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Index Pula

Pula or Pola (Italian and Istro-Romanian: Pola; Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola Pollentia Herculanea; Slovene and Chakavian: Pulj, Hungarian: Póla, Polei, Ancient Greek: Πόλαι, Polae) is the largest city in Istria County, Croatia and the eighth largest city in the country, situated at the southern tip of the Istria peninsula, with a population of 57,460 in 2011. [1]

269 relations: Adriatic Sea, Alida Valli, Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories, Alps, Amphitheatre, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Antonio Smareglia, Apollo, Apse, Arch of the Sergii, Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria, Architrave, Auguste de Marmont, Augustus, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Austrian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, Austro-Hungarian Navy, Čabar, Šišan, Bale, Croatia, Baltic Sea, Banjole, Barban, Bastion, Benito Mussolini, Birth rate, Bora (wind), Boris Miletić, Bosniaks, Brigade of Guards, Brijuni, British Battalion, Brno, Bronze Age, Byzantine Empire, Capital (architecture), Capitoline Hill, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Chakavian, Charlemagne, Climate, Colchis, Colonization, Constantius Gallus, Construction, Counties of Croatia, ..., Crispus, Croatia, Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian Party of Pensioners, Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats, Croatian Railways, Croatian Social Liberal Party, Croats, Culture of Greece, Cycling infrastructure, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dante Alighieri, Defensive wall, Dinosaur, Divine Comedy, Diving, Dorling Kindersley, Dreadnought, Emilia (region of Italy), Eurocontrol, European Coastal Airlines, EuroVelo, Exarchate of Ravenna, Fažana, Feudalism, First French Empire, Food industry, Foreign language, Fort Bourguignon, Forum (Roman), Francia, Free Territory of Trieste, French Armed Forces, Frieze, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Galižana, Galley, Gdańsk, Genoa, George William Russell, Golden Fleece, Gothic architecture, Graz, Habsburg Monarchy, Harbor, Hekinan, Hercules, Herman Potočnik, Homo erectus, House of Habsburg, Human Shield (political party), Humid subtropical climate, Hungarian language, Iconostasis, Illyrian Provinces, Imola, Independent Democratic Serb Party, International airport, Istria, Istria County, Istrian Democratic Assembly, Istrian-Dalmatian exodus, Istro-Romanian language, Italian Fascism, Italian language, Italians, Italy, Jadranka Đokić, James Joyce, Jason, Johann Palisa, Josip Broz Tito, Julius Caesar, Juno (mythology), Jupiter (mythology), Kastav, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire), Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic), Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kranj, Kvarner Gulf, Laura Antonelli, Ližnjan, Lidia Bastianich, List of ancient cities in Illyria, List of ancient tribes in Illyria, List of cities and towns in Croatia, List of sovereign states, Ljubljana, Lošinj, Low-cost carrier, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (consul 58 BC), Malaria, Mali Lošinj, Marčana, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir), Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, Mark Antony, Mate Parlov, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Mayor, Medea, Mediterranean Sea, Medulin, Metropolitan area, Middle Ages, Minerva, Mistral (wind), Mortality rate, Motovun, Nafplio, Napoleon, Nave, Neolithic, NK Istra, NK Istra 1961, Nonmetal, Nora Barnacle, Novorossiysk, Odoacer, Order of Saint Benedict, Ostrogoths, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press, Patria del Friuli, Pécs, Peninsula, Pisa, Plague (disease), Pola (Italian province), Poland, Political history, Polyptych, Pomer, Croatia, Pope Gregory IX, Poreč, Pottery of ancient Greece, Premantura, Protected areas of Croatia, Pula Airport, Pula Arena, Pula Cathedral, Pulpit, Quintus Cassius Longinus, Rab, Raimondo Vianello, Random House, Ravenna, Relief, Renaissance, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Venice, Rijeka, Rijeka Airport, Roman Catholic Diocese of Poreč-Pula, Roman emperor, Roman Italy, Roman Republic, Roman Senate, Roman theatre (structure), Roman villa, Romanesque architecture, Rose window, Rossana Rossanda, Royal family, Ryanair, Sarajevo, Seaplane, Septimius Severus, Serbs, Sergio Endrigo, Shipbuilding, Shipyard, Sirocco, Sister city, Skopje, Slovene language, Slovenes, Slovenia, Social Democratic Party of Croatia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, St Mark's Basilica, Stjepan Hauser, Strabo, Styria, Sub-replacement fertility, Summer vacation, Svetvinčenat, Szeged, Telephone numbers in Croatia, Temperature, Temple of Augustus, Pula, Treaty of Campo Formio, Treaty of Peace with Italy, 1947, Trier, Trieste, Triumphal arch, Typhoid fever, Uljanik, Ultraviolet index, Varaždin, Vehicle registration plates of Croatia, Veles Municipality, Venetic language, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Vinkuran, Vodnjan, Voussoir, W. B. Yeats, Wehrmacht, Western Roman Empire, Winemaking, Wreck diving, Zagreb. Expand index (219 more) »

Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.

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Alida Valli

Baroness Alida Maria Laura Altenburger von Marckenstein-Frauenberg (31 May 1921 – 22 April 2006), better known by her stage name Alida Valli (or simply Valli), was an Italian actress who appeared in more than 100 films, including Mario Soldati's Piccolo mondo antico, Alfred Hitchcock's The Paradine Case, Carol Reed's The Third Man, Michelangelo Antonioni's Il Grido, Luchino Visconti's Senso, Bernardo Bertolucci's 1900 and Dario Argento's Suspiria.

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Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories

The Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories (originally abbreviated AMGOT, later AMG) was the form of military rule administered by Allied forces during and after World War II within European territories they occupied.

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The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.

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An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Antonio Smareglia

Antonio Smareglia (5 May 1854 – 15 April 1929) was an Italian opera composer.

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Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.

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In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.

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Arch of the Sergii

Arch of the Sergii is an Ancient Roman triumphal arch located in Pula, Croatia.

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Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria

Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria-Teschen (Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus von Österreich, later Karl Albrecht Habsburg-Lothringen, since 1919 – Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lotaryński; (Pula, 18 December 1888 – Östervik, near Stockholm, 17 March 1951).

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An architrave (from architrave "chief beam", also called an epistyle; from Greek ἐπίστυλον epistylon "door frame") is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns.

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Auguste de Marmont

Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont (20 July 1774 – 22 March 1852) was a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title (duc de Raguse).

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Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867

The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (Ausgleich, Kiegyezés) established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.

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Austro-Hungarian Navy

The Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine, Hungarian: Császári és Királyi Haditengerészet "Imperial and Royal War Navy") was the naval force of Austria-Hungary.

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Čabar is a town in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia.

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Šišan (Sissano); is a village in Croatia.

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Bale, Croatia

Bale/Valle (italic) is a small town and municipality in Istria County, Croatia.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Banjole is a village in the municipality of Medulin, in southern Istria in Croatia.

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Barban (Barbana, Čakavian Barbon, or Brban) is a small town and municipality in the southern part of eastern Istria, Croatia.

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A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners.

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Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.

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Bora (wind)

The bora is a northern to north-eastern katabatic wind in the Adriatic Sea.

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Boris Miletić

Boris Miletić (born 2 September 1975) is the mayor of Pula, and leader of the Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS).

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The Bosniaks (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Brigade of Guards

The Brigade of Guards was an administrative formation of the British Army from 1856 to 1968.

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The Brijuni or the Brijuni Islands (also known as the Brionian Islands; Brioni) are a group of fourteen small islands in the Croatian part of the northern Adriatic Sea, separated from the west coast of the Istrian peninsula by the narrow Fažana Strait.

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British Battalion

The British Battalion (1936–1938) was the 16th battalion of the XV International Brigade, one of the mixed brigades of the International Brigades, during the Spanish Civil War.

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Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Capital (architecture)

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster).

