278 relations: Addison Baker, Air gunner, Air Transport Command, Airfoil, Allied Intelligence Bureau, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Anti-submarine warfare, Anti-submarine weapon, Apulia, Armour, Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command, Ascension Island, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Atlantic Ocean, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Avro Lancaster, Avro Lancastrian, Azon, Azores, Bad Zwischenahn, Ball turret, Battle of France, Battle of the Atlantic, Ben Kuroki, Bendix Corporation, Bermuda, Boeing, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Boeing B-47 Stratojet, Bombardment group, Borneo, Boulton Paul Aircraft, Boxcar, Bremen, British Overseas Airways Corporation, British Purchasing Commission, Burma Railway, Ceiling (aeronautics), Center of mass, Chengdu, China, China Burma India Theater, Chinese Civil War, Chuck Bednarik, Colombo, Consolidated Aircraft, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, ..., Consolidated B-32 Dominator, Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express, Consolidated Liberator I, Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Consolidated R2Y, Consolidated XB-41 Liberator, Consolidated XP4Y Corregidor, Convair B-36 Peacemaker, Cuba, Curtiss C-46 Commando, Davis wing, De Havilland Mosquito, Detroit, Distinguished Flying Cross (United States), Don Herbert, Douglas A-26 Invader, Douglas Aircraft Company, Douglas B-23 Dragon, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas C-54 Skymaster, Dutch East Indies, Egypt, Eighth Air Force, Empennage, Engineering and Research Corporation, Ernest K. Gann, Estado Novo (Portugal), Europe, European theatre of World War II, Fate Is the Hunter, Flying boat, Flying Tigers, Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, Foggia, Foot, Ford Motor Company, Fort Worth, Texas, France, French Air Force, Fuel efficiency, Fuel tank, Fuselage, Gasoline, General Electric, George Kenney, George McGovern, George S. Patton, German submarine U-156, Germany, Glenn L. Martin Company, Grand Prairie, Texas, Greenland, H2X, Hal Clement, Handley Page Halifax, Hawaii, Heating system, Heavy bomber, Heinz Knoke, Himalayas, Horsepower, Iceland, India, Indian Air Force, Indian Ocean, Indies, Italy, Jagdgeschwader 1 (World War II), James Stewart, Japan, Japanese Americans, Java, Jim Wright, John L. Jerstad, John R. Kane, Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Judas goat, Junkers Ju 290, Kampfgeschwader 200, Kangaroo, Knot (unit), Kraków, Kure, Hiroshima, Laconia incident, Lady Be Good (aircraft), Landing gear, Leigh light, Lend-Lease, Leon W. Johnson, Leutnant, Libya, Lift-to-drag ratio, List of most-produced aircraft, Little Eva (aircraft), Lloyd Herbert Hughes, Louis Zamperini, M2 Browning, Machine gun, Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, Maritime patrol aircraft, Maxwell Air Force Base, Medal of Honor, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, Mid-Atlantic gap, Middle East, Midway Atoll, Montreal, Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, New Guinea, No. 100 Group RAF, No. 120 Squadron RAF, No. 200 Flight RAAF, No. 223 Squadron RAF, North American Aviation, North American B-25 Mitchell, Northern Ireland, Northern Territory, Northwestern Europe, Office of Strategic Services, Operation Aphrodite, Operation Carpetbagger, Operation Tidal Wave, Operational conversion unit, Oxygen, Pacific Ocean, Pacific War, People's Liberation Army Air Force, Perth, Petlyakov Pe-8, Piaggio P.108, Pitot-static system, Ploiești, Pointblank directive, Pound (mass), Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp, Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Prestwick, Prisoner of war, Puerto Rico, Qantas, Queensland, RAAF Learmonth, Radar, Radial engine, RAF Bomber Command, RAF Coastal Command, RAF Ferry Command, RAF Sculthorpe, RAF Tibenham, Reuben H. Fleet, Robert Altman, Robert Post (journalist), Rolltop desk, Romania, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, San Diego, Scotland, Seattle, Second Sino-Japanese War, Self-sealing fuel tank, Seventh Air Force, Short Stirling, Sole Survivor (1970 film), South African Air Force, South East Asia Command, South West Pacific theatre of World War II, Soviet Union, Spain, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Sperry Corporation, Stephen E. Ambrose, Stewart Udall, Supercharger, Taj Mahal, Tenth Air Force, The Bahamas, The Hump, The New York Times, The Sinking of the Laconia, The Wild Blue, Tiger Force (air), Transatlantic flight, Tricycle landing gear, Trinidad, Tulsa International Airport, Tulsa, Oklahoma, Turbocharger, Twin