670 relations: A1 motorway (Netherlands), A10 motorway (Netherlands), A2 motorway (Netherlands), A4 motorway (Netherlands), A6 motorway (Netherlands), A7 motorway (Netherlands), A8 motorway (Netherlands), Aalsmeer, ABN AMRO, Accenture, Acoustics, Ada Kok, Aelbert Cuyp, AFAS Live, AFC Ajax, AkzoNobel, Albert Cuyp Market, Aleister Black, Alistair Overeem, Alkmaar, Almere, American football, Americas, Amstel, Amstel Tijgers, Amstelpark, Amstelveen, Amsterdam (Jacques Brel song), Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Amsterdam Amstel station, Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam Basketball, Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA station, Amsterdam Centraal station, Amsterdam Crusaders, Amsterdam Gay Pride, Amsterdam Holendrecht station, Amsterdam Lelylaan station, Amsterdam Marathon, Amsterdam Metro, Amsterdam metropolitan area, Amsterdam Muiderpoort railway station, Amsterdam Museum, Amsterdam Nieuw-West, Amsterdam Oud-Zuid, Amsterdam Pirates, Amsterdam RAI station, Amsterdam School, Amsterdam Science Park railway station, 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The A1 is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A10 motorway (Rijksweg 10) is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A2 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A4 Motorway, also called Rijksweg 4, is a motorway in the Netherlands, running from Amsterdam southwards through the cities of The Hague and Rotterdam, to the Belgian border near Zandvliet, north of the city of Antwerp.
The A6 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A7 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands connecting Zaandam, via the Afsluitdijk, Sneek and Groningen to the German border near Bad Nieuweschans.
The A8 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
Aalsmeer is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch bank with headquarters in Amsterdam.
Accenture is a global management consulting and professional services firm that provides strategy, consulting, digital, technology and operations services.
Acoustics is the branch of physics that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.
Aagje ("Ada") Kok (born 6 June 1947, in Amsterdam, North Holland) is a former swimmer who ranked among the world's best in the butterfly stroke category during the 1960s.
Aelbert Jacobsz Cuyp (October 20, 1620 – November 15, 1691) was one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century.
AFAS Live (formerly known as the Heineken Music Hall) is a concert hall in Amsterdam, Netherlands, near the Johan Cruyff Arena.
Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax, also AFC Ajax, Ajax Amsterdam or simply Ajax, is a Dutch professional football club based in Amsterdam.
Akzo Nobel N.V., trading as AkzoNobel, is a Dutch multinational company which creates paints and performance coatings and produces specialty chemicals for both industry and consumers worldwide.
The Albert Cuyp Market is a street market in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, on the Albert Cuypstraat between Ferdinand Bolstraat and Van Woustraat, in the De Pijp area of the Oud-Zuid district of the city.
Tom Budgen (born May 19, 1985) is a Dutch professional wrestler.
Alistair Cees Overeem is an English-born Dutch mixed martial artist and former kickboxer.
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
Almere is a planned city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
The Amstel is a river in the Netherlands which flows from Nieuwveen, South Holland to Amsterdam, North Holland.
IJshockeyvereniging Amstel Tijgers is a semi-pro ice hockey team in Amsterdam, Netherlands, playing in the Dutch Eerste Divisie (first division).
The Amstelpark is a park in Amsterdam-Zuid.
Amstelveen is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918 (2017).
"Amsterdam" is a song by Jacques Brel.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Amstel (abbreviation: Asa) is a railway station in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Amsterdam Arena (officially stylised as "Amsterdam ArenA") is a stadium in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam Basketball was a Dutch professional basketball club from the city of Amsterdam, established in 1995 and dissolved in 2011.
Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA (abbreviation: Asb), previously named Amsterdam Bijlmer (1971–2006), is a railway station in the Bijlmermeer neighbourhood of the Amsterdam Zuidoost stadsdeel (borough) of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam Centraal (abbreviation: Asd) is the largest railway station of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and a major national railway hub.
The Amsterdam Crusaders are an American Football club from Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Pride or Amsterdam Gay Pride is a citywide gay-festival held annually at the center of Amsterdam during the first weekend of August.
Amsterdam Holendrecht is a railway and metro station in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam Lelylaan is a railway, metro, tram and bus station in west Amsterdam.
The Amsterdam Marathon (branded TCS Amsterdam Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon (42.195 km) in Amsterdam in the Netherlands since 1975.
The Amsterdam Metro (Amsterdamse metro) is a mixed rapid transit and light rail system serving Amsterdam, Netherlands and extending to the surrounding municipalities of Amstelveen, Diemen, and Ouder-Amstel.
The Amsterdam metropolitan area (Metropoolregio Amsterdam) is the city region around the city of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Muiderpoort is a railway station in the east of Amsterdam.
The Amsterdam Museum, until 2011 called the Amsterdams Historisch Museum, is a museum about the history of Amsterdam.
Amsterdam Nieuw-West is a borough (Dutch: stadsdeel) comprising the westernmost neighbourhoods of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Oud-Zuid (English: Old South) is the name of a neighbourhood and of a (larger) former borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam.
Amsterdam Pirates is a baseball and softball team in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam RAI (Dutch: Rijwiel en Automobiel Industrie) is a railway station situated in southern Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Amsterdam School (Dutch: Amsterdamse School) is a style of architecture that arose from 1910 through about 1930 in the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Science Park is a railway station in the borough Amsterdam-Oost in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam Sloterdijk is a major railway junction situated to the west of Amsterdam Centraal station.
The Amsterdam Sportsman and Sportswoman of the Year is an annual award given to sportspeople associated with Amsterdam (through birth or otherwise), organised since 1999 by the city's division for elite sport named Topsport Amsterdam in cooperation with the city council.
The Amsterdam University of the Arts (Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten) is a Dutch vocational university of arts located in Amsterdam.
Amsterdam Zuid is a railway station situated in the borough of Amsterdam-Zuid in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam-Centrum is the inner-most borough and historical city centre of Amsterdam, Netherlands containing the majority of the city's landmarks.
Amsterdam-Noord is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands with a population of about 90,000.
Amsterdam-Oost is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands, established in May 2010 after a merger of the former boroughs of Zeeburg and Oost-Watergraafsmeer.
Amsterdam-West is a borough (Dutch: stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands, to the west of the centre of the city.
Amsterdam-Zuid (Amsterdam South) is a borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amsterdam-Zuidoost ("Amsterdam-Southeast") is a borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Amsterdam–Rhine Canal or Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal is a canal in the Netherlands that was built to connect the port city of Amsterdam to the main shipping artery of the Rhine.
An Amsterdammertje is the typical red-brown steel traffic bollard that is used to separate the sidewalk from the street in Amsterdam.
The Amsterdamse Bos (English: Amsterdam Forest) is an English park or landscape park in the municipalities of Amstelveen and Amsterdam.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
André Gerardus "André" Hazes (30 June 1951 – 23 September 2004) was a Dutch singer in a genre called levenslied ("song about life"), popular music about everyday life sung in the Dutch language.