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Capitoline Hill

The Capitoline Hill (Mōns Capitōlīnus; Campidoglio), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the Seven Hills of Rome.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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Chakavian or Čakavian,, (čakavski, proper name: čakavica or čakavština, own name: čokovski, čakavski, čekavski) is a dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language spoken by a minority of Croats.

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Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.

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Colchis (კოლხეთი K'olkheti; Greek Κολχίς Kolkhís) was an ancient Georgian kingdom and region on the coast of the Black Sea, centred in present-day western Georgia.

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Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.

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Constantius Gallus

Flavius Claudius Constantius Gallus (ca. 325/326–354), commonly known as Constantius Gallus, was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and Caesar of the Roman Empire (351–354).

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Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

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Counties of Croatia

The counties of Croatia (županije) are the primary administrative subdivisions of the Republic of Croatia.

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Flavius Julius Crispus (died 326), also known as Flavius Claudius Crispus and Flavius Valerius Crispus, was a Caesar of the Roman Empire.

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Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.

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Croatian Democratic Union

The Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica or HDZ, literally translated: Croatian Democratic Community) is a conservative political party and the main centre-right political party in Croatia.

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Croatian Party of Pensioners

The Croatian Party of Pensioners (Hrvatska stranka umirovljenika or HSU) is a Croatian political party.

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Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats

The Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (Hrvatska narodna stranka – Liberalni demokrati or HNS – LD) is a liberal political party in Croatia.

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Croatian Railways

Croatian Railways (Hrvatske željeznice, HŽ) is the national railway company of Croatia.

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Croatian Social Liberal Party

The Croatian Social Liberal Party (Hrvatska socijalno-liberalna stranka or HSLS) is a conservative liberalhttp://www.parties-and-elections.eu/croatia.html political party in Croatia.

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Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.

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Culture of Greece

The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire.

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Cycling infrastructure

Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.

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Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.

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Divine Comedy

The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.

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Diving is the sport of jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard, usually while performing acrobatics.

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Dorling Kindersley

Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.

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The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century.

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Emilia (region of Italy)

Emilia (Emîlia) is a historical region of northern Italy which approximately corresponds to the western and north-eastern portions of today’s Emilia-Romagna region, of which Romagna forms the remainder.

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The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, commonly known as Eurocontrol, is an international organisation working to achieve safe and seamless air traffic management across Europe.

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European Coastal Airlines

European Coastal Airlines was a Croatian seaplane operator headquartered in Split.

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EuroVelo is a network of long-distance cycling routes (currently 14) criss-crossing Europe, in various stages of completion.

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Exarchate of Ravenna

The Exarchate of Ravenna or of Italy (Esarcato d'Italia) was a lordship of the Byzantine Empire in Italy, from 584 to 751, when the last exarch was put to death by the Lombards.

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Fažana (Croatian name) or Fasana (Italian name) is a town and municipality on the western coast of Istria, in Croatia.

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Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.

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First French Empire

The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

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Food industry

The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.

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Foreign language

A foreign language is a language originally from another country.

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Fort Bourguignon

Fort Bourguignon (Fort Monsival) is one of many fortresses in Pula, Croatia that were built by the Austrian Empire in the second half of the 19th century.

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Forum (Roman)

A forum (Latin forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium, or any civitas, reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls.

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Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.

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Free Territory of Trieste

The Free Territory of Trieste (Territorio libero di Trieste, Svobodno tržaško ozemlje; Slobodni Teritorij Trsta) was an independent territory situated in Central Europe between northern Italy and Yugoslavia, facing the north part of the Adriatic Sea, under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council in the aftermath of World War II.

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French Armed Forces

The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.

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In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain in the Ionic or Doric order, or decorated with bas-reliefs.

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Gaius Cassius Longinus

Gaius Cassius Longinus (October 3, before 85 BC – October 3, 42 BC) was a Roman senator, a leading instigator of the plot to kill Julius Caesar, and the brother in-law of Marcus Junius Brutus.

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Galižana (Gallesano) is a village in Istria, Croatia.

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A galley is a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing.

