453 relations: A1 Grand Prix, ABN AMRO, Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Advanced Micro Devices, Aerial engagements of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Air China, Allies of World War II, American Chamber of Commerce in the People's Republic of China, An Lushan Rebellion, Ancient Chinese states, Anshun Bridge, Atlanta, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Australia and New Zealand Banking Group, Łódź, Łódź Voivodeship, Ba Jin, Baiguolin, Baku, Bangalore, Banknote, Baoji–Chengdu railway, Battle of Nanking, Battle of Wuhan, Beijing, Beyoğlu, Bian lian, Biluochun, Black Dragon Pool, BNP Paribas, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Bonn, Brocade, Bronze Age, Business Insider, CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder, Canon Inc., Capital city, Cebu City, Central Province, Sri Lanka, Central Visayas, Chang Qu, Charles Horner (diplomat), Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group, Chengdu Airlines, Chengdu BRT, Chengdu East railway station, Chengdu Foreign Languages School, Chengdu Goldenport Circuit, Chengdu International School, ..., Chengdu J-10, Chengdu J-20, Chengdu Longquanyi Football Stadium, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu Meishi International School, Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu No.7 High School, Chengdu Open, Chengdu Plain, Chengdu railway station, Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Chengdu Shude High School, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu Sports Centre, Chengdu Tiancheng F.C., Chengdu Tianfu International Airport, Chengdu Tianfu Software Park, Chengdu University, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu–Chongqing railway, Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway, Chengdu–Kunming railway, Chenghua District, Chiang Ching-kuo, Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai Province, China, China Daily, China Eastern Airlines, China Formula 4 Championship, China League One, China Open (tennis), China Railway Chengdu Group, China Railways CRH1, China Southern Airlines, Chinese characters, Chinese city wall, Chinese Civil War, Chinese postal romanization, Chinese Super League, Chongqing, Chongzhou, Chunxi Road, Ci (poetry), Cigar, Cigarette, Cisco Systems, Citigroup, City of Adelaide, City of Gold Coast, Columbian Exchange, Communist Party of China, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County-level city, Cultivation of tobacco, Currency, Daegu, Dalarna, Dalian, Dandan noodles, Daocheng County, Dayi County, Dazhou, Dazhou–Chengdu railway, Dell, Deyang, Direct-controlled municipalities of China, District (China), Dongsheng Subdistrict, Shuangliu County, Du Fu, Dujiangyan, Dujiangyan City, Dynasties in Chinese history, Emeishan City, Empire of Japan, Empyrean, England, Fez, Fingal, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Flanders, Flemish Brabant, Former Shu, Formula V6 Asia, Fortune 500, Fu (country subdivision), Fu River (Sichuan), Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Giant panda, Gimcheon, Ginkgo biloba, Golden Sun Bird, Grand chancellor (China), Gross domestic product, Guadalajara metropolitan area, Guanghan, Guiyang, Guizhou, Guo Moruo, Haifa, Hakka people, Hamilton, New Zealand, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hanfu, Hangzhou, Hewlett-Packard, Hibiscus, Hibiscus mutabilis, Historical capitals of China, History of China, Hongyuan County, Honolulu, Horsens, Hot pot, HSBC, Huanglongxi, Humid subtropical climate, Humidity, IBM, IBM Global Services, Inland port, Intel, ISO 3166-2:CN, Japanese archipelago, Jasmine tea, Jiangyang District, Jiangyou, Jianyang, Sichuan, Jin dynasty (265–420), Jin River (Sichuan), Jinjiang District, Jinli, Jinniu District, Jinsha site, Jintang County, Jiuzhaigou, Jiuzhaigou County, JPMorgan Chase, Jutland, Kandy, Kangding, Kangxi Emperor, Karnataka, Kathmandu, Köppen climate classification, Kōfu, King Tai of Zhou, Knoxville, Tennessee, Kung Fu Panda, Kunming, Kuomintang, Lahore, Languedoc-Roussillon, Langzhong, Lanzhou, Laozi, Later Han (Five Dynasties), Later Shu, Léman International School - 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A1 Grand Prix (A1GP) was a 'single make' open wheel auto racing series that ran from 2005 until 2009.
ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch bank with headquarters in Amsterdam.
Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
The Second Sino-Japanese War began on 7 July 1937 with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in the Republic of China.
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The American Chamber of Commerce in the People's Republic of China (AmCham China) is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation whose membership compromises more than 3,300 individuals from 900 companies operating across China.
The An Lushan Rebellion was a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty of China.
Ancient Chinese States were typified by variously sized city states and territories that existed in China prior to its unification by Qin Shi Huang in 221 BCE.
The Anshun Bridge is a bridge in the provincial capital of Chengdu in Sichuan, China.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited, commonly called ANZ, is the third largest bank by market capitalisation in Australia, after the Commonwealth Bank and Westpac Banking Corporation.
Łódź (לאדזש, Lodzh; also written as Lodz) is the third-largest city in Poland and an industrial hub.
