Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Mammary gland

Index Mammary gland

A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring. [1]

141 relations: Abdomen, Accessory breast, Adipocyte, Adipose tissue, Amphiregulin, Androgen, Androgen receptor, Antithrombin, Apocrine, Apocrine sweat gland, Apoptosis, Areola, Autophagy, Axillary vein, Bacteria, Basement membrane, Birth, Bone morphogenetic protein 4, Breast, Breast cancer, Breastfeeding, Cancer, Carcinogenesis, Cat, Cattle, Cell culture, Cell potency, Collagen, Colostrum, Dayak fruit bat, Dog, Dystroglycan, Elephant, Embryonic, Endothelium, Epidermal growth factor, Epidermal growth factor receptor, Epithelium, Estrogen, Estrogen receptor, Estrous cycle, Eutheria, Exocrine gland, Extracellular matrix, Female, Fibroblast, Fibroblast growth factor, Galactorrhea, Genetically modified organism, Gestation, ..., Glycoprotein, Goat, Groin, Growth factor, Growth hormone, Growth hormone receptor, Guinea pig, Gynecomastia, Hemodynamics, Hepatocyte growth factor, Hormone, Horse, Human, Human skin, Hypothalamic–pituitary–prolactin axis, Insulin-like growth factor 1, Integrin, Intercostal nerves, Internal thoracic artery, Internal thoracic vein, Invagination, Involution (medicine), Keith L. Moore, Lactation, Lactiferous duct, Laminin, Lateral thoracic artery, Liver, Lobe (anatomy), Lumen (anatomy), Lymph node, Male lactation, Mammaglobin, Mammal, Mammary gland, Mammary ridge, Mammary tumor, Marsupial, Matrix metalloproteinase, Menopause, Mesenchyme, Milk, Monoclonal antibody, Monotreme, Morphogenesis, Mouse, Myoepithelial cell, Neurogenic placodes, Nipple, Offspring, Organ (anatomy), Oxytocin, Paracrine signalling, Parathyroid hormone-related protein, Pectoral axillary lymph nodes, Pectoralis major, Pig, Postpartum period, Pregnancy, Primate, Primordium, Proboscidea, Progesterone, Prolactin, Protease, Protein, Puberty, Pulmonary alveolus, Rat, Ruminant, Sebaceous gland, Sex steroid, Sexual maturity, Sheep, Somatostatin, Soybean, Stem-cell niche, Stroma (tissue), Supernumerary nipple, Supraclavicular nerves, Sweat gland, Testosterone, Thoracic wall, Thorax, Tight junction, Transforming growth factor beta, Udder, Virginia opossum, Weaning, Witch's milk, Wnt signaling pathway. Expand index (91 more) »

Abdomen

The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.

New!!: Mammary gland and Abdomen · See more »

Accessory breast

Accessory breasts, also known as polymastia, supernumerary breasts, or mammae erraticae, is the condition of having an additional breast.

New!!: Mammary gland and Accessory breast · See more »

Adipocyte

Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.

New!!: Mammary gland and Adipocyte · See more »

Adipose tissue

In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.

New!!: Mammary gland and Adipose tissue · See more »

Amphiregulin

Amphiregulin, also known as AREG, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AREG gene.

New!!: Mammary gland and Amphiregulin · See more »

Androgen

An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.

New!!: Mammary gland and Androgen · See more »

Androgen receptor

The androgen receptor (AR), also known as NR3C4 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 4), is a type of nuclear receptor that is activated by binding any of the androgenic hormones, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in the cytoplasm and then translocating into the nucleus.

New!!: Mammary gland and Androgen receptor · See more »

Antithrombin

Antithrombin (AT) is a small protein molecule that inactivates several enzymes of the coagulation system.

New!!: Mammary gland and Antithrombin · See more »

Apocrine

Apocrine is a term used to classify exocrine glands in the study of histology.

