosphorus.
A proportional–integral–derivative controller (PID controller or three term controller) is a control loop feedback mechanism widely used in industrial control systems and a variety of other applications requiring continuously modulated control.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
A polymer-bonded explosive, also called PBX or plastic-bonded explosive, is an explosive material in which explosive powder is bound together in a matrix using small quantities (typically 5–10% by weight) of a synthetic polymer.
Portland Harbour is located beside the Isle of Portland, Dorset, on the south coast of England.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Pre-dreadnought battleships were sea-going battleships built between the mid- to late 1880s and 1905, before the launch of.
A primary cell is a battery that is designed to be used once and discarded, and not recharged with electricity and reused like a secondary cell (rechargeable battery).
A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II.
A view of pump-jets operating ''Discovery'' jet ski pump jet Rear view of pump-jet on a Mark 50 torpedo A pump-jet, hydrojet, or water jet is a marine system that creates a jet of water for propulsion.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S equivalent of Commander) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.
A rechargeable battery, storage battery, secondary cell, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, which is supplied fully charged and discarded after use.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
In electronics, a remote control or clicker is a component of an electronic device used to operate the device from a distance, usually wirelessly.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Rijeka (Fiume; Reka; Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).
River monitors are military craft designed to patrol rivers.
Robert Fulton (November 14, 1765 – February 25, 1815) was an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat called The North River Steamboat of Clermonts.
Robert Whitehead (3 January 1823 – 14 November 1905) was an English engineer, most famous for developing the first effective self-propelled naval torpedo.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The ROKS Cheonan sinking occurred on 26 March 2010, when, a of the Republic of Korea Navy, carrying 104 personnel, sank off the country's west coast near Baengnyeong Island in the Yellow Sea, killing 46 seamen.
The Romanian War of Independence is the name used in Romanian historiography to refer to the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78), following which Romania, fighting on the Russian side, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. On, Romania and the Russian Empire signed a treaty at Bucharest under which Russian troops were allowed to pass through Romanian territory, with the condition that Russia respected the integrity of Romania. The mobilization began, and about 120,000 soldiers were massed in the south of the country to defend against an eventual attack of the Ottoman forces from south of the Danube. On, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire and its troops entered Romania through the newly built Eiffel Bridge.
The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.
The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN; French: Marine royale canadienne) is the naval force of Canada.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The RUR-5 ASROC (for "Anti-Submarine ROCket") is an all-weather, all sea-conditions anti-submarine missile system.
Knyaz Suvorov (Князь Суворов) was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Russian Navy (r, lit. Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation) is the naval arm of the Russian Armed Forces.
Veliky Knyaz Konstantin (Великий князь Константин) was the name of a torpedo boat tender of the Russian Navy named after the Grand Duke (Veliky Knyaz) Konstantin of Russia, and which served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
The United States Navy Salmon-class submarines were an important developmental step in the design of the "fleet submarine" concept during the 1930s.
Samuel Eliot Morison (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian noted for his works of maritime history and American history that were both authoritative and popular.
The Sargo-class submarines were among the first US submarines to be sent into action after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, starting war patrols the day after the attack, having been deployed to the Philippines in late 1941.
The Schwartzkopff torpedo was a torpedo manufactured in the late 19th century by the German firm Eisengießerei und Maschinen-Fabrik von L. Schwartzkopff, later known as Berliner Maschinenbau, based on the Whitehead design.
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.
A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.
Sheerness is a town beside the mouth of the River Medway on the north-west corner of the Isle of Sheppey in north Kent, England.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
A ship of the line was a type of naval warship constructed from the 17th through to the mid-19th century to take part in the naval tactic known as the line of battle, in which two columns of opposing warships would manoeuvre to bring the greatest weight of broadside firepower to bear.
Shock factor is a commonly used figure of merit for estimating the amount of shock experienced by a naval target from an underwater explosion as a function of explosive charge weight, slant range, and depression angle (between vessel and charge).
In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.
Short Brothers plc, usually referred to as Shorts or Short, is an aerospace company based in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Short Admiralty Type 184, often called the Short 225 after the power rating of the engine first fitted, was a British two-seat reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo carrying folding-wing seaplane designed by Horace Short of Short Brothers.
The Siege of La Rochelle (French: Le Siège de La Rochelle, or sometimes Le Grand Siège de La Rochelle) was a result of a war between the French royal forces of Louis XIII of France and the Huguenots of La Rochelle in 1627–28.