André Kuipers (born 5 October 1958) is a Dutch physician and ESA astronaut.
The Anglo-Dutch wars (Engels–Nederlandse Oorlogen or Engelse Zeeoorlogen) were a series of conflicts fought, on one side, by the Dutch States (the Dutch Republic, later the Batavian Republic) and, on the other side, first by England and later by the Kingdom of Great Britain/the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
The Anne Frank House (Anne Frank Huis) is a writer's house and biographical museum dedicated to Jewish wartime diarist Anne Frank.
Anton "Ton" Pronk (21 May 1941 – 26 August 2016) was a Dutch football defender who played for Ajax in the 1960s and for FC Utrecht in the early 1970s.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Arcade Publishing is an independent trade publishing company that started in 1988 in New York, USA.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Armin van Buuren OON (born 25 December 1976) is a Dutch DJ, record producer and remixer from South Holland.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
AT5 (Amstel Television 5) is a local television station in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
The Austrian Crown Jewels (Insignien und Kleinodien) is a term denoting the regalia and vestments worn by the Holy Roman Emperor, and later by the Emperor of Austria, during the coronation ceremony and other state functions.
The Badhuistheater (Dutch: Bath house theatre) is a theater venue located in a former bath house on the east-side of Amsterdam.
Baltic maritime trade began in the late Middle Ages and would continue to develop into the early modern era.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
A bar (also known as a saloon or a tavern or sometimes a pub or club, referring to the actual establishment, as in pub bar or savage club etc.) is a retail business establishment that serves alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, cocktails, and other beverages such as mineral water and soft drinks and often sell snack foods such as crisps (potato chips) or peanuts, for consumption on premises.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Barlaeus Gymnasium is a secondary school in Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Bartholomeus van der Helst (1613 – buried 16 December 1670) was a Dutch painter.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
The Battle of the Netherlands (Slag om Nederland) was a military campaign part of Case Yellow (Fall Gelb), the German invasion of the Low Countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands) and France during World War II.
Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard,; born 31 January 1938) is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Bennie Muller (born 14 August 1938) is a Dutch former footballer who played at both professional and international levels as a midfielder.
Bergen-Belsen, or Belsen, was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bernard Johan Herman Haitink (born 4 March 1929) is a Dutch conductor.
The following is a list of works about Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Bicycle culture can refer to a mainstream culture that supports the use of bicycles or to a subculture.
A bicycle parking rack, usually shortened to bike rack and also called a bicycle stand, is a device to which bicycles can be securely attached for parking purposes.
The Bijlmermeer or colloquially Bijlmer is one of the neighbourhoods that form Amsterdam Zuidoost ('Amsterdam South-East') borough (or "stadsdeel") of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Bimhuis is a concert hall for jazz and improvised music in Amsterdam.
The Blauwbrug (English: Blue bridge) is an historic bridge in Amsterdam, Netherlands over the river Amstel.
The Blessed Sacrament, also Most Blessed Sacrament, is a devotional name used in the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, as well as in Anglicanism, Lutheranism, Methodism, and the Old Catholic Church, as well as in some of the Eastern Catholic Churches, to refer to the body and blood of Christ in the form of consecrated sacramental bread and wine at a celebration of the Eucharist.
Boatsharing is just like car-sharing, but for boats.
Bobby Haarms (8 March 1934 – 6 June 2009) was a Dutch professional football player and coach.
Booking.com is a travel fare aggregator website and travel metasearch engine for lodging reservations of Dutch origin.
Boom Chicago is a creative group, based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, that writes and performs sketch and improvisational comedy at the Rozentheater.
The boroughs of Amsterdam (stadsdelen; literally "city parts") are the eight principal subdivisions of the municipality of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American multinational management consulting firm with 90 offices in 50 countries.
Brigitte Kaandorp (Haarlem, 10 March 1962) is a Dutch comedian and singer-songwriter.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.
Cabaret is a form of theatrical entertainment featuring music, song, dance, recitation, or drama.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Amsterdam, capital of the Netherlands, has more than one hundred kilometers of grachten (canals), about 90 islands and 1,500 bridges.
The High Times Cannabis Cup is the world’s foremost cannabis festival.
According to the Dutch constitution, Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands, although the parliament and the Dutch government have been situated in The Hague since 1588, along with the Supreme Court and the Council of State.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carice Anouk van Houten (born 5 September 1976) is a Dutch actress and singer.
Carole Helene Antoinette Thate (born 6 December 1971 in Utrecht) is a Dutch former field hockey player, who played 168 international matches for the Netherlands, in which she scored forty goals.
Carpooling (also car-sharing, ride-sharing and lift-sharing) is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car, and prevents the need for others to have to drive to a location themselves.
The Royal Theatre Carré (Dutch) is a Neo-Renaissance theatre in Amsterdam, located near the river Amstel.
Carsharing or car sharing (AU, NZ, CA, & US) or car clubs (UK) is a model of car rental where people rent cars for short periods of time, often by the hour.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
Chambers of rhetoric (rederijkerskamers) were dramatic societies in the Low Countries.
Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken (born 30 June 1954) is a Dutch-English businesswoman and the owner of a 25% controlling interest in the world's second-largest brewer, Heineken International.
A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organisation, leadership and doctrine.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
The terms city limit and city boundary refer to the defined boundary or border of a city.
A city proper is the area contained within city limits.
The City Region of Amsterdam (Dutch: Stadsregio Amsterdam) is a group of 16 municipalities in North Holland.
City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.
A civil ensign is an ensign used by civilian vessels to denote their nationality.
Jacobus "Co" Adriaanse (born 21 July 1947) is a Dutch football manager and former footballer.
The coat of arms of Amsterdam is the official coat of arms symbol of the city of Amsterdam.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Coffee culture describes a social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon coffee, particularly as a social lubricant.
In the Netherlands, coffeeshops are establishments where the sale of cannabis for personal consumption by the public is tolerated by the local authorities.
The college van burgemeester en wethouders (abbreviated as college van B&W or simply B&W) is the executive board of a municipality in the Netherlands.
The Royal Concertgebouw (Koninklijk Concertgebouw) is a concert hall in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Connexxion is a large public transport company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and south-west parts of the country.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is one of two fundamental documents governing the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the fundamental law of the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
Cor Brom (27 August 1932 – 29 October 2008) was a Dutch football player and manager.
Cor van der Hart (25 January 1928 – 12 December 2006) was a Dutch footballer.
A COROP region is a regional area within the Netherlands.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
The County of Flanders (Graafschap Vlaanderen, Comté de Flandre) was a historic territory in the Low Countries.
The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1648 onward, Holland was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
A crow-stepped gable, stepped gable, or corbie step is a stairstep type of design at the top of the triangular gable-end of a building.
The culture of Paris,in France and of the French people has been shaped by geography, by profound historical events, and by foreign and internal forces and groups.
Daley Blind (born 9 March 1990) is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder, left-back and centre-back for Manchester United and the Netherlands national team.