tail, U-boat, Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption, Under a War-Torn Sky, United Kingdom, United States Army Air Corps, United States Army Air Forces, United States Coast Guard, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe, Wake Island, Warsaw, Warsaw Uprising, Western Australia, William Charles Anderson, Willow Run, Willow Run Airport, Wingspan, World War II, Wright R-1820, Yakutsk, Yugoslavia, Zero-lift drag coefficient, 11th Bomb Squadron, 15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, 1922 United States Navy aircraft designation system, 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash, 31 Squadron SAAF, 34 Squadron SAAF, 36th Electronic Warfare Squadron, 380th Expeditionary Operations Group, 44th Fighter Group, 458th Air Expeditionary Group, 7th Operations Group. 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Lieutenant Colonel Addison Earl Baker (January 1, 1907 – August 1, 1943) was commander of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in the U.S. Army Air Forces who led the group on the low-altitude Allied bombing mission of oil refineries at Ploieşti, Romania, Operation Tidal Wave.
An air gunner (AG) a.k.a. aerial gunner is a member of an air force aircrew who operates flexible-mount or turret-mounted machine guns or autocannons in an aircraft.
Air Transport Command (ATC) is an United States Air Force unit that was created during World War II as the strategic airlift component of the United States Army Air Forces.
An airfoil (in American English) or aerofoil (in British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
The Allied Intelligence Bureau (AIB) was a joint United States, Australian, Dutch and British intelligence and special operations agency during World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage or destroy enemy submarines.
An anti-submarine weapon (ASW) is any one of a number of devices that are intended to act against a submarine and its crew, to destroy (sink) the vessel or reduce its capability as a weapon of war.
Apulia (Puglia)From Greek Ἀπουλία; in Puglia, (Demonym: Pugliese). is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south.
Armour (spelled armor in the United States of America) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual, or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or action (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.
The Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command (AC) was a direct reporting agency of the United States Army Air Forces during World War II.
Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island in the equatorial waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, around from the coast of Africa and from the coast of Brazil, which is roughly midway between the horn of South America and Africa.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its aerodynamic breadth or chord.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of the Second World War.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber designed and built by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a Canadian and British passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s developed from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber.
AZON (or Azon), from "''az''imuth only", was one of the world's first smart bombs, deployed by the Allies and contemporary with the German Fritz X. Officially designated VB-1 ("Vertical Bomb 1"), it was invented by Major Henry J. Rand and Thomas J. O'Donnell during the latter stages of World War II as the answer to the difficult problem of destroying the narrow wooden bridges that supported much of the Burma Railway.
New!!: Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Azon ·
The Azores (Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, composed of nine volcanic islands situated in the North Atlantic Ocean about west of continental Portugal, about northwest of Madeira, about southeast of Newfoundland, and about northeast of Brazil.
Bad Zwischenahn (Low German: Twüschenahn) is a town and a municipality in the low-lying Ammerland district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
A ball turret was a spherical-shaped, altazimuth mount gun turret, fitted to some American-built aircraft during World War II.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating primarily French forces.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
Ben Kuroki (May 16, 1917 – September 1, 2015) was the only American of Japanese descent in the United States Army Air Forces to serve in combat operations in the Pacific theater of World War II.