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Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

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Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

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George William Russell

George William Russell (10 April 1867 – 17 July 1935) who wrote with the pseudonym Æ (sometimes written AE or A.E.), was an Irish writer, editor, critic, poet, painter and Irish nationalist.

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Golden Fleece

In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (χρυσόμαλλον δέρας chrysómallon déras) is the fleece of the gold-haired winged ram, which was held in Colchis.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Graz is the capital of Styria and the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna.

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Habsburg Monarchy

The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.

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A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.

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is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

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Hercules is a Roman hero and god.

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Herman Potočnik

Herman Potočnik (pseudonym Hermann Noordung; 22 December 1892 – 27 August 1929) was a Slovene rocket engineer and pioneer of cosmonautics (astronautics).

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Homo erectus

Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.

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House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

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Human Shield (political party)

Human Shield (Živi zid, literally translated as "Living Wall") is a populist political party in Croatia, formed out of an anti-eviction group of the same name.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.

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In Eastern Christianity an iconostasis (plural: iconostases) is a wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church.

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Illyrian Provinces

The Illyrian Provinces was an autonomous province of France during the First French Empire that existed under Napoleonic Rule from 1809 to 1814.

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Imola (Jômla or Jemula) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bologna, located on the river Santerno, in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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Independent Democratic Serb Party

The Independent Democratic Serb Party (Samostalna demokratska srpska stranka or SDSS, Самостална демократска српска странка, СДСС) is a social democratic political party of Croatian Serbs.

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International airport

An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.

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Istria (Croatian, Slovene: Istra; Istriot: Eîstria; Istria; Istrien), formerly Histria (Latin), is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea.

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Istria County

Istria County (Istarska županija; Regione istriana, "Istrian Region") is the westernmost county of Croatia which includes the biggest part of the Istrian peninsula (out of, or 89%).

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Istrian Democratic Assembly

The Istrian Democratic Assembly (Istarski demokratski sabor, Dieta democratica istriana or IDS-DDI) is a centre-left regionalist liberal political party in Croatia primarily operating in Istria County.

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Istrian-Dalmatian exodus

The term Istrian-Dalmatian exodus refers to the post-World War II expulsion and departure of ethnic Italians from the Yugoslav territory of Istria, as well as the cities of Zadar and Rijeka.

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Istro-Romanian language

The Istro-Romanian language (Istro-Romanian: Rumârește) is an Eastern Romance language, spoken in a few villages and hamlets in the peninsula of Istria in Croatia, as well as in diaspora, most notably in Italy, Sweden, Germany, Northern and Southern America, and Australia.

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Italian Fascism

Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jadranka Đokić

Jadranka Đokić (born 14 January 1981) is a Croatian theatre, film and television actress.

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James Joyce

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.

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Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature.

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Johann Palisa

Johann Palisa (December 6, 1848 – May 2, 1925) was an Austrian astronomer, born in Troppau in Austrian Silesia (now in the Czech Republic).

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Josip Broz Tito

Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.

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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

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Juno (mythology)

Juno (Latin: IVNO, Iūnō) is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state.

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Jupiter (mythology)

Jupiter (from Iūpiter or Iuppiter, *djous “day, sky” + *patēr “father," thus "heavenly father"), also known as Jove gen.

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Kastav (Castua) is a historical town located about northwest of Rijeka and about northeast of Opatija in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in Croatia.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire)

The Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae or Regnum Italicum, Italian: Regno d'Italia) was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy.

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Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia; Royaume d'Italie) was a French client state founded in Northern Italy by Napoleon I, fully influenced by revolutionary France, that ended with his defeat and fall.

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Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.

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Kranj (Krainburg) is the fourth-largest city in Slovenia, with a population of 37,373 (2015).

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Kvarner Gulf

The Kvarner Gulf (or, Sinus Flanaticus or Liburnicus sinus), sometimes also Kvarner Bay, is a bay in the northern Adriatic Sea, located between the Istrian peninsula and the northern Croatian Littoral mainland.

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Laura Antonelli

Laura Antonelli (born; 28 November 1941 – 22 June 2015) was an Italian film actress, who appeared in 45 films between 1965 and 1991.

