121 relations: Absolute zero, Academic Press, Addison-Wesley, Albert Einstein, Angular frequency, Annalen der Physik, Arthur C. Clarke, Astronomy, Aviation Week & Space Technology, Über quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen, Boltzmann constant, Calque, Casimir effect, Conservation of energy, Cosmological constant, Defense Intelligence Agency, Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Dirac sea, Electromagnetic field, Electromagnetic radiation, Elementary particle, Embodied energy, Energy, Expectation value (quantum mechanics), Expected value, Fermionic field, Feynman diagram, Field (physics), Field equation, Five-dimensional space, Frequency, Gauge theory, General relativity, Gravity, Ground state, Half-Life 2, Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics), Heisenberg, Hendrik Casimir, Higgs boson, International Journal of Modern Physics, James Rollins, Kaluza–Klein theory, Kinetic energy, Lamb shift, Laws of thermodynamics, Liquid helium, Lorentz covariance, Martin Gardner, Mass, ..., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Max Planck, Maxwell's equations, Microelectromechanical systems, Milky Way, Nanoelectromechanical systems, NASA, National Ground Intelligence Center, Netherlands, Nick Cook (writer), Nintendo, One-loop Feynman diagram, Operator (physics), Oxford University Press, Paul Dirac, Perpetual motion, Perturbation theory, Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium, Physical cosmology, Physical Review, Physical Review A, Physical Review Letters, Physical system, Physicist, Pixar, Planck constant, Planck length, Planck scale, Potential, Potential energy, Potential well, Propagator, Pseudoscience, Quantum electrodynamics, Quantum field theory, Quantum fluctuation, Quantum harmonic oscillator, Quantum mechanics, Renormalization, Robert Jaffe, Sagittarius A*, Schlock Mercenary, Scientific American, Simon & Schuster, Skeptical Inquirer, SO(10) (physics), Special unitary group, Standard Model, Star Fox (series), Stargate SG-1, Starship, Stochastic electrodynamics, Symmetry group, Temperature, The Incredibles, The Songs of Distant Earth, Theory of everything, Thermodynamic system, Uncertainty principle, United States Army, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Vacuum, Vacuum energy, Vacuum expectation value, Vacuum state, Valve Corporation, Walt Disney Pictures, Walther Nernst, Wave, Werner Heisenberg, World War II. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reaches its minimum value, taken as 0.
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Academic Press is an academic book publisher.
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Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.
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Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.
In physics, angular frequency ω (also referred to by the terms angular speed, radial frequency, circular frequency, orbital frequency, radian frequency, and pulsatance) is a scalar measure of rotation rate.
Annalen der Physik (English: Annals of Physics) is one of the oldest scientific journals on physics and has been published since 1799.
Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE, FRAS The award of Knight Bachelor carries the title of "Sir" and no post-nominal letters (see) meaning that the previous post-nominals, "CBE" are also still used.
Astronomy is a natural science which is the study of celestial objects (such as stars, galaxies, planets, moons, asteroids, comets and nebulae), the physics, chemistry, and evolution of such objects, and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth, including supernovae explosions, gamma ray bursts, and cosmic microwave background radiation.
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Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.
"Über quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen" (English "Quantum theoretical re-interpretation of kinematic and mechanical relations") was a breakthrough paper in quantum mechanics written by Werner Heisenberg.
The Boltzmann constant (kB or k), named after Ludwig Boltzmann, is a physical constant relating energy at the individual particle level with temperature.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word (verbum pro verbo) or root-for-root translation.
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In quantum field theory, the Casimir effect and the Casimir–Polder force are physical forces arising from a quantized field.
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In physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system remains constant—it is said to be ''conserved'' over time.
In cosmology, the cosmological constant (usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda: Λ) is the value of the energy density of the vacuum of space.
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is an external intelligence service of the United States specializing in defense and military intelligence.
The Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG, German Physical Society) is the world's second largest organization of physicists.
The Dirac sea is a theoretical model of the vacuum as an infinite sea of particles with negative energy.
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An electromagnetic field (also EMF or EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects.
Electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes.
In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle whose substructure is unknown, thus it is unknown whether it is composed of other particles.
Embodied energy is the sum of all the energy required to produce any goods or services, considered as if that energy was incorporated or 'embodied' in the product itself.
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms, but cannot be created or destroyed.
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In quantum mechanics, the expectation value is the probabilistic expected value of the result (measurement) of an experiment.
In probability theory, the expected value of a random variable is intuitively the long-run average value of repetitions of the experiment it represents.
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In quantum field theory, a fermionic field is a quantum field whose quanta are fermions; that is, they obey Fermi–Dirac statistics.