The Bendix Corporation was an American manufacturing and engineering company which during various times in its 60-year existence (1924–1983) made automotive brake shoes and systems, aircraft brakes, aeronautical hydraulics and electric power systems, avionics, aircraft and automobile fuel control systems, radios, televisions and computers.
Bermuda, also referred to in legal documents as, fully, "the Bermudas or Somers Isles", is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the east coast of North America.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets and satellites.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing and was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
The Boeing B-47 Stratojet (company Model 450) was a long range, six-engine, turbojet-powered strategic bomber designed to fly at high subsonic speed and at high altitude to avoid enemy interceptor aircraft.
A bombardment group or bomb group was a group of bomber aircraft the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II.
Borneo (Kalimantan, Borneo) is the third-largest island in the world and the largest island in Asia.
Boulton Paul Aircraft Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer that was incorporated in 1934, although its origins in aircraft manufacturing began earlier in 1914, and lasted until 1961.
A boxcar is a North American railroad car that is enclosed and generally used to carry general freight.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
The British Purchasing Commission was a United Kingdom organization of the Second World War.
The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Burma–Siam Railway, the Thailand–Burma Railway and similar names, was a railway between Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built by the Empire of Japan in 1943 to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.
With respect to aircraft performance, a ceiling is the maximum density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditions, as determined by its flight envelope.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero or the point where if a force is applied causes it to move in direction of force without rotation.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is the provincial capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China, as well as a major city in Western China.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
China Burma India Theater (CBI) was an umbrella term, used by the United States military during World War II for the China and Southeast Asian or India-Burma (IBT) theaters.
The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Charles Philip "Chuck" Bednarik (May 1, 1925 – March 21, 2015), or Concrete Charlie, was a professional American football player, known as one of the most devastating tacklers in the history of football and the last full-time two-way player in the National Football League.
Colombo (Sinhala: කොළඹ, pronounced; கொழும்பு) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
The Consolidated Aircraft Corporation was founded in 1923 by Reuben H. Fleet in Buffalo, NY, the result of the Gallaudet Aircraft Company's liquidation and Fleet's purchase of designs from the Dayton-Wright Company as the subsidiary was being closed by its parent corporation, General Motors.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.
The Consolidated B-32 Dominator (Consolidated Model 34) was a heavy bomber made for United States Army Air Forces during World War II, and had the distinction of being the last Allied aircraft to be engaged in combat during World War II.
The Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express is a transport derivative of the B-24 Liberator heavy bomber built during World War II for the United States Army Air Forces.
Consolidated Liberator I was the service name of the first Consolidated B-24 Liberator 4-engined bombers to see use with the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer is a World War II and Korean War era patrol bomber of the United States Navy derived from the Consolidated B-24 Liberator.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, (PB Standing for Patrol Bomber and Y the code assigned to Consolidated Aircraft) also known as the Canso, was an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
The Consolidated R2Y "Liberator Liner" (Consolidated Model 39) was an airliner derivative of the B-24 Liberator built for the United States Navy by Consolidated Aircraft.
The Consolidated XB-41 Liberator was a single Consolidated B-24D Liberator bomber, serial 41-11822, which was modified for the long-range escort role for U.S. Eighth Air Force bombing missions over Europe during World War II.
The Consolidated XP4Y (company Model 31) was an American twin-engined long-range maritime patrol flying boat built by Consolidated Aircraft for the United States Navy.
The Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" was a strategic bomber built by Convair and operated solely by the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1949 to 1959.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country in the Caribbean comprising the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos.
New!!: Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Cuba ·
The Curtiss C-46 Commando is a transport aircraft derived from the Curtiss CW-20 pressurised high-altitude airliner design.Early press reports used the name 'Condor III' but the Commando name was in use by early 1942 in company publicity.
The Davis wing is an aircraft wing design that was used for some time on a variety of World War II aircraft, most notably a number of designs from Consolidated Aircraft, including the Consolidated B-24 Liberator.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito was a British multi-role combat aircraft with a two-man crew that served during and after the Second World War.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the largest city on the United States–Canada border.
