492 relations: A Connecticut Party, ACT New Zealand, Alamein Kopu, Alaska, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Alexandre Millerand, Alliance 90/The Greens, America's Party, André Arthur, Andrew Wilkie, Andrzej Duda, Angus King, Arthur Uther Pendragon, Aston Villa F.C., Atifete Jahjaga, Attorney General of British Columbia, Australian Electoral Commission, Australian federal election, 2007, Australian federal election, 2013, Australian Greens, Australian House of Representatives, Australian Independents, Australian Labor Party, Australian Senate, Backbencher, Balance of power (parliament), Balkans, Bandar Tun Razak, Barbara Merrill, Benjamin Franklin, Bernie Sanders, Bill Casey, Bill Walker (U.S. politician), Blaenau Gwent, Blaenau Gwent (UK Parliament constituency), Blaenau Gwent by-elections, 2006, Blaenau Gwent People's Voice, Bloc Québécois, Borough of Bedford, Borough of Hartlepool, Brain tumor, Brendan Horan, Brian Harradine, Brian Monteith, British Columbia, British Columbia general election, 2009, Bronisław Komorowski, Bulgarian presidential election, 2016, Bulgarian Socialist Party, Bundestag, ..., By-election, Cabinet of Germany, Campbell Martin, Canadian Alliance, Canadian federal election, 2004, Canadian federal election, 2006, Canadian federal election, 2008, Cancer, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Carole Keeton Strayhorn, Carolyn Parrish, Cathy McGowan (politician), Centre Party (Germany), Centrism, Chancellor of Germany, Charlie Crist, Chen Fu-hai, Chris Carter (politician), Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Chuck Cadman, Church of England, City council, City of London Corporation, Civic Platform, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, Committee on Standards in Public Life, Comptroller, Connecticut for Lieberman, Consensus government, Conservatism in Germany, Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party of Canada, Council of the Isles of Scilly election, 2009, Country music, Croatian parliamentary election, 2015, Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Dai Davies (politician), Dan Hollingsworth, David Davis (Supreme Court justice), David Ige, David Kilgour, David Seymour (politician), Dáil Éireann, Dean Barkley, Delaware, Delta South, Democratic Labour Party (Australia), Democratic Labour Party (Brazil), Democratic Party (United States), Dennis Canavan, Derwentside Independents, Detective fiction, Devizes Guardians, Dewan Rakyat, Dick Cheney, Directly elected mayors in England and Wales, Districts of Germany, Division of Denison, Division of Indi, Dmitry Medvedev, Doug Ellis, Eddie Panlilio, Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont, Edward Coles, Election Commission of India, Electoral Administration Act 2006, Electoral district, Electoral reform, Emmanuel Macron, England and Wales police and crime commissioner elections, 2012, Eric Joyce, Ernie Chambers, Executive officer, Falkirk West (Scottish Parliament constituency), Federal Constitutional Court, Federal Convention (Germany), Florida, Florida House of Representatives, Frank Dobson, Frank Grover, Franz von Papen, Frazier Reams, Free Democratic Party (Germany), Free Voters, Fu Kun-chi, Functional constituency (Hong Kong), Geographical constituency, George Galloway, George W. Norris, George Washington, German Empire, German Minority Electoral Committee, German presidential election, 2010, German presidential election, 2012, Giuliano Amato, Giuseppe Conte, Glenn Lazarus, Gordon Copeland, Governor of Hawaii, Governor of Virginia, Green Party of the United States, Gregorio Honasan, Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, Haltemprice and Howden by-election, 2008, Hans Leussink, Hans Luther, Harry F. Byrd Jr., Hawaii, Head of government, Henry Howell, Hone Harawira, Honolulu, House of Commons of Canada, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Hualien County, Ideology, Illinois, Independence Party, Independence Party of Minnesota, Independent Alliance (Ireland), Independent Community and Health Concern, Independent Conservative, Independent Liberal, Independent Network, Independent Party, Independent voter, Independents 4 Change, Irish general election, 2016, Jacqui Lambie, Jaime Rodríguez Calderón, James B. 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Weicker Jr., Ludwig Erhard, Luise Rinser, Magnolia Antonino, Maine, Maine House of Representatives, Mana Movement, Mandate (politics), Mandy Jones, Manny Diaz (Florida politician), Mansfield District, Marco Rubio, Margo MacDonald, Mario Monti, Martin Bell, Mayor, Mayor of London, Mayor of New York City, Mayor of Taipei, Māori Party, Member of parliament, Member of the Scottish Parliament, Members of the 25th Seanad, Merthyr Tydfil, Mexico, Miami, Michael Bloomberg, Mid Scotland and Fife (Scottish Parliament electoral region), Middlesbrough, Mike Hancock (British politician), Minister of the Interior (France), Minnesota, Minority government, Mississauga—Erindale, Mixed-member proportional representation, Mohsin Fadzli Samsuri, Mongolia, Mufi Hannemann, Nadine Dorries, Nathan Gill, National Assembly for Wales election, 2007, National Coalition Party, National Party of Australia, National University of Ireland, Nationalist People's Coalition, Nazi Party, Nebraska, Nebraska Legislature, Neil McEvoy, New Democratic Party, New Mexico, New Mexico Senate, New Zealand First, New Zealand general election, 1943, New Zealand general election, 1993, New Zealand Labour Party, New Zealand National Party, Nick Xenophon, Niue, Niue People's Party, Noli de Castro, Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords, Non-Inscrits, Non-partisan democracy, Nonpartisanism, North Down (UK Parliament constituency), Northern Germany, Northwest Territories, Nuevo León, Nunavut, Official party status, Ohio, Omaha, Nebraska, Open secret, Oregon, Oregon State Senate, Orkney Islands Council, Oscar Goodman, Outer Hebrides, Pakistan, Pakistani general election, 2008, Palmer United Party, Pampanga, Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary group, Party chair, Party switching, Pat O'Brien (Canadian politician), Paul Judge, Paul Martin, Paul von Hindenburg, Paul Wellstone, Penny Priddy, People's Justice Party (Malaysia), Peter Dunne, Peter Law, Peter Milliken, Philippine general election, 2001, Philippine House of Representatives elections, 2010, Philippine presidential election, 2004, Philippine Senate election, 1967, Philippine Senate election, 1995, Philippine Senate election, 2007, Philippines, Plaid Cymru, Plurality voting, Poland, Police and crime commissioner, Polish parliamentary election, 2001, Polish parliamentary election, 2015, Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, Political party, Politician, Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier, President, President of Bulgaria, President of Finland, President of France, President of Germany, President of Iceland, President of Italy, President of Poland, President of Russia, Prime Minister of Croatia, Prime Minister of Poland, Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, Quebec, Question Period, Radical centrism, Ralph Nader, Reform Party of Canada, Reform Party of the United States of America, Registration of Political Parties Act 1998, Republican Party (United States), Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell, Respect Party, Rhode Island, Richard Taylor (British politician), Riding (country subdivision), Ross Perot, Rumen Radev, Russia, Ruston, Louisiana, S. O. Davies, Salisbury (UK Parliament constituency), Sam Houston, Sauli Niinistö, Scottish National Party, Scottish Parliament election, 2003, Scottish Parliament election, 2007, Scottish Parliament election, 2011, Scottish Parliament election, 2016, Seanad Éireann, Sejm, Senate of Poland, Senate of the Philippines, Shadrach Bond, Shetland Islands Council, Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Solidarity (Polish trade union), Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada, States of Germany, Stern (magazine), Stoke-on-Trent, Strathkelvin and Bearsden (Scottish Parliament constituency), Suffrage, Surrey North, Sutton Coldfield (UK Parliament constituency), Swing vote, Sylvia Hermon, Syncretic politics, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Taipei, Taito Phillip Field, Taiwan, Taiwanese local elections, 2014, Tan Tee Beng, Taoiseach, Tasmania, Tatton (UK Parliament constituency), Tau Henare, Teachta Dála, Tennessee Senate, Texas, The Left (Germany), The Sunday Times, Third party (United States), Third-party members of the United States House of Representatives, Thomas Wüppesahl, Tihomir Orešković, Trinity College Dublin, Trish Law, Tuariki Delamere, Ulster Unionist Party, Unicameralism, Unification of Germany, Unionism in Ireland, United Future, United Kingdom general election, 1997, United Kingdom general election, 2001, United Kingdom general election, 2005, United Kingdom general election, 2010, United Kingdom general election, 2015, United Kingdom general election, 2017, United Russia, United States, United States elections, 2016, United States House of Representatives, United States presidential election, 1844, United States presidential election, 1980, United States presidential election, 1992, United States presidential election, 2004, United States Senate, United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate election in Connecticut, 2006, United States Senate elections, 2002, United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, 2008, Vermont, Vermont House of Representatives, Vermont's at-large congressional district, Vice president, Vice President of the Philippines, Vicki Huntington, Victor L. Berger, Victoria (Australia), Virgil Goode, Virginia, Virginia House of Delegates, Vladimir Putin, Wally Oppal, Wayne Morse, Wee Choo Keong, Weimar Republic, Welsh Labour, Werner Müller (politician), West German federal election, 1949, West of Scotland (Scottish Parliament electoral region), Whig Party (United States), Wilhelm Cuno, Winston Peters, Wisconsin, World War I, World War II, Wyre Forest (UK Parliament constituency), Zahrain Mohamed Hashim, Zulkifli Noordin, 15th Congress of the Philippines, 49th New Zealand Parliament, 50th New Zealand Parliament. Expand index (442 more) » « Shrink index
A Connecticut Party was a political party formed by former Republican Senator and gubernatorial candidate Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. in 1990.
ACT New Zealand, usually known as ACT, is a right-wing, classical-liberal political party in New Zealand.
Manu Alamein Kopu (1943 – 4 December 2011) was a New Zealand politician.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Aleksander Kwaśniewski (born 15 November 1954) is a Polish politician and journalist.
Alexandre Millerand (10 February 1859 – 7 April 1943) was a French politician and freemason.
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
America's Party is the free New Year's Eve event held on the Las Vegas Strip put together by Las Vegas Events and the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority.
André Arthur (born December 21, 1943) is a Canadian radio host and politician.
Andrew Damien Wilkie (born 8 November 1961 in Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia) is an Australian politician and independent federal member for Denison.
Andrzej Sebastian Duda (born 16 May 1972) is a Polish politician as well as the sixth and current President of Poland, holding the office since 6 August 2015.
Angus Stanley King Jr. (born March 31, 1944) is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator from Maine since 2013.
Arthur Uther Pendragon (born John Timothy Rothwell, 5 April 1954) is an English eco-campaigner, Neo-Druid leader, media personality, and self-declared reincarnation of King Arthur, a name by which he is also known.
Aston Villa Football Club (nicknamed Villa, The Villa, The Villans and The Lions) is a professional football club based in Aston, Birmingham, England.
Atifete Jahjaga (born 20 April 1975) is a Kosovar politician and stateswoman who served as the third President of Kosovo.
The Ministry of the Attorney General of British Columbia is a provincial government department responsible for the oversight of the justice system within the province of British Columbia, Canada.
The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) is the federal independent agency in charge of organising, conducting and supervising federal elections and referendums.
Federal elections were held in Australia on 24 November 2007.
A federal election to determine the members of the 44th Parliament of Australia took place on 7 September 2013.
The Australian Greens (commonly known as The Greens) is a green political party in Australia.
The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian Independents was a minor political party in Australia, founded by serial political candidate, Patricia Petersen in 2012.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives.
In Westminster parliamentary systems, a backbencher is a Member of Parliament (MP) or a legislator who holds no governmental office and is not a frontbench spokesperson in the Opposition, being instead simply a member of the "rank and file".
In parliamentary politics, the term balance of power may describe a parliamentary situation in which a member or a number of members of chamber are in a position by their uncommitted vote to enable a party to attain and remain in minority government, and the term may also be applied to the members who hold that position.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Bandar Tun Razak is a township and parliamentary constituency in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Barbara E. Merrill (born 1957 in Frankfurt, Germany) is an American politician from Maine.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
William D. "Bill" Casey,, (born February 19, 1945) is a Canadian politician from Nova Scotia.
William Martin Walker (born April 16, 1951) is an American attorney and politician who is the 11th and current governor of Alaska.
Blaenau Gwent (pronounced) is a county borough in Wales, sharing its name with a parliamentary constituency.
Blaenau Gwent is a constituency in South Wales created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Nick Smith of the Labour Party.
Two by-elections were held for the constituency of Blaenau Gwent in Wales following the death of Member of Parliament and Assembly Member Peter Law on 25 April 2006.
The Blaenau Gwent People's Voice Group was a political party based in the Blaenau Gwent area of Wales.