Łódź Voivodeship (also known as Łódź Province, or by its Polish name, województwo łódzkie) is a province (voivodeship) in central Poland.
Li Yaotang (25 November 190417 October 2005), better known by his pen name Ba Jin, was a Chinese author and political activist best known for his novel Family.
Baiguolin (Chinese: 白果林; Pinyin: Báiguǒlín) is an area in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
The Baoji–Chengdu railway or Baocheng railway, is a mixed single- and double-track, electrified, railroad in China between Baoji in Shaanxi province and Chengdu in Sichuan province.
The Battle of Nanking (or Nanjing) was fought in early December 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army for control of Nanking (Nanjing), the capital of the Republic of China.
The Battle of Wuhan, popularly known to the Chinese as the Defense of Wuhan, and to the Japanese as the Capture of Wuhan, was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beyoğlu is a district located on the European side of İstanbul, Turkey, separated from the old city (historic peninsula of Constantinople) by the Golden Horn.
Bian Lian is an ancient Chinese dramatic art that is part of the more general Sichuan opera.
Biluochun (pronounced) is a famous green tea originally grown in the Dongting mountain region near Lake Tai, Jiangsu, China.
Black Dragon Pool is a famous pond in the scenic Jade Spring Park (Yu Quan Gong Yuan) located at the foot of Elephant Hill, a short walk north of the Old Town of Lijiang in Yunnan province, China.
BNP Paribas is a French international banking group.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silver threads.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
The PAC JF-17 Thunder (جے ایف-١٧ گرج), or CAC FC-1 Xiaolong, is a lightweight, single-engine, multi-role combat aircraft developed jointly by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) and the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of China.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Cebu City (Dakbayan sa Sugbu; Lungsod ng Cebu) is a first class highly urbanized city in the island province of Cebu in Central Visayas, Philippines.
The Central Province (මධ්යම පළාත Madhyama Palata, மத்திய மாகாணம் Madhiya Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
Central Visayas (Tunga-tungang Kabisay-an; Gitnang Kabisayaan) is a region of the Philippines, numerically designated as Region VII.
Chang Qu (常璩) (c. 291 – c. 361 CE) was a 4th-century Chinese historian of Cheng Han (Jin dynasty (265–420) era), who wrote the Chronicles of Huayang or Records of the States South of Mount Hua, the oldest extant regional history of China.
Charles Horner, (b. April 8, 1943) was a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and Associate Director of the U.S. Information Agency during the administrations of President Ronald Reagan, and is currently a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington, D.C. His earlier service in government was as Staff Assistant to the late Senator Henry M. Jackson (D.-Wash.) and as Senior Legislative Assistant for Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy to the late Senator Daniel P. Moynihan.
The Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group or Chengdu Aerospace Corporation, a subsidiary of AVIC, is a Chinese aerospace conglomerate that designs and manufactures combat aircraft and is also a manufacturer of aircraft parts.
Chengdu Airlines Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Sichuan Airlines, is an airline headquartered in Chengdu, China.
Chengdu Bus Rapid Transit is a Bus Rapid Transit system in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province in the People's Republic of China.
Chengdu East railway station is a railway station on the Chengyu Passenger Railway, the Chengdu–Leshan Intercity Railway and the Dacheng Railway.
Chengdu Foreign Languages School (Simplified Chinese: 成都外国语学校，成外, pinyin: Chéngdū Wài Guó Yǔ Xué Xiào, Chéng Wài), founded in 1989 with the approval of the Education Department of Sichuan Province and sponsored by Sichuan DeRui Development Company Ltd, is the first middle school to concentrate on foreign language learning.
Chengdu Goldenport Circuit also known as Chengdu International Circuit in English.
Chengdu International School (CDIS) is an international school in Jinjiang District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
The Chengdu J-10 (simplified Chinese: 歼-10; traditional Chinese: 殲-10; NATO reporting name: Firebird is a lightweight multirole fighter aircraft capable of all-weather operation, configured with a delta wing and canard design, with fly-by-wire flight controls, and produced by the People's Republic of China's Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
The Chengdu J-20 is a single-seat, twinjet, all-weather, stealth fifth-generation fighter aircraft developed by China's Chengdu Aerospace Corporation for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
Chengdu Longquanyi Football Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in the eastern outskirts of Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Chengdu Medical Collegeis a medical college in Chengdu, China.
Chengdu Meishi International School (is a school in Chengdu, China. Opened in 2002, the school offers American and Chinese curricula as well as the IB Diploma Programme. Located outside of the 3rd ring road south of Chengdu, the school is an authorized education provider for the U.S. State Department, Indian and French employees.
The Chengdu Military Region was one of seven military districts and is located in the southwest of the People's Republic of China, covering Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, and the Xizang/Tibet Autonomous Region.