A silver-oxide battery (IEC code: S) is a primary cell with a very high energy-to-weight ratio.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
The slide rule, also known colloquially in the United States as a slipstick, is a mechanical analog computer.
SMS Szent István was a dreadnought of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, the only one built in the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A spar torpedo is a weapon consisting of a bomb placed at the end of a long pole, or spar, and attached to a boat.
The Spearfish torpedo (formally Naval Staff Target 7525) is the heavy torpedo used by the submarines of the Royal Navy.
A squadron, or naval squadron, is a significant group of warships which is nonetheless considered too small to be designated a fleet.
Stefan Drzewiecki (Джеве́цкий Степа́н Ка́рлович (Казими́рович); July 26, 1844 in Kunka, Podolia, Russian Empire (today Ukraine, April 23, 1938 in Paris) was a Polish and Russian scientist, journalist, engineer, constructor and inventor, working in France and the Russian Empire. He built the first submarine in the world with electric battery-powered propulsion (1884).
Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров; –) was a Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, an oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books.
The Sting Ray torpedo is a current British acoustic homing light-weight torpedo (LWT) manufactured by GEC-Marconi, who were later bought out by BAE Systems.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is an inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, extremely potent greenhouse gas, and an excellent electrical insulator.
Supercavitation is the use of cavitation effects to create a bubble of gas or vapor large enough to encompass an object travelling through a liquid, greatly reducing the skin friction drag on the object and enabling high speeds.
The Tambor-class submarine was a United States Navy submarine design, used primarily during World War II.
Marshal-Admiral The Marquis Tōgō Heihachirō, OM, GCVO (東郷 平八郎; 27 January 184830 May 1934), was a gensui or admiral of the fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes.
The Century Company was an American publishing company, founded in 1881.
The Century Magazine was first published in the United States in 1881 by The Century Company of New York City, which had been bought in that year by Roswell Smith and renamed by him after the Century Association.
The Mk 24 Tigerfish torpedo was a heavyweight acoustic homing torpedo used by the Royal Navy (RN) for several years.
The torpedo belt was part of the armouring scheme in some warships between the 1920s and 1940s.
A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
The Torpedo Data Computer (TDC) was an early electromechanical analog computer used for torpedo fire-control on American submarines during World War II.
A torpedo tube is a cylinder shaped device for launching torpedoes.
Torpex is a secondary explosive, 50% more powerful than TNT by mass.
A tug (tugboat or towboat) is a type of vessel that maneuvers other vessels by pushing or pulling them either by direct contact or by means of a tow line.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turret ships were a 19th-century type of warship, the earliest to have their guns mounted in a revolving gun turret, instead of a broadside arrangement.
Turtle (also called American Turtle) was the world's first submersible vessel with a documented record of use in combat.
Type 53 is the common name for a family of 53 cm (21 inch) torpedoes manufactured in Russia, starting with the 53-27 torpedo and continuing to the modern UGST (Fizik-1).
The Type 65 is a torpedo manufactured in the Soviet Union/Russia.
The Type 89 torpedo (development name G-RX2) is a Japanese submarine-launched homing torpedo produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
The Type 91 was an aerial torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy designed to be launched from an aircraft.
The Type 92 torpedo was a submarine-launched torpedo used by the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
The was a -diameter torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), launched from surface ships.
The Type 95 torpedo was a torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Type 97 was a diameter torpedo used by the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
An umbilical cable or umbilical is a cable and/or hose that supplies required consumables to an apparatus, diver or astronaut.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The Porpoise class were submarines built for the United States Navy in the late 1930s, and incorporated a number of modern features that would make them the basis for subsequent,,,,, and classes.
The USS Liberty incident was an attack on a United States Navy technical research ship,, by Israeli Air Force jet fighter aircraft and Israeli Navy motor torpedo boats, on 8 June 1967, during the Six-Day War.
The VA-111 Shkval (from шквал — squall) torpedo and its descendants are supercavitating torpedoes originally developed by the Soviet Union.
The Varunastra is an Indian advanced heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo, developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory of the DRDO for the Indian Navy.
In fluid dynamics, a wake may either be.
Wake homing is a technique used to guide torpedoes to their target.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
The Whitehead torpedo was the first self-propelled or "locomotive" torpedo ever developed.
A winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope (also called "cable" or "wire cable").
A wire-guided missile is a missile that is guided by signals sent to it via thin wires connected between the missile and its guidance mechanism, which is located somewhere near the launch site.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky (Зиновий Петрович Рожественский) (– January 14, 1909) was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.