In theoretical physics, Feynman diagrams are pictorial representations of the mathematical expressions describing the behavior of subatomic particles.
In physics, a field is a physical quantity that has a value for each point in space and time.
In physics, a field equation is a mathematical statement describing how the fundamental forces interact with matter and energy.
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Five-dimensional space refers to a hypothetical extra dimension beyond the usual three spatial dimensions and the fourth dimension of time in relativity physics.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time.
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In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under a continuous group of local transformations.
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General relativity, also known as the general theory of relativity, is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
Gravity or gravitation is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought towards (or 'gravitate' towards) one another including stars, planets, galaxies and even light and sub-atomic particles.
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The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system.
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Half-Life 2 (stylized as HλLF-LIFE2) is a first-person shooter video game and the sequel to ''Half-Life''.
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In quantum mechanics, the Hamiltonian is the operator corresponding to the total energy of the system in most of the cases.
Heisenberg is a German surname.
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Hendrik Brugt Gerhard Casimir ForMemRS (July 15, 1909 – May 4, 2000) was a Dutch physicist best known for his research on the two-fluid model of superconductors (together with C. J. Gorter) in 1934 and the Casimir effect (together with D. Polder) in 1948.
The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics.
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The International Journal of Modern Physics is a series of Physics journals published by World Scientific.
James Rollins is the pen name of American veterinarian James Paul Czajkowski (born August 20, 1961), a writer of action-adventure/thriller novels.
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In physics, Kaluza–Klein theory (KK theory) is a unified field theory of gravitation and electromagnetism built around the idea of a fifth dimension beyond the usual four of space and time.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
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In physics, the Lamb shift, named after Willis Lamb (1913–2008), is a small difference in energy between two energy levels 2S1/2 and 2P1/2 (in term symbol notation) of the hydrogen atom in quantum electrodynamics (QED).
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The four laws of thermodynamics define fundamental physical quantities (temperature, energy, and entropy) that characterize thermodynamic systems.
The chemical element helium exists in a liquid form only at the extremely low temperature of −269 °C (about 4 K or −452.2 °F).
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In physics, Lorentz symmetry, named for Hendrik Lorentz, is "the feature of nature that says experimental results are independent of the orientation or the boost velocity of the laboratory through space".
Martin Gardner (October 21, 1914May 22, 2010) was an American popular mathematics and popular science writer, with interests also encompassing micromagic, scientific skepticism, philosophy, religion, and literature—especially the writings of Lewis Carroll and G.K. Chesterton.
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In physics, mass is a property of a physical body which determines the strength of its mutual gravitational attraction to other bodies, its resistance to being accelerated by a force, and in the theory of relativity gives the mass–energy content of a system.
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The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (April 23, 1858 – October 4, 1947) was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
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Maxwell's equations are a set of partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electrodynamics, classical optics, and electric circuits.
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) (also written as micro-electro-mechanical, MicroElectroMechanical or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems and the related micromechatronics) is the technology of very small devices; it merges at the nano-scale into nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nanotechnology.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
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Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) are a class of devices integrating electrical and mechanical functionality on the nanoscale.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
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The National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) is part of the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command.
The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Nicholas Julian Cook is a British aviation journalist and author of fiction and non-fiction works and has won four Aerospace Journalist of the Year Awards from the Royal Aeronautical Society.
is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan.
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In physics, a one-loop Feynman diagram is a connected Feynman diagram with only one cycle (unicyclic).
In physics, an operator is a function over the space of physical states.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac (8 August 1902 – 20 October 1984) was an English theoretical physicist who made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics.
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Perpetual motion is motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy.
Perturbation theory comprises mathematical methods for finding an approximate solution to a problem, by starting from the exact solution of a related, simpler problem.
The Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (English translation: Philips Physics Laboratory) or NatLab was the Dutch section of the Philips research department, which did research for the product divisions of that company.
Physical cosmology is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the Universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its origin, structure, evolution, and ultimate fate.
Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols.
Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Physical Society covering atomic, molecular, and optical physics.
Physical Review Letters (PRL), established in 1958, is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal that is published 52 times per year by the American Physical Society.
In physics, a physical system is a portion of the physical universe chosen for analysis.
A physicist is a scientist who specializes in physics research.
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Pixar Animation Studios, or simply Pixar, is an American computer animation film studio based in Emeryville, California.
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The Planck constant (denoted, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action in quantum mechanics.
In physics, the Planck length, denoted, is a unit of length, equal to metres.
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In particle physics and physical cosmology, the Planck scale (named after Max Planck) is an energy scale around 1.22 × 1019 GeV (which corresponds to the mass–energy equivalence of the Planck mass 2.17645 × 10−8 kg) at which quantum effects of gravity become strong.