Chengdu No.7 High School is located at Moziqiao(Linyin Campus) and Chengdu High-Tech Zone(Gaoxin Campus), Chengdu. Chengdu No.7 High School, with the predecessor Mochi Shuyuan founded in Song Dynasty and the predecessor as a modern school established in 1905, was formerly Chengdu County Middle School. It is one of the first key high schools designated by Ministry of Education of China. It is considered as the top high school in Sichuan Province. Chengdu No.7 High school is well-known across the country for its high quality education and good academic performance. It is one of the four "National Model High schools" in China. it was the first high school in Sichuan that were elected to be the key high schools in China. A large number of the students in Chengdu No.7 High School are admitted in the top universities in China and prestigious universities in the world every year.
The Chengdu Open is a men's ATP World Tour 250 series tournament played on outdoor hard courts.
The Chengdu Plain (Chinese: 成都平原; Pinyin: Chéngdū Píngyuán), known as Cuanxi Bazi (Chinese: 川西坝子; Sichuanese Pinyin: Cuan1xi1 Ba4zi3) in Sichuanese, is an alluvial plain located in the western part of the Sichuan Basin in southwestern China.
Chengdu railway station is one of the 3 major railway stations in Chengdu, China, the others being Chengdu South railway station and Chengdu East railway station.
Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, or simply Chengdu Panda Base, is a non-profit research and breeding facility for giant pandas and other rare animals.
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan Province.
Chengdu Shude High School (Simplified Chinese: 成都市树德中学, Traditional Chinese: 成都樹徳中學, pinyin: Chéngdu Shùdé Zhongxúe)is a high school in Chengdu, China.
Chengdu Sport University is a sports university in the southwest of the downtown district of Chengdu, Sichuan Province.
Chengdu Sports Centre Stadium (Simplified Chinese: 成都市体育中心) or Sichuan Provincial Sports Centre (Simplified Chinese: 四川省体育中心) is a multi-use stadium in Chengdu, China which is currently used mostly for football matches.
Chengdu Tiancheng F.C. was a Chinese professional football club based in Chengdu, China who last played in the 26,000 seater Shuangliu Sports Centre in the China League One division.
Chengdu Tianfu International Airport is an airport being constructed to serve Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan province and a major air hub.
Chengdu Tianfu Software Park (TFSP), located at the core of the Southern Zone of Chengdu Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone (Chengdu Hi-Tech Zone) in Sichuan, China, has been developed by Chengdu Hi-tech Investment Group Co., Ltd.
Chengdu University, is a public university located in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China.
Chengdu University of Information Technology (CUIT) is a provincial key university co-governed and co-sponsored by China Meteorological Administration and Sichuan Province in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Chengdu University of Technology (CDUT) is a Chinese state university co-constructed by the Ministry of Land and Resources of P.R.C. and Sichuan Province, China.
Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CDUTCM) is located in Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan province, China.
Chengdu–Chongqing railway or Chengyu railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in the Sichuan Basin of Southwest China between the cities Chengdu and Chongqing.
The Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, high-speed rail line in Sichuan Province, China.
The Chengdu–Kunming railway or Chengkun railway, is a major trunkline railroad in southwestern China between Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province and Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.
Chenghua District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China, covering part of the eastern portion of the city.
Chiang Ching-kuo (Ningbo dialect) (27 April 1910 – 13 January 1988) was a politician in Taiwan.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
Chiang Mai (from เชียงใหม่, ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦ ᩲᩉ᩠ᨾ᩵) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand.
Chiang Mai (เชียงใหม่,; ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦᩉᩲ᩠ᨾ᩵) is the second-largest province (changwat) of Thailand.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.
China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (colloquially known as 东航/東航) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building, on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai.
China F4 Championship is a racing series regulated according to FIA Formula 4.
The Chinese Football Association China League, also known as China League One or Chinese Jia League (中甲联赛), is the second tier of Chinese clubs.
The China Open is an annual men's and women's professional tennis tournament held in Beijing, China.
China Railway Chengdu Group, officially abbreviated as CR Chengdu or CR-Chengdu, formerly, Chengdu Railway Administration is a subsidiaries company under the jurisdiction of the China Railway (formerly the Ministry of Railway).
The CRH1 EMU, also known as Hexie Hao (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony Express") is a high-speed train operated by China Railways and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
Chinese city walls refer to defensive systems used to protect towns and cities in China in pre-modern times.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.
The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as the China Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Chongzhou is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, located about west-southwest of downtown Chengdu.
Chunxi Road is a pedestrianized shopping street in Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan Province.
Cí (pronounced) is a type of lyric poetry in the tradition of Classical Chinese poetry.
A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.
Citigroup Inc. or Citi (stylized as citi) is an American multinational investment bank and financial services corporation headquartered in New York City.
The City of Adelaide is a local government area in the metropolitan area of Adelaide, South Australia.
The City of Gold Coast is the local government area spanning the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia and surrounding areas.
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
The cultivation of tobacco usually takes place annually.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
Daegu (대구, 大邱, literally 'large hill') formerly spelled Taegu and officially known as the Daegu Metropolitan City, is a city in South Korea, the fourth largest after Seoul, Busan, and Incheon, and the third largest metropolitan area in the nation with over 2.5 million residents.
Dalarna (English exonym: Dalecarlia), is a historical province or landskap in central Sweden.
Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China.