Dam Square or Dam is a town square in Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.
Dam tot Damloop (Dam to Dam Run in English) is an annual road running competition held in North Holland in the Netherlands.
The Damrak is an avenue and partially filled in canal at the centre of Amsterdam, running between Amsterdam Centraal in the north and Dam Square in the south.
Dance Valley ("The Woodstock of Dance") is an annual dance music festival held in the summer in Spaarnwoude, Netherlands.
Daniël Stalpaert or Daniel Stalpert (1615, in Amsterdam – buried 3 December 1676, in Amsterdam), was a Dutch architect who worked on the new town hall of Amsterdam, now the Royal Palace.
Daniel Sprong (born March 17, 1997) is a Dutch professional ice hockey player.
The Dappermarkt is a market on Dapperstraat in Amsterdam-east and is one of the busiest markets of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
De Bijenkorf (literally, "the beehive") is a chain of high-end department stores in the Netherlands with its flagship store on Dam Square, Amsterdam.
De Dijk (English: The Dike) is a Dutch rock band which formed in 1981.
De Groene Amsterdammer is an independent Dutch weekly news magazine published in Amsterdam and distributed throughout the Netherlands.
De Meer Stadion is the former stadium of AFC Ajax.
De Pijp (English: The Pipe) is a neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
De Telegraaf (The Telegraph) is the largest Dutch daily morning newspaper.
de Volkskrant (The People's Paper) is a Dutch daily morning newspaper.
De Wallen or De Walletjes is the largest and best known red-light district in Amsterdam.
The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.
Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Delftware or Delft pottery, also known as Delft Blue (Delfts blauw), is blue and white pottery made in and around Delft in the Netherlands and the tin-glazed pottery made in the Netherlands from the 16th century.
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, commonly referred to as Deloitte, is a UK-incorporated multinational professional services network.
Delta Lloyd Group is a Dutch insurer with operations in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany.
Democrats 66 (Democraten 66, D66,; officially Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a social-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
Dennis Nicolaas Maria Bergkamp (born 10 May 1969) is a Dutch former professional footballer, who until 21 December 2017 was the assistant manager at Ajax.
Diamonds Are Forever is a 1971 James Bond spy film and the seventh in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions.
Mariekson Julius "Didi" Gregorius, OON (born February 18, 1990), is a Dutch professional baseball shortstop for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Diemen is a town and municipality with a population of in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.
Dietrich Nikolaus Winkel (1777 – 28 September 1826) was the inventor of the first successful metronome.
Dordrecht, colloquially Dordt, historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.
Doutzen Kroes (born 23 January 1985) is a Dutch supermodel, actress, activist and philanthropist.
The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183.
Durgerdam is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland.
Dutch art describes the history of visual arts in the Netherlands, after the United Provinces separated from Flanders.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch municipal elections of 2014 were held on 19 March in most municipalities in the Netherlands.
The Dutch National Ballet (Het Nationale Ballet) is the official and largest ballet company in the Netherlands.
Dutch National Opera (DNO; formerly De Nederlandse Opera, now De Nationale Opera in Dutch) is a Dutch opera company based in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
The Dutch–Hanseatic War was a conflict between the Burgundian Netherlands and the Hanseatic League over the latter's control of Baltic shipping.
Earthworks are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth's surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock.
Eberhard Edzard van der Laan (28 June 1955 – 5 October 2017) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Minister for Housing, Communities and Integration from 2008 to 2010 and Mayor of Amsterdam from 2010 until his death.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.
Eddy Pieters Graafland OON (born 5 January 1934 in Amsterdam) is a former Dutch football goalkeeper, who played for Ajax and Feyenoord and was part of Feyenoord's European Cup victory in 1970.
The Edict of Fontainebleau (22 October 1685) was an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, also known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Edward Metgod (born 19 December 1959 in Amsterdam, Netherlands) is a former Dutch football (soccer) goalkeeper,and current coach of Team VVCS.
Egged Israel Transport Cooperative Society Ltd (אֶגֶד), a cooperative owned by its members, is the largest transit bus company in Israel.
The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.
Elite Model Management is a chain modeling agency that originated in Paris, France in 1972 and expanded to numerous locations throughout the globe.
Eleonora Maria "Ellen" van Dijk (born 11 February 1987) is a Dutch professional road racing cyclist riding for Team Sunweb.
Elisabeth Margot "Ellie" van den Brom (born 18 June 1949) is a retired speed skater from the Netherlands who competed at the 1968 and 1972 Winter Olympics.
The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Eredivisie ("Honour Division" or "Premier Division") is the highest echelon of professional football in the Netherlands.
In the Catholic Church, a Eucharistic Congress is a gathering of clergy, religious, and laity to bear witness to the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, which is an important Roman Catholic doctrine.
Eurolines Organisation is an international non-profit organisation according to Belgian law.
Euronext NV is a European stock exchange seated in Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Lisbon, Dublin and Paris.
Euronext Amsterdam is a stock exchange based in Amsterdam.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Amsterdam, Avignon, Brussels, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Paris and Rotterdam.
The Siege of Antwerp took place during the Eighty Years' War from July 1584 until August 1585.
Francina "Fanny" Elsje Blankers-Koen (26 April 1918 – 25 January 2004) was a Dutch track and field athlete, best known for winning four gold medals at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.
The February Strike (Februaristaking) was a general strike in the German-occupied Netherlands during World War II, organized by the then-outlawed Communist Party of the Netherlands in defence of persecuted Dutch Jews and against the anti-Jewish measures and activities of the Nazis in general.
Ferdinand Bol (24 June 1616 – 24 August 1680) was a Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The flag of Amsterdam is the official flag for Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The Flemish or Flemings are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.
Flevoland is the twelfth and last province of the Netherlands, established on 1 January 1986, when the southern and eastern Flevopolders were merged into one provincial entity.
Floris Adriaan van Hall, Baron of Hall (15 May 1791 – 29 March 1866) was a prominent Dutch nobleman and statesman in the 19th century.
Floris V (24 June 1254 – 27 June 1296) reigned as Count of Holland and Zeeland from 1256 until 1296.
The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2,000 public companies in the world by Forbes magazine.
A foreign worker or guest worker is a human who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen.
Franklin Edmundo Rijkaard (born 30 September 1962) is a Dutch former footballer and former manager who played as a midfielder or defender.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Franciscus ("Frans") Jozef Brüggen (30 October 1934 – 13 August 2014) was a Dutch conductor, recorder player and baroque flautist.
Frans Hals the Elder (– 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, normally of portraits, who lived and worked in Haarlem.
Frans Molenaar (11 May 1940 – 9 January 2015) was a Dutch fashion designer.
Alfred Henry "Freddy" Heineken (4 November 1923 – 3 January 2002) was a Dutch businessman for Heineken International, the brewing company bought in 1864 by his grandfather Gerard Adriaan Heineken in Amsterdam.
