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Bavaria

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Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. [1]

536 relations: Adam Ries, Adidas, Adolf Hitler, Agilolfings, Aichach-Friedberg, Albrecht Altdorfer, Albrecht Dürer, Alemanni, Alemannic German, Alfons Goppel, Alfred Jodl, Alliance 90/The Greens, Allianz, Allied-occupied Germany, Alois Alzheimer, Alps, Altötting (district), Altbayern, Amazon (company), Amberg, Amberg-Sulzbach, Ammersee, Ancient Rome, Anif declaration, Ansbach, Ansbach (district), Aperschnalzen, Arnulf of Carinthia, Aschaffenburg, Aschaffenburg (district), Asylum seeker, Audi, Augsburg, Augsburg (district), August von Platen-Hallermünde, Austria, Austrian Empire, Austro-Prussian War, Babenberg, Bad Kissingen (district), Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Baden-Württemberg, Bamberg, Bamberg (district), Barbara Dennerlein, Barbary lion, Barley, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, Bastian Schweinsteiger, ..., Bavaria Party, Bavaria-Ingolstadt, Bavaria-Landshut, Bavaria-Munich, Bavaria-Straubing, Bavarian Alps, Bavarian cuisine, Bavarian Forest, Bavarian language, Bavarian nationalism, Bavarian Senate, Bavarian Soviet Republic, Bavarian state election, 2003, Bavarian state election, 2008, Bavarian state election, 2013, Bavarians, Bayernhymne, Bayreuth, Bayreuth (district), Beer garden, Beer Hall Putsch, Befreiungshalle, Berchtesgadener Land, Bernd Eichinger, Bernd Schuster, Bernhard Langer, Bertolt Brecht, Bizone, BMW, Bocksbeutel, Bohemia, Bohemian Forest, Boii, Burghausen, Altötting, Canton of St. Gallen, Car, Carl Orff, Carl Spitzweg, Carl von Linde, Carloman of Bavaria, Carolingian dynasty, Catholic Church, Celts, Cham (district), Chancellor of Germany (1949–present), Charlemagne, Charles Diebold, Charles the Fat, Chiemsee, Chlothar I, Christian Morgenstern, Christian Social Union in Bavaria, Christian Ude, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Claus von Stauffenberg, Coburg, Coburg (district), Cold War, Commoner, Confederation of the Rhine, Congress of Vienna, Constitution of Bavaria, Continental AG, County of Hainaut, County of Holland, County of Tyrol, Crown (heraldry), Cyriacus Spangenberg, Czech Republic, Dachau, Dachau (district), Damir Doma, Danube, David Gans, Deggendorf (district), Diana Damrau, Dietmar Hamann, Dillingen (district), Dingolfing-Landau, Direct democracy, Dirk Nowitzki, Dirndl, Donau-Ries, Duchy of Bavaria, Duchy of Berg, Duchy of Jülich, East Franconian German, Ebersberg (district), Edmund Stoiber, Egalitarianism, Eichstätt (district), Electoral Palatinate, Elmar Wepper, Erding (district), Erlangen, Erlangen-Höchstadt, Ernst Röhm, Erwin Eisch, Escutcheon (heraldry), European Convention on Human Rights, Evangelical Church in Germany, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria, Fürstenfeldbruck (district), Fürth, Fürth (district), FC Augsburg, FC Bayern Munich, FC Ingolstadt 04, Felix von Leitner, Fess, Fief, Folk music, Forchheim (district), Former countries in Europe after 1815, Franco-Prussian War, Franconia, Franconia (wine region), Franconian Rake, Frank Wedekind, Frankenmuth, Michigan, Franks, Franz Beckenbauer, Franz Josef Strauss, Franz Marc, Franz Ritter von Epp, Franz Stuck, Franz von Lenbach, Franz, Duke of Bavaria, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Free Democratic Party (Germany), Free Voters, Freikorps, Freising, Freising (district), French heraldry, Freyung-Grafenau, Friedrich Rückert, Fritz Schäffer, Fritz Wepper, Gabriele Münter, Garibald I of Bavaria, Garibald II of Bavaria, Garmisch-Partenkirchen (district), Günther Beckstein, Günzburg (district), Georg Ohm, Gerd Müller, German Americans, German Empire, German federal election, March 1933, German reunification, Germany, Golo Mann, Goths, Grand Duchy of Baden, Grifo, Grundig, Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Gustl Bayrhammer, Haßberge (district), Hanns Seidel, Hans Ehard, Hans Holbein the Elder, Hans Sachs, Hans Steinhoff, Hans-Jürgen Buchner, Heinrich Himmler, Helen, Georgia, Helmut Dietl, Helmut Fischer, Henrik Ibsen, Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, Henry Kissinger, Henry the Lion, Heribert Prantl, Hermann Göring, Hermann Schwarz, Herrenchiemsee, Herules, High German languages, History of Bavaria, Hof (district), Hof, Bavaria, Hohenschwangau Castle, Hohenstaufen, Holger Badstuber, Holy Roman Empire, Hops, Horst Seehofer, House of Welf, House of Wittelsbach, Hugbert of Bavaria, Immigration, Infineon Technologies, Ingolstadt, Irreligion, Jérôme Bonaparte, Jean Paul, Jews, Johann Pachelbel, Johannes Stark, Jonas Kaufmann, Josef Kollmer, Josef Mengele, Joseph Vilsmaier, Joseph von Fraunhofer, Julius Streicher, Karl Fiehler, Karl Gebhardt, Karl Mai, Karlovy Vary Region, Kaspar Hauser, Kaufbeuren, Königssee, Kelheim, Kelheim (district), Kempten, Kingdom of Bavaria, Kingdom of Prussia, Kitzingen (district), Klaus Augenthaler, Klaus Doldinger, Klaus Mann, Klaus Nomi, Krauss-Maffei, Kronach (district), KUKA, Kulmbach, Kulmbach (district), Kurt Eisner, Lake Constance, Lake Starnberg, Landsberg (district), Landshut, Landshut (district), Landtag of Bavaria, Leavenworth, Washington, Lederhosen, Leonard John Rose, Leopold Mozart, Levi Strauss, Lex Baiuvariorum, Lichtenfels (district), Limes, Lindau (district), Linderhof Palace, Lion (heraldry), Lion Feuchtwanger, List of cities in Germany by population, List of countries by GDP (nominal), List of German football champions, List of German states by GRP, List of Ministers-President of Bavaria, List of rulers of Bavaria, Liutprand, King of the Lombards, Lombards, Lombardy, Lothair I, Lothar Matthäus, Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Louis the Child, Louis the German, Louis the Younger, Lower Bavaria, Lower Franconia, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Ludwig Aurbacher, Ludwig I of Bavaria, Ludwig II of Bavaria, Ludwig III of Bavaria, Ludwig Prandtl, Ludwig Thoma, Ludwigsstadt, Maß, Main (river), Main-Spessart, MAN Energy Solutions, MAN SE, Marcomanni, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Marienberg Fortress, Mario Götze, Marktl, Markus Söder, Martin Behaim, Mathias Kneißl, Matthias Klostermayr, Max Joseph von Pettenkofer, Max Morlock, Max Planck, Max Reger, Max Streibl, Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, Maximilian II of Bavaria, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian von Montgelas, Maypole, Mühldorf (district), Memmingen, Merovingian dynasty, Michael Bredl, Michael Ende, Middle Franconia, Miesbach (district), Miltenberg (district), Munich, Munich (district), Munich Re, Muslim, Napoleon, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Nazism, Nürnberger Land, Neu-Ulm, Neu-Ulm (district), Neuburg an der Donau, Neuburg Castle (Bavaria), Neuburg-Schrobenhausen, Neumarkt (district), Neuschwanstein Castle, Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim, Neustadt an der Waldnaab (district), Nintendo, Noricum, North German Confederation, North Rhine-Westphalia, Nuremberg, Nymphenburg Palace, Oberallgäu, Obscura (band), Odilo, Duke of Bavaria, Oktoberfest, Old High German, Orlande de Lassus, Oskar Maria Graf, Osram, Ostallgäu, Ottfried Fischer, Otto of Bavaria, Outline of Germany, Palatinate (region), Pannonian Avars, Passau, Passau (district), Patrizia Immobilien, Paul Breitner, Paul Klee, People's State of Bavaria, Pepin the Hunchback, Personal union, Peter Schreyer, Pfaffenhofen (district), Philipp Lahm, Plassenburg, Plzeň Region, Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Damasus II, Pope Victor II, Pre-Christian Alpine traditions, Prince-elector, Protestantism, Prussia, Puma (brand), Quadi, Raetia, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Referendum, Refugee, Regen (district), Regensburg, Regensburg (district), Regensburg Cathedral, Regierungsbezirk, Reinheitsgebot, Rhön-Grabfeld, Rhine, Rhineland-Palatinate, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Robert Huber, Rohde & Schwarz, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising, Roman Herzog, Rosenheim, Rosenheim (district), Roth (district), Rottal-Inn, Rudolf Diesel, Rudolf Mössbauer, Ruf Automobile, Rugii, Ruth Drexel, Saint Boniface, Salzburg (state), Saxony, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Schengen Area, Schwabach, Schwabing, Schwandorf (district), Schweinfurt, Schweinfurt (district), Scirii, Sebastian Kneipp, Sepp Dietrich, Sepp Maier, Siegfried & Roy, Siemens, Slavs, Social Democratic Party of Germany, South Bohemian Region, Spider Murphy Gang, Sportfreunde Stiller, SpVgg Greuther Fürth, St. Bartholomew's Church, Berchtesgaden, Standard German, Starnberg (district), States of Germany, Stefan Reuter, Stone Bridge (Regensburg), Straubing, Straubing-Bogen, Supermajority, Swabia, Swabia (Bavaria), Swabian German, Switzerland, Tassilo I of Bavaria, Tassilo III, Duke of Bavaria, The Smith of Kochel, Theobald Boehm, Theodbert of Bavaria, Theodelinda, Thirty Years' War, Thomas Mann, Thomas Müller, Thuringia, Thuringian dialect, Thuringii, Tirschenreuth (district), Tracht, Traunstein (district), TSV 1860 Munich, Tyrol (state), UEFA Champions League, Unicameralism, Unincorporated area, Unterallgäu, Upper Austria, Upper Bavaria, Upper Franconia, Upper Palatinate, Uschi Glas, Veste Coburg, Von Steuben Day, Vorarlberg, Wacker Chemie, Waginger See, Walhalla memorial, Walter Sedlmayr, War of the Spanish Succession, War of the Succession of Landshut, Wassily Kandinsky, Würzburg, Würzburg (district), Würzburg Residence, Weißenburg in Bayern, Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen, Weiden in der Oberpfalz, Weilheim-Schongau, Weisswurst, Werner Heisenberg, Werner Herzog, Werner Stocker (actor), West Germany, Whipcracking, Wieskirche, Wilhelm Hoegner, Wilhelm Röntgen, World War I, World War II, Wunsiedel (district), Yank Azman, Zugspitze, 1. FC Nürnberg. Expand index (486 more) »