Dandan noodles or dandanmian is a noodle dish originating from Chinese Sichuan cuisine.
Daocheng County or Dapba in Tibetan, historically Daoba, is a county of western Sichuan Province, China, located in the eastern Hengduan Mountains.
§ Dayi County is under the administration of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Dazhou is a prefecture-level city in the northeast corner of Sichuan province, China, bordering Shaanxi to the north and Chongqing to the east and south.
Dazhou–Chengdu Railway or Dacheng Railway, is a double-track, electrified railroad in Sichuan Province of southwest China.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
Deyang is a prefecture-level city of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China.
A municipality, also translated as direct-controlled municipality (informally, municipality directly under the central government, or province-level municipality), is the highest level of classification for cities used by the People's Republic of China.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
Dongsheng Subdistrict is a subdistrict in and the seat of Shuangliu County, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, situated in the immediate vicinity of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport.
Du Fu (Wade–Giles: Tu Fu;; 712 – 770) was a prominent Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty.
The Dujiangyan is an ancient irrigation system in Dujiangyan City, Sichuan, China.
Dujiangyan is a county-level city, a subdivision of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.
The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese History.
Emeishan is a county-level city in Sichuan province, China.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Empyrean, from the Medieval Latin empyreus, an adaptation of the Ancient Greek ἔμπυρος empyrus "in or on the fire (pyr)", properly Empyrean Heaven, is the place in the highest heaven, which in ancient cosmologies was supposed to be occupied by the element of fire (or aether in Aristotle's natural philosophy).
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The fez (more correctly ṭarbūsh from the Persian sarpūsh) is a felt headdress in the shape of a short cylindrical peakless hat, usually red, and sometimes with a tassel attached to the top.
Fingal is a county in Ireland.
The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century Imperial China.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Flemish Brabant (Vlaams-Brabant, Brabant flamand) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium.
Great Shu (Chinese: 大蜀, Pinyin: Dàshǔ) called in retrospect Former Shu (Chinese: 前蜀, Pinyin: Qiánshǔ) or occasionally Wang Shu (王蜀), was one of the Ten Kingdoms formed during the chaotic period between the rules of the Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty.
Formula Asia V6 Renault, renamed Formula V6 Asia in 2007 by Motorsport Asia, was launched in 2006 and regulated by Motorsport Asia.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
Fu is a traditional administrative division of Chinese origin used in the East Asian cultural sphere, translated variously as commandery, prefecture, urban prefecture, or city.
Fu River, or Fujiang is a river of in China's Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality.
Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture also known as Ganzi (THL Kardzé Börik Rangkyongkhül) — is an autonomous prefecture of China occupying the western arm of Sichuan.
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, literally "black and white cat-foot";, literally "big bear cat"), also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China.
Gimcheon (김천; 金泉市;, trans., 'gold spring city') is a city in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.
Ginkgo biloba, commonly known as ginkgo or gingko (both pronounced), also known as the maidenhair tree, is the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct.
The Golden Sun Bird is an ancient artifact, unearthed in 2001 from the Jinsha Ruins in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China.
The grand chancellor, also translated as counselor-in-chief, chancellor, chief councillor, chief minister, imperial chancellor, lieutenant chancellor and prime minister, was the highest-ranking executive official in the imperial Chinese government.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Guadalajara metropolitan area (officially, in Spanish: Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara) is the most populous metropolitan area of the Mexican state of Jalisco and the second largest in the country after Greater Mexico City.
Guanghan is a county-level city in Deyang, Sichuan province, China, and only from Chengdu.
Guiyang is the capital of Guizhou province of Southwest China.
Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.
Guo Moruo (November 16, 1892 – June 12, 1978), courtesy name Dingtang (鼎堂), was a Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, and government official from Sichuan, China.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
The Hakkas, sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.
Hamilton (Kirikiriroa) is a city in the North Island of New Zealand.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Hanfu is a term associated with the Hanfu movement used to refer to the historical/traditional dress of the Han people.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae.
Hibiscus mutabilis, also known as the Confederate rose, Dixie rosemallow, or the cotton rosemallow, is a plant noted for its showy flowers.
There are traditionally four historical capitals of China, collectively referred to as the "Four Great Ancient Capitals of China".
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
Khyungchu (Hongyuan) County is a county in the north of Sichuan Province, China.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
Horsens is a city in east Jutland region of Denmark.
Hot pot is a Chinese cooking method, prepared with a simmering pot of soup stock at the dining table, containing a variety of East Asian foodstuffs and ingredients.
HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational banking and financial services holding company, tracing its origin to a hong in Hong Kong.
Huanglongxi (黄龙溪镇 or 黃龍溪鎮) is a historic Chinese town located about 50 km from Chengdu in China's Sichuan Province.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM Services is the professional services arm of IBM, made up of business, technology and industry experts who apply advanced technology and help clients design, build and run businesses.
An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.
Jasmine tea is tea scented with aroma from jasmine blossoms to make a scented tea.
Jiangyang District is the central urban district of the city of Luzhou, in the Sichuan province of China.