New!!: Mammary gland and Apocrine · See more »

Apocrine sweat gland

An apocrine sweat gland (from Greek apo– "away" and krinein "to separate") is composed of a coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into the infundibular portion of the hair follicle.

New!!: Mammary gland and Apocrine sweat gland · See more »

Apoptosis

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.

New!!: Mammary gland and Apoptosis · See more »

Areola

The human areola (areola mammae, in. or) is the pigmented area on the breast around the nipple.

New!!: Mammary gland and Areola · See more »

Autophagy

Autophagy (or autophagocytosis) (from the Ancient Greek αὐτόφαγος autóphagos, meaning "self-devouring" and κύτος kýtos, meaning "hollow") is the natural, regulated, destructive mechanism of the cell that disassembles unnecessary or dysfunctional components.

New!!: Mammary gland and Autophagy · See more »

Axillary vein

In human anatomy, the axillary vein is a large blood vessel that conveys blood from the lateral aspect of the thorax, axilla (armpit) and upper limb toward the heart.

New!!: Mammary gland and Axillary vein · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Mammary gland and Bacteria · See more »

Basement membrane

The basement membrane is a thin, fibrous, extracellular matrix of tissue that separates the lining of an internal or external body surface from underlying connective tissue in metazoans.

New!!: Mammary gland and Basement membrane · See more »

Birth

Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.

New!!: Mammary gland and Birth · See more »

Bone morphogenetic protein 4

Bone morphogenetic protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by BMP4 gene.

New!!: Mammary gland and Bone morphogenetic protein 4 · See more »

Breast

The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

New!!: Mammary gland and Breast · See more »

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

New!!: Mammary gland and Breast cancer · See more »

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.

New!!: Mammary gland and Breastfeeding · See more »

Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

New!!: Mammary gland and Cancer · See more »

Carcinogenesis

Carcinogenesis, also called oncogenesis or tumorigenesis, is the formation of a cancer, whereby normal cells are transformed into cancer cells.

New!!: Mammary gland and Carcinogenesis · See more »

Cat

The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

New!!: Mammary gland and Cat · See more »

Cattle

Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

New!!: Mammary gland and Cattle · See more »

Cell culture

Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment.

New!!: Mammary gland and Cell culture · See more »

Cell potency

Cell potency is a cell's ability to differentiate into other cell types The more cell types a cell can differentiate into, the greater its potency.

New!!: Mammary gland and Cell potency · See more »

Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

New!!: Mammary gland and Collagen · See more »

Colostrum

Colostrum (known colloquially as beestings, bisnings or first milk) is the first form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including many humans) immediately following delivery of the newborn.

New!!: Mammary gland and Colostrum · See more »

Dayak fruit bat

The dayak fruit bat or dyak fruit bat (Dyacopterus spadiceus) is a relatively rare frugivorous megabat species found only on the Sunda Shelf of southeast Asia, specifically the Malay Peninsula south of the Isthmus of Kra, and the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

New!!: Mammary gland and Dayak fruit bat · See more »

Dog

The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.

New!!: Mammary gland and Dog · See more »

Dystroglycan

Dystroglycan is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DAG1 gene.

New!!: Mammary gland and Dystroglycan · See more »

Elephant

Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.

New!!: Mammary gland and Elephant · See more »

Embryonic

Embryonic is the twelfth studio album by experimental rock band The Flaming Lips released on October 13, 2009 on Warner Bros.

New!!: Mammary gland and Embryonic · See more »

Endothelium

Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.

New!!: Mammary gland and Endothelium · See more »

Epidermal growth factor

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates cell growth and differentiation by binding to its receptor, EGFR.

New!!: Mammary gland and Epidermal growth factor · See more »

Epidermal growth factor receptor

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; ErbB-1; HER1 in humans) is a transmembrane protein that is a receptor for members of the epidermal growth factor family (EGF family) of extracellular protein ligands.