The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918.".
Donald Jeffry Herbert (born Donald Herbert Kemske and better known as Mr. Wizard, July 10, 1917 – June 12, 2007) was the creator and host of Watch Mr. Wizard (1951–65, 1971–72) and of Mr. Wizard's World (1983–90), which were educational television programs for children devoted to science and technology.
The Douglas A-26 Invader (designated B-26 between 1948 and 1965) is a twin-engined light bomber and attack aircraft that was built by Douglas Aircraft Company during World War II which also saw service during several major Cold War conflicts.
The Douglas Aircraft Company was an American aerospace manufacturer based in Southern California.
The Douglas B-23 Dragon is a twin-engined bomber developed by the Douglas Aircraft Company as a successor to (and a refinement of) the B-18 Bolo.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Douglas C-54 Skymaster was a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies; Nederlands-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Eighth Air Force (8AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
The empennage,Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 194.
Engineering and Research Corporation (ERCO) was started by Henry Berliner in 1930.
Ernest Kellogg Gann (October 13, 1910 – December 19, 1991) was an American aviator, author, sailor, and conservationist.
The Estado Novo ("New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal in 1933, often considered to be a fascist regime.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
The European Theatre of World War II, also known as the European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering much of Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945 (V-E Day).
Fate is the Hunter is a 1961 memoir by aviation writer Ernest K. Gann.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
The 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, nicknamed the Flying Tigers, was composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC), Navy (USN), and Marine Corps (USMC), recruited under presidential authority and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner.
Foggia is a city and comune of Apulia, in southern Italy, capital of the province of Foggia.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.
New!!: Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Foot ·
The Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Fort Worth is the 16th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'air, "army of the air") is the air force of the French Armed Forces.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the efficiency of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier fuel into kinetic energy or work.
A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo.
Gasoline, also known as petrol outside of North America, is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines.
General Electric (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in New York.
George Churchill Kenney (6 August 1889 – 9 August 1977) was a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.
George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election.
George Smith Patton, Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a United States Army general, who commanded the Seventh United States Army in the Mediterranean and European Theaters of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the Third United States Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy.
U-156 may refer to one of the following German submarines.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
The Glenn L. Martin Company was an American aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company that was founded by the aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin.
Grand Prairie is a city located in Dallas and Tarrant counties in the U.S. state of Texas.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat; Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
H2X radar ("Mickey set", AN/APS-15) was an American development of the British H2S radar, the first ground mapping radar to be used in combat.
New!!: Consolidated B-24 Liberator and H2X ·
Harry Clement Stubbs (May 30, 1922 – October 29, 2003) better known by the pen name Hal Clement, was an American science fiction writer and a leader of the hard science fiction subgenre.
The Handley Page Halifax was a four-engined heavy bomber model operated by the British Royal Air Force during World War II.
Hawaii (locally,; Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent U.S. state to join the United States, having joined on August 21, 1959.
A heating system is a mechanism for maintaining temperatures at an acceptable level; by using thermal energy within a home, office, or other dwelling.
Heavy bombers are bomber aircraft with the greatest bomb load carrying capacity and longest range of their time.
Heinz Knoke (24 March 1921 – 18 May 1993) was a World War II Luftwaffe flying ace.
The Himalayas or Himalaya (or; हिमालय, Nepali: हिमालय, Hindi: हिमालय, ہمالیہ; from Sanskrit hima (snow) + ālaya (dwelling), literally meaning "abode of snow") is a mountain range in South Asia and East Asia which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; Devanāgarī: भारतीय वायु सेना, Bharatiya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term that has been used to describe the lands of South and South East Asia,Oxford Dictionary of English 2e, Oxford University Press, 2003, East Indies/East India occupying all of the present India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, most of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, East Timor, and Malaysia.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) was a German World War II fighter unit or "wing" which used the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft, between 1940–1944.
James Maitland "Jimmy" Stewart (May 20, 1908July 2, 1997) was an American film and stage actor, known for his distinctive drawl and down-to-earth persona.
Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
The ethnic group comprises Americans who are fully or partially of Japanese descent, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ) is an island of Indonesia.
New!!: Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Java ·
James Claude Wright, Jr. (December 22, 1922 – May 6, 2015), usually known as Jim Wright, was a Democratic U.S. Congressman from Texas who served 34 years in the U.S. House of Representatives and was the Speaker of the House from 1987 to 1989.
John Louis "Jack" Jerstad (February 12, 1918 – August 1, 1943) was a United States Army Air Forces officer who was posthumously awarded the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.
John Riley Kane (January 5, 1907 – May 29, 1996) was a colonel in the United States Army Air Forces and later the United States Air Force who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, in World War II.
Lieutenant Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Jr. (July 25, 1915 – August 12, 1944) was a junior officer in the United States Navy, a Naval Aviator, and a land-based patrol bomber pilot during World War II.
A Judas goat is a trained goat used in general animal herding.
The Junkers Ju 290 was a long-range transport, maritime patrol aircraft and heavy bomber used by the Luftwaffe late in World War II.
Kampfgeschwader 200 (KG 200) (in English Bomber Wing 200) was a German Luftwaffe special operations unit during World War II.
The kangaroo is a marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods, meaning "large foot").
The knot is a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile (1.852 km) per hour, approximately 1.151 mph.
Kraków also Cracow, or Krakow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
is a port and major shipbuilding city situated on the Seto Inland Sea in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
The Laconia incident refers to the controversial events surrounding the sinking and subsequent aborted rescue attempt of a British troopship in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II.
Lady Be Good was an USAAF B-24D Liberator that mysteriously disappeared without trace on its first combat mission during World War II.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft, and is used in both takeoff and landing.
The Leigh Light (abbreviated L/L) was a British World War II era anti-submarine device used in the Second Battle of the Atlantic.
The Lend-Lease policy, formally titled "An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States", was a program under which the United States supplied Free France, United Kingdom, the Republic of China, and later the USSR and other Allied nations with food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
General Leon William Johnson (September 13, 1904 – November 10, 1997) was a United States Air Force 4-star general and World War II Medal of Honor recipient.
Leutnant (OF-1b) is the lowest Lieutenant officer rank in the armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr), Austrian Armed Forces, and Military of Switzerland.
Libya (ليبيا) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
This is a list of the most-produced aircraft types whose numbers exceed or exceeded 5,000.
"Little Eva" was a USAAF Consolidated B-24 Liberator which, returning from a bombing mission, got lost and crashed having exhausted its fuel supply on 2 December 1942 north-west of Burketown, Queensland (near the Gulf of Carpentaria).
Lloyd Herbert "Pete" Hughes, Jr., (July 12, 1921 – August 1, 1943), a second lieutenant in the United States Army Air Forces who received the Medal of Honor posthumously for his actions in Operation Tidal Wave during World War II.
Louis Silvie "Louie" Zamperini (January 26, 1917 – July 2, 2014) was an American prisoner of war survivor in World War II, a Christian evangelist and an Olympic distance runner.
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed towards the end of World War I by John Browning.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm, designed to fire bullets in quick succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of three hundred to eighteen hundred rounds per minute.
The Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, also known as Operation Forager, was an offensive launched by United States forces against Imperial Japanese forces in the Mariana Islands and Palau in the Pacific Ocean between June and November, 1944 during the Pacific War.
A maritime patrol aircraft (MPA), also known as a patrol aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, or by the older American term patrol bomber, is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to operate for long durations over water in maritime patrol roles—in particular anti-submarine, anti-ship and search and rescue.
Maxwell Air Force Base, officially known as Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, is a United States Air Force (USAF) installation under the Air Education and Training Command (AETC).
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest military honor, awarded for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109, commonly called the Me 109 (most often by Allied aircrew and even amongst the German aces themselves, even though this was not the official German designation), is a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser during the early to mid-1930s.