Jiangyou is a Chinese county-level city located in Mianyang, Sichuan.
Jianyang is a county-level city located in the Sichuan basin in Sichuan Province, China.
The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.
The Jin River is a river of Sichuan, China.
Jinjiang District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Jinli is a street in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Jinniu District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Jinsha is an archaeological site in Chengdu, capital of China's Sichuan Province.
Jintang County is a county under the administration of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province in China.
Jiuzhaigou is a nature reserve and national park located in the north of Sichuan Province in the southwestern region of China.
Jiuzhaigou County is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
Jutland (Jylland; Jütland), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula (Cimbricus Chersonesus; Den Kimbriske Halvø; Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of Northern Europe that forms the continental portion of Denmark and part of northern Germany.
Kandy (මහනුවර Mahanuwara, pronounced; கண்டி, pronounced) is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province.
Kangding, or Dartsedo, is a county-level city and the seat of Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan province of Southwest China.
The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture in Japan.
King Tai of Zhou or Gugong Danfu was a great leader of the Zhou clan during the Shang dynasty.
Knoxville is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, and the county seat of Knox County.
Kung Fu Panda is a 2008 American computer-animated action comedy martial arts film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Languedoc-Roussillon (Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is a former administrative region of France.
Langzhong is a county-level city in northeastern Sichuan, China, located on the middle reaches of the Jialing River.
Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.
Laozi (. Collins English Dictionary.; also Lao-Tzu,. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2016. or Lao-Tze;, literally "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer.
The Later Han was founded in 947.
Shu (referred to as Later Shu to differentiate it from other states named Shu in Chinese history), also known as Meng Shu, was one of the Ten Kingdoms during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
Léman International School - Chengdu (LIS) is an international school at 1080# Da'an Road, Zhengxing County (正兴镇), Shuangliu District, Chengdu, China, within the Tianfu New Area development.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
Leshan, formerly known as Jiading, is a prefecture-level city located at the confluence of the Dadu and Min rivers in Sichuan Province, China.
Li Bai (701–762), also known as Li Bo, Li Po and Li Taibai, was a Chinese poet acclaimed from his own day to the present as a genius and a romantic figure who took traditional poetic forms to new heights.
Li Na (born 26 February 1982) is a retired Chinese professional tennis player, who achieved a career-high WTA-ranking of world No.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Linz (Linec) is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria (Oberösterreich).
The world's busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by total passengers (data from Airports Council International), defined as passengers enplaned plus passengers deplaned plus direct-transit passengers.
According to the Demographia research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.
This is a list of the current and former capitals of country subdivisions of China.
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.
Liu Bei (161 – 10 June 223), courtesy name Xuande, was a warlord in the late Eastern Han dynasty who founded the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period and became its first ruler.
Liu Shan (207–271), courtesy name Gongsi, was the second and last emperor of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.
Liu Wencai (1887 - 17 October 1949) was a Chinese landlord from Sichuan province, and brother of the warlord Liu Wenhui.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
Longjing tea (Standard Chinese pronunciation), sometimes called by its literal translated name Dragon Well tea, is a variety of pan-roasted green tea from the area of Longjing Village near Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province, China.
The Longmen Mountains, also tautologically referred to in English-language publications as the Longmenshan Mountains, are a mountain range in Sichuan province in southwestern China.
The Longquan Mountains are a low-lying range of mountains in Sichuan, China.
Longquanyi District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China, covering parts of the southeastern suburbs.
Lord Mengchang (died 279 BC), born Tian Wen, was an aristocrat and statesman of the Qi Kingdom of ancient China, one of the famed Four Lords of the Warring States period.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lucky Air is a low cost carrier based in the Xiángpéng Hángkōng Dàshà (S: 祥鹏航空大厦, T: 祥鵬航空大廈) in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Luzhou (Sichuanese Pinyin: Nu2zou1; Luzhou dialect), formerly transliterated as Lu-chou or Luchow, is a prefecture-level city located in the southeast of Sichuan Province, China.
Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Mahjong (Mandarin) is a tile-based game which was developed in China in the Qing dynasty and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Malvern College Chengdu is a British international school in Tianhui town (天回镇), Jinniu District in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mapo doufu or Mapo tofu (麻婆豆腐) is a popular Chinese dish from Sichuan province.