Adam Ries

Adam Ries (January 17, 1492 – March 30, 1559) was a German mathematician.

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Adidas

Adidas AG (stylized as ɑdidɑs since 1949) is a multinational corporation, founded and headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Germany, that designs and manufactures shoes, clothing and accessories.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Agilolfings

The Agilolfings were a noble family that ruled the Duchy of Bavaria on behalf of their Merovingian suzerains from about 550 until 788.

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Aichach-Friedberg

Aichach-Friedberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Albrecht Altdorfer

Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 – February 12, 1538) was a German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg.

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Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.

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Alemanni

The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River.

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Alemannic German

Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.

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Alfons Goppel

Alfons Goppel (1 October 1905 in Reinhausen, near Regensburg – 24 December 1991 in Johannesberg, near Aschaffenburg) was a German politician of the CSU party and Prime Minister of Bavaria (1962–1978).

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Alfred Jodl

Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).

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Alliance 90/The Greens

Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.

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Allianz

Allianz SE is a European financial services company headquartered in Munich, Germany.

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Allied-occupied Germany

Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).

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Alois Alzheimer

Aloysius Alzheimer (also known as Alois Alzheimer;;; 14 June 1864 – 19 December 1915) was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and a colleague of Emil Kraepelin.

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Alps

The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.

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Altötting (district)

Altötting is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Altbayern

Altbayern (also written Altbaiern, English: "Old Bavaria") is the territory and people of the three oldest parts of the Free State of Bavaria, which were earlier known as Kurbayern after the former Electorate of Bavaria.

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Amazon (company)

Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.

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Amberg

Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany.

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Amberg-Sulzbach

Amberg-Sulzbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Ammersee

Ammersee (English: Lake Ammer) is a Zungenbecken lake in Upper Bavaria, Germany, southwest of Munich between the towns of Herrsching and Dießen am Ammersee.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Anif declaration

The Anif declaration (Anifer Erklärung), issued by the king of Bavaria Ludwig III on 12 November 1918 at Anif Palace, Austria, was a declaration in which the monarch relieved all civil servants and military personnel from their oath of loyalty to him.

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Ansbach

Ansbach is a city in the German state of Bavaria.

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Ansbach (district)

Ansbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Aperschnalzen

Aperschnalzen (Austro-Bavarian Apaschnoizn) is an old tradition of competitive whipcracking revived in the first half of the 20th century in Bavaria and Salzburg.

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Arnulf of Carinthia

Arnulf of Carinthia (850 – December 8, 899) was the duke of Carinthia who overthrew his uncle, Emperor Charles the Fat, became the Carolingian king of East Francia from 887, the disputed King of Italy from 894 and the disputed Holy Roman Emperor from February 22, 896 until his death at Regensburg, Bavaria.

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Aschaffenburg

Aschaffenburg is a town in northwest Bavaria, Germany.

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Aschaffenburg (district)

Aschaffenburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Asylum seeker

An asylum seeker (also rarely called an asylee) is a person who flees his or her home country, 'spontaneously' enters another country and applies for asylum, i.e. the right to international protection, in this other country.

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Audi

Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.

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Augsburg

Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Augsburg (district)

Augsburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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August von Platen-Hallermünde

Karl August Georg Maximilian Graf von Platen-Hallermünde (24 October 17965 December 1835) was a German poet and dramatist.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Austro-Prussian War

The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.

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Babenberg

Babenberg was a noble dynasty of Austrian margraves and dukes.

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Bad Kissingen (district)

Bad Kissingen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen

Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Baden-Württemberg

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France.

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Bamberg

Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.

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Bamberg (district)

Bamberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Barbara Dennerlein

Barbara Dennerlein (born 25 September 1964 in Munich) is a German jazz organist.

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Barbary lion

The Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) is the nominate lion subspecies in North Africa.

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Barley

Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

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Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany

The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers

The Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (German: Basilika Vierzehnheiligen) is a church located near the town of Bad Staffelstein near Bamberg, in Bavaria, southern Germany.

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Bastian Schweinsteiger

Bastian Schweinsteiger (born 1 August 1984) is a German professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Major League Soccer club Chicago Fire.

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Bavaria Party

The Bavaria Party (Bayernpartei, BP) is an autonomist and regionalist political party in the state of Bavaria.

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Bavaria-Ingolstadt

Bavaria-Ingolstadt (or Oberbayern-Ingolstadt) was a duchy which was part of the Holy Roman Empire from 1392 to 1447.

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Bavaria-Landshut

Bavaria-Landshut (Bayern-Landshut) was a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire from 1353 to 1503.

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Bavaria-Munich

Bavaria-Munich (Bayern-München) was a duchy that was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1392 to 1505.

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Bavaria-Straubing

Bavaria-Straubing denotes the widely scattered territorial inheritance in the Wittelsbach house of Bavaria that were governed by independent dukes of Bavaria-Straubing between 1353 and 1432; a map (illustration) of these marches and outliers of the Holy Roman Empire, vividly demonstrates the fractionalisation of lands where primogeniture did not obtain.

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Bavarian Alps

Bavarian Alps (Bayerische Alpen) is a summarizing term of several mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps in the German state of Bavaria.

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Bavarian cuisine

Bavarian cuisine is a style of cooking from Bavaria, Germany.

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Bavarian Forest

The village of Zell in the Bavarian Forest The Bavarian Forest (German: or Bayerwald) is a wooded, low-mountain region in Bavaria, Germany that is about 100 kilometres long.

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Bavarian language

Bavarian (also known as Bavarian Austrian or Austro-Bavarian; Boarisch or Bairisch; Bairisch; bajor) is a West Germanic language belonging to the Upper German group, spoken in the southeast of the German language area, much of Bavaria, much of Austria and South Tyrol in Italy.

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Bavarian nationalism

Bavarian nationalism is a point of view that asserts that Bavarians are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Bavarians.

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Bavarian Senate

The Bavarian Senate (German Bayerischer Senat) was the corporative upper chamber of Bavaria's parliamentary system from 1946 to 1999, when it was abolished by a popular vote (referendum) changing the constitution of this State of the German federation.

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Bavarian Soviet Republic

The Bavarian Soviet Republic (Bayerische Räterepublik)Hollander, Neil (2013) Elusive Dove: The Search for Peace During World War I. McFarland.

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Bavarian state election, 2003

The Bavaria state election, 2003, was conducted on 21 September 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Bavaria.

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Bavarian state election, 2008

The 2008 Bavarian state election was held on 28 September 2008.

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Bavarian state election, 2013

The 2013 Bavarian state election was held on 15 September 2013 to elect the 180 members of the 17th Landtag of Bavaria.