Frederik Hendrikbuurt is a neighbourhood in the West district of Amsterdam, Netherlands and is situated between the canals Singelgracht and Kostverlorenvaart.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
Frederik "Freek" Jan Georg de Jonge (born 30 August 1944) is a Dutch cabaret performer and writer.
Frederik "Frits" Bolkestein (born 4 April 1933) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).
G-Star RAW (commonly called G-Star) is a Dutch designer clothing company, founded by Jos van Tilburg in Amsterdam in 1989, which produces urban clothing.
The Galileo affair (il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around 1610, culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1633 for his support of heliocentrism.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
Geert Ludzer Mak (born 4 December 1946 in Vlaardingen) is a Dutch journalist and a non-fiction writer in the field of history.
The Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf (GVB; English: Municipal Transport Company) is the municipal public transport operator for Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands, operating metro, tram, bus and ferry services in the Amsterdam metropolitan area since 2012.
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.
A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.
Geraldo Boldewijn (born Geraldo Hiwat on February 14, 1991) is a Canadian football wide receiver who is a free agent.
Gerrit Janszoon Vos (March or April 1577, Heidelberg – 19 March 1649, Amsterdam), often known by his Latin name Gerardus Vossius, was a Dutch classical scholar and theologian.
Gerard Friedrich "Gerrie" Knetemann (6 March 1951 in Amsterdam – 2 November 2004 in Bergen, North Holland) was a Dutch road bicycle racer who won the 1978 World Championship.
Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect.
The Gerrit Rietveld Academie (Rietveld School of Art & Design) is a Dutch academy for fine arts and design in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Geuzenveld (garden city) is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, typically as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Girl with a Pearl Earring is a 2003 romantic drama film directed by Peter Webber.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The Government of Amsterdam consists of several territorial and functional forms of local and regional government.
Gracht (plural: grachten) is a Dutch word frequently encountered by non-Dutch people when confronted with several things related to the Netherlands, such as Dutch art (mainly 17th-century town-views of grachten), Dutch history (notably the Anne Frank House and several monuments in Amsterdam, located on grachten) or tourism (especially boating tours on the grachten of various Dutch cities).
The Grachtengordel (known in English as the Canal District) is a neighborhood in Amsterdam, Netherlands located in the Centrum district.
Grade separation is the name given to a method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.
Graft-De Rijp is a former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
The Groene Hart (Green Heart) is a relatively thinly populated area in the Dutch Randstad.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude is a municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
Haarlemmermeer is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Hans Eduard Marie Teeuwen (born 3 March 1967) is a Dutch comedian, musician, actor and occasional filmmaker.
Hans Wiegel (born 16 July 1941) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Heineken N.V. (at times self-styled as HEINEKEN) is a Dutch brewing company, founded in 1864 by Gerard Adriaan Heineken in Amsterdam.
Hendrick de Keyser (15 May 1565 – 15 May 1621) was a Dutch sculptor and architect born in Utrecht, Netherlands, who was instrumental in establishing a late Renaissance form of Mannerism in Amsterdam.
Hendrik Petrus Berlage (21 February 1856 – 12 August 1934) was a prominent Dutch architect.
Hermenegildus Felix Victor Maria "Herman" Finkers (born December 9, 1954 in Almelo, Overijssel) is a comedian from the Dutch region of Twente, who is well known in the Netherlands for his friendly, dry-witted humour and his ambiguous style of storytelling.
Hermannus Jantinus "Herman" van Veen (born 14 March 1945) is a Dutch stage performer, actor, musician and singer/songwriter and author.
Hermitage Amsterdam is a branch museum of the Hermitage Museum of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on the banks of the Amstel river in Amsterdam.
The State Hermitage Museum (p) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Herning is a Danish city in Region Midtjylland, on the Jutland peninsula.
Het 4e Gymnasium (English: The 4th Gymnasium. The official name contains a Dutch article, thus abandoning the need of using one in the English translation.) is a Public Gymnasium (Grammar School or Secondary School) in the Netherlands founded in 2005.
Het Balletorkest (literal translation, The Ballet Orchestra) is a Dutch symphony orchestra, based in Amsterdam, Netherlands, affiliated with Het Nationale Ballet and the Nederlands Dans Theater.
Het Parool is an Amsterdam-based daily newspaper.
The hierarchy of the Catholic Church consists of its bishops, priests, and deacons.
Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Historical geography is the branch of geography that studies the ways in which geographic phenomena have changed over time.
The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates.
The history of religion in the Netherlands has been characterized by considerable diversity of religious thought and practice.
Amsterdam has historically been the center of the Dutch Jewish community, and has had a continuing Jewish community for the last 370 years.
Most history of the Jews in the Netherlands was generated between the end of the 16th century and World War II.
The Hogeschool van Amsterdam, University of Applied Sciences (HvA), or Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, is a large institute for higher professional education in the Netherlands.
The Holland Festival is the oldest and largest performing arts festival in the Netherlands.
In the Christian churches, Holy Orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
The Honkbal Hoofdklasse (Dutch for Major League Baseball) is the highest level of professional baseball in the Netherlands.
Horeca (also HoReCa, HORECA) is an abbreviation for the food service industry.
Hortus Botanicus is a botanical garden in the Plantage district of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
Saint Ignatius Gymnasium (St. Ignatiusgymnasium) is one of the five categorial ''gymnasia'' (a type of school) in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The IJ (pronounced; sometimes shown on old maps as Y or Ye) is a body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.
IJburg is a residential neighbourhood under construction in the east of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country's border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country, as well as people who remain living in another country when they do not have the legal right to do so.
An Imperial Crown is a crown used for the coronation of emperors.
The Imperial Crown of Austria (Österreichische Kaiserkrone) was made in 1602 in Prague by Jan Vermeyen as the personal crown of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, and therefore is also known as the Crown of Emperor Rudolf II (Rudolfskrone).
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Inez van Lamsweerde (born 25 September 1963, Amsterdam, Netherlands) and Vinoodh Matadin (born 29 September 1961, Amsterdam, Netherlands) are a Dutch fashion photographer duo, whose work has been featured in fashion magazines and advertising campaigns.
The ING Group (ING Groep) is a Dutch multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Amsterdam.
Inge de Bruijn (born 24 August 1973) is a Dutch former competitive swimmer.
The Inquisition of the Netherlands was an extension of the Spanish Inquisition in the Spanish Netherlands, established during the reign of Charles V. Because the idea of an Inquisition was uncongenial to the Flemish temperament, the process of introduction was a slow and gradual one from the onset.
In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that uses grade separation, and typically one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without interruption from any other crossing traffic stream.
The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.
International business refers to the trade of goods, services, technology, capital and/or knowledge at a global level.
The International Colonial and Export Exhibition (Dutch: Internationale Koloniale en Uitvoerhandel Tentoonstelling; French: Exposition Universelle Coloniale et d'Exportation Générale) was a colonial exhibition (a type of World's Fair) that was held in Amsterdam from May 1 to October 1, 1883.