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
Mechelen (Malines, traditional English name: MechlinMechelen has been known in English as Mechlin, from where the adjective Mechlinian is derived. This name may still be used, especially in a traditional or historical context. The city's French name Malines had also been used in English in the past (in the 19th and 20th century) however this has largely been abandoned. Meanwhile, the Dutch derived Mechelen began to be used in English increasingly from late 20th century onwards, even while Mechlin remained still in use (for example a Mechlinian is an inhabitant of this city or someone seen as born-and-raised there; the term is also the name of the city dialect; as an adjective Mechlinian may refer to the city or to its dialect.) is a city and municipality in the province of Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium. The municipality comprises the city of Mechelen proper, some quarters at its outskirts, the hamlets of Nekkerspoel (adjacent) and Battel (a few kilometers away), as well as the villages of Walem, Heffen, Leest, Hombeek, and Muizen. The Dyle (Dijle) flows through the city, hence it is often referred to as the Dijlestad ("City on the river Dijle"). Mechelen lies on the major urban and industrial axis Brussels–Antwerp, about 25 km from each city. Inhabitants find employment at Mechelen's southern industrial and northern office estates, as well as at offices or industry near the capital and Zaventem Airport, or at industrial plants near Antwerp's seaport. Mechelen is one of Flanders' prominent cities of historical art, with Antwerp, Bruges, Brussels, Ghent, and Leuven. It was notably a centre for artistic production during the Northern Renaissance, when painters, printmakers, illuminators and composers of polyphony were attracted by patrons such as Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria and Hieronymus van Busleyden.
Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.
MediaTek Inc. is a Taiwanese fabless semiconductor company that provides chips for wireless communications, High-definition television, handheld mobile devices like smartphones and tablet computers, navigation systems, consumer multimedia products and Digital subscriber line services as well as optical disc drives.
A medium bomber is a military bomber aircraft designed to operate with medium-sized bombloads over medium range distances; the name serves to distinguish this type from larger heavy bombers and smaller light bombers.
Meishan (Sichuanese Pinyin: Mi2san1; local pronunciation), formerly known as Meizhou (眉州) or Qingzhou (青州), is a prefecture-level city with more than 3,000,000 inhabitants in Sichuan province of China.
Meng Chang (孟昶) (919–965), originally Meng Renzan (孟仁贊), courtesy name Baoyuan (保元), formally Prince Gongxiao of Chu (楚恭孝王) (as posthumously honored by Emperor Taizu of Song), was the second emperor of Later Shu during imperial China's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Meng Zhixiang (孟知祥, May 10, 874–September 7, 934, courtesy name Baoyin, 保胤,New History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 64. formally Emperor Gaozu of Shu, 蜀高祖) was a general of the Later Tang who went on to found the independent state of Later Shu during the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
Mianyang is the second largest prefecture-level city of Sichuan province in Southwest China.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Min River or Min Jiang (Chinese: 江, p Mínjiāng) is a in central Sichuan province, China.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
The Mitsubishi G3M (九六式陸上攻撃機 Kyūroku-shiki rikujō kōgeki-ki: Type 96 land-based attack aircraft "Rikko"; Allied reporting name "Nell") was a Japanese bomber and transport aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS) during World War II.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Mount Emei is a mountain in Sichuan Province, China, and is one of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains of China.
Mount Qingcheng is a mountain in Dujiangyan, Sichuan, China.
is the largest bank in Japan.
Nanchong (Sichuanese: lan2cong1) is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of Sichuan province, China, with an area of.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy.
New Century Global Center is a multipurpose building in the Tianfu New Area of Chengdu, China, and is the world's largest building in terms of floor area.
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, also known as Aba (Qiang: Ggabba Shbea Rrmea nyujugvez zhou), is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, bordering Gansu to the north and northeast and Qinghai to the northwest.
NIIT Limited is an Indian Multinational company that offers learning management and training delivery solutions to corporations, institutions and individuals.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
North Gyeongsang Province (경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea.
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Operation Matterhorn was a military operation of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II for the strategic bombing of Japanese forces by B-29 Superfortresses based in India and China.
Oxford International College of Chengdu (CDOIC; 牛津国际公学成都学校) is a British international school in the Bali area of Chenghua District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
Pengzhou, formerly Peng County or Pengxian, is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, some 19 km (11.81 mi) northwest of Chengdu.
The People's Bank of China (PBC or PBOC) is the central bank of the People's Republic of China responsible for carrying out monetary policy and regulation of financial institutions in mainland China, as determined by Bank Law.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
Pidu District formerly known as Pi County or Pixian is an urbanizing district organized as part of Chengdu, the capital of the province of Sichuan in China.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polikarpov I-15 (И-15) was a Soviet biplane fighter aircraft of the 1930s.
The Polikarpov I-16 was a Soviet fighter aircraft of revolutionary design; it was the world's first low-wing cantilever monoplane fighter with retractable landing gear to attain operational status and as such "introduced a new vogue in fighter design."Green, William.
In the early 19th century, Western colonial expansion occurred at the same time as an evangelical revival – the Second Great Awakening – throughout the English-speaking world, leading to more overseas missionary activity.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
Pujiang County is under the administration of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Punjab (Urdu, Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters") is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017.
Qin (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.
Qin's wars of unification were a series of military campaigns launched in the late 3rd century BC by the Qin state against the other six major states — Han, Zhao, Yan, Wei, Chu and Qi — within the territories that formed modern China.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qingbaijiang District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China, covering parts of the northeastern suburbs.
Qingyang District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
The Qinling or Qin Mountains, formerly known as the Nanshan ("Southern Mountains") and sometimes called the "Szechuan Alps", are a major east-west mountain range in southern Shaanxi Province, China.