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Bavarians

Bavarians (Bavarian: Boarn, Standard German: Bayern) are nation and ethnographic group of Germans of the Bavaria region, a state within Germany.

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Bayernhymne

The Bayernhymne (Hymn of Bavaria) is the official anthem of the Free State of Bavaria.

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Bayreuth

Bayreuth (Bavarian: Bareid) is a medium-sized town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.

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Bayreuth (district)

Bayreuth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Beer garden

A beer garden (a loan translation from the German Biergarten) is an outdoor area in which beer and local food are served, typically at shared tables.

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Beer Hall Putsch

The Beer Hall Putsch, also known as the Munich Putsch,Dan Moorhouse, ed.

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Befreiungshalle

The Befreiungshalle ("Hall of Liberation") is a Neoclassical monument on the Michelsberg hill above the town of Kelheim in Bavaria, Germany.

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Berchtesgadener Land

Berchtesgadener Land is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Bernd Eichinger

Bernd Eichinger (11 April 194924 January 2011) was a German film producer, director and screenwriter.

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Bernd Schuster

Bernhard "Bernd" Schuster (born 22 December 1959) is a German football manager in charge of Dalian Yifang and a former player who played as a midfielder.

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Bernhard Langer

Bernhard Langer (born 27 August 1957) is a German professional golfer.

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Bertolt Brecht

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.

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Bizone

The Bizone or Bizonia was the combination of the American and the British occupation zones on 1 January 1947 during the occupation of Germany after World War II.

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BMW

BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.

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Bocksbeutel

The Bocksbeutel is a type of wine bottle with the form of a flattened ellipsoid.

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Bohemia

Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.

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Bohemian Forest

The Bohemian Forest, known in Czech as Šumava and in German as Böhmerwald, is a low mountain range in Central Europe.

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Boii

The Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Βόιοι) were a Gallic tribe of the later Iron Age, attested at various times in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Pannonia (Hungary and its western neighbours), parts of Bavaria, in and around Bohemia (after whom the region is named in most languages; comprising the bulk of the Czech Republic), and Gallia Narbonensis.

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Burghausen, Altötting

Burghausen (Central Bavarian: Burghausn) is the largest town in the Altötting district of Upper Bavaria in Germany.

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Canton of St. Gallen

The canton of St.

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Car

A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Carl Orff

Carl Heinrich Maria Orff (–) was a German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937).

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Carl Spitzweg

Carl Spitzweg (February 5, 1808 – September 23, 1885) was a German romanticist painter, especially of genre subjects.

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Carl von Linde

Carl Paul Gottfried Linde (11 June 1842 – 16 November 1934) was a German scientist, engineer, and businessman.

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Carloman of Bavaria

Carloman (Karlmann, Karlomannus; c. 830 – 22 March 880) was a Frankish king of the Carolingian dynasty.

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Carolingian dynasty

The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family founded by Charles Martel with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Celts

The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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Cham (district)

Cham is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Chancellor of Germany (1949–present)

The Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (in German called Bundeskanzler(in), meaning "Federal Chancellor", or in) for short) is, under the German 1949 Constitution, the head of government of Germany.

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Charlemagne

Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Charles Diebold

Charles Diebold (October 24, 1824 – March 5, 1894) was a German-American industrialist who was the founder of Diebold.

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Charles the Fat

Charles III (13 June 839 – 13 January 888), also known as Charles the Fat, was the Carolingian Emperor from 881 to 888.

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Chiemsee

Chiemsee is a freshwater lake in Bavaria, Germany, near Rosenheim.

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Chlothar I

Chlothar I (c. 497 – 29 November 561), also called "Clotaire I" and the Old (le Vieux), King of the Franks, was one of the four sons of Clovis I of the Merovingian dynasty.

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Christian Morgenstern

Christian Otto Josef Wolfgang Morgenstern (6 May 1871 – 31 March 1914) was a German author and poet from Munich.

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Christian Social Union in Bavaria

The Christian Social Union in Bavaria is a Christian-democratic and conservative political party in Germany.

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Christian Ude

Christian Ude (born 26 October 1947 in Munich) is a German politician who served as mayor of Munich from 1993 to 2014.

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Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (born on 2 July, baptized 4 July 1714As there is only a documentary record with Gluck's date of baptism, 4 July. According to his widow, he was born on 3 July, but nobody in the 18th century paid attention to the birthdate until Napoleon introduced it. A birth date was only known if the parents kept a diary. The authenticity of the 1785 document (published in the Allgemeinen Wiener Musik-Zeitung vom 6. April 1844) is disputed, by Robl. (Robl 2015, pp. 141–147).--> – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period.

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Claus von Stauffenberg

Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer and member of the Bavarian noble family von Stauffenberg, who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and remove the Nazi Party from power.

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Coburg

Coburg is a town located on the Itz river in the Upper Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany.

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Coburg (district)

Coburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Commoner

The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.

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Confederation of the Rhine

The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin, but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

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Constitution of Bavaria

The Constitution of the Free State of Bavaria was enacted on 8 December 1946.

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Continental AG

Continental AG, commonly known as Continental, is a leading German automotive manufacturing company specialising in tyres, brake systems, interior electronics, automotive safety, powertrain and chassis components, tachographs, and other parts for the automotive and transportation industries.

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County of Hainaut

The County of Hainaut (Comté de Hainaut, Graafschap Henegouwen; Grafschaft Hennegau), sometimes given the archaic spellings Hainault and Heynowes, was a historical lordship within the medieval Holy Roman Empire, with its capital at Mons (Bergen).

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County of Holland

The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1648 onward, Holland was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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County of Tyrol

The (Princely) County of Tyrol was an estate of the Holy Roman Empire established about 1140.

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Crown (heraldry)

A crown is often an emblem of a sovereign state, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it (see The Crown).

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Cyriacus Spangenberg

Cyriacus Spangenberg (7 June 1528 – 10 February 1604) was a German theologian, Protestant reformer and historian, son of the reformer (1484–1550).

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Dachau

Dachau is a town in Upper Bavaria, in the southern part of Germany.

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Dachau (district)

Dachau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Damir Doma

Damir Doma is a luxury clothing brand and Croatian fashion designer based in Milano.

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Danube

The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.

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David Gans

David Gans (דָּוִד בֶּן שְׁלֹמֹה גנז; ‎1541–1613), also known as Rabbi Dovid Solomon Ganz, was a Jewish chronicler, mathematician, historian, astronomer and astrologer.

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Deggendorf (district)

Deggendorf is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Diana Damrau

Diana Damrau is a German soprano opera singer.

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Dietmar Hamann

Dietmar Johann Wolfgang "Didi" Hamann (born 27 August 1973) is a German professional footballer who was most recently manager at Stockport County.

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Dillingen (district)

Dillingen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Dingolfing-Landau

Dingolfing-Landau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Direct democracy

Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.

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Dirk Nowitzki

Dirk Werner Nowitzki (born June 19, 1978) is a German professional basketball player for the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Dirndl

A dirndl (Diandl) is the name of a traditional feminine dress worn in Austria, South Tyrol and Bavaria.

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Donau-Ries

Donau-Ries (Danube-Ries) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Duchy of Bavaria

The Duchy of Bavaria (German: Herzogtum Bayern) was, from the sixth through the eighth century, a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian kingdom.

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Duchy of Berg

Berg was a state – originally a county, later a duchy – in the Rhineland of Germany.

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Duchy of Jülich

The Duchy of Jülich (Herzogtum Jülich; Hertogdom Gulik; Duché de Juliers) comprised a state within the Holy Roman Empire from the 11th to the 18th centuries.

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East Franconian German

East Franconian (Ostfränkisch), usually referred to as Franconian (Fränkisch) in German, is a dialect which is spoken in Franconia, the northern part of the federal state of Bavaria and other areas in Germany around Nuremberg, Bamberg, Coburg, Würzburg, Hof, Bayreuth, Meiningen, Bad Mergentheim, and Crailsheim.

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Ebersberg (district)

Ebersberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Edmund Stoiber

Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber (born 28 September 1941) is a German politician, who was the 16th Minister President of the state of Bavaria between 1993 and 2007 and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU) between 1998 and 2007.

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Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

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Eichstätt (district)

Eichstätt is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Electoral Palatinate

The County Palatine of the Rhine (Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (Kurfürstentum von der Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.

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Elmar Wepper

Elmar Wepper (born 16 April 1944 in Augsburg) is a German actor best known for dubbing Mel Gibson's voice since the 1980s.

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Erding (district)

Erding (Erding, Arrdeng) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Erlangen

Erlangen (East Franconian: Erlang) is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany.

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Erlangen-Höchstadt

Erlangen-Höchstadt is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Ernst Röhm

Ernst Julius Günther Röhm (28 November 1887 – 1 July 1934) was a German military officer and an early member of the Nazi Party.