The Bloc Québécois (BQ) is a federal political party in Canada devoted to Quebec nationalism and the promotion of Quebec sovereignty.
Bedford is a unitary authority area with borough status in the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire, England.
The Borough of Hartlepool is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of County Durham, north-east England.
A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.
Brendan Francis John Horan (born 9 July 1961) is a New Zealand politician and former list MP, who was elected to the New Zealand Parliament in 2011 for the New Zealand First party.
Richard William Brian Harradine (9 January 1935 – 14 April 2014) was an Australian politician who served as an independent member of the Australian Senate, from 1975 to 2005, representing the state of Tasmania.
Brian Monteith (born 8 January 1958) is a Scottish public relations consultant, politician and commentator, who was a Conservative Member of the Scottish Parliament between 1999 and 2007.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The 39th British Columbia general election was held on May 12, 2009, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
Bronisław Maria Komorowski (born 4 June 1952) is a Polish politician and historian who served as President of Poland from 2010 to 2015.
Presidential elections were held in Bulgaria on 6 November 2016, alongside a referendum on changes to the electoral system and political party funding.
The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Българска социалистическа партия, БСП; Bulgarska sotsialisticheska partiya, BSP), known as the Centenarian (Столетницата, Stoletnitsata), is a social-democratic political party in Bulgaria and the successor to the Bulgarian Communist Party.
The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.
By-elections, also spelled bye-elections (known as special elections in the United States, and bypolls in India), are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.
The Cabinet of Germany (Bundeskabinett or Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Campbell Martin (born 10 March 1960) is a Scottish journalist and politician.
The Canadian Alliance (Alliance canadienne), formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance (Alliance réformiste-conservatrice canadienne), was a conservative and right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 2000 to 2003.
The Canadian federal election, 2004 (more formally, the 38th General Election), was held on June 28, 2004, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 38th Parliament of Canada.
The 2006 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th General Election) was held on January 23, 2006, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 39th Parliament of Canada.
The 2008 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 40th Canadian General Election) was held on Tuesday, October 14, 2008 to elect members to the House of Commons of Canada of the 40th Canadian Parliament after the previous parliament had been dissolved by the Governor General on September 7, 2008.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (9 December 1920 – 16 September 2016) was an Italian politician and banker.
Carole Stewart Keeton (born September 13, 1939), formerly known as Carole Keeton McClellan, Carole Keeton Rylander and Carole Keeton Strayhorn, is an American politician and the former Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.
Carolyn Parrish (born Karolina Janoszewska; October 3, 1946) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Catherine McGowan AO (born 29 November 1953) is an Australian politician and independent MP for the rural Victorian seat of Indi since the 2013 federal election, defeating Liberal MP Sophie Mirabella.
The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or just Zentrum) is a lay Catholic political party in Germany, primarily influential during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic.
In politics, centrism—the centre (British English/Canadian English/Australian English) or the center (American English/Philippine English)—is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Charles Joseph Crist Jr. (born July 24, 1956) is an American attorney and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for since 2017.
Chen Fu-hai is a Taiwanese politician.
Christopher Joseph Carter (born 4 May 1952) is a former independent Member of Parliament in New Zealand, and a former member of the New Zealand Labour Party until his expulsion.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
Charles "Chuck" Cadman (February 21, 1948July 9, 2005) was a Canadian politician and Member of Parliament from 1997 to 2005, representing the riding of Surrey North in Surrey, British Columbia.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the UK's financial sector.
Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO)The party is officially the Civic Platform of the Republic of Poland (Platforma Obywatelska Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej).
Comhairle nan Eilean Siar is the local government council for Na h-Eileanan Siar council area of Scotland, comprising the Outer Hebrides.
The Committee on Standards in Public Life (CSPL) is an advisory non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1994 to advise the Prime Minister on ethical standards of public life.
A comptroller is a management level position responsible for supervising the quality of accounting and financial reporting of an organization.
Connecticut for Lieberman was a Connecticut political party created by twenty-five supporters of Senator Joe Lieberman.
A consensus government is one in which the cabinet is appointed by the legislature without reference to political parties.
Conservatism in Germany has encompassed a wide range of theories and ideologies in the last three hundred years.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a political party in Canada.
Elections to the Council of the Isles of Scilly, a sui generis unitary authority in the far southwest of England, were held on 4 June 2009.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
Parliamentary elections were held in Croatia on 8 November 2015.
Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Baron Elis-Thomas, PC (born 18 October 1946) is a Welsh politician, representing the Dwyfor Meirionnydd constituency in the National Assembly for Wales.
David Clifford Davies (born 26 November 1959), commonly known as Dai Davies, was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Blaenau Gwent constituency in South Wales from 2006 to 2010, representing the Blaenau Gwent People's Voice Group.
Joseph Daniel Hollingsworth, Jr., known as Dan Hollingsworth (born May 14, 1934), is a retired businessman who served from 1999 to 2015 as the mayor of Ruston in Lincoln Parish, Louisiana.
David Davis (March 9, 1815 – June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.
David Yutaka Ige (born January 15, 1957) is an American politician serving as the 8th and current Governor of Hawaii since 2014.
David William Kilgour, (born February 18, 1941) is a human rights activist, author, former lawyer and Canadian politician.
David Breen Seymour (born 24 June 1983) is the Epsom electorate MP, and leader of ACT New Zealand.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Dean Malcolm Barkley (born August 31, 1950) is an American lawyer and politician who briefly served as a United States Senator from Minnesota from 2002 to 2003.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Delta South is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada.
The Democratic Labour Party (DLP) is a political party in Australia of the labour tradition that espouses social conservatism and opposes neo-liberalism.
The Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista, PDT) is a social democratic political party in Brazil.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Dennis Andrew Canavan (born 8 August 1942) is a Scottish politician.
Derwentside Independents is a localist political party in County Durham, England.
Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective—either professional, amateur or retired—investigates a crime, often murder.
The Devizes Guardians are a local political party based in Devizes, Wiltshire, England.
The Dewan Rakyat (Malay for House of Representatives, literally People's Hall) is the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of members elected during elections from federal constituencies drawn by the Election Commission.
Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Directly elected mayors in England and Wales are local government executive leaders who have been directly elected by the people who live in a local authority area.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is a Landkreis ("rural district"); the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, where the term is simply Kreis.
The Division of Denison is an Australian electoral division in Tasmania.