Qionglai is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China.
Qionglai Mountains is a mountain range in the Sichuan Province of China.
QSI International School of Chengdu ("Chengdu American School") is an international school in the American Garden (美洲花园) development in southern Chengdu, China. The school, using a U.S.-based curriculum, resides in two buildings. It is off of the 3rd Ring Road. The school is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.
Quality Schools International (QSI), founded by Jim Gilson and Duane Root, is a group of non-profit international schools offering education in the English language, in a number of countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the Americas.
The Railway Protection Movement, also known as the "Railway Rights Protection Movement", was a political protest movement that erupted in 1911 in late Qing China against the Qing government's plan to nationalize local railway development projects and transfer control to foreign banks.
In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community.
The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Sanxingdui is the name of an archaeological site and a major Bronze Age culture in modern Sichuan, China.
The Sanxingdui Museum is located in the northeast corner of the ruins of Sanxingdui, which is at the bank of Duck River in the west of Guanghan City, Sichuan Province, known as a famous historical and cultural city.
SAP SE (Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung, "Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing") is a German-based European multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab; sometimes foundry) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Shanghai Masters (also known as Shanghai Rolex Masters for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts, and held annually in early October at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in the Minhang District of Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway, is a fully completed high-speed railway corridor in China.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
Shenzhen Airlines is an airline headquartered in Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, Guangdong.
Shishi High School is a state secondary school in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
The State of Shu was an ancient state in what is now Sichuan Province.
Shu or Shu Han (221–263) was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
Shuangliu District is under the administration of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
The Siberian High (also Siberian Anticyclone) is a massive collection of cold dry air that accumulates in the northeastern part of Eurasia from September until April.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Sichuan Agricultural University (SAU) is a university located in Ya'an city, Sichuan province, China, and part of the “Project 211”, specialized in biotechnology and agricultural sciences, as well as offering degrees in physical science, engineering, economics, management, veterinary medicine, liberal arts, pedagogy and law.
Sichuan Airlines Co., Ltd. is a regional airline headquartered on the grounds of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport in Chengdu, Sichuan, operating mainly scheduled domestic flights out of Chengdu Shuangliu Airport and Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport.
The Sichuan Basin, formerly transliterated as the Szechwan Basin, sometimes called the Red Basin, is a lowland region in southwestern China.
The Sichuan Conservatory of Music (SCCM), founded in 1939, is one of the leading music institutions in China and one of the largest conservatories in the world.
The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries located in southwest Sichuan province of China, is the home to more than 30% of the world's highly endangered giant pandas and is among the most important sites for the captive breeding of these pandas.
Sichuan Normal University (SICNU) is the oldest normal university (teacher's college) located in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Sichuan pepper, Sichuan peppercorn, or Szechuan pepper, is a commonly used spice in Chinese cuisine.
Sichuan University (often simply called to "川大" Chuāndà and shortened to "SCU" in English) is a university in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China. It has a long history and many predecessors, of which the earliest one was founded in 1740 with the origin in BCE 141. It was transformed to be a modern university in 1920s and the name National Sichuan University (國立四川大學) was adopted in 1931. Sichuan University (SCU) is one of the national universities directly under the Ministry of Education (MOE). It is also one of the State 211 Project and 985 Project universities enjoying privileged construction in the Ninth Five-Year Plan period, and is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.
Sichuanese (Sichuanese Pinyin: Si4cuan1hua4), or Sichuanese/Szechwanese Mandarin, commonly known as Sichuanese, or Szechwanese is a branch of Southwestern Mandarin, spoken mainly in Sichuan and Chongqing, which was part of Sichuan Province until 1997, and the adjacent regions of their neighboring provinces, such as Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hunan and Shaanxi.
Sichuanese opera (Sichuanese Pinyin: Cuan1ju4) is a type of Chinese opera originating in China's Sichuan province around 1700.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Siguniangshan Town,formerly Rilong Town, is a town in Xiaojin County in the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan, China.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Sima Xiangru (c. 179117BC) was a Chinese poet, writer, musician, and politician who lived during the Western Han Dynasty.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.
Sinicization, sinicisation, sinofication, or sinification is a process whereby non-Chinese societies come under the influence of Chinese culture, particularly Han Chinese culture and societal norms.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.
Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverised tobacco leaves.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Songpan; former Songzhou, is a county of northwestern Sichuan province, China, and is one of the 13 counties administered by the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.
Southwest Jiaotong University is located in national central city Chengdu, Sichuan Province, affiliated to the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.
Southwest Petroleum University (SWPU) is a Chinese university founded in 1958.
Southwest University for Nationalities (SWUN) — its name has been officially changed to Southwest Minzu University (SMU), directly under the control of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of China — is a multi-disciplinary higher education institute.
Southwestern University of Finance and Economics (also known as SWUFE) is a prestigious national university in Chengdu, Sichuan province, China.
Standard Chartered PLC is a British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London, England.
Su Shi (8January103724August1101), also known as Su Dongpo, was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty.
A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.