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Erwin Eisch

Erwin Eisch is a German artist who works with glass.

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Escutcheon (heraldry)

In heraldry, an escutcheon is a shield that forms the main or focal element in an achievement of arms.

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European Convention on Human Rights

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.

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Evangelical Church in Germany

The Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated EKD) is a federation of twenty Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United (Prussian Union) Protestant regional churches and denominations in Germany, which collectively encompasses the vast majority of Protestants in that country.

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Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria (Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in Bayern) is a Lutheran member church of the Evangelical Church in Germany in the German state of Bavaria.

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Fürstenfeldbruck (district)

Fürstenfeldbruck is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Fürth

Fürth (East Franconian: Färdd; פיורדא, Fiurda) is a city in northern Bavaria, Germany, in the administrative division (Regierungsbezirk) of Middle Franconia.

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Fürth (district)

Fürth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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FC Augsburg

Fußball-Club Augsburg 1907 e. V., commonly known as FC Augsburg or Augsburg, is a German football club based in Augsburg, Bavaria.

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FC Bayern Munich

Fußball-Club Bayern München e.V., commonly known as FC Bayern München, FCB, Bayern Munich, or FC Bayern, is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria (Bayern).

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FC Ingolstadt 04

Fußball-Club Ingolstadt 04 e.V., commonly known as simply FC Ingolstadt 04, is a German football club based in Ingolstadt, Bavaria.

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Felix von Leitner

Felix von Leitner (born 2 August 1973), nicknamed Fefe, is a German IT security expert living in Berlin.

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Fess

In heraldry, a fess or fesse (from Middle English fesse, from Old French, from Latin fascia, "band") is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the centre of the shield.

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Fief

A fief (feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Forchheim (district)

Forchheim is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Former countries in Europe after 1815

This article gives a detailed listing of all the countries, including puppet states, that have existed in Europe since the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to the present day.

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Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

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Franconia

Franconia (Franken, also called Frankenland) is a region in Germany, characterised by its culture and language, and may be roughly associated with the areas in which the East Franconian dialect group, locally referred to as fränkisch, is spoken.

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Franconia (wine region)

Franconia (German: Franken) is a region for quality wine in Germany situated in the north west of Bavaria in the district of Franconia, and is the only wine region in the federal state of Bavaria.

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Franconian Rake

The Franconian Rake (Fränkische Rechen) is the name given to the coat of arms of the region of Franconia in Germany.

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Frank Wedekind

Benjamin Franklin Wedekind (July 24, 1864 – March 9, 1918), usually known as Frank Wedekind, was a German playwright.

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Frankenmuth, Michigan

Frankenmuth is a city in Saginaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan.

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Franks

The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

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Franz Beckenbauer

Franz Anton Beckenbauer (born 11 September 1945) is a German former professional footballer and manager.

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Franz Josef Strauss

Franz Josef Strauss (6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.

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Franz Marc

Franz Marc (February 8, 1880 – March 4, 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of the German Expressionist movement.

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Franz Ritter von Epp

Franz Xaver Ritter von Epp, from 1916 Ritter von Epp, (16 October 1868 – 31 January 1947)Lilla, Joachim:.

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Franz Stuck

Franz Stuck (February 23, 1863 – August 30, 1928) was a German painter, sculptor, engraver, and architect.

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Franz von Lenbach

Franz Seraph Lenbach, after 1882, Ritter von Lenbach (13 December 1836, Schrobenhausen - 6 May 1904, Munich) was a German painter; known primary for his portraits of prominent personalities from the nobility, the arts, and industry.

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Franz, Duke of Bavaria

Franz, Duke of Bavaria (German: Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern; born 14 July 1933) is head of the House of Wittelsbach, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria.

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Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.

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Free Democratic Party (Germany)

The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.

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Free Voters

Free Voters (Freie Wähler, FW or FWG) in Germany may belong to an association of persons which participates in an election without having the status of a registered political party.

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Freikorps

Freikorps ("Free Corps") were German volunteer units that existed from the 18th to the early 20th centuries, which effectively fought as mercenary or private armies, regardless of their own nationality.

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Freising

Freising is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the Freising district, with a total population of 45,227.

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Freising (district)

Freising is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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French heraldry

French heraldry is the use of heraldic symbols in France.

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Freyung-Grafenau

Freyung-Grafenau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Friedrich Rückert

Friedrich Rückert (16 May 1788 – 31 January 1866) was a German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages.

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Fritz Schäffer

Fritz Schäffer (12 May 1888 in Munich – 29 March 1967 in Berchtesgaden) was a German politician of the Bavarian People's Party (BVP) and the Christian Social Union (CSU).

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Fritz Wepper

Fritz Wepper (born 17 August 1941, Munich, Germany) is a German film and television actor.

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Gabriele Münter

Gabriele Münter (Berlin, 19 February 1877 – 19 May 1962) was a German expressionist painter who was at the forefront of the Munich avant-garde in the early 20th century.

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Garibald I of Bavaria

Garibald I (also Garivald; Garibaldus; born 540) was Duke (or King) of Bavaria from 555 until 591.

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Garibald II of Bavaria

Garibald II (585–625) was Duke of Bavaria from 610 until his death.

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Garmisch-Partenkirchen (district)

Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Günther Beckstein

Günther Beckstein (born 23 November 1943 in Hersbruck) is a German CSU politician from Bavaria and was the 17th Minister President of Bavaria from 9 October 2007 to 27 October 2008.

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Günzburg (district)

Günzburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Georg Ohm

Georg Simon Ohm (16 March 1789 – 6 July 1854) was a German physicist and mathematician.

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Gerd Müller

Gerhard "Gerd" Müller (born 3 November 1945) is a German retired footballer.

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German Americans

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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German federal election, March 1933

Federal elections were held in Germany on 5 March 1933, after the Nazi seizure of power and just six days after the Reichstag fire.

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German reunification

The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Golo Mann

Golo Mann (27 March 1909 – 7 April 1994), born Angelus Gottfried Thomas Mann, was a popular historian, essayist and writer.

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Goths

The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

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Grand Duchy of Baden

The Grand Duchy of Baden (Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest German Empire on the east bank of the Rhine.

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Grifo

Grifo (726–753) was the son of the Frankish major domo Charles Martel and his second wife Swanahild.

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Grundig

Grundig is a German manufacturer of consumer electronics, domestic appliances and personal care products.

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Guantanamo Bay detention camp

The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base,, The Independent, 29 April 2006 also referred to as Guantánamo or GTMO, which is on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.

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Gustl Bayrhammer

Gustl Bayrhammer (12 February 1922 – 24 April 1993) was a German actor.

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Haßberge (district)

Haßberge is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Hanns Seidel

Franz Wendelin "Hanns" Seidel (12 October 1901 – 5 August 1961) was a German politician who served as Prime Minister of Bavaria from 1957 to 1960.

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Hans Ehard

Hans Ehard (10 November 1887 – 18 October 1980) was a German lawyer and politician, a member of the Christian Social Union (CSU) party.

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Hans Holbein the Elder

Hans Holbein the Elder (c. 1460 – 1524) was a German painter.

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Hans Sachs

Hans Sachs (5 November 1494 – 19 January 1576) was a German Meistersinger ("mastersinger"), poet, playwright, and shoemaker.

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Hans Steinhoff

Hans Steinhoff (10 March 1882, Marienberg – 20 April 1945) was a German film director, best known for the films he made in the Nazi era.

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Hans-Jürgen Buchner

Hans-Jürgen Buchner (born 27 December 1944, Bernau near Berlin, Germany) is a Bavarian songwriter, singer, and musician.

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Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.

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Helen, Georgia

Helen is a village in White County, Georgia, United States, located along the Chattahoochee River.

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Helmut Dietl

Helmut Dietl (22 June 1944 – 30 March 2015) was a German film director and author from Bad Wiessee.

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Helmut Fischer

Helmut Fischer (15 November 1926 – 14 June 1997) was a popular award winning German actor.

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Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.

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Henry II, Duke of Bavaria

Henry II (951 – 28 August 995), called the Wrangler or the Quarrelsome (Heinrich der Zänker), a member of the German royal Ottonian dynasty, was Duke of Bavaria from 955 to 976 and again from 985 to 995, as well as Duke of Carinthia from 989 to 995.

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Henry Kissinger

Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

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Henry the Lion

Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.

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Heribert Prantl

Heribert Prantl (born 30 July 1953, in Nittenau) is a German journalist and jurist.

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Hermann Göring

Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.

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Hermann Schwarz

Karl Hermann Amandus Schwarz (25 January 1843 – 30 November 1921) was a German mathematician, known for his work in complex analysis.

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Herrenchiemsee

Herrenchiemsee is a complex of royal buildings on Herreninsel, the largest island in the Chiemsee lake, in southern Bavaria, Germany.