The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, designed by Alexander Lippisch, was a German rocket-powered fighter aircraft.
The Mid-Atlantic Gap is a geographical term attributed to an undefended area beyond the reach of land-based Coastal Command antisubmarine (A/S) aircraft during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War.
The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.
Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean.
Montreal (Montréal) is a city in the Canadian province of Quebec.
Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base (or NAS Fort Worth JRB) includes Carswell Field, a military airbase located west of the central business district of Fort Worth, in Tarrant County, Texas, United States.
New Guinea (Papua or, historically, Irian) is a large Island in the South West Pacific region.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the centre and central northern regions.
Northwestern, or northwest Europe is the loosely defined northwestern region of Europe.
The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II.
Aphrodite and Anvil were the World War II code names of United States Army Air Forces and United States Navy operations to use B-17 and PB4Y bombers as precision-guided munitions against bunkers and other hardened/reinforced enemy facilities such as those targeted during Operation Crossbow.
During World War II, Operation Carpetbagger was a general term used for the aerial supply of weapons and other matériel to resistance fighters in France, Italy and the Low Countries by the U.S. Army Air Forces that began on 4 January 1944.
Operation Tidal Wave was an air attack by bombers of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) based in Libya and Southern Italy on nine oil refineries around Ploiești, Romania on 1 August 1943, during World War II.
An operational conversion unit (OCU) is a unit within an air force whose role is to support preparation for the operational missions of a specific aircraft type by providing trained personnel.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theatre of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and East Asia.
The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) is the aerial warfare service branch of the People's Liberation Army, the armed forces of the People's Republic of China.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
The Petlyakov Pe-8 was a Soviet heavy bomber designed before World War II, and the only four-engine bomber the USSR built during the war.
The Piaggio P.108 Bombardiere was an Italian four-engine heavy bomber that saw service with the Regia Aeronautica during World War II.
A pitot-static system is a system of pressure -sensitive instruments that is most often used in aviation to determine an aircraft's airspeed, Mach number, altitude, and altitude trend.
Ploiești (older spelling: Ploești) is the county seat of Prahova County and lies in the historical region of Wallachia in Romania.
The Pointblank directive authorised the initiation of Operation Pointblank, the code name for the primary portion of the Allied Combined Bomber Offensive intended to cripple or destroy the German aircraft fighter strength, thus drawing it away from frontline operations and ensuring it would not be an obstacle to the invasion of Northwest Europe.
The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, lbm, lbm, ℔) is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations.
The Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp was an American aircraft engine widely used in the 1930s and 1940s.
The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the United States Armed Forces, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II).
Prestwick is a town in South Ayrshire on the south-west coast of Scotland, about south-west of Glasgow.
A prisoner of war (POW, PoW, PW, P/W, WP, PsW, enemy prisoner of war (EPW) or "missing-captured") is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally the "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico"), is a United States territory located in the northeastern Caribbean.
Qantas Airways Limited is the flag carrier airline of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most-populous state in Australia.
RAAF Learmonth, also known as Learmonth Airport, is a joint use Royal Australian Air Force base and civil airport.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The RAF Ferry Command had a short life, but it spawned, in part, an organisation that lasted well beyond the war years during which it was formed.
RAF Sculthorpe is a military training facility for the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence, situated about west of Fakenham in Norfolk, England.
Royal Air Force Station Tibenham or more simply RAF Tibenham is a former Royal Air Force station located southwest of Norwich and north of Diss, Norfolk, England.
Reuben Hollis Fleet (March 6, 1887 – October 29, 1975) was an American aviation pioneer, industrialist and army officer.
Robert Bernard Altman (February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Robert Perkins Post (September 8, 1910 – February 26, 1943) worked as a reporter for the New York Times during World War II.
A rolltop desk is a 19th-century reworking of the pedestal desk with, in addition, a series of stacked compartments, shelves, drawers and nooks in front of the user, much like the bureau à gradin or the Carlton House desk.