New!!: Mammary gland and Epidermal growth factor receptor · See more »

Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Mammary gland and Epithelium · See more »

Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

New!!: Mammary gland and Estrogen · See more »

Estrogen receptor

Estrogen receptors (ERs) are a group of proteins found inside cells.

New!!: Mammary gland and Estrogen receptor · See more »

Estrous cycle

The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.

New!!: Mammary gland and Estrous cycle · See more »

Eutheria

Eutheria (from Greek εὐ-, eu- "good" or "right" and θηρίον, thēríon "beast" hence "true beasts") is one of two mammalian clades with extant members that diverged in the Early Cretaceous or perhaps the Late Jurassic.

New!!: Mammary gland and Eutheria · See more »

Exocrine gland

Exocrine glands are glands that produce and secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct.

New!!: Mammary gland and Exocrine gland · See more »

Extracellular matrix

In biology, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by support cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells.

New!!: Mammary gland and Extracellular matrix · See more »

Female

Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).

New!!: Mammary gland and Female · See more »

Fibroblast

A fibroblast is a type of biological cell that synthesizes the extracellular matrix and collagen, the structural framework (stroma) for animal tissues, and plays a critical role in wound healing.

New!!: Mammary gland and Fibroblast · See more »

Fibroblast growth factor

The fibroblast growth factors are a family of cell signalling proteins that are involved in a wide variety of processes, most notably as crucial elements for normal development.

New!!: Mammary gland and Fibroblast growth factor · See more »

Galactorrhea

Galactorrhea (also spelled galactorrhoea) (galacto- + -rrhea) or lactorrhea (lacto- + -rrhea) is the spontaneous flow of milk from the breast, unassociated with childbirth or nursing.

New!!: Mammary gland and Galactorrhea · See more »

Genetically modified organism

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).

New!!: Mammary gland and Genetically modified organism · See more »

Gestation

Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.

New!!: Mammary gland and Gestation · See more »

Glycoprotein

Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.

New!!: Mammary gland and Glycoprotein · See more »

Goat

The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.

New!!: Mammary gland and Goat · See more »

Groin

In human anatomy, the groin (the adjective is inguinal, as in inguinal canal) is the junctional area (also known as the inguinal region) between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the pubic bone.

New!!: Mammary gland and Groin · See more »

Growth factor

A growth factor is a naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation, healing, and cellular differentiation.

New!!: Mammary gland and Growth factor · See more »

Growth hormone

Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.

New!!: Mammary gland and Growth hormone · See more »

Growth hormone receptor

Growth hormone receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GHR gene.

New!!: Mammary gland and Growth hormone receptor · See more »

Guinea pig

The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.

New!!: Mammary gland and Guinea pig · See more »

Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is an endocrine system disorder in which a noncancerous increase in the size of male breast tissue occurs.

New!!: Mammary gland and Gynecomastia · See more »

Hemodynamics

Hemodynamics or hæmodynamics is the dynamics of blood flow.

New!!: Mammary gland and Hemodynamics · See more »

Hepatocyte growth factor

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (or scatter factor (SF) is a paracrine cellular growth, motility and morphogenic factor. It is secreted by mesenchymal cells and targets and acts primarily upon epithelial cells and endothelial cells, but also acts on haemopoietic progenitor cells and T cells. It has been shown to have a major role in embryonic organ development, specifically in myogenesis, in adult organ regeneration, and in wound healing.

New!!: Mammary gland and Hepatocyte growth factor · See more »

Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

New!!: Mammary gland and Hormone · See more »

Horse

The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

New!!: Mammary gland and Horse · See more »

Human

Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

New!!: Mammary gland and Human · See more »

Human skin

The human skin is the outer covering of the body.

New!!: Mammary gland and Human skin · See more »

Hypothalamic–pituitary–prolactin axis

The hypothalamic–pituitary–prolactin axis (HPP axis), also known as the hypothalamic–pituitary–mammary axis or hypothalamic–pituitary–breast axis, is a hypothalamic–pituitary axis which includes the secretion of prolactin (PRL; luteotropin) from the lactotrophs of the pituitary gland into the circulation and the subsequent action of prolactin on tissues such as, particularly, the mammary glands or breasts.