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Herules

The Herules (or Heruli) were an East Germanic tribe who lived north of the Black Sea apparently near the Sea of Azov, in the third century AD, and later moved (either wholly or partly) to the Roman frontier on the central European Danube, at the same time as many eastern barbarians during late antiquity, such as the Goths, Huns, Scirii, Rugii and Alans.

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High German languages

The High German languages or High German dialects (hochdeutsche Mundarten) comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg, as well as in neighboring portions of France (Alsace and northern Lorraine), Italy (South Tyrol), the Czech Republic (Bohemia), and Poland (Upper Silesia).

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History of Bavaria

The history of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and its formation as a stem duchy in the 6th century through its inclusion in the Holy Roman Empire to its status as an independent kingdom and finally as a large Bundesland (state) of the modern Federal Republic of Germany.

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Hof (district)

Hof is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Hof, Bavaria

Hof is a town located on the banks of the Saale in the northeastern corner of the German state of Bavaria, in the Franconian region, at the Czech border and the forested Fichtelgebirge and Frankenwald upland regions.

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Hohenschwangau Castle

Hohenschwangau Castle or Schloss Hohenschwangau (lit: Upper Swan County Palace) is a 19th-century palace in southern Germany.

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Hohenstaufen

The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.

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Holger Badstuber

Holger Felix Badstuber (born 13 March 1989) is a German footballer who plays as a centre back for VfB Stuttgart and the German national team.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Hops

Hops are the flowers (also called seed cones or strobiles) of the hop plant Humulus lupulus. They are used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart bitter, zesty, or citric flavours; though they are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine.

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Horst Seehofer

Horst Lorenz Seehofer (born 4 July 1949) is a German politician serving as Leader of the Christian Social Union (CSU) since 2008 and Minister of the Interior, Building and Community since 2018 under Chancellor Angela Merkel.

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House of Welf

The House of Welf (also Guelf or Guelph) is a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th to 20th century and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia in the 18th century.

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House of Wittelsbach

The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.

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Hugbert of Bavaria

Hugbert (also Hukbert) of the Agilolfings was duke of Bavaria from 725 to 736.

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Immigration

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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Infineon Technologies

Infineon Technologies AG is a German semiconductor manufacturer founded on 1 April 1999, when the semiconductor operations of the parent company Siemens AG were spun off to form a separate legal entity.

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Ingolstadt

Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Jérôme Bonaparte

Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Girolamo Buonaparte; 15 November 1784 – 24 June 1860) was the youngest brother of Napoleon I and reigned as Jerome I (formally Hieronymus Napoleon in German), King of Westphalia, between 1807 and 1813.

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Jean Paul

Jean Paul (born Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 21 March 1763 – 14 November 1825) was a German Romantic writer, best known for his humorous novels and stories.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Johann Pachelbel

Johann Pachelbel (baptised 1 September 1653 – buried 9 March 1706) was a German composer, organist, and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak.

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Johannes Stark

Johannes Stark (15 April 1874 – 21 June 1957) was a German physicist and Physics Nobel Prize laureate.

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Jonas Kaufmann

Jonas Kaufmann (born 10 July 1969) is a German operatic tenor.

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Josef Kollmer

Josef Kollmer (26 February 1901 – 28 January 1948) was a German war criminal, SS-Obersturmführer at Auschwitz.

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Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele (16 March 19117 February 1979) was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II.

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Joseph Vilsmaier

Joseph Vilsmaier (born 24 January 1939) is a German film director.

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Joseph von Fraunhofer

Joseph Ritter von Fraunhofer (6 March 1787 – 7 June 1826) was a Bavarian physicist and optical lens manufacturer.

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Julius Streicher

Julius Streicher (12 February 1885 – 16 October 1946) was a prominent member of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers' Party, or NSDAP).

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Karl Fiehler

Karl Fiehler (31 August 1895 – 8 December 1969) was a German politician of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and Mayor of Munich from 1933 until 1945.

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Karl Gebhardt

Karl Franz Gebhardt (23 November 1897 – 2 June 1948) was a German medical doctor and a war criminal during World War II.

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Karl Mai

Karl (Charly) Mai (27 July 1928 – 15 March 1993) was a German footballer.

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Karlovy Vary Region

The Karlovy Vary Region or Carlsbad Region (Karlovarský kraj) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the westernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia.

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Kaspar Hauser

Kaspar Hauser (30 April 1812 (?) – 17 December 1833) was a German youth who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell.

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Kaufbeuren

Kaufbeuren is an independent town in the Regierungsbezirk of Swabia, Bavaria.

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Königssee

The Königssee is a natural lake in the extreme southeast Berchtesgadener Land district of the German state of Bavaria, near the Austrian border.

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Kelheim

Kelheim is a town and municipality in Bavaria, Germany.

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Kelheim (district)

Kelheim is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany, bound (from the north and clockwise) by the regions Regensburg, Landshut, Freising, Pfaffenhofen, Eichstätt and Neumarkt.

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Kempten

Kempten is the largest town of Allgäu, in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Kingdom of Bavaria

The Kingdom of Bavaria (Königreich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Kitzingen (district)

Kitzingen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Klaus Augenthaler

Klaus "Auge" Augenthaler (born 26 September 1957 in Fürstenzell, near Passau in Bavaria, West Germany) is a German former professional football player and now manager.

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Klaus Doldinger

Klaus Doldinger (born 12 May 1936) is a German saxophonist known for his work in jazz and as a film music composer.

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Klaus Mann

Klaus Heinrich Thomas Mann (18 November 1906 – 21 May 1949) was a German writer.

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Klaus Nomi

Klaus Sperber (January 24, 1944 – August 6, 1983), better known as Klaus Nomi, was a German countertenor noted for his wide vocal range and an unusual, otherworldly stage persona.

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Krauss-Maffei

KraussMaffei Group GmbH is a manufacturer of injection molding machines, machines for plastics extrusion technology, and reaction process machinery.

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Kronach (district)

Kronach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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KUKA

KUKA is a German manufacturer of industrial robots and solutions for factory automation.

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Kulmbach

Kulmbach is the capital of the district of Kulmbach in Bavaria in Germany.

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Kulmbach (district)

Kulmbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Kurt Eisner

Kurt Eisner (14 May 186721 February 1919)"Kurt Eisner – Encyclopædia Britannica" (biography), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006, Britannica.com webpage:.

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Lake Constance

Lake Constance (Bodensee) is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein.

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Lake Starnberg

Lake Starnberg (Starnberger See) — called Lake Würm (German Würmsee) until 1962 — is Germany's fifth largest freshwater lake in terms of area and, due to its great average depth, the second largest in terms of water volume, after Lake Constance.

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Landsberg (district)

Landsberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Landshut

Landshut (Landsad) is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany.

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Landshut (district)

Landshut is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Landtag of Bavaria

The Landtag of Bavaria (State Diet of Bavaria) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Bavaria in Germany.

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Leavenworth, Washington

Leavenworth is a city in Chelan County, Washington, United States.

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Lederhosen

Lederhosen ("leather breeches"; singular in German usage: Lederhose) are breeches made of leather; they may be either short or knee-length.

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Leonard John Rose

Leonard John Rose (1827 - May 17, 1899) was a California pioneer and politician who served in the California State Senate.

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Leopold Mozart

Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist.

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Levi Strauss

Levi Strauss (born Löb Strauß,; February 26, 1829 – September 26, 1902) was a German-American businessman who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans.

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Lex Baiuvariorum

The Lex Baiuvariorum (also Lex Baiuwariorum, Lex Bajuvariorum, or Lex Baivariorum) was a collection of the tribal laws of the Bavarii of the sixth through eighth centuries.

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Lichtenfels (district)

Lichtenfels is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Limes

Originally the Latin noun līmes (Latin līmitēs) had a number of different meanings: a path or balk delimiting fields, a boundary line or marker, any road or path, any channel, such as a stream channel, or any distinction or difference.

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Lindau (district)

Lindau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany; its capital is the city of Lindau.

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Linderhof Palace

Linderhof Palace (Schloss Linderhof) is a Schloss in Germany, in southwest Bavaria near Ettal Abbey.

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Lion (heraldry)

The lion is a common charge in heraldry.

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Lion Feuchtwanger

Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 – 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist and playwright.

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List of cities in Germany by population

As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.

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List of German football champions

The German football champions are the annual winners of the highest association football competition in Germany.

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List of German states by GRP

This article is about the gross regional product (GRP) of German states in main fiscal years.

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List of Ministers-President of Bavaria

Below is a list of the men who have served in the capacity of Minister-President or equivalent office in the German state of Bavaria from the 17th century to the present.

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List of rulers of Bavaria

The following is a list of rulers during the history of Bavaria.