The Division of Indi (pronounced) is an Australian Electoral Division in northeastern Victoria.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
Sir Herbert Douglas "Doug" Ellis, OBE (born 3 January 1924), is an entrepreneur, best known as the former chairman of Aston Villa Football Club.
Eddie "Among Ed" Tongol Panlilio (born December 6, 1953) is a Kapampangan Filipino Roman Catholic priest and Governor of Pampanga.
Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont (originally known as Edmonton—Beaumont) was a federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 to 2015.
Edward Coles (December 15, 1786 – July 7, 1868) was a planter and politician, elected as the second Governor of Illinois (1822 to 1826).
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India.
The Electoral Administration Act 2006 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed on 11 July 2006.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results.
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (born 21 December 1977) is a French politician serving as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.
The 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner elections were polls held in most police areas in England and Wales on Thursday 15 November.
Eric Stuart Joyce (born 13 October 1960) is a British politician and former military officer.
Ernest William Chambers (born July 10, 1937) is an American politician who represents North Omaha's 11th District in the Nebraska State Legislature.
An executive officer (XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
Falkirk West is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
The Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany.
The Federal Convention, also known as the Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung), is a special constitutional body in the political and federal institutional system of Germany, convened solely for the purpose of electing the President of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundespräsident), either every five years or within 30 days of the premature termination of a presidential term.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Legislature of the U.S. State of Florida.
Frank Gordon Dobson (born 15 March 1940) is a British Labour Party politician.
Frank Grover (born 1940) is a former New Zealand politician.
Franz von Papen (29 October 18792 May 1969) was a German nobleman, General Staff officer and politician.
Henry Frazier Reams Sr., generally known as Frazier Reams, (15 January 1897 – 15 September 1971) was an American politician of the United States Democratic Party from Toledo, Ohio.
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.
Free Voters (Freie Wähler, FW or FWG) in Germany may belong to an association of persons which participates in an election without having the status of a registered political party.
Fu Kun-chi is a Taiwanese politician.
In the political systems of Hong Kong, a functional constituency is a professional or special interest group involved in the electoral process.
In Hong Kong, geographical constituencies, as opposed to functional constituencies, are elected by all eligible voters according to geographically demarcated constituencies.
George Galloway (born 16 August 1954) is a British politician, broadcaster and writer.
George William Norris (July 11, 1861September 2, 1944) was a politician from the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States. He served five terms in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican, from 1903 until 1913, and five terms in the United States Senate, from 1913 until 1943, four terms as a Republican and the final term as an independent. Norris was defeated for reelection in 1942. Norris was a leader of progressive and liberal causes in Congress. He is best known for his intense crusades against what he characterized as "wrong and evil", his liberalism, his insurgency against party leaders, his isolationist foreign policy, his support for labor unions, and especially for creating the Tennessee Valley Authority. President Franklin Roosevelt called him "the very perfect, gentle knight of American progressive ideals," and this has been the theme of all of his biographers. A 1957 advisory panel of 160 scholars recommended that Norris was the top choice for the five best Senators in U.S. history.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, Deutsche Minderheit) are representatives of the German minority in Poland in the Sejm, or the lower house of Polish parliament.
An indirect presidential election (officially the 14th Federal Convention) was held in Germany on 30 June 2010 following the resignation of Horst Köhler as President of Germany on 31 May 2010.
An early indirect presidential election (officially the 15th Federal Convention) was held in Germany on 18 March 2012, the last possible day following the resignation of Christian Wulff as President of Germany on 17 February 2012.
Giuliano Amato (born 13 May 1938) is an Italian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Italy, first from 1992 to 1993 and again from 2000 to 2001. Later, he was Vice President of the Convention on the Future of Europe that drafted the European Constitution and headed the Amato Group. He is commonly nicknamed dottor Sottile, (which means "Doctor Subtilis", the sobriquet of the Scottish Medieval philosopher John Duns Scotus, a reference to his political subtlety). From 2006 to 2008, he was the Minister of the Interior in Romano Prodi's government. On 12 September 2013, President Giorgio Napolitano appointed him to the Constitutional Court of Italy, where he has served since then.
Giuseppe Conte (born 8 August 1964) is an Italian jurist and politician serving as the 58th and current Prime Minister of Italy since 1 June 2018.
Glenn Patrick Lazarus (born 11 December 1965) is a former professional rugby league footballer and a former Australian Senator.
Gordon Copeland (born 19 August 1943), a New Zealand politician, served as a Member of Parliament from 2002 to 2008.
The Governor of Hawaii is the chief executive of the state of Hawaii and its various agencies and departments, as provided in the Hawaii State Constitution Article V, Sections 1 through 6.
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term.
The Green Party of the United States (GPUS) is a green federation of political parties in the United States.
Gregorio Ballesteros Honasan II (born March 14, 1948), better known as Gringo Honasan, is a retired Philippine Army officer who led unsuccessful coups d'état against President Corazon Aquino.
Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson (born 26 June 1968) is an Icelandic politician serving as the 6th and current President of Iceland since 2016.
The 2008 Haltemprice and Howden by-election was a by-election held in the United Kingdom on 10 July 2008 to elect a new Member of Parliament (MP) for constituency of Haltemprice and Howden.
Hans Leussink (2 February 1912 in Schüttorf – 16 February 2008 in Karlsruhe) was a German teacher and politician.
Hans Luther (10 March 1879 – 11 May 1962) was a German politician and Chancellor of Germany for 482 days in 1925 to 1926.
Harry Flood Byrd Jr. (December 20, 1914 – July 30, 2013) was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
Henry Evans Howell, Jr. (September 5, 1920 – July 7, 1997), nicknamed "Howlin' Henry" Howell, was an American politician from the U.S. state of Virginia.
Hone Pani Tamati Waka Nene Harawira is a New Zealand Māori activist and former parliamentarian.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hualien County has the largest area of all counties in Taiwan, and is located on the island's mountainous eastern coast.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Independence Party can refer to.
The Independence Party of Minnesota (often abbreviated IPM, MNIP or IP), formerly the Reform Party of Minnesota, is a political party in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Independent Alliance is an Irish political grouping formed in March 2015 by independent politicians.
Independent Community and Health Concern, previously Independent Kidderminster Hospital and Health Concern (often known by the shorter name Health Concern and abbreviated as ICHC) is a political party based in Kidderminster, United Kingdom.
Independent Conservative is a description which has been used in the United Kingdom, Canada, and elsewhere, to denote a political Conservative who lacks a formal affiliation to the party of that name.