New!!: Mammary gland and Hypothalamic–pituitary–prolactin axis · See more »

Insulin-like growth factor 1

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), also called somatomedin C, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IGF1 gene.

New!!: Mammary gland and Insulin-like growth factor 1 · See more »

Integrin

Integrins are transmembrane receptors that facilitate cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion.

New!!: Mammary gland and Integrin · See more »

Intercostal nerves

The intercostal nerves are part of the somatic nervous system, and arise from the anterior rami of the thoracic spinal nerves from T1 to T11.

New!!: Mammary gland and Intercostal nerves · See more »

Internal thoracic artery

In human anatomy, the internal thoracic artery (ITA), previously known as the internal mammary artery (a name still common among surgeons), is an artery that supplies the anterior chest wall and the breasts.

New!!: Mammary gland and Internal thoracic artery · See more »

Internal thoracic vein

In human anatomy, the internal thoracic vein (previously known as the internal mammary vein) is a vessel that drains the chest wall and breasts.

New!!: Mammary gland and Internal thoracic vein · See more »

Invagination

In developmental biology, invagination is a mechanism that takes place during gastrulation.

New!!: Mammary gland and Invagination · See more »

Involution (medicine)

Involution refers to the shrinking or return of an organ to a former size.

New!!: Mammary gland and Involution (medicine) · See more »

Keith L. Moore

Keith Leon Moore (born 5 October 1925 in Brantford, Ontario) is a professor emeritus in the division of anatomy, in the faculty of Surgery, at the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

New!!: Mammary gland and Keith L. Moore · See more »

Lactation

Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lactation · See more »

Lactiferous duct

Lactiferous ducts are those ducts that converge and form a branched system connecting the nipple to the lobules of the mammary gland.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lactiferous duct · See more »

Laminin

Laminins are high-molecular weight (~400 to ~900 kDa) proteins of the extracellular matrix.

New!!: Mammary gland and Laminin · See more »

Lateral thoracic artery

In human anatomy, the lateral thoracic artery (or external mammary artery) is a blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the lateral structures of the thorax and breast.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lateral thoracic artery · See more »

Liver

The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Mammary gland and Liver · See more »

Lobe (anatomy)

In anatomy, a lobe is a clear anatomical division or extension of an organ (as seen for example in the brain, the lung, liver or the kidney) that can be determined without the use of a microscope at the gross anatomy level.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lobe (anatomy) · See more »

Lumen (anatomy)

In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lumen (anatomy) · See more »

Lymph node

A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.

New!!: Mammary gland and Lymph node · See more »

Male lactation

In zoology, male lactation is the production of milk from a male mammal's mammary glands in the presence of physiological stimuli connected with nursing infants.

New!!: Mammary gland and Male lactation · See more »

Mammaglobin

Mammaglobin is a gene that encodes a 10-kilodalton glycoprotein.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mammaglobin · See more »

Mammal

Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mammal · See more »

Mammary gland

A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mammary gland · See more »

Mammary ridge

The mammary ridge or mammary crest, is a primordium specific for the development of the mammary gland.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mammary ridge · See more »

Mammary tumor

A mammary tumor is a neoplasm originating in the mammary gland.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mammary tumor · See more »

Marsupial

Marsupials are any members of the mammalian infraclass Marsupialia.

New!!: Mammary gland and Marsupial · See more »

Matrix metalloproteinase

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), also known as matrixins, are calcium-dependent zinc-containing endopeptidases; other family members are adamalysins, serralysins, and astacins.

New!!: Mammary gland and Matrix metalloproteinase · See more »

Menopause

Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

New!!: Mammary gland and Menopause · See more »

Mesenchyme

Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mesenchyme · See more »

Milk

Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

New!!: Mammary gland and Milk · See more »

Monoclonal antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.