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Liutprand, King of the Lombards

Liutprand was the King of the Lombards from 712 to 744 and is chiefly remembered for his Donation of Sutri, in 728, and his long reign, which brought him into a series of conflicts, mostly successful, with most of Italy.

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Lombards

The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.

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Lombardy

Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.

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Lothair I

Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch and Medieval Latin: Lotharius, German: Lothar, French: Lothaire, Italian: Lotario) (795 – 29 September 855) was the Holy Roman Emperor (817–855, co-ruling with his father until 840), and the governor of Bavaria (815–817), Italy (818–855) and Middle Francia (840–855).

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Lothar Matthäus

Lothar Herbert Matthäus (born 21 March 1961) is a German football manager and former player.

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Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Louis IV (Ludwig; 1 April 1282 – 11 October 1347), called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was King of the Romans from 1314, King of Italy from 1327, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1328.

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Louis the Child

Louis the Child (893 – 20/24 September 911), sometimes called Louis III or Louis IV, was the king of East Francia from 899 until his death in 911 and was the last ruler of Carolingian dynasty there.

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Louis the German

Louis (also Ludwig or Lewis) "the German" (c. 805-876), also known as Louis II, was the first king of East Francia.

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Louis the Younger

Louis the Younger (830/835 – 20 January 882), sometimes Louis III, was the second eldest of the three sons of Louis II the German and Emma.

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Lower Bavaria

Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.

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Lower Franconia

Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) is one of seven districts of Bavaria, Germany.

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Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, c. 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving.

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Ludwig Aurbacher

Ludwig Aurbacher (26 August 1784 – 25 May 1847) was a German teacher and writer.

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Ludwig I of Bavaria

Ludwig I (also rendered in English as Louis I; 25 August 1786 – 29 February 1868) was king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.

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Ludwig II of Bavaria

Ludwig II (Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm; Louis Otto Frederick William; 25 August 1845 – 13 June 1886) was King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death in 1886.

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Ludwig III of Bavaria

Ludwig III (Ludwig Luitpold Josef Maria Aloys Alfried; Louis Leopold Joseph Mary Aloysius Alfred; 7 January 1845 – 18 October 1921) was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918.

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Ludwig Prandtl

Ludwig Prandtl (4 February 1875 – 15 August 1953) was a German engineer.

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Ludwig Thoma

Ludwig Thoma (21 January 1867 in Oberammergau – 26 August 1921 in Tegernsee) was a German author, publisher and editor, who gained popularity through his partially exaggerated description of everyday Bavarian life.

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Ludwigsstadt

Ludwigsstadt is a town in the district of Kronach, in the Upper Franconian region of Bavaria, Germany.

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Maß

The (pronounced) or (pronounced) is the German word describing the amount of beer in a regulation mug, in modern times exactly.

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Main (river)

The Main (is a river in Germany. With a length of (including its 52 km long source river White Main), it is the longest right tributary of the Rhine. It is also the longest river lying entirely in Germany (if the Weser and the Werra are considered as two separate rivers; together they are longer). The largest cities along the Main are Frankfurt am Main and Würzburg.

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Main-Spessart

Main-Spessart is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northwest of Bavaria, Germany.

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MAN Energy Solutions

MAN Energy Solutions is a multinational company based in Augsburg, Germany that produces large-bore diesel engines and turbomachinery for marine and stationary applications, as marine propulsion systems, power plant applications and turbochargers.

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MAN SE

MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.

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Marcomanni

The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribal confederation who eventually came to live in a powerful kingdom north of the Danube, somewhere in the region near modern Bohemia, during the peak of power of the nearby Roman Empire.

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Margraviate of Brandenburg

The Margraviate of Brandenburg (Markgrafschaft Brandenburg) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 that played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe.

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Marienberg Fortress

Marienberg Fortress (German: Festung Marienberg) is a prominent landmark on the left bank of the Main river in Würzburg, in the Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany.

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Mario Götze

Mario Götze (born 3 June 1992) is a German professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Borussia Dortmund and the Germany national team.

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Marktl

Marktl, or often unofficially called Marktl am Inn ("Little market on the river Inn"), is a village and historic market municipality in the state of Bavaria, Germany, near the Austrian border, in the Altötting district of Upper Bavaria.

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Markus Söder

Markus Söder (born 5 January 1967 in Nuremberg) is a German politician and party member of the Christian Social Union (CSU).

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Martin Behaim

Martin Behaim (6 October 1459 – 29 July 1507), also known as and by various forms of (Martinus Bohemus and de Boëmia; Martinho da Boémia; Martin Behaim von Schwarzbach) was a German mariner, artist, cosmographer, astronomer, philosopher, geographer, and explorer in service to King John II.

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Mathias Kneißl

Mathias Kneißl, known as Robber Kneißl (in German Räuber Kneißl, in Austro-Bavarian Raiba Kneißl), (4 August 1875 in Unterweikertshofen – 21 February 1902) was a German outlaw, poacher and popular social rebel in the Dachau district, in the Kingdom of Bavaria.

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Matthias Klostermayr

Matthias Klostermayr, also known as Bavarian Hiasl (in German Bayerischer Hiasl, in Austro-Bavarian Boarische Hiasl) (3 September 1736—6 September 1771), was a renowned German outlaw, poacher and social rebel who has come to be described, particularly in accounts written in the English-speaking world, as the Bavarian Robin Hood.

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Max Joseph von Pettenkofer

Max Joseph Pettenkofer, ennobled in 1883 as Max Joseph von Pettenkofer (3 December 1818 – 10 February 1901) was a Bavarian chemist and hygienist.

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Max Morlock

Maximilian ("Maxl" or "Max") Morlock (11 May 1925 in Nuremberg – 10 September 1994 in Nuremberg) was one of the most popular German football players in the 1950s and early 1960s.

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Max Planck

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.

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Max Reger

Johann Baptist Joseph Maximilian Reger (19 March 187311 May 1916), commonly known as Max Reger, was a German composer, pianist, organist, conductor, and academic teacher.

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Max Streibl

Max Streibl (January 6, 1932 in Oberammergau – December 11, 1998 in Munich) was a German politician of the CSU party and the eighth Minister President of Bavaria.

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Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria

Maximilian I Joseph (27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince-Elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.

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Maximilian II of Bavaria

Maximilian II (28 November 1811 – 10 March 1864) reigned as King of Bavaria between 1848 and 1864.

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Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria

Maximilian III Joseph (28 March 1727 – 30 December 1777) was a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria from 1745 to 1777.

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Maximilian von Montgelas

Maximilian Josef Garnerin, Count von Montgelas (12 September 1759 Munich – 14 June 1838 Munich) was a Bavarian statesman, a member of a noble family from the Duchy of Savoy.

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Maypole

A maypole is a tall wooden pole erected as a part of various European folk festivals, around which a maypole dance often takes place.

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Mühldorf (district)

Mühldorf is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Upper Bavaria, Germany.

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Memmingen

Memmingen is a town in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Merovingian dynasty

The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century.

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Michael Bredl

Michael Bredl (24 December 1915 - 22 June 1999) was a German Volksmusik musician and collector, publisher, teacher and the first Volksmusik conservator in Bavarian Swabia in the region of Allgäu.

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Michael Ende

Michael Andreas Helmuth Ende (12 November 1929 – 28 August 1995) was a German writer of fantasy and children's fiction.

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Middle Franconia

Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany.

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Miesbach (district)

Miesbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Miltenberg (district)

Miltenberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Munich

Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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Munich (district)

Munich (Landkreis München) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Munich Re

Munich Re Group or Munich Reinsurance Company (Münchener Rück; Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft) is a reinsurance company based in Munich, Germany.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.

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Nazism

National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

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Nürnberger Land

Nürnberger Land is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Neu-Ulm

Neu-Ulm is the capital of the Neu-Ulm district and a town in Swabia, Bavaria.

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Neu-Ulm (district)

Neu-Ulm is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Neuburg an der Donau

Neuburg an der Donau, literally Newcastle on the river Danube, is a town which is the capital of the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district in the state of Bavaria in Germany.

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Neuburg Castle (Bavaria)

The Neuburg Castle (German: Schloss Neuburg) is a palace in Neuburg an der Donau, Upper Bavaria.

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Neuburg-Schrobenhausen

Neuburg-Schrobenhausen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Neumarkt (district)

Neumarkt is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Neuschwanstein Castle

Neuschwanstein Castle (Schloss Neuschwanstein,, "New Swanstone Castle") is a 19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau near Füssen in southwest Bavaria, Germany.

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Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim

Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim (German: Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim, official Landkreis Neustadt a.d.Aisch-Bad Windsheim) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Neustadt an der Waldnaab (district)

Neustadt an der Waldnaab is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Nintendo

Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.

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Noricum

Noricum is the Latin name for a Celtic kingdom, or federation of tribes, that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia.

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North German Confederation

The North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) was the German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870.

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North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.

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Nuremberg

Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.