Independent Liberal is a description allowed in politics to denote party affiliation.
The Independent Network (IN) is a United Kingdom-based non-profit organisation supporting independent politicians and political candidates.
Independent Party may refer to.
An independent voter, often called an unaffiliated voter in the United States, is a voter who does not align themselves with a political party.
Independents 4 Change is an Irish political grouping registered as a political party since 2014.
The Irish general election of 2016 took place on Friday 26 February to elect 157 Teachtaí Dála (TDs) across 40 constituencies to Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas, Ireland's parliament.
Jacquiline Louise Lambie (born 26 February 1971) is an Australian politician who is the leader and founder of the Jacqui Lambie Network (JLN).
Jaime Heliodoro Rodríguez Calderón (born 28 December 1957 in Ejido Pablillo, Galeana, Nuevo León), sometimes referred to by his nickname "El Bronco", is a Mexican politician.
James Bernard Longley Sr. (April 22, 1924 – August 16, 1980) was an American politician.
Jasbir Singh Cheema is a Canadian television personality and politician.
Jean McGivern Turner (born 23 December 1939) is a former Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Strathkelvin and Bearsden 2003–07 and medical doctor.
Jesse Ventura (born James George Janos; July 15, 1951) is an American media personality, actor, author, former politician and retired professional wrestler, who served as the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003.
James Merrill Jeffords (May 11, 1934 – August 18, 2014) was a U.S. Senator from Vermont.
Joachim Wilhelm Gauck (born 24 January 1940) is a retired German civil rights activist and nonpartisan politician who served as President of Germany from 2012 to 2017.
Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is an American politician and attorney who was a United States Senator for Connecticut from 1989 to 2013.
John Bayard Anderson (February 15, 1922 – December 3, 2017) was a United States Congressman and presidential candidate from Illinois.
John Joseph Madigan (born 21 July 1966) is a former Australian politician.
Joseph (José) Bové (born 11 June 1953 in Talence, Gironde) is a French farmer, politician and syndicalist, member of the alter-globalization movement, and spokesman for Via Campesina.
José Antônio Machado Reguffe (born September 5, 1972) is a Brazilian politician.
Joseph J. Carraro was a State Senator in New Mexico for twenty-four years from 1985 to 2009.
Julius L. Meier (December 31, 1874 – July 14, 1937) was an American businessman, civic leader, and politician in the state of Oregon.
The Jury Team was a British political campaign established in 2009 to back independent candidates in United Kingdom domestic and European elections.
Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945) is an English politician who served as the Leader of the Greater London Council (GLC) from 1981 until the council was abolished in 1986, and as Mayor of London from the creation of the office in 2000 until 2008.
Kendrick Brett Meek (born September 6, 1966) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for from 2003 to 2011.
Kenneth Spicer Wherry (February 28, 1892November 29, 1951) was an American businessman, attorney, and politician.
The Kentucky Senate is the upper house of the Kentucky General Assembly.
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim (born 14 December 1946) is a Malaysian politician, businessman and lecturer who served as the 14th Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of the state of Selangor from 2008 to 2014.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Richard Samet "Kinky" Friedman (born November 1, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter, novelist, humorist, politician, and former columnist for Texas Monthly who styles himself in the mold of popular American satirists Will Rogers and Mark Twain.
Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.
Klaus Kinkel (born 17 December 1936) is a German civil servant, lawyer, and politician of the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP).
Ko Wen-je (born 6 August 1959) is a Taiwanese surgeon and politician.
The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) is the political multi-party electoral alliance that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo who won the 2004 Philippine presidential elections.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kukiz'15 is a political movement in Poland led by punk rock musician turned politician Paweł Kukiz.
Kurt Ferdinand Friedrich Hermann von Schleicher (7 April 1882 – 30 June 1934) was a German general and the last Chancellor of Germany during the Weimar Republic.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
(born 1 March 1931) is an Italian politician and economist.
A Landtag (State Diet) is a representative assembly (parliament) in German-speaking countries with legislative authority and competence over a federated state (Land).
The Landtag of Bavaria (State Diet of Bavaria) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Bavaria in Germany.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Law and Justice (Polish), abbreviated to PiS, is a national-conservative, and Christian democratic political party in Poland.
Leanne Wood (born 13 December 1971) is a Welsh politician and the leader of Plaid Cymru.
Lech Aleksander Kaczyński (18 June 194910 April 2010) was a Polish lawyer and politician who served as the Mayor of Warsaw from 2002 until 2005 and as the President of Poland from 2005 until his death in 2010.
Lech Wałęsa (born 29 September 1943) is a retired Polish politician and labour activist.
The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (LegCo) is the unicameral parliamentary legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
The Liberal Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas) is a liberal and populist political party in the Philippines, founded by then senators Senate President Manuel Roxas, Senate President Pro-Tempore Elpidio Quirino, and former 9th Senatorial District Senator José Avelino, on January 19, 1946 by a breakaway Liberal wing from the old Nacionalista Party.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP).
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
The Lieutenant Governor is a constitutional officer of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Lincoln Davenport Chafee (born March 26, 1953) is an American politician from the state of Rhode Island.
The magistrate of Hualien is the chief executive of the government of Hualien County.
This is a list of magistrates of Kinmen County.
This is a complete list of members of the Dewan Negara, upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia.
The Speaker is the presiding member of the Florida House of Representatives.
In many parts of the world, local elections take place to select office-holders in local government, such as mayors and councillors.
The Local Government Association (LGA) is an organisation which comprises local authorities in England and Wales.
The first election to the office of Mayor of London took place on 4 May 2000.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
London—Fanshawe is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1997.
The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom are the 26 bishops of the established Church of England who serve in the House of Lords along with the Lords Temporal.
The Lothians was one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) from 1999 to 2011.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Louisiana House of Representatives (Chambre des Représentants de Louisiane) is the lower house in the Louisiana State Legislature, the state legislature of the US state of Louisiana.
Louisiana Tech University, colloquially referred to as Louisiana Tech or La.
Lowell Palmer Weicker Jr. (born May 16, 1931) is an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the 85th Governor of Connecticut.
Ludwig Wilhelm Erhard (4 February 1897 – 5 May 1977) was a German politician affiliated with the CDU and the second Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1963 until 1966.
Luise Rinser (30 April 1911 – 17 March 2002) was a German writer, best known for her novels and short stories.
Magnolia Welborn-Antonino (December 14, 1915 – July 22, 2010) was a Senator of the Philippines.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine Legislature.
The Mana Movement (formerly called the Mana Party, styled in English as the MANA Movement) is a New Zealand political party led by Hone Harawira which was formed in April 2011, following his resignation from the Māori Party.
In politics, a mandate is the authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative.
Amanda Ellen "Mandy" Jones is a British former racing cyclist born in 1962 who won the women's world road race championship in 1982.
Manuel "Manny" Alberto Diaz (born November 5, 1954) is a Cuban American politician who served as the mayor of Miami, Florida from 2001–2009.
Mansfield is a local government district in Nottinghamshire, England.
Marco Antonio Rubio (born May 28, 1971) is an American politician, attorney, and the junior United States Senator for Florida.
Margo Symington MacDonald (née Aitken; 19 April 1943 – 4 April 2014) was a Scottish teacher, broadcaster and politician.
Mario Monti, (born 19 March 1943) is an Italian economist who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013, despite never having been an elected politician, leading a government of technocrats in the wake of the Italian debt crisis.
Martin Bell, OBE, (born 31 August 1938) is a British UNICEF (UNICEF UK) Ambassador, a former broadcast war reporter and former independent politician who became the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from 1997 to 2001.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The Mayor of London is the head of the executive body of the Greater London Authority.
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government.
The Mayor of Taipei is the head of the Taipei City Government and is elected to a four-year term.
The Māori Party (Te Pāti Māori) is an indigenous rights-based political party in New Zealand, formed on 7 July 2004.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.
This is a list of the members of the 25th Seanad Éireann, the upper house of the Oireachtas (legislature) of Ireland.
Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful) is a large town in Wales, with a population of about 63,546, situated approximately north of Cardiff.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born on February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, engineer, author, politician, and philanthropist.
Mid Scotland and Fife is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999.
Middlesbrough is a large post-industrial town on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, north-east England, founded in 1830.
Michael Thomas Hancock, (born 9 July 1946) is a British politician.
The Minister of the Interior (Ministre de l'Intérieur) is an important position in the Government of France.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
A minority government, or minority cabinet or minority parliament, is a cabinet formed in a parliamentary system when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of overall seats in the parliament.
Mississauga—Erindale was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 to 2015.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party.
Mohsin Fadzli Samsuri (born 30 November 1945) was the Member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Bagan Serai constituency in Perak from 2008 to 2013.
Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.
Muliufi Francis Hannemann (born July 16, 1954) is an American politician, businessman, and non-profit executive.
Nadine Vanessa Dorries (née Bargery; born 21 May 1957) is a British Conservative politician.
Nathan Lee Gill (born 6 July 1973) is a British politician who is a Member of the European Parliament for the Wales region for the UK Independence Party (UKIP), elected in 2014 and from 2016 to 2017 also an independent Member of the National Assembly for Wales.
The 2007 National Assembly election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the National Assembly for Wales.
The National Coalition Party (NCP; Kansallinen Kokoomus; Kok.; Samlingspartiet; Saml.) is a centre-right political party in Finland considered to be liberal, and conservative, and liberal-conservative.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
The National University of Ireland (NUI) (Ollscoil na hÉireann) is a federal university system of constituent universities (previously called constituent colleges) and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997.
The Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC is a conservative political party in the Philippines, founded in 1992 by then presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
The Nebraska Legislature (also called the Unicameral) is the supreme legislative body of the state of Nebraska.
Neil McEvoy is a Welsh politician who has represented the South Wales Central region at the National Assembly for Wales since 2016.
The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a social democraticThe party is widely described as social democratic.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
The New Mexico Senate (Spanish: Senado de Nuevo México) is the upper house of the New Mexico State Legislature.
New Zealand First (Aotearoa Tuatahi), commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand.
The 1943 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 27th term.
The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament.
The New Zealand Labour Party (Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa), or simply Labour (Reipa), is a centre-left political party in New Zealand.
The New Zealand National Party (Rōpū Nāhinara o Aotearoa), shortened to National (Nāhinara) or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand.
Nicholas Xenophon (né Xenophou; 29 January 1959) is an Australian politician who was a Senator for South Australia from 2008 to 2017.
Niue (Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.
The Niue People's Party (also known as the Niue People's Action Party) was a political party in Niue.
Manuel Leuterio de Castro Jr. (born July 6, 1949), better known as Noli de Castro or "Kabayan" Noli de Castro, is a Filipino journalist, politician and was elected as senator in 2001 and as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 2004 until 2010, under the presidency of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group.
Non-Inscrits (abbreviated NI; Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA) are Members of the European Parliament (MEP) who do not sit in one of the recognised political groups.
Nonpartisan democracy (also no-party democracy) is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic elections take place without reference to political parties.
Nonpartisanism is a lack of affiliation with, and a lack of bias toward, a political party.
North Down is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons.
Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.
The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada.
Nuevo León, or New Leon, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León (Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Nunavut (Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada.
Official party status refers to the Canadian practice of recognizing political parties in the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
An open secret is a concept or idea that is "officially" (de jure) secret or restricted in knowledge, but de facto (in practice) may be widely known; or it refers to something that is widely known to be true but which none of the people most intimately concerned are willing to categorically acknowledge in public.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
The Oregon State Senate is the upper house of the statewide legislature for the US state of Oregon.
The Orkney Islands Council is the local authority for Orkney, Scotland.
Oscar Baylin Goodman (born July 26, 1939) is an American attorney and politician.
The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar or Na h-Eileanan an Iar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Isle or the Long Island (An t-Eilean Fada), is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
General elections were held in Pakistan on 18 February 2008, after being postponed from 8 January 2008.
The Palmer United Party (PUP) was an Australian political party formed by mining magnate Clive Palmer in April 2013 and deregistered in 2017.
Pampanga (Lalawigan ning Pampanga; Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a province in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines.
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
A parliamentary group, parliamentary party, or parliamentary caucus is a group consisting of members of the same political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or a city council.
In politics, a party chair (often party chairman/-woman/-person or party president) is the presiding officer of a political party.
Party-switching is any change in political party affiliation of a partisan public figure, usually one currently holding elected office.
Patrick Wayne "Pat" O'Brien, (born January 13, 1948) is a former member of the House of Commons of Canada.
Sir Paul Rupert Judge (25 April 1949 – 21 May 2017) was an English business and political figure.