The International Institute of Social History (IISG) is one of the largest archives for labour, left and social history in the world.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Islam is the second largest religion in the Netherlands, practiced by 4% of the population according to 2010-11 estimates.
Jakob Gijsbert "Jaap" de Hoop Scheffer (born 3 April 1948) is a retired Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
Jacobus Johannes "Jaap" Eden (19 October 1873 – 2 February 1925) was a Dutch athlete.
Jacob van Campen (2 February 1596 – 13 September 1657), was a Dutch artist and architect of the Golden Age.
Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (1629 – 10 March 1682) was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher.
Jacques Romain Georges Brel (8 April 1929 – 9 October 1978) was a Belgian singer, songwriter, poet, actor and director who composed and performed literate, thoughtful, and theatrical songs that generated a large, devoted following—initially in Belgium and France, later throughout the world.
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
Jan Akkerman (born 24 December 1946) is a Dutch guitarist.
Johannes Hendrikus (Hein) Donner (July 6, 1927 – November 27, 1988) was a Dutch chess grandmaster (GM) and writer.
Jan Jongbloed (born 25 November 1940 in Amsterdam) is a former football goalkeeper.
Jan van Beveren (5 March 1948 – 26 June 2011) was a Dutch football player and coach, who played as a goalkeeper.
Jan Carolus Josephus van Speijk, also written Van Speyk (31 January 1802 – 5 February 1831), was a Dutch naval lieutenant who became a hero in the Netherlands for his opposition to the Belgian Revolution.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jörgen Henri Raymann (born 13 August 1966) is a Dutch-Surinamese cabaretier, stand-up comedian, actor and presenter.
"Jerusalem of the West" was a term historically used by Jews to describe a non-Jewish city west of Jerusalem where the Jewish diaspora nonetheless enjoyed significant influence, freedom (of religion), and numbers, usually in Western Europe or Maghreb.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Hendrik Johannes "Johan" Cruijff OON (anglicised to Cruyff; 25 April 1947 – 24 March 2016) was a Dutch professional football player and coach.
Johannes Vermeer (October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.
John Michael Green (born August 24, 1977) is an American author, vlogger, writer, producer, actor, editor, and educator.
Jan Hendrik (John) Kraaijkamp Sr. (19 April 1925 – 17 July 2011) was a Dutch Golden Calf and Louis d'Or winning actor, comedian and singer.
Johannes Antonius Bernardus "John" or "Johnny" Metgod (born 27 February 1958 in Amsterdam, Netherlands) is a retired Dutch footballer.
Johnny Jordaan was the pseudonym for Johannes Hendricus van Musscher (7 February 1924 – 8 January 1989), a Dutch singer of popular music, in particular the genre known as levenslied, a Dutch variety of the French chanson.
The Joods Historisch Museum (Jewish Historical Museum), part of the Jewish Cultural Quarter, is a museum in Amsterdam dedicated to Jewish history, culture and religion, in the Netherlands and worldwide.
Johannes Marten den Uijl, better known as Joop den Uyl (9 August 1919 – 24 December 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 11 May 1973 until 19 December 1977.
Johannes "Joop" Adrianus van den Ende (born 23 February 1942) is a Dutch theatrical producer, co-founder of international television production company Endemol and founder/owner of Stage Entertainment, Europe’s largest live entertainment company.
Joost van den Vondel (17 November 1587 – 5 February 1679) was a Dutch poet, writer and playwright.
The Jordaan is a neighbourhood of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-British writer regarded as one of the greatest novelists to write in the English language.
Jozias Johannes van Aartsen (born 25 December 1947) is a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) serving as Acting Mayor of Amsterdam since 4 December 2017.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Jonkvrouw Karin Hildur "Kajsa" Ollongren (born 28 May 1967) is a Dutch-Swedish politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party serving as Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and second Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands in the Third Rutte cabinet since 26 October 2017.
The Kalverstraat is a busy shopping street of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.
Christiaan Karel Appel (25 April 1921 – 3 May 2006) was a Dutch painter, sculptor, and poet.
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (// ЦГИАК Украины, ф. 1268, оп. 1, д. 26, л. 13об—14.–May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Khmelnytsky Uprising (Powstanie Chmielnickiego; Chmelnickio sukilimas; повстання Богдана Хмельницького; восстание Богдана Хмельницкого; also known as the Cossack-Polish War, Chmielnicki Uprising, or the Khmelnytsky insurrection) was a Cossack rebellion within the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1648–1657, which led to the creation of a Cossack Hetmanate in Ukrainian lands.
In many countries, Kilometre Zero (also written km 0) or similar terms in other languages (also known as zero mile marker, control stations or control points) is a particular location (usually in the nation's capital city) from which distances are traditionally measured.
Kim Noorda (born April 22, 1986) is a Dutch fashion model.
King of the Romans (Rex Romanorum; König der Römer) was a title used by Syagrius, then by the German king following his election by the princes from the time of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward.
The King’s Commissioner (Commissaris van de Koning, abbreviated to CvdK) is the head of a province in the Netherlands.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
(April 8, 1934 – October 12, 2007) was a leading Japanese architect and one of the founders of the Metabolist Movement.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Koningsdag or King's Day is a national holiday in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
KPMG is a professional service company and one of the Big Four auditors, along with Deloitte, Ernst & Young (EY), and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
Labor history or labour history is a sub-discipline of social history which specialises on the history of the working classes and the labor movement.
The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid,, abbreviated as PvdA, or P van de A) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
In urban planning, land-use planning seeks to order and regulate land use in an efficient and ethical way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.
Landsmeer is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
The Leidseplein is a square in central Amsterdam, Netherlands.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Lion van Minden (10 June 1880 – 6 September 1944) was a Dutch Olympic epee fencer, who was killed in the Auschwitz concentration camp.
The following is a list of the world's largest airports by international passenger traffic.
Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.
A concert hall is a cultural building with a stage that serves as a performance venue and an auditorium filled with seats.
Below is a list of Mayors (burgemeesters) of Amsterdam, capital city of the Netherlands.
These are the Netherlands' motorways by their national number, listed with the most important towns at or near the roads.
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
The world's tallest artificial structure is the Burj Khalifa in Dubai (of the United Arab Emirates).
Amsterdam, one of Europe's capitals, has many attractions for visitors.
Lodewijk Elzevir (c. 1540, Leuven – 4 February 1617, Leiden), originally Lodewijk or Louis Elsevier or Elzevier, was a printer, born in the city of Leuven (today in Belgium, then part of the Habsburg Netherlands or Spanish Netherlands).
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Speed skating (also long track speed skating) is the Olympic discipline of speed skating where competitors are timed while crossing a set distance.
Aloysius Paulus Maria "Louis" van Gaal OON (born 8 August 1951) is a Dutch football manager and former player.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Manke Nelis, born Cornelis Pieters, was a Dutch singer in the levenslied genre.
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy.
Marko Vejinović (born 3 February 1990) is a Dutch footballer who plays as a central midfielder for AZ in the Eredivisie.