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Nymphenburg Palace

The Nymphenburg Palace (Schloss Nymphenburg), i. e., "Castle of the Nymph (or Nymphs)", is a Baroque palace in Munich, Bavaria, southern Germany.

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Oberallgäu

Oberallgäu is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Obscura (band)

Obscura are a German technical death metal band from Landshut.

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Odilo, Duke of Bavaria

Odilo, also Oatilo or Uatilo (died 18 January 748) of the Agilolfing dynasty was Duke of Bavaria from 736 until his death.

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Oktoberfest

Oktoberfest is the world's largest Volksfest (beer festival and travelling funfair).

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Old High German

Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.

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Orlande de Lassus

Orlande de Lassus (also Roland de Lassus, Orlando di Lasso, Orlandus Lassus, Orlande de Lattre or Roland de Lattre; 1532, possibly 1530 – 14 June 1594) was a Netherlandish or Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance.

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Oskar Maria Graf

Oskar Maria Graf (22 July 1894 – 28 June 1967) was a German author.

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Osram

OSRAM Licht AG is a multinational lighting manufacturer headquartered in Munich, Germany.

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Ostallgäu

Ostallgäu is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Ottfried Fischer

Ottfried Fischer (born 7 November 1953 in Ornatsöd, Lower Bavaria) is a German actor and Kabarett artist best known for his role as Benno Berghammer in the popular German TV series Der Bulle von Tölz.

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Otto of Bavaria

Otto (Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar; 27 April 1848 – 11 October 1916), was King of Bavaria from 1886 to 1913.

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Outline of Germany

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Germany: Germany – federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty.

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Palatinate (region)

The Palatinate (die Pfalz, Pfälzer dialect: Palz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz), is a region in southwestern Germany.

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Pannonian Avars

The Pannonian Avars (also known as the Obri in chronicles of Rus, the Abaroi or Varchonitai at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine (Varchonites) or Pseudo-Avars in Byzantine sources) were a group of Eurasian nomads of unknown origin: "...

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Passau

Passau (') is a town in Lower Bavaria, Germany, also known as the Dreiflüssestadt ("City of Three Rivers") because the Danube is joined there by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north.

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Passau (district)

Passau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the southeast of Bavaria.

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Patrizia Immobilien

Patrizia Immobilien AG (or PATRIZIA Immobilien AG as the company writes it) with its headquarters in Augsburg, Germany, is a global provider of real estate investments in Europe listed on the SDAX stock exchange.

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Paul Breitner

Paul Breitner (born 5 September 1951 in Kolbermoor, Bavaria) is a former German footballer, who played as a midfielder or as a defender.

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Paul Klee

Paul Klee (18 December 1879 – 29 June 1940) was a Swiss German artist.

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People's State of Bavaria

The People's State of Bavaria (Volksstaat Bayern) was a short-lived attempt to establish a socialist state in Bavaria during the German Revolution of 1918–19.

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Pepin the Hunchback

Pepin, or Pippin, the Hunchback (French: Pépin le Bossu, German: Pippin der Buckelige; c. 769 – 811) was the eldest son of Charlemagne.

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Personal union

A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.

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Peter Schreyer

Peter Schreyer (born 1953) is a German automobile designer, widely known for his design contributions to the Audi TT.

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Pfaffenhofen (district)

is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Philipp Lahm

Philipp Lahm (born 11 November 1983) is a German retired professional footballer who played as a right back or defensive midfielder and spent much of his early career playing left back.

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Plassenburg

Plassenburg is a castle in the city of Kulmbach in Bavaria.

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Plzeň Region

Plzeň Region (Plzeňský kraj; Pilsner Region) is an administrative unit (kraj) in the western part of Bohemia in the Czech Republic.

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Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.

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Pope Damasus II

Pope Damasus II (died 9 August 1048), born Poppo de' Curagnoni, was Pope from 17 July 1048 to his death on 9 August that same year.

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Pope Victor II

Pope Victor II (c. 1018 – 28 July 1057), born Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and, was Pope from 13 April 1055 until his death in 1057.

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Pre-Christian Alpine traditions

The central and eastern Alps of Europe are rich in folklore traditions dating back to pre-Christian times, with surviving elements amalgamated from Germanic, Gaulish (Gallo-Roman), Slavic, (Carantanian) and Raetian culture.

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Prince-elector

The prince-electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfürst, pl. Kurfürsten, Kurfiřt, Princeps Elector) were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Prussia

Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Puma (brand)

Puma SE, branded as Puma, is a German multinational company that designs and manufactures athletic and casual footwear, apparel and accessories, which is headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany.

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Quadi

The Quadi were a Suebian Germanic tribe who lived approximately in the area of modern Moravia in the time of the Roman Empire.

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Raetia

Raetia (also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.

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Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Rainer Werner Fassbinder (31 May 1945 – 10 June 1982) was a West German filmmaker, actor, playwright and theatre director, who was a catalyst of the New German Cinema movement.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Refugee

A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).

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Regen (district)

Regen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Regensburg

Regensburg (Castra-Regina;; Řezno; Ratisbonne; older English: Ratisbon; Bavarian: Rengschburg or Rengschburch) is a city in south-east Germany, at the confluence of the Danube, Naab and Regen rivers.

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Regensburg (district)

Regensburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Regensburg Cathedral

The Regensburg Cathedral (Dom St.), dedicated to St Peter, is the most important church and landmark of the city of Regensburg, Germany.

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Regierungsbezirk

A German Regierungsbezirk (often abbreviated to Reg.-Bez.; administrative district) is an administrative district of one of the nation's federal states.

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Reinheitsgebot

The Reinheitsgebot (literally "purity order"), sometimes called the "German Beer Purity Law" in English, is a series of regulations limiting the ingredients in beer in Germany and the states of the former Holy Roman Empire.

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Rhön-Grabfeld

Rhön-Grabfeld is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Rhineland-Palatinate

Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

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Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").

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Robert Huber

Robert Huber (born 20 February 1937) is a German biochemist and Nobel laureate.

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Rohde & Schwarz

Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co KG is an international electronics group specialized in the fields of electronic test equipment, broadcast & media, cybersecurity, radiomonitoring and radiolocation, and radiocommunication.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

The Archdiocese of Munich and Freising (Erzbistum München und Freising, Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bavaria, Germany.

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Roman Herzog

Roman Herzog (5 April 1934 – 10 January 2017) was a German politician, judge and legal scholar, who served as President of Germany from 1994 to 1999.

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Rosenheim

The independent city of Rosenheim (Central Bavarian: Rousnam) is located in the centre of the district of Rosenheim (Upper Bavaria), and is also the seat of administration of this region.

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Rosenheim (district)

Rosenheim is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany.

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Roth (district)

Roth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Rottal-Inn

Rottal-Inn is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.

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Rudolf Mössbauer

Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer (German spelling: Mößbauer; 31 January 1929 – 14 September 2011) was a German physicist best known for his 1957 discovery of recoilless nuclear resonance fluorescence for which he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics.

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Ruf Automobile

Ruf Automobile GmbH is a German car manufacturer that manufactures and engineers original vehicles using unmarked Porsche chassis, specifically known as bodies in white.

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Rugii

The Rugii, also Rugians, Rygir, Ulmerugi, or Holmrygir (Rugiere, Rugier) were an East Germanic tribe who migrated from southwest Norway to Pomerania around 100 AD, and from there to the Danube River valley.

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Ruth Drexel

Ruth Drexel (14 July 1930, Vilshofen an der Donau, Lower Bavaria – 26 February 2009) was a German actress, director, and theatre director/manager.

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Saint Boniface

Saint Boniface (Bonifatius; 675 – 5 June 754 AD), born Winfrid (also spelled Winifred, Wynfrith, Winfrith or Wynfryth) in the kingdom of Wessex in Anglo-Saxon England, was a leading figure in the Anglo-Saxon mission to the Germanic parts of the Frankish Empire during the 8th century.

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Salzburg (state)

Salzburg (literally "Salt Fortress") is a state (Land) of Austria.

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Saxony

The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).

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Süddeutsche Zeitung

The Süddeutsche Zeitung (German for South German Newspaper), published in Munich, Bavaria, is one of the largest daily newspapers in Germany.

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Schengen Area

The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.

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Schwabach

Schwabach is a German town of about 40,000 inhabitants near Nuremberg in the centre of the region of Franconia in the north of Bavaria.

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Schwabing

Schwabing is a borough in the northern part of Munich, the capital of the German state of Bavaria.

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Schwandorf (district)

Schwandorf is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the eastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Schweinfurt

Schweinfurt (in German literally 'swine ford') is a city in the Lower Franconia region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the navigable Main River, which is spanned by several bridges here, 27 km northeast of Würzburg.

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Schweinfurt (district)

Schweinfurt is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Scirii

The Scirii (also Sciri, Scirians, Skirii, Skiri or Skirians) were an East Germanic tribe of Eastern Europe, attested in historical works between the 2nd century BC and 5th century AD.