Paul Edgar Philippe Martin (born August 28, 1938), also known as Paul Martin Jr., is a Canadian politician who served as the 21st Prime Minister of Canada from December 12, 2003, to February 6, 2006.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
Paul David Wellstone (July 21, 1944 – October 25, 2002) was an American academic, author, and politician who represented Minnesota in the United States Senate from 1991 until he was killed in a plane crash in Eveleth, Minnesota, in 2002.
Penny Priddy (born March 5, 1944 in Toronto, Ontario) is a politician from British Columbia, Canada.
The People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat often known simply as KEADILAN or PKR) is a centre-left multiracial political party in Malaysia formed in 2003 by a merger of the National Justice Party and the older Malaysian People's Party (PRM).
Peter Francis Dunne (born 17 March 1954) is a retired New Zealand politician who was the Member of Parliament for Ohariu.
Peter John Law (1 April 1948 – 25 April 2006) was a Welsh politician.
Peter Andrew Stewart Milliken (born November 12, 1946) is a Canadian lawyer and politician.
Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2001 Independent candidate Noli de Castro, a former television anchor of TV Patrol of ABS-CBN was announced as the topnotcher.
The 2010 Philippine House of Representatives elections were held on May 10, 2010 to elect members to the House of Representatives of the Philippines to serve in the 15th Congress of the Philippines from June 30, 2010 to June 30, 2013.
The Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections of 2004 was held on Monday, May 10, 2004.
A senatorial election were held on November 14, 1967 in the Philippines.
The senatorial election was held in the Philippines on May 8, 1995.
Election to the Senate of the Philippines was held on Monday, May 14, 2007.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Plaid Cymru (officially Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales, often referred to simply as Plaid) is a social-democratic political party in Wales advocating for Welsh independence from the United Kingdom within the European Union.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts (a plurality) is elected.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
A police and crime commissioner (PCC) (comisiynydd yr heddlu a throseddu) is an elected official in England and Wales charged with securing efficient and effective policing of a police area.
The 2001 Polish parliamentary election was held on 23 September 2001 to elect deputies to both houses of the National Assembly.
Parliamentary elections to both the Sejm and Senate were held in Poland on 25 October 2015.
The Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 (c. 41) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that sets out how political parties, elections and referendums are to be regulated in the United Kingdom.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier (formerly known as Portneuf) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1867.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.
The President of the Republic of Bulgaria is the head of state of Bulgaria and the commander-in-chief of the Military of Bulgaria.
The President of the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The President of Germany, officially the Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland),The official title within Germany is Bundespräsident, with der Bundesrepublik Deutschland being added in international correspondence; the official English title is President of the Federal Republic of Germany is the head of state of Germany.
The President of Iceland (Forseti Íslands) is Iceland's elected head of state.
The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica Italiana) is the head of state of Italy and in that role represents national unity and guarantees that Italian politics comply with the Constitution.
The President of the Republic of Poland (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the head of state of Poland.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
The Prime Minister of Croatia (Premijer/ Premijerka Hrvatske), officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Predsjednik/ Predsjednica Vlade Republike Hrvatske), is Croatia's head of government, and is the de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government.
The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.
The Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, formerly Partido ng Masang Pilipino is a populist political party in the Philippines.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Leader of the Opposition Andrew Scheer rises to question Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, 2017. Question Period (période des questions), known officially as Oral Questions (questions orales) occurs each sitting day in the House of Commons of Canada.
The terms radical centrism, radical center (or radical centre) and radical middle refer to a political ideology that arose in the Western nations in the late 20th century.
Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes.
The Reform Party of Canada (Parti réformiste du Canada) was a right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 1987 to 2000.
The Reform Party of the United States of America (RPUSA), generally known as the Reform Party USA or the Reform Party, is a political party in the United States, founded in 1995 by Ross Perot.
The Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 (c. 48), is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which made legal provision to set up a register of political parties in the United Kingdom.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell is a local political party in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, England.
The Respect Party was a left-wing to far-left political party active in the United Kingdom between 2004 and 2016.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Richard Thomas Taylor, MBE, FRCP (born 7 July 1934) is an English doctor, politician and former Royal Air Force officer.
A riding is an administrative jurisdiction or electoral district, particularly in several current or former Commonwealth countries.
Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician.
Rumen Georgiev Radev (Румен Георгиев Радев; born 18 June 1963) is a Bulgarian Major General of the Reserve and the current President of Bulgaria since January 2017.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Ruston is a small city and the parish seat of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States.
Stephen Owen Davies (before 1889 – 25 February 1972), generally known as S. O. Davies, was a Welsh miner, trade union official and Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Merthyr Tydfil from 1950 to 1972, and previously Merthyr from 1934 to 1950.
Salisbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Glen, a Conservative.
Sam Houston (March 2, 1793July 26, 1863) was an American soldier and politician.
Sauli Väinämö Niinistö (born 24 August 1948) is a Finnish politician and the 12th President of Finland, in office since 2012.
The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.
The Scottish Parliament election, 2003, was the second election of members to the Scottish Parliament.
The 2007 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the Scottish Parliament.
The 2011 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2011 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament.
The Scottish general election, 2016 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2016 section 4 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament.
Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house).
The Sejm of the Republic of Poland (Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is the lower house of the Polish parliament.
The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament, the lower house being the 'Sejm'.
The Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Senado ng Pilipinas, also Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or "upper chamber") is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress; the House of Representatives is the lower house.
Shadrach Bond (November 24, 1773 – April 12, 1832) was a representative from the Illinois Territory to the United States Congress.
The Shetland Islands Council is the local authority for Shetland, Scotland.
Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland (SdRP) (Socjaldemokracja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SdRP) was a social-democratic political party in Poland created in 1990, shortly after the Revolutions of 1989.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Solidarity (Solidarność, pronounced; full name: Independent Self-governing Labour Union "Solidarity"—Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”) is a Polish labour union that was founded on 17 September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyard under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa.
The Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (Président de la Chambre des communes) is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Parliament of Canada and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow Members of Parliament (MPs).
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Stern (German for "Star") is a weekly news magazine published in Hamburg, Germany, by Gruner + Jahr, a subsidiary of Bertelsmann.
Stoke-on-Trent (often abbreviated to Stoke) is a city and unitary authority area in Staffordshire, England, with an area of.
Strathkelvin and Bearsden is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Surrey North was a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 2015.
Sutton Coldfield is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Andrew Mitchell, a Conservative.
A swing vote is a vote that is seen as potentially going to any of a number of candidates in an election, or, in a two-party system, may go to either of the two dominant political parties.