New!!: Mammary gland and Monoclonal antibody · See more »

Monotreme

Monotremes are one of the three main groups of living mammals, along with placentals (Eutheria) and marsupials (Metatheria).

New!!: Mammary gland and Monotreme · See more »

Morphogenesis

Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.

New!!: Mammary gland and Morphogenesis · See more »

Mouse

A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.

New!!: Mammary gland and Mouse · See more »

Myoepithelial cell

Myoepithelial cells (sometimes referred to as myoepithelium) are cells usually found in glandular epithelium as a thin layer above the basement membrane but generally beneath the luminal cells.

New!!: Mammary gland and Myoepithelial cell · See more »

Neurogenic placodes

A neurogenic placode is an area of thickening of the epithelium in the embryonic head ectoderm layer that gives rise to neurons and other structures of the sensory nervous system.

New!!: Mammary gland and Neurogenic placodes · See more »

Nipple

The nipple is a raised region of tissue on the surface of the breast from which milk leaves the breast through the lactiferous ducts.

New!!: Mammary gland and Nipple · See more »

Offspring

In biology, offspring are the young born of living organisms, produced either by a single organism or, in the case of sexual reproduction, two organisms.

New!!: Mammary gland and Offspring · See more »

Organ (anatomy)

Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.

New!!: Mammary gland and Organ (anatomy) · See more »

Oxytocin

Oxytocin (Oxt) is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide.

New!!: Mammary gland and Oxytocin · See more »

Paracrine signalling

Paracrine signaling is a form of cell-to-cell communication in which a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells, altering the behavior of those cells.

New!!: Mammary gland and Paracrine signalling · See more »

Parathyroid hormone-related protein

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (or PTHrP) is a protein member of the parathyroid hormone family.

New!!: Mammary gland and Parathyroid hormone-related protein · See more »

Pectoral axillary lymph nodes

An anterior or pectoral group consists of four or five glands along the lower border of the Pectoralis minor, in relation with the lateral thoracic artery.

New!!: Mammary gland and Pectoral axillary lymph nodes · See more »

Pectoralis major

The pectoralis major is a thick, fan-shaped muscle, situated at the chest (anterior) of the human body.

New!!: Mammary gland and Pectoralis major · See more »

Pig

A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.

New!!: Mammary gland and Pig · See more »

Postpartum period

A postpartum (or postnatal) period begins immediately after the birth of a child as the mother's body, including hormone levels and uterus size, returns to a non-pregnant state.

New!!: Mammary gland and Postpartum period · See more »

Pregnancy

Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.

New!!: Mammary gland and Pregnancy · See more »

Primate

A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

New!!: Mammary gland and Primate · See more »

Primordium

A primordium (plural: primordia; synonym: anlage) in embryology, is defined as an organ or tissue in its earliest recognizable stage of development.

New!!: Mammary gland and Primordium · See more »

Proboscidea

The Proboscidea (from the Greek προβοσκίς and the Latin proboscis) are a taxonomic order of afrotherian mammals containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several extinct families.

New!!: Mammary gland and Proboscidea · See more »

Progesterone

Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.

New!!: Mammary gland and Progesterone · See more »

Prolactin

Prolactin (PRL), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, is a protein that is best known for its role in enabling mammals, usually females, to produce milk.

New!!: Mammary gland and Prolactin · See more »

Protease

A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.

New!!: Mammary gland and Protease · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Mammary gland and Protein · See more »

Puberty

Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

New!!: Mammary gland and Puberty · See more »

Pulmonary alveolus

A pulmonary alveolus (plural: alveoli, from Latin alveolus, "little cavity") is a hollow cavity found in the lung parenchyma, and is the basic unit of ventilation.

New!!: Mammary gland and Pulmonary alveolus · See more »

Rat

Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

New!!: Mammary gland and Rat · See more »

Ruminant

Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.

New!!: Mammary gland and Ruminant · See more »

Sebaceous gland

Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.