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Ližnjan (Lisignano) is a village and municipality in Istria, Croatia.

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Lidia Bastianich

Lidia Giuliana Matticchio Bastianich (born February 21, 1947) is an American celebrity chef, television host, author, and restaurateur.

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List of ancient cities in Illyria

This is a list of ancient cities in Illyria, towns, villages, and fortresses by Illyrians, Veneti, Liburni, Romans, Celts, Thracians, Dacians or Greeks located in or near Illyrian lands.

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List of ancient tribes in Illyria

This is a list of ancient tribes in the ancient territory of Illyria (Ancient Greek: Ἰλλυρία).

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List of cities and towns in Croatia

An urbanized area in Croatia can gain the status of grad (which can be translated as town or city as there is no distinction between the two terms in Croatian) if it meets one of the following requirements.

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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.

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Lošinj (Lussino; Lusin; Lötzing) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea, in the Kvarner Gulf.

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Low-cost carrier

A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as ''no-frills'', ''discount'' or budget carrier or airline, or LCC) is an airline without most of the traditional services provided in the fare, resulting in lower fares and fewer comforts.

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Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (consul 58 BC)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (c. 100 BC – 43 BC) was a Roman senator and the father-in-law of Julius Caesar through his daughter Calpurnia.

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Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Mali Lošinj

Mali Lošinj (Lussinpiccolo, Lusinpicolo) is a town and municipality in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, on the island of Lošinj, in western Croatia.

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Marčana (Marzana) is a village and municipality in the southern part of Istria, Croatia, 15 km northeast of Pula; elevation 170 m. Chief occupation is farming.

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Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir)

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 89 or 88 BC – late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman patrician who was a part of the Second Triumvirate alongside Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (the future Augustus) and Marcus Antonius, and the last Pontifex Maximus of the Roman Republic.

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Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger

Marcus Junius Brutus (the Younger) (85 BC – 23 October 42 BC), often referred to as Brutus, was a politician of the late Roman Republic.

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Mark Antony

Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.

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Mate Parlov

Mate Parlov (16 November 1948 – 29 July 2008) was a Yugoslav and Croatian boxer, Olympic gold medalist who was European and World Champion as amateur and as professional.

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Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is a Roman building in Ravenna, Italy.

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In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

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In Greek mythology, Medea (Μήδεια, Mēdeia, მედეა) was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Medulin (Medolino) is a small town and municipality in the southern part of the Istrian peninsula in Croatia.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Minerva (Etruscan: Menrva) was the Roman goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, although it is noted that the Romans did not stress her relation to battle and warfare as the Greeks would come to, and the sponsor of arts, trade, and strategy.

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Mistral (wind)

The mistral (Mestral, Μαΐστρος, Maestrale, Corsican: Maestral) is a strong, cold, northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion in the northern Mediterranean, with sustained winds often exceeding, sometimes reaching.

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Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

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Motovun (Montona or Montona d'Istria) is a village in central Istria, Croatia.

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Nafplio (Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.

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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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NK Istra

Nogometni Klub Istra (Istra Football Club), commonly referred to as NK Istra or simply Istra, is a Croatian football club, from the city of Pula.

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NK Istra 1961

Nogometni Klub Istra 1961 (Istra 1961 Football Club), commonly referred to as NK Istra 1961 or simply Istra 1961, is a football club from Pula, Croatia, currently playing in the Croatian First Division.

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Apart from hydrogen, nonmetals are located in the p-block. Helium, as an s-block element, would normally be placed next to hydrogen and above beryllium. However, since it is a noble gas, it is instead placed above neon (in the p-block). In chemistry, a nonmetal (or non-metal) is a chemical element that mostly lacks metallic attributes.

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Nora Barnacle

Nora Barnacle (21 March 1884 – 10 April 1951) was the muse and wife of Irish author James Joyce.

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Novorossiysk (p) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.