Marlies Dekkers (born 29 November 1965 in Oosterhout) is a Dutch fashion designer known for her lingerie line Undressed.
Martin Visser (born 10 July 1968) is a Dutch fashion designer.
Martinair, legally Martinair Holland N.V., is a Dutch cargo airline headquartered and based at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and a subsidiary of Air France-KLM.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519) was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death, though he was never crowned by the Pope, as the journey to Rome was always too risky.
The median strip or central reservation is the reserved area that separates opposing lanes of traffic on divided roadways, such as divided highways, dual carriageways, freeways, and motorways.
Megabus is a long distance coach (Intercity bus service) operator operated by the Stagecoach Group.
The Melkweg (Dutch for "Milky Way") is a popular music venue and cultural center in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Metro is a free Dutch newspaper, distributed daily since 1999, mostly to commuters in high-traffic areas.
A metronome, from ancient Greek μέτρον (métron, "measure") and νέμω (némo, "I manage", "I lead"), is a device that produces an audible click or other sound at a regular interval that can be set by the user, typically in beats per minute (BPM).
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
Michael Bleekemolen (born 2 October 1949 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands) is a former racing driver who raced for the RAM and ATS teams in Formula One.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (Ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieu or VROM) was a Dutch ministry.
A modeling agency is a company that represents fashion models, to work for the fashion industry.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
Mokum (מקום) is the Yiddish word for "place" or "safe haven".
The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.
Content in this edit is translated from the existing Dutch Wikipedia article at:nl:Montessori Lyceum Amsterdam; see its history for attribution.
MUD Jeans is a sustainable and fair trade certified denim brand based in The Netherlands.
A multistorey car park (UK English) or parking garage (US English; also called a multistorey, parkade (mainly Canadian), parking structure, parking ramp, parking building, parking deck or indoor parking) is a building designed for car parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which parking takes place.
In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.
The Muntplein (literally "mint square") is a square in the centre of Amsterdam.
The Museumplein is a public space in the Museumkwartier neighbourhood of the Amsterdam-Zuid borough in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ (English: "Music Building on the IJ") is the main concert hall for contemporary classical music on the IJ in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Mysteryland is a series of electronic dance music festivals organized by the Netherlands-based promoter ID&T.
Najib Amhali (born April 4, 1971) is a Moroccan-born Dutch stand-up comedian and actor.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National Monument on Dam Square (Dutch: Nationaal Monument or Nationaal Monument op de Dam), Amsterdam, is a 1956 World War II monument in the Netherlands.
Artis, short for Natura Artis Magistra (Latin for "Nature is the teacher of the arts"), is a zoo in the centre of Amsterdam.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.
The Polder oasis Nekkeveld estate is an area located in the urban heart of Holland, the Netherlands, near Amsterdam.
NEMO Science Museum (from latin Nobody) is a science center in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
NET 5 is a Dutch commercial TV channel and is part of Talpa TV, formerly a part of SBS Broadcasting B.V. and now owned by Talpa Network.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO; Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) is an independent research organisation in the Netherlands that focuses on applied science.
The Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) is a 15th-century church in Amsterdam, consecrated in 1409,https://www.nieuwekerk.nl/en/de-nieuwe-kerk/history/ and located on Dam Square, next to the Royal Palace.
The Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal is a street in the centre of Amsterdam.
Nieuwmarkt (Dutch for "New Market" or "Newmarket") is a square in the centre of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Nieuwmarkt riots (Dutch: Nieuwmarktrellen), also referred to as the Amsterdam metro riots, is a series of serious disturbances in the Nieuwmarkt neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Nigel de Jong (born 30 November 1984) is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder for Bundesliga club Mainz 05.
A nightclub, music club or club, is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian Dutch: Noard-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The North Sea Canal (Noordzeekanaal) is a Dutch ship canal from Amsterdam to the North Sea at IJmuiden, constructed between 1865 and 1876 to enable seafaring vessels to reach the port of Amsterdam.
NRC Handelsblad, often abbreviated to NRC, is a daily evening newspaper published in the Netherlands by NRC Media.
The OCCII (Onafhankelijk Cultureel Centrum In It) is a venue for alternative and independent music at Amstelveenseweg 134, in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Ocean's Twelve is a 2004 American comedy heist film, the first sequel to 2001's Ocean's Eleven.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Olympic Stadium (Dutch: Olympisch Stadion) is the main stadium for the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.
One-way traffic (or uni-directional traffic) is traffic that moves in a single direction.
The Oosterpark in Amsterdam is the first large park laid out by the municipality of Amsterdam.
Oostzaan is a municipality and a town in the Zaanstreek, Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Osdorp is neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Osdorp Posse, founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1989, was one of the first groups to make rap music in Dutch.
OT301 used to be a squat in the Dutch city of Amsterdam, located on Overtoom 301.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Oude Kerk (English: Old Church) is Amsterdam’s oldest building and oldest parish church, founded circa 1213 and consecrated in 1306 by the bishop of Utrecht with Saint Nicolas as its patron saint.
Ouder-Amstel is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
OUIBUS, formerly iDBUS, is a subsidiary of French state railways SNCF which has operated coach services in Europe since 2012.
The P.C. Hooftstraat is a shopping street in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Paradiso is a music venue and cultural centre located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Patrick Stephan Kluivert (born 1 July 1976) is a former Dutch footballer, coach and former director of football for Paris Saint-Germain in France.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Paul Jozef Crutzen (born 3 December 1933) is a Dutch, Nobel Prize-winning, atmospheric chemist.
Paulus Potter (20 November 1625 (baptised) – 17 January 1654 (buried)) was a Dutch painter who specialized in animals within landscapes, usually with a low vantage point.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
Peter Post (12 November 193314 January 2011) was a Dutch professional cyclist whose career lasted from 1956 to 1972.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Philips Vingboons (or Vinckboons, Vinckeboons, Vinckbooms) (c. 1607 – 2 October 1678) was a Dutch architect.
Petrus Josephus Hubertus (Pierre) Cuypers (16 May 1827 – 3 March 1921) was a Dutch architect.
Petrus Johannes "Piet" Keizer (14 June 1943 – 9 February 2017) was a Dutch professional footballer who played as a left winger.
Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan, after 1906 Mondrian (later; 7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944), was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.
Plantage is a neighbourhood located in the Centrum district of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
A podium (plural podiums or podia) is a platform used to raise something to a short distance above its surroundings.
The term pogrom has multiple meanings, ascribed most often to the deliberate persecution of an ethnic or religious group either approved or condoned by the local authorities.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state.
In population genetics and population ecology, population size (usually denoted N) is the number of individual organisms in a population.
The port of Amsterdam (Haven van Amsterdam) is a seaport in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
The Prinsengrachtconcert is an annual open-air concert of classical music held annually in August since 1981 on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam.
A procession (French procession via Middle English, derived from Latin, processio, from procedere, to go forth, advance, proceed) is an organized body of people walking in a formal or ceremonial manner.
Prostitution in the Netherlands is legal and regulated.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.