Sylvia Eileen, Lady Hermon (née Paisley; born 11 August 1955) is a Northern Irish politician.
Syncretic politics, or spectral-syncretic, refers to politics that combine elements from across the conventional left–right political spectrum.
Tadeusz Mazowiecki; (18 April 1927 – 28 October 2013) was a Polish author, journalist, philanthropist and Christian-democratic politician, formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement, and the first non-communist Polish prime minister since 1946.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taito Phillip Hans Field (born 26 September 1952) is a Samoan New Zealand politician.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Taiwanese local elections of 2014, commonly known as the nine-in-one elections, were held on Saturday, 29 November 2014, to elect the Municipal Mayors, Municipal Councilors, Chiefs of indigenous districts in municipalities, Councilors of indigenous districts in municipalities, County Magistrates (City Mayors), County (City) Councilors, Township Chiefs, Township Councilors and chiefs of village (borough) in 6 municipalities and 16 counties (cities).
Tan Tee Beng (born 21 February 1972) is a Malaysian politician.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Tatton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Esther McVey, a Conservative.
Raymond Tau Henare (born 29 September 1960) is a former New Zealand Māori parliamentarian.
A TD (plural TDanna in Irish or TDs in English; full Irish form Teachta Dála,, plural Teachtaí Dála) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament).
The Tennessee Senate is the upper house of the U.S. state of Tennessee's state legislature, which is known formally as the Tennessee General Assembly.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
Third party is a term used in the United States for American political parties other than the Republican and Democratic parties.
Third-party members of the United States House of Representatives are generally rare.
Thomas Wüppesahl (born July 9, 1955 in Hamburg) is a German politician.
Tihomir "Tim" Orešković (born 1 January 1966) is a Croatian Canadian businessman who was the Prime Minister of Croatia from 22 January 2016 to 19 October 2016.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), officially the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, a research university located in Dublin, Ireland.
Patricia Law, née Bolter (born 17 March 1954) was the Blaenau Gwent People's Voice AM for Blaenau Gwent in Wales between 2006 and 2011.
Tuariki John Edward Delamere (born 9 December 1951) is a former New Zealand politician.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles in France.
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
United Future New Zealand, usually known as United Future, was a centrist political party in New Zealand.
The 1997 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons.
The 2001 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 7 June 2001, four years after the previous election on 1 May 1997, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons.
The 2005 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 to elect 646 members to the House of Commons.
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.
The 2015 United Kingdom general election was held on 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons.
The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June, having been announced just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed at cabinet.
United Russia ((j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is the ruling political party of the Russian Federation.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States presidential election of 1844 was the 15th quadrennial presidential election, held from November 1, to December 4, 1844.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2004, the 55th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works is responsible for dealing with matters related to the environment and infrastructure.
The 2006 United States Senate election in Connecticut was held November 7, 2006.
The United States Senate elections, 2002 featured a series of fiercely contested elections that resulted in a victory for the Republican Party, which gained two seats and thus a narrow majority from the Democratic Party in the United States Senate.
This article contains lists of official third party or independent candidates associated with the 2008 United States presidential election.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Vermont House of Representatives is the lower house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont.
Vermont has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single at-large congressional district since the 1930 census, when the state lost its second seat, obsoleting its 1st and 2nd congressional districts.
A vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an officer in government or business who is below a president (managing director) in rank.
The Vice President of the Philippines (Pangalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Bise Presidente ng Pilipinas) or in (Vicepresidente de Filipinas) is the second-highest executive official of the government of the Philippines, after the President.
Victoria (Vicki) Huntington is a Canadian politician who served in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia from 2009 until 2017 as an independent for Delta South.
Victor Luitpold Berger (February 28, 1860 – August 7, 1929) was a founding member of the Social Democratic Party of America and its successor, the Socialist Party of America.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Virgil Hamlin Goode Jr. (born October 17, 1946) is an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1997 to 2009.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
Wally Oppal, (born 1940) is a Canadian lawyer, former judge and provincial politician, who is currently serving as the Chancellor of the Thompson Rivers University.
Wayne Lyman Morse (October 20, 1900 – July 22, 1974) was an American attorney and United States Senator from Oregon, known for his proclivity for opposing his party's leadership, and specifically for his opposition to the Vietnam War on constitutional grounds.
Wee Choo Keong (born 26 June 1953) is a Malaysian politician.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Welsh Labour (Llafur Cymru) is the part of the United Kingdom Labour Party that operates in Wales.
Werner Müller (born 1 June 1946) is a German politician who served as Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy from 1998 to 2002.
Federal elections were held in West Germany on 14 August 1949 to elect the first Bundestag, with a further eight seats elected in West Berlin between 1949 and January 1952 and another eleven between February 1952 and 1953.
West of Scotland was one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament that were created in 1999.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.
Wilhelm Carl Josef Cuno (2 July 1876 – 3 January 1933) was a German businessman and politician who was the Chancellor of Germany from 1922 to 1923, for a total of 264 days.
Winston Raymond Peters (born 11 April 1945) is a New Zealand politician who is the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand and Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2017, currently serving as Acting Prime Minister since 21 June 2018.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyre Forest is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Datuk Seri Zahrain Mohamed Hashim (born 12 November 1955) is a Malaysian politician.
Dato' Zulkifli Noordin (born 19 February 1962) is a Malaysian politician and a former Member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Kulim–Bandar Baharu constituency in Kedah.
The Fifteenth Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: Ikalabinlimang Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was a meeting of the national legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Senate and House of Representatives.
The 49th New Zealand Parliament was elected at the 2008 election.
The 50th New Zealand Parliament was elected at the 2011 general election.
Independent (Canada), Independent (Politics), Independent (United States), Independent (political), Independent (politican), Independent (politician), Independent (politics), Independent Candidate, Independent Labour, Independent Liberal Democrat, Independent Party (United States), Independent Politician, Independent Politician (United States), Independent Reform, Independent Residents, Independent candidate, Independent candidates, Independent conservative, Independent councillor, Independent politician (Ireland), Independent politician (United States), Independent politicians, Independents (politician), No Party Affiliation, No party affiliation, No-party, Nominated by Petition, Non-Party Affiliate, Non-party, None (political affiliation), Nonpartisan politician, Political Independent, Political independent, Right-wing independent, Sans étiquette, Unaligned Independent (politician), Unaligned independent, Wirral Independent Network.