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Flavius Odoacer (c. 433Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. 2, s.v. Odovacer, pp. 791–793 – 493 AD), also known as Flavius Odovacer or Odovacar (Odoacre, Odoacer, Odoacar, Odovacar, Odovacris), was a soldier who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).

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Order of Saint Benedict

The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.

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The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).

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Oxford Art Online

Oxford Art Online (formerly known as Grove Art Online, previous to that The Dictionary of Art and often referred to as The Grove Dictionary of Art) is a large encyclopedia of art, now part of the online reference publications of Oxford University Press, and previously a 34-volume printed encyclopedia first published by Grove in 1996 and reprinted with minor corrections in 1998.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Patria del Friuli

The Patria del Friuli (Patria Fori Iulii, Patrie dal Friûl) was the territory under the temporal rule of the Patriarch of Aquileia and one of the ecclesiastical states of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Pécs (known by alternative names) is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia.

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A peninsula (paeninsula from paene "almost” and insula "island") is a piece of land surrounded by water on the majority of its border, while being connected to a mainland from which it extends.

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Pisa is a city in the Tuscany region of Central Italy straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea.

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Plague (disease)

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Pola (Italian province)

Pola (Italian province) or Province of Pola (in Italian "Provincia di Pola") was a province of the Kingdom of Italy created after World War I, that officially existed from 1923 until 1947.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Political history

Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, organs of government, voters, parties and leaders.

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A polyptych (Greek: poly- "many" and ptychē "fold") is a painting (usually panel painting) which is divided into sections, or panels.

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Pomer, Croatia

Pomer, Croatia is a village in Croatia.

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Pope Gregory IX

Pope Gregory IX Gregorius IX (born Ugolino di Conti; c. 1145 or before 1170 – 22 August 1241), was Pope from 19 March 1227 to his death in 1241.

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Poreč/Parenzo (Latin: Parens or Parentium; Italian: Parenzo; Ancient Greek: Πάρενθος Pàrenthos) is a town and municipality on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula, in Istria County, Croatia.

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Pottery of ancient Greece

Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.

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Premantura is a small village in Istria, Croatia, on the southernmost tip Istrian Peninsula, just south of the city of Pula.

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Protected areas of Croatia

The main protected areas of Croatia are national parks, nature parks and strict reserves.

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Pula Airport

Pula Airport is the international airport serving Pula, Croatia, and is located 6 km from the city center.

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Pula Arena

The Pula Arena (Pulska Arena) is the name of the amphitheatre located in Pula, Croatia.

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Pula Cathedral

The Pula Cathedral or fully the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Croatian: Katedrala uznesenja Blažene Djevice Marije) is a co-cathedral in Pula, Croatia.

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Pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church.

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Quintus Cassius Longinus

Quintus Cassius Longinus, the brother or cousin of Cassius (the murderer of Julius Caesar), was a governor in Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula, comprising modern Spain and Portugal) for Caesar.

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Rab (Arba, Arbe, Arbey) is an island in Croatia and a town of the same name located just off the northern Croatian coast in the Adriatic Sea.

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Raimondo Vianello

Raimondo Vianello (7 May 1922 – 15 April 2010) was an Italian film actor, comedian, and television host.

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Random House

Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.

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Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.

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Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Republic of Macedonia

Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.

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Rijeka (Fiume; Reka; Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).

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Rijeka Airport

Rijeka Airport (Zračna luka Rijeka) is the international airport serving Rijeka, Croatia.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Poreč-Pula

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Poreč and Pula (Porečko-pulska biskupija; Dioecesis Parentina et Polensis) is a suffragan Latin diocese in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archbishopric of Rijeka on Istria peninsula, in Croatia.

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Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Roman Italy

"Italia" was the name of the Italian Peninsula during the Roman era.

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Roman Republic

The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.

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Roman Senate

The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.

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Roman theatre (structure)

Roman theatres derive from and are part of the overall evolution of earlier Greek theatres.

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Roman villa

A Roman villa was a country house built for the upper class in the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, similar in form to the hacienda estates in the colonies of the Spanish Empire.

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Romanesque architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Rose window

A rose window or Catherine window is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.