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Potential generally refers to a currently unrealized ability.
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In physics, potential energy is the energy that an object has due to its position in a force field or that a system has due to the configuration of its parts.
A potential well is the region surrounding a local minimum of potential energy.
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In quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, the propagator gives the probability amplitude for a particle to travel from one place to another in a given time, or to travel with a certain energy and momentum.
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Pseudoscience is a claim, belief or practice which is incorrectly presented as scientific, but does not adhere to a valid scientific method, cannot be reliably tested, or otherwise lacks scientific status.
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In particle physics, quantum electrodynamics (QED) is the relativistic quantum field theory of electrodynamics.
In theoretical physics, quantum field theory (QFT) is a theoretical framework for constructing quantum mechanical models of subatomic particles in particle physics and quasiparticles in condensed matter physics.
In quantum physics, a Quantum fluctuation (or quantum vacuum fluctuation or vacuum fluctuation) is the temporary change in the amount of energy in a point in space, as explained in Werner Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.
The quantum harmonic oscillator is the quantum-mechanical analog of the classical harmonic oscillator.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, or quantum theory), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental branch of physics concerned with processes involving, for example, atoms and photons.
In quantum field theory, the statistical mechanics of fields, and the theory of self-similar geometric structures, renormalization is any of a collection of techniques used to treat infinities arising in calculated quantities.
Robert L. Jaffe (born May 23, 1946) is an American physicist and the Jane and Otto Morningstar Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
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Sagittarius A* (pronounced "Sagittarius A-star", standard abbreviation Sgr A*) is a bright and very compact astronomical radio source at the center of the Milky Way, near the border of the constellations Sagittarius and Scorpius.
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Schlock Mercenary is a comedic webcomic written and drawn by Howard Tayler.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a division of CBS Corporation, is a publisher founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln ("Max") Schuster.
Skeptical Inquirer is a bimonthly American magazine published by the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) with the subtitle: The magazine for science and reason.
In particle physics, one of the grand unified theories (GUT) is based on the SO(10) Lie group.
In mathematics, the special unitary group of degree, denoted, is the Lie group of unitary matrices with determinant 1 (i.e., real-valued determinant, not complex as for general unitary matrices).
The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory concerning the electromagnetic, weak, and strong nuclear interactions, as well as classifying all the subatomic particles known.
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Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is an adventure and military science fiction television series and part of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's ''Stargate'' franchise.
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A starship, starcraft or interstellar spacecraft is a theoretical spacecraft designed for traveling between stars, as opposed to a vehicle designed for orbital spaceflight or interplanetary travel.
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Stochastic electrodynamics (SED) is a variant of classical electrodynamics (CED) of theoretical physics.
In abstract algebra, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
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A temperature is an objective comparative measure of hot or cold.
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The Incredibles is a 2004 American computer-animated comedy superhero film written and directed by Brad Bird and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
The Songs of Distant Earth is a 1986 science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke based upon his 1958 short story of the same title.
A theory of everything (ToE) or final theory, ultimate theory, or master theory is a hypothetical single, all-encompassing, coherent theoretical framework of physics that fully explains and links together all physical aspects of the universe.
A thermodynamic system is the content of a macroscopic volume in space, along with its walls and surroundings; it undergoes thermodynamic processes according to the principles of thermodynamics.
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle, also known as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle, known as complementary variables, such as position x and momentum p, can be known simultaneously.
The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign (U of I, University of Illinois, UIUC, or simply Illinois) is a public research-intensive university in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Vacuum is space void of matter.
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Vacuum energy is an underlying background energy that exists in space throughout the entire Universe.
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In quantum field theory the vacuum expectation value (also called condensate or simply VEV) of an operator is its average, expected value in the vacuum.
In quantum field theory, the vacuum state (also called the vacuum) is the quantum state with the lowest possible energy.
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Valve Corporation (formerly Valve Software, commonly referred to as Valve and sometimes stylized as VALVᴇ) is an American video game development and digital distribution company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington, United States.
Walt Disney Pictures, Inc. is an American film production company and division of The Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Walther Hermann Nernst, (25 June 1864 – 18 November 1941) was a German physicist who is known for his theories behind the calculation of chemical affinity as embodied in the third law of thermodynamics, for which he won the 1920 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
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In physics, a wave is an oscillation accompanied by a transfer of energy that travels through space or mass.
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Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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0 point, 0-point energy, Null oscillations, Nullpunktenergie, Nullpunktsenergie, Quantum vacuum zero point energy, Zero Point Energy, Zero point energy, Zero-Point Energy, Zero-point energies, Zero-point-energy, Zeropoint energy.