New!!: Mammary gland and Sebaceous gland · See more »

Sex steroid

Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors.

New!!: Mammary gland and Sex steroid · See more »

Sexual maturity

Sexual maturity is the capability of an organism to reproduce.

New!!: Mammary gland and Sexual maturity · See more »

Sheep

Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.

New!!: Mammary gland and Sheep · See more »

Somatostatin

Somatostatin, also known as growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or by several other names, is a peptide hormone that regulates the endocrine system and affects neurotransmission and cell proliferation via interaction with G protein-coupled somatostatin receptors and inhibition of the release of numerous secondary hormones.

New!!: Mammary gland and Somatostatin · See more »

Soybean

The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

New!!: Mammary gland and Soybean · See more »

Stem-cell niche

Stem-cell niche refers to a microenvironment, within the specific anatomic location where stem cells are found, which interacts with stem cells to regulate cell fate.

New!!: Mammary gland and Stem-cell niche · See more »

Stroma (tissue)

Stroma is the part of a tissue or organ with a structural or connective role.

New!!: Mammary gland and Stroma (tissue) · See more »

Supernumerary nipple

A supernumerary nipple (also known as a third nipple, triple nipple, accessory nipple, polythelia or the related condition: polymastia) is an additional nipple occurring in mammals, including humans.

New!!: Mammary gland and Supernumerary nipple · See more »

Supraclavicular nerves

The supraclavicular nerves (descending branches) arise from the third and fourth cervical nerves; they emerge beneath the posterior border of the Sternocleidomastoideus, and descend in the posterior triangle of the neck beneath the platysma and deep cervical fascia.

New!!: Mammary gland and Supraclavicular nerves · See more »

Sweat gland

Sweat glands, also known as sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands,, are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.

New!!: Mammary gland and Sweat gland · See more »

Testosterone

Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.

New!!: Mammary gland and Testosterone · See more »

Thoracic wall

The thoracic wall or chest wall is the boundary of the thoracic cavity.

New!!: Mammary gland and Thoracic wall · See more »

Thorax

The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.

New!!: Mammary gland and Thorax · See more »

Tight junction

Tight junctions, also known as occluding junctions or zonulae occludentes (singular, zonula occludens) are multiprotein junctional complex whose general function is to prevent leakage of transported solutes and water and seals the paracellular pathway.

New!!: Mammary gland and Tight junction · See more »

Transforming growth factor beta

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is a multifunctional cytokine belonging to the transforming growth factor superfamily that includes four different isoforms (TGF-β 1 to 4, HGNC symbols TGFB1, TGFB2, TGFB3, TGFB4) and many other signaling proteins produced by all white blood cell lineages.

New!!: Mammary gland and Transforming growth factor beta · See more »

Udder

An udder is an organ formed of the mammary glands of female four-legged mammals, particularly ruminants such as cattle, goats, sheep and deer.

New!!: Mammary gland and Udder · See more »

Virginia opossum

The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is a marsupial found in North America.

New!!: Mammary gland and Virginia opossum · See more »

Weaning

Weaning is the process of gradually introducing an infant mammal to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk.

New!!: Mammary gland and Weaning · See more »

Witch's milk

Witch's milk or neonatal milk is milk secreted from the breasts of some newborn human infants of either sex.

New!!: Mammary gland and Witch's milk · See more »

Wnt signaling pathway

The Wnt signaling pathways are a group of signal transduction pathways made of proteins that pass signals into a cell through cell surface receptors.

New!!: Mammary gland and Wnt signaling pathway · See more »

Redirects here:

Alveolobular, Alveolobule, Breast gland, Breast glands, Dugs, Evolution of mammary glands, Glandula mammaria, Lactogenesis, Lobuloalveolar, Lobuloalveoli, Mammae, Mammaries, Mammary, Mammary Glands, Mammary glands, Mammary glands, human, Mammary tissue, Mammory, Mammory gland, Mammæ.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammary_gland

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »