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Index Turku

Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland. [1]

293 relations: A Mighty Fortress Is Our God, Aarhus, Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Abraham, AirBaltic, Albania, Albanian language, Aleksi Randell, Alex Federley, Alexander I of Russia, Anaheim Ducks, Appellate court, Arabic, Archaeology, Archdiocese of Turku, Archipelago Sea, Architect, Art museum, Askainen, Atmospheric pressure, Aura (Archipelago Sea), Åbo Akademi University, Åbo Bloodbath, Åbo Underrättelser, Åland Islands, Baltic Sea, Baltic Sea cruiseferries, Bayer, Bergen, Bicycle, Biotechnology, Bishopric of Turku, Bratislava, Buffalo Sabres, Bulgaria, Bus, Bypass (road), Calgary Flames, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Carl Ludvig Engel, Centre Party (Finland), China, Christian Democrats (Finland), Christina Krook, Christmas, Christmas Peace, City council, Cologne, Communism, Consecration, ..., Constanța, Copyright, Cruising (maritime), Culture of Finland, Darude, Denmark, Diaconia University of Applied Sciences, Diet of Finland, Down by the Laituri, Duke of Finland, East Germany, Elbasan, Emperor, Erik Johan Löfgren, Espoo, Estonia, European Capital of Culture, European route E18, Föri, FC Inter Turku, Ferry, Finland, Finnish language, Finnish municipal elections, 2017, Finnish nationality law, Finnish noun cases, Finnish parliamentary election, 2011, Finnish War, Finns Party, First language, Florence, Flying Finn, Gatorade Center, Gdańsk, Germany, Gothenburg, Grand Duchy of Finland, Great Fire of Turku, Greater Helsinki, Green League, Gulf of Bothnia, Handicraft, Hanoi Rocks, HC TPS, Helsinki, Herman Spöring Jr., Hesburger, High tech, Hirvensalo, History of Finland, HKScan, Humid continental climate, Hungary, Ilta-Sanomat, Information technology, Insomnium, International school, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jarkko Nieminen, Jarno Saarinen, Johan Gadolin, Joni Ortio, Kaarina, Kakskerta, Kakskerta Church, Katedralskolan i Åbo, Katja Kallio, Köppen climate classification, Kupittaa, Kupittaa railway station, Kuressaare, Left Alliance (Finland), Lemu, Lieto, Light rail, List of cities and towns in Finland, List of Finnish municipalities, List of Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Champions by year, List of newspapers in Finland, List of Swedish Governors-General, List of urban areas in Finland by population, Local administrative unit, Lukáš Hrádecký, Luostarinmäki, Mariehamn, Market Square, Turku, Marketplace, Martin Luther, Martin's Church, Masku, Matti Salminen, Mauno Koivisto, Mayor, Medieval Market of Turku, Merimasku, Metro International, Meyer Werft, Michael Monroe, Middle Ages, Miikka Kiprusoff, Mikko Koivu, Minnesota Wild, Monitorial System, Movie theater, Muhammad al-Idrisi, Multilingualism, Municipalities of Finland, Museum, Mynämäki, Naantali, National Coalition Party, National Hockey League, Niilo Sevänen, Niklas Moisander, Norway, Nousiainen, Novia University of Applied Sciences, Old East Slavic, Old Great Square (Turku), Old Swedish, Orchestra, Orion Corporation, Paattinen, Paavo Nurmi, Paavo Nurmi Marathon (Turku), Paimio, Parchment, Pear, Per Brahe the Younger, Piikkiö, Pohjola, Turku, Poland, Port, Port of Turku, Posankka, Precipitation, Provinces of Finland, Public broadcasting, Public transport, Qwensel House, Radio, Raisio, Rasmus Ristolainen, Regions of Finland, Rock festival, Romania, Romantic nationalism, Rostock, Royal Academy of Turku, Ruisrock, Ruissalo, Runosmäki, Rusko, Russia, Russian Empire, Russian language, Rymättylä, Saint Petersburg, Saku Koivu, San Jose Sharks, Sandstorm (instrumental), Satakunta, Sauvo, Scandinavia, Scandinavian Airlines, Sibelius Museum, Silja Line, Sister city, Slovakia, SM-liiga, Snow, Social Democratic Party of Finland, Somalia, Southwest Finland, Soviet Union, SS Ukkopekka, St Michael's Church, Turku, Steamship, Stockholm, Stone Age, Sub-regions of Finland, Suburb, Svenska Akademiens ordbok, Sweden, Swedish language, Swedish People's Party of Finland, Szeged, Tabloid (newspaper format), Tallinn, Tampere, Tartu, Teemu Brunila, Television, Television in Finland, Temperature, Tennis, Theatre, Tianjin, Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo, Tram, Treaty of Fredrikshamn, Turku Airport, Turku Castle, Turku Cathedral, Turku Cemetery, Turku Central Station, Turku International School, Turku music festival, Turku Orthodox Church, Turku School of Economics, Turku Science Park, Turku sub-region, Turku University Hospital, Turku University of Applied Sciences, Turun normaalikoulu, Turun Palloseura, Turun Sanomat, University, University of applied sciences (Finland), University of Helsinki, University of Turku, Upper middle class, Vahto, Varissuo, Varna, Veikkausliiga, Velkua, Veritas Stadion, Viking Line, Vladimir Putin, VR (company), War against Sigismund, Ward (electoral subdivision), Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art, Wärtsilä, Weather station, Western Europe, Winter War, Yle, Yle Radio Suomi, Yle Vega. Expand index (243 more) »

A Mighty Fortress Is Our God

"A Mighty Fortress Is Our God" (German: "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott") is one of the best known hymns by the reformer Martin Luther, a prolific hymnodist.

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Aarhus (officially spelled Århus from 1948 until 31 December 2010) is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

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Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova

Aboa Vetus and Ars Nova is a museum in central Turku, Finland.

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Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.

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airBaltic, legally incorporated as AS Air Baltic Corporation, is a state-owned Latvian low-cost carrier and the country's flag carrier, with its head office on the grounds of Riga International Airport in Mārupe municipality near Riga.

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Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.

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Albanian language

Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.

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Aleksi Randell

Aleksi Randell (born 22 July 1975 in Turku) is a Finnish politician.

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Alex Federley

Aleksander Thiodolf Federley (12 July 1864, Turku – 17 November 1932, Helsinki) was a Swedish-Finnish graphic artist who created political cartoons, posters, book illustrations and postcards.

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Alexander I of Russia

Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.

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Anaheim Ducks

The Anaheim Ducks are a professional ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California.

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Appellate court

An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.

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Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Archdiocese of Turku

The Archdiocese of Turku (Turun arkkihiippakunta, Åbo ärkestift), historically known as Archdiocese of Åbo, is the seat of the Archbishop of Turku.

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Archipelago Sea

The Archipelago Sea (Finnish: Saaristomeri, Swedish: Skärgårdshavet) is a part of the Baltic Sea between the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Sea of Åland, within Finnish territorial waters.

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An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.

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Art museum

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.

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Askainen (Villnäs) is a former municipality of Finland.

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Atmospheric pressure

Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).

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Aura (Archipelago Sea)

The Aura (Finnish Aurajoki; Swedish Aura å) is a river in south-western Finland.

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Åbo Akademi University

Åbo Akademi University (Åbo Akademi) is the only exclusively Swedish language university in Finland (or anywhere outside Sweden).

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Åbo Bloodbath

The Åbo Bloodbath (Åbo blodbad) of 10 November 1599 was a public execution in the Finnish town of Turku (Åbo), then part of the Kingdom of Sweden, in the context of the War against Sigismund and the Club War.

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Åbo Underrättelser

Åbo Underrättelser is a Swedish language newspaper published in Turku, Finland.

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Åland Islands

The Åland Islands or Åland (Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Baltic Sea cruiseferries

The Baltic Sea is crossed by several cruiseferry lines.

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Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.

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Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.

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A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.

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Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

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Bishopric of Turku

The Bishop of Turku (episcopus Aboensis) was the medieval Christian religious leader of Finland.

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Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.

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Buffalo Sabres

The Buffalo Sabres are a professional ice hockey team based in Buffalo, New York.

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Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

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Bypass (road)

A bypass is a road or highway that avoids or "bypasses" a built-up area, town, or village, to let through traffic flow without interference from local traffic, to reduce congestion in the built-up area, and to improve road safety.

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Calgary Flames

The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta.

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Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (4 June 1867 – 27 January 1951) was a Finnish military leader and statesman.

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Carl Ludvig Engel

Carl Ludvig Engel, or Johann Carl Ludwig Engel (3 July 1778 – 14 May 1840), was a German architect known for his Empire style, a phase of Neoclassicism.

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Centre Party (Finland)

The Centre Party of Finland (Suomen Keskusta, Kesk; Centern i Finland) is a centrist, liberal, and agrarian political party in Finland.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Christian Democrats (Finland)

The Christian Democrats (Kristillisdemokraatit, KD; Kristdemokraterna) is a Christian democratic political party in Finland.

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Christina Krook

Christina Krook (1742-1806) was a Finnish educator.

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Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas Peace

Christmas Peace (joulurauha, julfrid) is a tradition based on old Scandinavian legislation created by Birger Jarl in the 13th century, extending the tradition of the Truce of God.

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City council

A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.

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Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

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In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

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Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.

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Constanța (Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Кюстенджа or Констанца, Köstence), historically known as Tomis (Τόμις), is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania.

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Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Cruising (maritime)

Cruising by boat is a lifestyle that involves living for extended time on a vessel while traveling from place to place for pleasure.

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Culture of Finland

The culture of Finland combines indigenous heritage, as represented for example by the country's Uralic national language Finnish and the sauna, with common Nordic, and European culture.

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Ville Virtanen (born 17 July 1975), better known by his stage name Darude, is a Finnish DJ and record producer from Eura, Finland.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Diaconia University of Applied Sciences

Diaconia University of Applied Sciences (Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak) is a university of applied sciences (a polytechnic) in Finland.

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Diet of Finland

The Diet of Finland (Finnish Suomen maapäivät, later valtiopäivät; Swedish Finlands Lantdagar), was the legislative assembly of the Grand Duchy of Finland from 1809 to 1906 and the recipient of the powers of the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.

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Down by the Laituri

Down By The Laituri (often shortened to DBTL) is a rock festival organised annually in the city of Turku, Finland since 1988.

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Duke of Finland

Duke of Finland (in Finnish Suomen herttua; Swedish hertig av Finland) was an occasional medieval title granted as a tertiogeniture to the relatives of the King of Sweden between the 13th and 16th centuries.

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East Germany

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.

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Elbasan (Albanian: Elbasan or Elbasani) is a city and a municipality in Elbasan County, central Albania.

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An emperor (through Old French empereor from Latin imperator) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.

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Erik Johan Löfgren

Erik Johan Löfgren (15 May 1825, Turku - 10 December, Turku) was a Finnish-Swedish portrait painter.

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Espoo (Esbo) is the second largest city and municipality in Finland.

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Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.

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European Capital of Culture

The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.

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European route E18

European route E18 runs from Craigavon in Northern Ireland to Saint Petersburg in Russia, passing through Scotland, Norway, Sweden, and Finland.

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Föri is a ferry running across the River Aura in Turku, Finland.

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FC Inter Turku

Football Club International Turku (commonly known as Inter Turku) is a football club based in Turku, Finland.

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A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.

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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Finnish language

Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.

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Finnish municipal elections, 2017

Municipal elections were held in Finland on 9 April 2017 with advance voting between 29 March and 4 April.

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Finnish nationality law

Citizenship of Finland can be obtained on the basis of birth, marriage of parents, adoption, or the place of birth.

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Finnish noun cases

Finnish nouns (including pronouns and numerals) as well as any modifying adjectives, superlatives or comparatives, can be declined by a large number of grammatical cases, which are detailed here.

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Finnish parliamentary election, 2011

Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 17 April 2011 after the termination of the previous parliamentary term.

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Finnish War

The Finnish War (Finska kriget, Финляндская война, Suomen sota) was fought between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809.

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Finns Party

The Finns Party, previously known as the True Finns (Perussuomalaiset, PS, Sannfinländarna, Sannf.), is a populist and nationalist-oriented Finnish political party, founded in 1995 following the dissolution of the Finnish Rural Party.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Flying Finn

"The Flying Finn" (Lentävä suomalainen) is a nickname given to several Finnish athletes who were noted for their speed.

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Gatorade Center

Gatorade Center (formerly HK Areena, Elysée Arena, Typhoon and Turkuhalli) is an arena in Turku, Finland.

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Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.

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Grand Duchy of Finland

The Grand Duchy of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta, Storfurstendömet Finland, Великое княжество Финляндское,; literally Grand Principality of Finland) was the predecessor state of modern Finland.

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Great Fire of Turku

The Great Fire of Turku (Turun palo and Åbo brand) was a conflagration that is still the largest urban fire in the history of Finland and the Nordic countries.

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Greater Helsinki

Greater Helsinki (Helsingin seutu, Suur-Helsinki, Swedish: Helsingforsregionen, Storhelsingfors) is the metropolitan area including the smaller Capital Region (Pääkaupunkiseutu, Huvudstadsregionen) urban kernel and commuter towns surrounding Helsinki, the capital city of Finland.

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Green League

The Green League (VIHR, Vihreä liitto, Gröna förbundet), shortened to the Greens, is a green political party in Finland.

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Gulf of Bothnia

The Gulf of Bothnia (Pohjanlahti; Bottenhavet) is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea.

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A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.

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Hanoi Rocks

Hanoi Rocks was a Finnish rock band formed in 1979.

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TPS or Turun Palloseura is an ice hockey team and 10-time champion of SM-liiga and 1-time champion of SM-sarja.

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Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.

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Herman Spöring Jr.

Herman Diedrich Spöring Jr. (1733–1771) was a Finnish explorer, draughtsman, botanist and a naturalist.

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Hesburger (colloquially known in Finland as Hese and in Estonia as Hess) is a fast food chain based in Turku, Finland.

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High tech

High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.

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Hirvensalo is an island in the Archipelago Sea, belonging to the city of Turku, Finland.

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History of Finland

The history of Finland begins around 9,000 BCE during the end of the last glacial period.

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HKScan Oyj (OMX) is a Finnish manufacturer of meat foods and products, but nowadays its product range also includes ready meals and pet foods.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Ilta-Sanomat (Finnish for the evening news) is one of Finland's two prominent tabloid size evening newspaper and the second largest paper in the country.

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Information technology

Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.

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Insomnium is a melodic death metal band from Joensuu, Finland.

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International school

An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.

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Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jarkko Nieminen

Jarkko Kalervo Nieminen (born 23 July 1981) is a Finnish former professional tennis player.

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Jarno Saarinen

Jarno Karl Keimo Saarinen (11 December 1945 – 20 May 1973) was a Finnish professional Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.

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Johan Gadolin

Johan Gadolin (5 June 1760 – 15 August 1852) was a Finnish chemist, physicist and mineralogist.

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Joni Ortio

Joni Ortio (born April 16, 1991) is a Finnish professional ice hockey goaltender who plays for Skellefteå AIK of the Swedish Hockey League.

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Kaarina (Karins, i.e. Saint Catherine′s) is a small town and municipality of Finland.

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Kakskerta is an island in the Archipelago Sea, south of the city of Turku, Finland.

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Kakskerta Church

Kakskerta Church (Kakskerran kirkko, Kakskerta kyrka) is located in Turku, Finland on the island Kakskerta.

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Katedralskolan i Åbo

Katedralskolan i Åbo (the Cathedral School of Åbo) is the Swedish-language upper secondary school of Turku, located at the Old Great Square (the town, former capital of Finland, is known as Åbo in Swedish).

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Katja Kallio

Katja Elina Kallio (born 17 September 1968) is a Finnish novelist, journalist, columnist and screenwriter, and has written books about film and a children's book.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kupittaa (Kuppis) is a district in Turku, Finland.

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Kupittaa railway station

Kupittaa railway station (Kupittaan rautatieasema, Kuppis järnvägsstation) is located in the Kupittaa district of Turku, Finland.

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Kuressaare, also known as Arensburg, is a town and a municipality on Saaremaa island in Estonia.

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Left Alliance (Finland)

The Left Alliance (Vasemmistoliitto, Vänsterförbundet, vas.) is a left-wing political party in Finland.

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Lemu (Lemo) is a former municipality of Finland and an old church parish dating back to the middle ages.

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Lieto (Lundo) is a municipality of Finland.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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List of cities and towns in Finland

The following is a list of cities in Finland.

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List of Finnish municipalities

This is a listing in alphabetical order of the current municipalities in Finland as of 2016.

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List of Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Champions by year

The following is a list of Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Champions from 1949 to 2017, in order of class and year.

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List of newspapers in Finland

The number of national daily newspapers in Finland was 64 in 1950, whereas it was 56 in 1965.

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List of Swedish Governors-General

A Governor-General, or generalguvernör, was appointed by the Swedish monarch as his permanent representative, with both civil and military jurisdiction, over parts of Sweden, from the 17th century to the early 19th century, when constitutional changes made the office obsolete.

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List of urban areas in Finland by population

This is a list of urban areas in Finland by population, with the 100 largest localities or urban areas in Finland in 2013.

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Local administrative unit

Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state.

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Lukáš Hrádecký

Lukáš Hrádecký (born 24 November 1989), is a Slovak-born Finnish football goalkeeper who plays for Bundesliga side Eintracht Frankfurt and the Finland national team.

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Luostarinmäki Handicrafts Museum (Luostarinmäen käsityöläismuseo, Hantverksmuseet på Klosterbacken; Cloister Hill Handicrafts Museum) is an open-air museum in Turku (Åbo), Finland.

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Mariehamn (Maarianhamina) is the capital of Åland, an autonomous territory under Finnish sovereignty.

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Market Square, Turku

The Market Square (Kauppatori, Salutorget) is a city square in the city of Turku, in Finland.

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A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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Martin's Church

Martin's Church (Martinkirkko, Martinskyrkan) in Turku, Finland is the main church of Martin's parish, founded in 1921.

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Masku is a municipality of Finland.

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Matti Salminen

Matti Salminen (born 7 July 1945, in Turku) is a Finnish operatic bass singer, who has sung at the most important opera houses of the world, including the Metropolitan and Bayreuth Festival.

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Mauno Koivisto

Mauno Henrik Koivisto (25 November 1923 – 12 May 2017) was a Finnish politician who served as the ninth President of Finland from 1982 to 1994.

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In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

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Medieval Market of Turku

The Medieval Market of Turku (Turun keskiaikaiset markkinat, Åbo medeltidsmarknad) is an annual historical reenactment event organised in the historic city centre of Turku, Finland.

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Merimasku is a former municipality of Finland.

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Metro International

Metro International is a Swedish global media company based in Luxembourg that publishes the Metro newspapers. Metro International's advertising sales have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 41 percent since launch of the first newspaper edition in 1995.http://hugin.info/132142/R/1125327/208539.pdf It is a freesheet, meaning that distribution is free, with revenues thus generated entirely through advertising. This newspaper is primarily intended for commuters who move daily in and out of big cities' business areas, mainly during rush hours. The company was founded by Per Andersson and started as a subsidiary of the Modern Times Group along with Viasat Broadcasting. It is now controlled through the Mats Qviberg owned investment company Custos. The first edition of the newspaper was published as Metro Stockholm and distributed in the Stockholm metro., all European editions (except for the Hungarian one) have been sold, reportedly so that Metro International can focus on Latin America, considered the last growth market for free newspapers.

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Meyer Werft

The Meyer Werft GmbH & Co.

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Michael Monroe

Matti Antero Kristian Fagerholm (born 17 June 1962 in Helsinki), best known by his stage name, Michael Monroe, is a Finnish rock musician and multi-instrumentalist who rose to fame as the vocalist for the glam punk band Hanoi Rocks, and has served as the frontman for all-star side projects, such as Demolition 23 and Jerusalem Slim (with Steve Stevens).

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Miikka Kiprusoff

Miikka Sakari Kiprusoff (born October 26, 1976), nicknamed Kipper, is a Finnish former professional ice hockey goaltender who played for the Calgary Flames and San Jose Sharks during his National Hockey League (NHL) career.

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Mikko Koivu

Mikko Sakari Koivu (born March 12, 1983) is a Finnish professional ice hockey center currently playing for, and serving as captain of, the Minnesota Wild of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Minnesota Wild

The Minnesota Wild are a professional ice hockey team based in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

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Monitorial System

The Monitorial System, Madras System, or Lancasterian System was an education method that became popular on a global scale during the early 19th century.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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Muhammad al-Idrisi

Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Idrisi al-Qurtubi al-Hasani as-Sabti, or simply al-Idrisi (أبو عبد الله محمد الإدريسي القرطبي الحسني السبتي; Dreses; 1100 – 1165), was an Arab Muslim geographer, cartographer and Egyptologist who lived in Palermo, Sicily at the court of King Roger II.

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Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.

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Municipalities of Finland

The municipalities (kunta; kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country.

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A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

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Mynämäki (Virmo) is a municipality of Finland located in the Southwest Finland region.

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Naantali (Nådendal) is a town in south-western Finland, known as one of the most important tourist centres of the country.

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National Coalition Party

The National Coalition Party (NCP; Kansallinen Kokoomus; Kok.; Samlingspartiet; Saml.) is a centre-right political party in Finland considered to be liberal, and conservative, and liberal-conservative.

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National Hockey League

The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.

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Niilo Sevänen

Niilo Sevänen (born 19 August 1979) is a musician from Joensuu, Finland.

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Niklas Moisander

Niklas Moisander (born 29 September 1985) is a Finnish professional footballer who plays as a centre-back for German club Werder Bremen.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nousiainen (Nousis) is a municipality of Finland.

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Novia University of Applied Sciences

The Novia University of Applied Sciences (Yrkeshögskolan Novia) is an institution of higher professional education (vocational university) in Finland.

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Old East Slavic

Old East Slavic or Old Russian was a language used during the 10th–15th centuries by East Slavs in Kievan Rus' and states which evolved after the collapse of Kievan Rus'.

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Old Great Square (Turku)

The Old Great Square (Vanha Suurtori, Gamla Stortorget) is a medieval market square located in the city centre of Turku, Finland.

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Old Swedish

Old Swedish (Modern Swedish: fornsvenska) is the name for two distinct stages of the Swedish language that were spoken in the Middle Ages: Early Old Swedish (Klassisk fornsvenska), spoken from around 1225 until 1375, and Late Old Swedish (Yngre fornsvenska), spoken from 1375 until 1526.

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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Orion Corporation

Orion Corporation, founded in 1917 and headquartered at Espoo, Finland, is a Finnish company, which develops, manufactures and markets pharmaceuticals, active pharmaceutical ingredients and diagnostic tests for global markets.

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Paattinen is a village in south-west Finland and a district of the city of Turku.

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Paavo Nurmi

Paavo Johannes Nurmi (13 June 1897 – 2 October 1973) was a Finnish middle-distance and long-distance runner.

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Paavo Nurmi Marathon (Turku)

The Paavo Nurmi Marathon is an annual marathon road running race held during summer in Turku, Finland, the birth city of Paavo Nurmi.

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Paimio (Pemar) is a town and municipality of Finland.

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Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.

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The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.

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Per Brahe the Younger

Count Per Brahe the Younger (18 February 1602 – 2 September 1680) was a Swedish soldier, statesman, and author.

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Piikkiö (Pikis), is a former municipality of Finland.

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Pohjola, Turku

Pohjola is a district of the city of Turku, in Finland.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

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Port of Turku

The Port of Turku (Turun satama, Åbo hamn and Turku Harbour) is a port located in the south-west of Finland, where the mainland meets the beginning of the Turku archipelago.

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Posankka is a statue located in Turku, Finland.

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Provinces of Finland

Between 1634 and 2009, Finland was administered as several provinces (Suomen läänit, Finlands län).

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Public broadcasting

Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Qwensel House

The Qwensel House is the oldest wooden house in Turku, Finland.

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Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.

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Raisio (Reso) is a town and municipality in south-western Finland and an important junction of major roads.

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Rasmus Ristolainen

Rasmus Ristolainen (born 27 October 1994) is a Finnish professional ice hockey defenceman currently playing for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Regions of Finland

Finland comprises 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.

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Rock festival

A rock festival, often considered synonymous with pop festival, is a large-scale rock music concert, featuring multiple acts performing an often diverse range of popular music including rock, pop, folk, electronic, and related genres.

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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Romantic nationalism

Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.

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Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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Royal Academy of Turku

The Royal Academy of Turku (Kungliga Akademin i Åbo or Åbo Kungliga Akademi, Regia Academia Aboensis, Turun akatemia) was the first university in Finland, and the only Finnish university that was founded when the country still was a part of Sweden.

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Ruisrock is a rock festival held annually on the island of Ruissalo in Turku, Finland.

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Ruissalo (Finnish; Runsala in Swedish) is an island in the Archipelago Sea and a district of the city of Turku, Finland.

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Runosmäki (Swedish Runosbacken) is a district and a suburb of the city of Turku, Finland, located approximately six kilometres to the north of the city centre.

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Rusko is a municipality of Finland.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian language

Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Rymättylä (Rimito) is a former municipality of Finland.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Saku Koivu

Saku Antero Koivu (born November 23, 1974) is a Finnish former professional ice hockey player who played in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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San Jose Sharks

The San Jose Sharks are a professional ice hockey team based in San Jose, California.

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Sandstorm (instrumental)

"Sandstorm" is a trance instrumental by Finnish DJ and record producer Darude.

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Satakunta (Satakunda, Finnia Septentrionalis or Satagundia) is a region (maakunta / landskap) of Finland, part of the former Western Finland Province.

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Sauvo (Sagu) is a municipality of Finland.

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Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Scandinavian Airlines

Scandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, which together form mainland Scandinavia.

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Sibelius Museum

Sibelius Museum is a museum of music named after the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius located close to Turku Cathedral in the historical city centre of Turku in south-western Finland.

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Silja Line

Silja Line is a Finnish cruiseferry brand operated by the Estonian ferry company AS Tallink Grupp, for car, cargo and passenger traffic between Finland and Sweden.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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The SM-liiga (marketed as just Liiga from 2013 on), colloquially called the Finnish Elite League in English, is the top professional ice hockey league in Finland.

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Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.

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Social Democratic Party of Finland

The Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP, Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue, Finlands socialdemokratiska parti), shortened to the Social Democrats, is a social-democratic political party in Finland.

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Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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Southwest Finland

Southwest Finland, also known as Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi, Egentliga Finland) is a region in the south-west of Finland.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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SS Ukkopekka

SS Ukkopekka is a Finnish steamship in service as a tourist and heritage attraction.

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St Michael's Church, Turku

Michael's Church (Mikaelinkirkko, Mikaelskyrkan) is a church situated in central Turku.

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A steamship, often referred to as a steamer, is a type of steam powered vessel, typically ocean-faring and seaworthy, that is propelled by one or more steam engines that typically drive (turn) propellers or paddlewheels.

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Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

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Stone Age

The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface.

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Sub-regions of Finland

Finland is divided into 70 sub-regional units (seutukunta, ekonomisk region).

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A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Svenska Akademiens ordbok

A complete set of ''Svenska Akademiens ordbok'', as of late 2014. The majority of the volumes remain unbound in this set. Svenska Akademiens ordbok, abbreviated SAOB, is a dictionary published by the Swedish Academy, with the official title Ordbok över svenska språket utgiven av Svenska Akademien.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish language

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.

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Swedish People's Party of Finland

The Swedish People's Party of Finland (Svenska folkpartiet i Finland (SFP); Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue (RKP)) is a liberal-centrist political party in Finland aiming to represent the interests of the minority Swedish-speaking population of Finland.

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Szeged (see also other alternative names) is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád county.

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Tabloid (newspaper format)

A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.

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Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.

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Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland.

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Tartu (South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.

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Teemu Brunila

Teemu William Brunila (born 24 November 1976 in Turku) is a Finnish singer, songwriter, musician and producer.

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Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.

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Television in Finland

Television was introduced in Finland in 1955.

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Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

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Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.

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Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo

Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo is the first newspaper to be published in Finland in 1770.It was published in Swedish as Finland was then under Swedish rule.It was in circulation until 1785.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Treaty of Fredrikshamn

The Treaty of Fredrikshamn or the Treaty of Hamina (Haminan rauha, Freden i Fredrikshamn) was a peace treaty concluded between Sweden and Russia on 17 September 1809.

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Turku Airport

Turku Airport, is located in Turku, Finland, north of the centre, in Lentokenttä (Finnish for airfield; Flygfältet) district in the Maaria-Paattinen ward of Turku.

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Turku Castle

Turku Castle (Turun linna, Åbo slott) is a medieval building in the city of Turku in Finland.

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Turku Cathedral

Turku Cathedral (Turun tuomiokirkko, Åbo domkyrka) is the previous catholic cathedral of Finland, today the Mother Church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.

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Turku Cemetery

Turku Cemetery (Turun hautausmaa, Åbo begravningsplats) is a cemetery inaugurated in 1807 and located in Vasaramäki on the south-eastern outskirts of the city of Turku.

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Turku Central Station

Turku Central Station is a railway station in the VII District of Turku, Finland.

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Turku International School

Turku International School is an international school in Turku, Finland, located in the eastern district of Varissuo.

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Turku music festival

Turku Music Festival (Turun musiikkijuhlat, Åbo musikfestspel) is the oldest continuously operating music festival in Finland.

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Turku Orthodox Church

Turku Orthodox Church or the Church of the Holy Martyr Empress Alexandra (Turun ortodoksinen kirkko; Церковь в честь святой мученицы царицы Александры, Cerkov v čest' svjatoj mučenicy cariny Aleksandry; Åbo ortodoxa kyrka) is the main church of the Turku orthodox parish located on the northeast corner of Turku Market Square in Turku, Finland.

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Turku School of Economics

Turku School of Economics (Finnish Turun kauppakorkeakoulu) is a unit of the University of Turku located in Turku, Finland.

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Turku Science Park

Turku Science Park is a community of businesses and educational establishments in the city of Turku, Finland.

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Turku sub-region

The Turku Region (Turun seutukunta, Åbo ekonomiska region), The City Region of Turku (Turun kaupunkiseutu, Åbo stadsregion) and Greater Turku (Suur-Turku, Storåbo) all refer to regions of different size surrounding Turku, the capital city of the region of Southwest Finland.

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Turku University Hospital

Turku University Hospital (Turun yliopistollinen keskussairaala, TYKS, Åbo universitetscentralsjukhus, ÅUCS) is a hospital in Turku, Finland.

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Turku University of Applied Sciences

Turku University of Applied Sciences (abbr. TUAS, Finnish Turun ammattikorkeakoulu) is a multidisciplinary higher education institution, located in the city of Turku in.

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Turun normaalikoulu

Turun normaalikoulu (or Norssi for short) is a school in Varissuo, an eastern suburb of Turku, Finland.

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Turun Palloseura

Turun Palloseura, commonly known as TPS, is a professional football club based in Turku, Finland, that competes in the Veikkausliiga, the top flight of Finnish Football.

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Turun Sanomat

Turun Sanomat is the leading regional newspaper of the region of Southwest Finland.

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A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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University of applied sciences (Finland)

An ammattikorkeakoulu (yrkeshögskola in Swedish, polytechnic or university of applied sciences in English), abbreviated AMK, is a Finnish institution of higher education.

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University of Helsinki

The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto, Helsingfors universitet, Universitas Helsingiensis, abbreviated UH) is a university located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829, but was founded in the city of Turku (in Swedish Åbo) in 1640 as the Royal Academy of Åbo, at that time part of the Swedish Empire.

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University of Turku

The University of Turku (in Finnish Turun yliopisto, in Swedish Åbo universitet, shortened in UTU), located in Turku in southwestern Finland (EU), is the second largest university in the country as measured by student enrollment, after University of Helsinki.

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Upper middle class

In sociology, the upper middle class is the social group constituted by higher status members of the middle class.

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Vahto is a former municipality of Finland.

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Varissuo (Finnish; Kråkkärret in Swedish) is a district and the largest suburb of the city of Turku, in Finland.

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Varna (Варна, Varna) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.

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Veikkausliiga (Tipsligan) is the premier division of Finnish football, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country.

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Velkua is a former municipality of Finland.

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Veritas Stadion

Veritas Stadion is a football (soccer) stadium in Turku, Finland.

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Viking Line

Viking Line is a Finnish shipping company that operates a fleet of ferries and cruiseferries between Finland, the Åland Islands, Sweden and Estonia.

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Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.

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VR (company)

VR (formally VR Group) is a government-owned railway company in Finland.

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War against Sigismund

The war against Sigismund (Kriget mot Sigismund) was a war between Duke Charles, later King Charles IX and Sigismund, King of Sweden and Poland.

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Ward (electoral subdivision)

A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.

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Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art

Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art (Wäinö Aaltosen museo, Wäinö Aaltonens museum) or WAM for short, is an art museum in central Turku, Finland dedicated especially to modern art.

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Wärtsilä is a Finnish corporation which manufactures and services power sources and other equipment in the marine and energy markets.

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Weather station

A weather station is a facility, either on land or sea, with instruments and equipment for measuring atmospheric conditions to provide information for weather forecasts and to study the weather and climate.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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Winter War

The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.

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Yleisradio Oy (Finnish), also known as Rundradion (Swedish) or the Finnish Broadcasting Company (English), abbreviated to Yle (pronounced /yle/; previously stylised as YLE before the 2012 corporate rebrand), is Finland's national public broadcasting company, founded in 1926.

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Yle Radio Suomi

Yle Radio Suomi is a Finnish radio station owned by Yleisradio (Yle).

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Yle Vega

Yle Vega (prior to 1 September 2016 – Yle Radio Vega) is a Finnish radio channel broadcasting in the Swedish language.

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Redirects here:

Aabo, Abo, Finland, History of Turku, Names of Turku, Turku Art Museum, Turku, Finland, Turun, Åbo.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turku

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