The Protestant Church in the Netherlands (Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, abbreviated PKN) is the largest Protestant denomination in the Netherlands, being both Reformed (Calvinist) and Lutheran.
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.
Purmerend is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Quincy Anton Promes (born 4 January 1992) is a Dutch footballer who plays as a winger for Russian club Spartak Moscow and the Netherlands.
Radio Netherlands Worldwide (RNW; Radio Nederland Wereldomroep) was a public radio and television network based in Hilversum, producing and transmitting programmes for international audiences outside the Netherlands.
The Randstad is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas.
Raoul Louis Heertje (born 11 March 1963, in Bussum) is a Dutch comedian.
Raymond "Hallelujah" Joval (born 15 September 1968 in Amsterdam) is a professional boxer from the Netherlands and a former International Boxing Organization World Champion in the Middleweight class.
A red-light district or pleasure district is a part of an urban area where a concentration of prostitution and sex-oriented businesses, such as sex shops, strip clubs, and adult theaters are found.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
Religious persecution is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals as a response to their religious beliefs or affiliations or lack thereof.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
The Rembrandt House Museum (Museum Het Rembrandthuis) is a historic house and art museum in Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
Rembrandt Tower (Dutch: Rembrandttoren) is an office skyscraper in Amsterdam.
Rembrandtplein (Rembrandt Square) is a major square in central Amsterdam, Netherlands, named after Rembrandt van Rijn who owned a house nearby from 1639 to 1656.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
Reurbanization refers to the movement of people back into an area that has been previously abandoned.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the Ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by his own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, such as another country or church official, who in medieval times could offer sanctuary.
The Rijksmuseum (National Museum) is a Dutch national museum dedicated to arts and history in Amsterdam.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Marinus "Rinus" David Israël (born 19 March 1942 in Amsterdam) is a former Dutch football player, manager and currently scout.
Marinus Jacobus Hendricus "Rinus" Michels OON (9 February 1928 – 3 March 2005) was a Dutch association football player and coach.
Pieter Robert ("Rob") Rensenbrink (born 3 July 1947 in Amsterdam) is a former Dutch football player and member of the Dutch national football team that reached two World Cup finals in 1974 and 1978.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest) is a symphony orchestra in the Netherlands, based at the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw (concert hall).
The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (Dutch: Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut or KNMI) is the Dutch national weather forecasting service, which has its headquarters in De Bilt, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.
The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in Amsterdam (Dutch: Koninklijk Paleis van Amsterdam or Paleis op de Dam) is one of three palaces in the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch by Act of Parliament.
Rudi van Dantzig (4 August 1933 – 19 January 2012) was a Dutch choreographer, company director, and writer.
Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608).
Ruud Gullit, OON (born Rudi Dil; 1 September 1962) is a Dutch football manager and former footballer who played professionally in the 1980s and 1990s as a midfielder or forward.
Rudolf ("Ruud" or "Rudi") Jozef Krol (born 24 March 1949) is a Dutch retired footballer who was capped 83 times for his native country.
Ryan Neil ten Doeschate (born June 30, 1980) is a Dutch professional cricketer who has represented the Netherlands at both One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) level.
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece).
Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.
A saltire, also called Saint Andrew's Cross, is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross, like the shape of the letter X in Roman type.
Samuel Sarphati (January 31, 1813 – June 23, 1866) was a Dutch physician and Amsterdam city planner.
The Sarphatipark is a public urban park located in the stadsdeel Amsterdam Oud-Zuid in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Satyendra Pakhalé is an Industrial Designer, Designer and architect.
Søren Lerby (born 1 February 1958) is a Danish former football player, manager, and licensed agent.
SBS 6 is a Dutch commercial TV channel and is a part of Talpa TV, formerly known as SBS Broadcasting B.V. and now owned by Talpa Network.
SBS Broadcasting Group (normally referred to as SBS, which originally stood for Scandinavian Broadcasting Systems) was a multinational media group, operating commercial television, premium pay channels, radio stations and related print businesses in Northern, Western and Central and Eastern Europe.
Schellingwoude is a neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
A sex worker is a person who is employed in the sex industry.
Simon Okker (1 June 1881 – 6 March 1944) was a Dutch Olympic epee and foil fencer, who was killed in the Auschwitz concentration camp.
The Singel is a canal in Amsterdam which encircled the city in the Middle Ages.
Jesaia "Sjaak" Swart (born 3 July 1938) is a former Dutch footballer who played as a winger for Ajax.
Sloten is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland.
Sloterdijk was a village in the Dutch province of North Holland.
Slotermeer is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Slotervaart (short for Tuinstad Slotervaart) is a neighborhood in the far western part of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Social history, often called the new social history, is a field of history that looks at the lived experience of the past.
The Socialist Party (Socialistische Partij,; abbreviated SP) is a left-wing, democratic socialist political party in the Netherlands.
The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).
Spits (Peak/Rush Hour; stylized as Sp!ts) was a tabloid format newspaper freely distributed in trains, trams and buses in the Netherlands from 1999 to 2014.
The Spui is a square in the centre of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.
Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.
The Stadsschouwburg (Dutch: Municipal Theatre) of Amsterdam is the name of a theatre building at the Leidseplein in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).
Statistics Netherlands, founded in 1899, is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands.
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (Municipal Museum Amsterdam), colloquially known as the Stedelijk, is a museum for modern art, contemporary art, and design located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Defence Line of Amsterdam (in Dutch named Stelling van Amsterdam) is a 135 km long ring of fortifications around Amsterdam, consisting of 42 forts located between 10 and 15 kilometers from the centre, and lowlands that can easily be flooded in time of war.
A stille omgang ("Silent Walk" or circumambulation) is an informal ritual that served as substitute for the Roman Catholic processions that were prohibited after the Reformation in the Netherlands in the 16th century.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
The Stopera is a building complex in Amsterdam, Netherlands, housing both the city hall of Amsterdam and the Dutch National Opera and Ballet, the principal opera house in Amsterdam that is home of Dutch National Opera, Dutch National Ballet and Holland Symfonia.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sunflowers (original title, in French: Tournesols) is the name of two series of still life paintings by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
A superstructure is an upward extension of an existing structure above a baseline.
The Supreme Court of the Netherlands (Hoge Raad der Nederlanden or simply Hoge Raad), officially the High Council of the Netherlands, is the final court of appeal in civil, criminal and tax cases in the Netherlands, including Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Aruba.
Tante Leen (English: Auntie Leen, January 28, 1912 — August 5, 1992), real name Helena Kok-Polder, later Helena Jansen-Polder, was a Dutch folk singer from Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Thalys (French) is a French-Belgian high-speed train operator originally built around the LGV Nord high-speed line between Paris and Brussels.
The Ex are an underground band from the Netherlands that formed in 1979 at the height of the original punk explosion.
The Fault in Our Stars, published in January 2012, is the sixth novel by author John Green.