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Rossana Rossanda

Rossana Rossanda (born April 23, 1924) is an Italian left-wing politician and journalist.

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Royal family

A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.

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Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.

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Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.

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A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.

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Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.

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The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.

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Sergio Endrigo

Sergio Endrigo (15 June 1933 – 7 September 2005) was an Italian singer-songwriter.

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Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.

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Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.

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Slovene language

Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages.

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The Slovenes, also called as Slovenians (Slovenci), are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak Slovenian as their first language.

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Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.

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Social Democratic Party of Croatia

The Social Democratic Party of Croatia (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske or SDP) is a social-democratic political party and the largest party of the Croatian centre-left.

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Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

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St Mark's Basilica

The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark (Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco), commonly known as Saint Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco; Baxéłega de San Marco), is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy.

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Stjepan Hauser

Stjepan Hauser (born 15 June 1986) is a Croatian cellist.

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Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

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Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.

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Sub-replacement fertility

Sub-replacement fertility is a total fertility rate (TFR) that (if sustained) leads to each new generation being less populous than the older, previous one in a given area.

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Summer vacation

Summer vacation (also called summer holiday or summer break) is a school holiday in summer between school years and the break in the school year.

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Svetvinčenat (Sanvincenti, Chakavian: Savičenta, or Savicjenta) is a village and municipality in the south of the central part of Istria, Croatia, about 16 km north of Vodnjan; elevation 250 m.

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Szeged (see also other alternative names) is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád county.

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Telephone numbers in Croatia

This is an alphabetical list by town of phone dialing codes in Croatia.

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Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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Temple of Augustus, Pula

The Temple of Augustus (Augustov hram) is a well-preserved Roman temple in the city of Pula, Croatia (known in Roman times as Pola).

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Treaty of Campo Formio

The Treaty of Campo Formio (today Campoformido) was signed on 18 October 1797 (27 Vendémiaire VI) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Philipp von Cobenzl as representatives of the French Republic and the Austrian monarchy, respectively.

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Treaty of Peace with Italy, 1947

The Treaty of Peace with Italy (one of the Paris Peace Treaties) was signed on 10 February 1947 between Italy and the victorious powers of World War II, formally ending hostilities.

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Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.

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Trieste (Trst) is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy.

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Triumphal arch

A triumphal arch is a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.

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Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

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Uljanik is a shipbuilding company and shipyard in Pula, Croatia.

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Ultraviolet index

The ultraviolet index or UV Index is an international standard measurement of the strength of sunburn-producing ultraviolet (UV) radiation at a particular place and time.

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Varaždīn (or; also known by other alternative names) is a city in Northern Croatia, north of Zagreb.

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Vehicle registration plates of Croatia

The standard license plates in Croatia consist of a two-letter city code which is separated by the Coat of Arms of Croatia from three or four numbers and one or two letters.

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Veles Municipality

Veles (Велес) is a municipality in central part of Republic of Macedonia.

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Venetic language

Venetic is an extinct Indo-European language, usually classified into the Italic subgroup, that was spoken by the Veneti people in ancient times in the North East of Italy (Veneto) and part of modern Slovenia, between the Po River delta and the southern fringe of the Alps.

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Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Villefranche-de-Rouergue (Vilafranca de Roergue in Occitan) is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.

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Vinkuran is a village in the municipality of Medulin, in southern Istria in Croatia.

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Vodnjan (Croatian) or Dignano (Italian) is a town and municipality in Istria County, Croatia.

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A voussoir is a wedge-shaped element, typically a stone, which is used in building an arch or vault.

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W. B. Yeats

William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.

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The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".

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Western Roman Empire

In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.

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Winemaking or vinification is the production of wine, starting with the selection of the fruit, its fermentation into alcohol, and the bottling of the finished liquid.

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Wreck diving

Wreck diving is recreational diving where the wreckage of ships, aircraft and other artificial structures are explored.

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Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.

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Redirects here:

Pietas Julia, Pola, Yugoslavia, Polei, Pula, Croatia.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pula

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