RomaniaIn English, Romania was formerly often spelled Rumania or sometimes Roumania.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) (French: Aviation royale canadienne, ARC), formerly, formally the Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM), is the air force of Canada.
San Diego is a major city in California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico.
Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Seattle is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County.
The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945.
Used primarily in aviation, self-sealing is a technology—in wide use since World War II—that prevents fuel tanks or bladders from leaking fuel and igniting after being damaged by enemy fire.
United States Air Forces Korea and USAFK redirect here. The Seventh Air Force (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
The Short Stirling was the first four-engined British heavy bomber of the Second World War.
Sole Survivor (1970) is an ABC Movie of the Week starring Richard Basehart, William Shatner, and Vince Edwards.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
South East Asia Command (SEAC) was the body set up to be in overall charge of Allied operations in the South-East Asian Theatre during World War II.
The South West Pacific theatre, during World War II, was a major theatre of the war between the Allies and Japan.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
Sperry Corporation was a major American equipment and electronics company whose existence spanned more than seven decades of the twentieth century.
Stephen Edward Ambrose (January 10, 1936 – October 13, 2002) was an American historian and biographer of U.S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon.
Stewart Lee Udall (January 31, 1920 – March 20, 2010) was an American politician and later, a federal government official.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
The Taj Mahal (more often; from Persian and Arabic, "crown of palaces") is a white marble mausoleum located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra.
The Tenth Air Force (10 AF) is a unit of the U.S. Air Force, specifically a numbered air force of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC).
The Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean; north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic); northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; southeast of the U.S. state of Florida and east of the Florida Keys.
The Hump was the name given by Allied pilots in the Second World War to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India to China to resupply the Chinese war effort of Chiang Kai-shek and the units of the United States Army Air Forces based in China.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Sinking of the Laconia is a two-part TV film, first aired on 6 and 7 January 2011 on BBC Two, about the Laconia incident; the sinking of the British ocean liner RMS ''Laconia'' during World War II by a German U-boat, which then, together with three other U-boats and an Italian submarine, rescued the passengers but was in turn attacked by an American bomber.
The Wild Blue: The Men and Boys who Flew the B-24s over Germany, by historian Stephen Ambrose, was published in 2001.
Tiger Force, also known as the Very Long Range Bomber Force, was the name given to a World War II British Commonwealth long-range heavy bomber force, formed in 1945, from squadrons serving with RAF Bomber Command in Europe, for proposed use against targets in Japan.
Transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean, from Europe, Africa or Middle East to North America, Central America or South America, or west-to-east.
Tricycle gear is a type of aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion.
Trinidad (Spanish: "Trinity") is the larger and more populous of the two major islands and numerous landforms which make up the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tulsa International Airport is a city-owned civil-military airport five miles (8 km) northeast of downtown Tulsa, in Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States.
Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 47th-most populous city in the United States.
A turbocharger, or turbo (colloquialism), from Greek "τύρβη" ("wake"), (also from Latin "turbo" ("spinning top")) is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
A twin tail is a specific type of vertical stabilizer arrangement found on the empennage of some aircraft.
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption is a 2010 non-fiction book by Laura Hillenbrand, author of the best-selling book Seabiscuit: An American Legend (2001).
Under a War-Torn Sky is a young adult war novel about a young man flying a B-24 in World War II.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) was the military aviation arm of the United States of America between 1926 and 1941.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF) were the military aviation service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II, successor to the United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) was a formation of the United States Army Air Forces.
Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 2,416 km (1501 mi) east of Guam, 3,698 km (2,298 mi) west of Honolulu and 3,205 km (1,992 mi) southeast of Tokyo.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Warsaw Uprising (powstanie warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army (Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
William Charles Anderson (better known as William C. Anderson) (May 7, 1920, La Junta, Colorado – May 16, 2003, in Fairfield, California) was the author of more than twenty novels, historical and true life stories, and author or coauthor of several screenplays for film and television, including the adaptation of his own Bat*21, which was made into a film, starring Gene Hackman and Danny Glover, and Hurricane Hunters, was made into a TV-movie for ABC, starring Martin Milner.