The Fault in Our Stars is a 2014 American romantic tragedy film directed by Josh Boone, based on the novel of the same name by John Green.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Hitman's Bodyguard is a 2017 American action comedy film directed by Patrick Hughes and written by Tom O'Connor, whose script was on the 2011 Black List survey.
The Holland Times (former Amsterdam Times) is an English-language newspaper in the Netherlands.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq, also known as The Shooting Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch, but commonly referred to as The Night Watch (De Nachtwacht), is a 1642 painting by Rembrandt van Rijn.
The Potato Eaters (De Aardappeleters) is an oil painting by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh painted in April 1885 in Nuenen, Netherlands.
Theodorus Wilhelmus (Theo) Maassen (born 8 December 1966 in Oegstgeest, Zuid-Holland) is a Dutch comedian and actor who grew up in the village of Zijtaart (municipality of Veghel) in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Theodoor "Theo" van Gogh (23 July 1957 – 2 November 2004) was a Dutch film director, film producer, television director, television producer, television presenter, screenwriter, actor, critic and author.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Tijs Michiel Verwest OON (born 17 January 1969), better known by his stage name Tiësto, is a Dutch DJ and record producer from Breda.
A toll bridge is a bridge where a monetary charge (or "toll") is required to pass over.
Thomas Samuel Okker (nicknamed "the Flying Dutchman"; born 22 February 1944) is a Dutch former tennis player who was active from the mid-1960s until 1980.
TomTom NV is a Dutch company that produces traffic, navigation and mapping products.
Teunis (Ton) Sijbrands (born December 15, 1949) is a famous Dutch player of international draughts who became world champion in 1972.
Toneelgroep Amsterdam is the Netherlands' largest repertory company.
Antoine Gerard Theodore "Toon" Hermans (17 December 1916 – 22 April 2000) was a noted Dutch comedian, singer and writer.
The Amsterdam Tram (Amsterdamse tram) is a tram network in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Trance is a genre of electronic<!-- The source says electronic music, not electronic dance music ---> music that emerged from the rave scene in the United Kingdom in the late 1980s and developed further during the early 1990s in Germany before spreading throughout the rest of Europe, as a more melodic offshoot from techno and house.
Transavia, legally incorporated as Transavia Airlines C.V. and formerly branded as transavia.com, is a Dutch low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of KLM and therefore part of the Air France-KLM group.
The Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics) is an ethnographic museum located in Amsterdam, Netherlands, founded in 1864.
Trouw (fidelity) is a Dutch daily newspaper appearing in compact size.
TUI fly Netherlands, legally incorporated as TUI Airlines Netherlands (formerly branded as Arkefly and Arke), is a Dutch charter airline headquartered in Schiphol-Rijk on the grounds of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands.
Tulips (Tulipa) form a genus of spring-blooming perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes (having bulbs as storage organs).
The Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences (Discorsi e Dimostrazioni Matematiche Intorno a Due Nuove Scienze), published in 1638 was Galileo's final book and a scientific testament covering much of his work in physics over the preceding thirty years.
Uber Technologies Inc. (doing business as Uber) is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, taxi cab, food delivery, and transportation network company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with operations in 633 cities worldwide.
The Uitmarkt (Out Market) is the opening of the cultural season in Amsterdam, held every year over a weekend at the end of August, usually on and around the Leidseplein, Museumplein (museum square) and Nieuwmarkt.
The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands as it existed between 1815 and 1839.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The University of Amsterdam (abbreviated as UvA, Universiteit van Amsterdam) is a public university located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
An urban heat island (UHI) is an urban area or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.
The Van Gogh Museum is an art museum dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
The following is an incomplete list of settlements nicknamed Venice of the North.
Veronica began its life as an offshore radio station, Radio Veronica, on 17 May 1960.
The Resistance Museum (Verzetsmuseum) is a museum located in the Plantage neighbourhood in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Viktor & Rolf is a fashion house which specialises in creating conceptual and avant-garde designs.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
A vocational university, sometimes called professional university, applied technological university, college of higher vocational studies or university of applied sciences, is an institution of higher education and sometimes research, which provides both tertiary and sometimes quaternary education and grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and sometimes doctorate) in a variety of subjects.
The Vondelpark is a public urban park of 47 hectares (120 acres) in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Vossius Gymnasium is one of the five categorial gymnasia in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, the others being Barlaeus Gymnasium, Ignatius Gymnasium, Cygnus Gymnasium and Het 4e Gymnasium.
The Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (abbreviated as VU, VU University Amsterdam, "Free University Amsterdam") is a university in Amsterdam, Netherlands, founded in 1880.
Wagener Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Amstelveen, Netherlands.
Warmenhoven & Venderbos is a Dutch based clothing label founded in 1996 by Sascha Warmenhoven and Babette Venderbos.
Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources.
The Watergraafsmeer is a polder in the Netherlands.
Waterland is a municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
Waterlooplein is a square in the centre of Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
The Westerkerk (Western Church) is a Reformed church within Dutch Protestant church in central Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Westerpark is a neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The "Westerpark" (English: "Western Park") is a public urban park in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Westphalia (Westfalen) is a region in northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Westpoort (Western Gateway or Western Port) is a borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.
Willy Geertje van Ammelrooij (born 5 April 1944), known as Willeke van Ammelrooy, is a Dutch actress and director.
Willem Breuker (4 November 1944, Amsterdam – 23 July 2010 Amsterdam) was a Dutch jazz bandleader, composer, arranger, saxophonist, and (bass) clarinetist.
Willem Drees, Sr. (5 July 1886 – 14 May 1988) was a Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA).
William III (Dutch: Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk; English: William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis; 19 February 1817 – 23 November 1890) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 until his death in 1890.
William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.
Willem Cornelis "Wim" Kan (15 January 1911 – 8 September 1983) was a Dutch cabaret artist.
Willem "Wim" Ruska (29 August 1940 – 14 February 2015) was a judoka from the Netherlands.
Willem "Wim" Sonneveld (28 June 1917 – 8 March 1974) was a Dutch cabaret artist and singer.
A windscreen wiper or windshield wiper (American English) is a device used to remove rain, snow, ice and debris from a windscreen or windshield.
The World Gymnaestrada is the largest general gymnastics exhibition.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Trade Center Amsterdam is a commercial centre located at the Zuidas in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wormerland is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Yfke Sturm (born 19 November 1981) is a Dutch model.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Joseph Jacobus Maria "Youp" van 't Hek (born 28 February 1954) is a Dutch comedian, author, columnist, singer-songwriter, playwright and critic.
Zaandam is a city in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.
Zaanstad is a Dutch municipality in the province of North Holland, situated northwest of Amsterdam.
Zeeburg is a former borough of Amsterdam.
Ziggo Dome is a 17,000-seat multi-use indoor arena in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Zuidas (literally South Axis in Dutch) is a rapidly developing business district in the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
.amsterdam is a top-level domain for the city of Amsterdam.
10Feet is a Dutch fashion label, based in Amsterdam and is a subsidiary of Herb Industries.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 1928 Summer Olympics (Dutch: Olympische Zomerspelen 1928), officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000.
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