The subdistrict (literally "Street") (also abbreviated as 街(Jiē)) is one of the smaller political divisions of the People's Republic of China.
Suining (Sichuanese Pinyin: Xu4nin2; Sichuanese pronunciation) is a prefecture-level city of eastern Sichuan province in Southwest China.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
The Taiping Huanyu Ji, or "Universal Geography of the Taiping Era," is a 10th-century AD geographical treatise by Chinese scholar Yue Shi 樂史 (930-1007), written during the reign of Emperor Taizong of Song in the Northern Song Dynasty.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
The Tao Te Ching, also known by its pinyin romanization Daodejing or Dao De Jing, is a Chinese classic text traditionally credited to the 6th-century BC sage Laozi.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
A teahouse is an establishment which primarily serves tea and other light refreshments.
Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.
The Affiliated High School of Sichuan University is a public middle school for grades 7-12.
The Island is a daily English-language newspaper in Sri Lanka.
The term Three Furnaces refers to the especially hot and oppressively humid summer weather in several major cities in the Yangtze River Valley, within China.
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
Tianfu New Area was officially launched in December 2011.
Tibet Airlines is an airline with its corporate headquarters and registered office in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and operates scheduled domestic flights out of Lhasa Gonggar Airport.
The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Tieto Oyj (until April 2009 TietoEnator) is an IT software and service company providing IT and product engineering services.
The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Tom Cannon is Emeritus Professor of Strategic Development at the University of Liverpool Management School.
When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).
Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.
Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.
Transcription into Chinese is the use of traditional or simplified characters to transcribe phonetically the sound of terms and names foreign to the Chinese language.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) is a national key university directly under the Ministry of Education of China.
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.
Villages, formally village-level divisions in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system).
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
Volgograd Oblast (Волгогра́дская о́бласть, Volgogradskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia, located in the Volga region of Southern Russia.
Wang Jian (王建) (847 – July 11, 918), courtesy name Guangtu (光圖), formally Emperor Gaozu of (Former) Shu ((前)蜀高祖), was the founding emperor of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Former Shu.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.
Wenjiang District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China, covering part of the western suburbs.
West China Medical Center of Sichuan University, formerly West China University of Medical Sciences (WCUMS), is located in Chengdu, Sichuan, China, and is administered by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.
Western China (or rarely) is the west of China.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
Wipro Limited (Western India Palm Refined Oils Limited or more recently, Western India Products Limited) is an Indian Information Technology Services corporation headquartered in Bengaluru, India.
Wolong National Nature Reserve is a protected area located in Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
The World Cyber Games (WCG) was an international eSport event operated by South Korean company World Cyber Games Inc., and sponsored by Samsung Electronics and Microsoft.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
The Wuchang Uprising was an armed rebellion against the ruling Qing dynasty that took place in Wuchang, Hubei, in China.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Wuhou District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.
Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.
Xihua University (西华大学 "West China University") is a university in Sichuan province, People's Republic of China.
Xindu District is one of nine districts of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China, covering part of the northern suburbs.
The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).
Xinjin Airport is an airport in Xinjin County, in the southwestern part of the Chengdu prefecture-level city in Sichuan province of China.
Xinjin County is under the administration of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
The XX Bomber Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Ya'an (Tibetan: Yak-Nga) is a prefecture-level city in the western part of Sichuan province, China, located just below the Tibetan Plateau.
Yan Zi (born November 12, 1984) is a retired Chinese-born Hong Kong tennis player.
Yang Xiong (53 BCE–18 CE) was a Chinese poet, philosopher, and politician of the Han dynasty known for his philosophical writings and ''fu'' poetry compositions.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yangzhou, formerly romanized as Yangchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu Province, China.
Yibin (Sichuanese Pinyin: nyi2bin1; Sichuanese pronunciation) is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern part of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers.
The Ying River is the largest tributary of the Huai River with its origin in Henan Province, People’s Republic of China.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Zaju (literally meaning "variety show") was a form of Chinese drama or Chinese opera which provided entertainment through a synthesis of recitations of prose and poetry, dance, singing, and mime, with a certain emphasis on comedy (or, happy endings).
Zapopan is a city and municipality located in the Mexican state of Jalisco.
Zhang Xianzhong or Chang Hsien-chung (September 18, 1606 – January 2, 1647), nicknamed Yellow Tiger, was a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province.
Zhang Yi (before 329 BC – 309 BC) was born in the Wei state during the Warring States period of Chinese history.
Zheng Jie (born 5 July 1983) is a Chinese former professional tennis player.
Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer and inventor.
Ziyang prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province, China, with more than 300,000 inhabitants residing in its urban area.
The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean), were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.
The 2004 AFC Asian Cup was the 13th edition of the men's AFC Asian Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The FIFA Women's World Cup 2007, the fifth edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was an international association football competition for women held in China from 10 to 30 September 2007.
The 2008 Sichuan earthquakeSome early Western reports used the term Chengdu quake; e.g.,,, etc.
The 2011 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts.
The 2014 Australian Open was a tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park between 13–26 January 2014.
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