The Willow Run manufacturing complex, located between Ypsilanti and Belleville, Michigan, was constructed in the early years of World War II by Ford Motor Company for the mass production of war munitions, especially the B-24 Liberator heavy bomber.
This article is about the airport; for the manufacturing complex, see the main Willow Run article. Willow Run Airport is in Van Buren Charter Township and in Ypsilanti Township, near Ypsilanti, Michigan, that serves freight, corporate, and general aviation.
The wingspan (or just span) of an airplane or a bird, is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
The Wright R-1820 Cyclone 9 was an American radial engine developed by Curtiss-Wright, widely used on aircraft in the 1930s through 1950s.
Yakutsk (p; Дьокуускай, Jokūskaĭ) is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about south of the Arctic Circle.
'Yugoslavia' (Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Jugoslavija, Југославија), once spelled and called "Jugoslavia", was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century.
In aerodynamics, the zero-lift drag coefficient C_ is a dimensionless parameter which relates an aircraft's zero-lift drag force to its size, speed, and flying altitude.
The 11th Bomb Squadron (11 BS) is a unit of the United States Air Force, 2d Operations Group, 2d Bomb Wing located at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
The Fifteenth Expeditionary Mobility Task Force (15 EMTF) was one of two EMTFs assigned to the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC) and was headquartered at Travis Air Force Base, California.
Until 1962, the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps and the United States Coast Guard used a system to designate their aircraft that included information about a craft's role and its manufacturer.
The 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash resulted in the death of an estimated sixteen people, including general Władysław Sikorski, the commander-in-chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.
31 Squadron was initially a World War II Coastal bomber/reconnaissance squadron South African Air Force.
34 Squadron was a heavy bomber squadron of the South African Air Force during World War II.
The 36th Electronic Warfare Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit.
The 380th Expeditionary Operations Group (380 EOG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 380th Air Expeditionary Wing.
The 44th Fighter Group (44 FG) is an Air Reserve Component (ARC) of the United States Air Force.
The 458th Air Expeditionary Group (458 AEG) is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe.
The 7th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 7th Bomb Wing, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas.
AT-22 Liberator, B 24 Liberator, B-24, B-24 Liberator, B-24 Liberator in Australian service, B-24 Liberators, B-24 Liberators in Australian service, B-24 bomber, B-24D Liberator, B-24D Liberators, B-24H Liberator, B-24J Liberator, B-24M Liberator, B-24s, BQ-8 Liberator, Consolidated AT-22, Consolidated B-24, Consolidated B-24A Liberator, Consolidated B-24D Liberator, Consolidated B-24D-1-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24D-135-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24D-20-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24D-53-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24D-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24E-5-FO Liberator, Consolidated B-24H-20-CF Liberator, Consolidated B-24H-25-FO Liberator, Consolidated B-24J Liberator, Consolidated B-24J-25-CO Liberator, Consolidated B-24J-FO Liberator, Consolidated B-24L Liberator, Consolidated B-41 Liberator, Consolidated F-7, Consolidated LB-30, Consolidated LB-30 Liberator, Consolidated LB-30 Liberator II, Consolidated LB-30A, Consolidated Liberator, Consolidated Liberator 11, Consolidated Liberator B.VIII (B-24L), Consolidated Liberator C Mk VIII, Consolidated Liberator II, Consolidated Liberator III, Consolidated Liberator IV, Consolidated Model 32, Consolidated Model 32 B-24 Liberator, Consolidated Model 38, Consolidated P5Y, Consolidated PB4Y-1, Consolidated PB4Y-1 Liberator, Consolidated XB-24, F-7 Liberator, F-7A Liberator, Ford bomber, LB-30, LB-30 Liberator, LB-30B Liberator, Liberator aircraft, PB4Y-1 Liberator, Preproduction B-24, RB-24 Liberator, XB-24.