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Sebastian Kneipp

Sebastian Kneipp (17 May 1821, Stephansried, Germany – 17 June 1897, in Bad Wörishofen) was a Bavarian priest and one of the forefathers of the naturopathic medicine movement.

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Sepp Dietrich

Josef Dietrich (28 May 1892 – 21 April 1966) was an Oberst-Gruppenführer in the Waffen-SS, the armed paramilitary branch of the Schutzstaffel (SS), who commanded units up to army level during World War II.

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Sepp Maier

Josef Dieter "Sepp" Maier (born 28 February 1944) is a German former professional football goalkeeper who played for Bayern Munich and the German national football team.

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Siegfried & Roy

Siegfried & Roy are a German-American duo of magicians and entertainers who became known for their appearances with white lions and white tigers.

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Siemens

Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.

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Slavs

Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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South Bohemian Region

South Bohemia (Jihočeský kraj) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mostly in the southern part of its historical land of Bohemia, with a small part in southwestern Moravia.

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Spider Murphy Gang

The Spider Murphy Gang is a German band from Munich best known for their greatest hit "Skandal im Sperrbezirk".

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Sportfreunde Stiller

Sportfreunde Stiller is a German indie rock band from Germering, near Munich, in Bavaria.

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SpVgg Greuther Fürth

SpVgg Greuther Fürth is a German football club in Fürth, Bavaria.

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St. Bartholomew's Church, Berchtesgaden

St.

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Standard German

Standard German, High German or more precisely Standard High German (Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch, or in Swiss Schriftdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.

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Starnberg (district)

Starnberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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States of Germany

Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).

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Stefan Reuter

Stefan Reuter (born 16 October 1966 in Dinkelsbühl) is a German football coach and former player, who played as a defender or midfielder.

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Stone Bridge (Regensburg)

The Stone Bridge (Steinerne Brücke) in Regensburg, Germany, is a 12th-century bridge across the Danube linking the Old Town with Stadtamhof.

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Straubing

Straubing is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany.

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Straubing-Bogen

Straubing-Bogen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the eastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Supermajority

A supermajority or supra-majority or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one-half used for majority.

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Swabia

Swabia (Schwaben, colloquially Schwabenland or Ländle; in English also archaic Suabia or Svebia) is a cultural, historic and linguistic region in southwestern Germany.

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Swabia (Bavaria)

Swabia (Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

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Swabian German

Swabian is one of the dialect groups of Alemannic German that belong to the High German dialect continuum.

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Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Tassilo I of Bavaria

Tassilo I (or Tassilon) (560 – 610) was King of Bavaria from 591 to his death.

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Tassilo III, Duke of Bavaria

Tassilo III (741 – c. 796) was the duke of Bavaria from 748 to 788, the last of the house of the Agilolfings.

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The Smith of Kochel

The Smith of Kochel is a figure from Bavarian myth.

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Theobald Boehm

Theobald Böhm, photograph by Franz Hanfstaengl, ca. 1852. Theobald Böhm (or Boehm) (April 9, 1794 – November 25, 1881) was a German inventor and musician, who perfected the modern Western concert flute and improved its fingering system (now known as the "Boehm system").

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Theodbert of Bavaria

Theodbert (also Theodebert, Theudebert, Theotpert, and Theodo) (685 – c. 719) was the duke of Bavaria in some capacity or other from 702 to his death.

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Theodelinda

Theodelinda, queen of the Lombards, (570-628 AD) was the daughter of duke Garibald I of Bavaria.

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Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.

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Thomas Mann

Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.

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Thomas Müller

Thomas Müller (born 13 September 1989) is a German professional footballer who plays for and vice-captains Bayern Munich and the German national team.

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Thuringia

The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.

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Thuringian dialect

Thuringian is an East Central German dialect group spoken in much of the modern German Free State of Thuringia north of the Rennsteig ridge, southwestern Saxony-Anhalt and adjacent territories of Hesse and Bavaria.

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Thuringii

The Thuringii or Toringi, were a Germanic tribe that appeared late during the Migration Period in the Harz Mountains of central Germania, still called Thuringia.

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Tirschenreuth (district)

Tirschenreuth (Northern Bavarian: Landgreis Tirschenreith) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Tracht

Tracht refers to traditional garments in German-speaking countries.

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Traunstein (district)

Traunstein is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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TSV 1860 Munich

Turn- und Sportverein München von 1860, commonly known as TSV 1860 München or 1860 Munich, is a German sports club based in Munich.

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Tyrol (state)

Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.

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UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.

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Unicameralism

In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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Unincorporated area

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.

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Unterallgäu

Unterallgäu is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Upper Austria

Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.

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Upper Bavaria

Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany.

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Upper Franconia

Upper Franconia (Oberfranken) is a Regierungsbezirk (administrative region) of the state of Bavaria, southern Germany.

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Upper Palatinate

The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria.

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Uschi Glas

Uschi Glas (born Helga Ursula Glas; 2 March 1944), sometimes credited as Ursula Glas, is a German film and television and stage actress and a singer.

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Veste Coburg

The Veste Coburg, or Coburg Fortress, is one of Germany's largest castles.

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Von Steuben Day

Von Steuben Day is a holiday traditionally held on a weekend in mid-September (von Steuben was born September 17), celebrating the Prussian-born Baron Friedrich von Steuben, who arrived in the United States as a volunteer offering his services to General George Washington in the American Revolutionary War.

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Vorarlberg

Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state (Bundesland) of Austria.

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Wacker Chemie

Wacker Chemie AG is a worldwide operating company in the chemical business, founded 1914.

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Waginger See

Waginger See is a lake in the Alpine foothills, Bavaria, Germany.

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Walhalla memorial

The Walhalla is a hall of fame that honors laudable and distinguished people in German history – "politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists of the German tongue";Official Guide booklet, 2002, p. 3 thus the celebrities honored are drawn from Greater Germany, a wider area than today's Germany, and even as far away as Britain in the case of several Anglo-Saxons who are honored.

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Walter Sedlmayr

Walter Sedlmayr (6 January 1926 – 14 July 1990) was a popular German stage, television, and film actor from Bavaria.

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War of the Spanish Succession

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.

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War of the Succession of Landshut

The War of the Succession of Landshut resulted from a dispute between the duchies of Bavaria-Munich (Bayern-München in German) and Bavaria-Landshut (Bayern-Landshut).

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Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.

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Würzburg

Würzburg (Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.

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Würzburg (district)

Würzburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Würzburg Residence

The Würzburg Residence (German: Würzburger Residenz) is a palace in Würzburg, Germany.

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Weißenburg in Bayern

Weißenburg in Bayern (formerly also Weißenburg im Nordgau) is a town in Middle Franconia, Germany.

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Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen

is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the west of Bavaria, Germany with a population of 95,000.

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Weiden in der Oberpfalz

Weiden in der Oberpfalz (official name: Weiden i.d.OPf.) is a district-free city in Bavaria, Germany.

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Weilheim-Schongau

Weilheim-Schongau is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany.

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Weisswurst

A Weisswurst (German Weißwurst, literally white sausage; Weißwuascht) is a traditional Bavarian sausage made from minced veal and pork back bacon.

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Werner Heisenberg

Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.

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Werner Herzog

Werner Herzog (born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director.

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Werner Stocker (actor)

Werner Stocker (April 7, 1955 – May 27, 1993) was a German actor.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Whipcracking

Whipcracking is the act of producing a cracking sound through the use of a whip.

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Wieskirche

The Pilgrimage Church of Wies (Wieskirche) is an oval rococo church, designed in the late 1740s by brothers J. B. and Dominikus Zimmermann, the latter of whom lived nearby for the last eleven years of his life.

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Wilhelm Hoegner

Wilhelm Hoegner (23 September 1887 in Munich – 5 March 1980 in Munich) was the second Bavarian prime minister (SPD) after World War II (1945–46 and 1954–57) and father of the Bavarian constitution.

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Wilhelm Röntgen

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wunsiedel (district)

Wunsiedel (Landkreis Wunsiedel i. Fichtelgebirge) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

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Yank Azman

Yank Azman (born October 19, 1947) is a Canadian television and film actor.

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Zugspitze

The Zugspitze, at 2,962 m (9,718 ft) above sea level, is the highest peak of the Wetterstein Mountains as well as the highest mountain in Germany.

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1. FC Nürnberg

1.

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Redirects here:

BAVARIUHH, Bavaria (Germany), Bavaria, Germany, Bavarian culture, Bavarian folklore, Bavorsko, Bayern, Bayern State, Germany, Bayern, Germany, Bayxit, Culture of Bavaria, Free State of Bavaria, Freistaat Bayern, Freistaat Bayre, Freistood Baijaan, Freistood Boajan, State of Bavaria.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavaria

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