262 relations: Alan Duncan, Albatross, Anglicanism, Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctic realm, Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland, Antonio Rivero, Arana–Southern Treaty, Archipelago, Argentine Confederation, Argentine Declaration of Independence, Argentines, Arthropod, Atlantic Ocean, Bahá'í Faith, Barings Bank, Barry Rowland, Battle of the Falkland Islands, Battle of the River Plate, Biogeography, Bird, Boarding school, British English, British invasions of the River Plate, British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, British Nationality Act 1981, British nationality law, British Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Act 2002, British people, Brittany, Brown rat, Buddhism, Buenos Aires, Building material, Camp (Falkland Islands), Cape Horn, Capture of Port Egmont, Catholic Church, Central Intelligence Agency, Cetacea, Cheviot sheep, Chief Executive of the Falkland Islands, Chile, Chileans in the Falkland Islands, Christianity, Climate of the Falkland Islands, Company (military unit), Constitution of the Falkland Islands, Constitutional monarchy, ..., Continental crust, Corriedale, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Crown colony, Cruise ship, CSIRO Publishing, Culture of the United Kingdom, David Jewett, Decolonization, Demining, Dependent territory, Desire the Right, Director of Finance of the Falkland Islands, Drake Passage, East Falkland, Economic development, Economic inequality, Education in England, Education in the Falkland Islands, Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton, Elizabeth II, Endemism, English language, English law, English people, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, European Union, Evangelism, Exclusive economic zone, Executive (government), Executive Council of the Falkland Islands, Expeditionary warfare, Falkland Islanders, Falkland Islands Defence Force, Falkland Islands Dependencies, Falkland Islands general election, 2013, Falkland Islands pound, Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute, Falkland Islands sovereignty referendum, 2013, Falkland Islands wolf, Falkland Sound, Falkland, Fife, Falklands Crisis (1770), Falklands Expedition, Falklands War, FIH group, Fixed exchange-rate system, Flight length, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, French people, Fuegians, Galaxias, Gaucho, GCE Advanced Level, General Certificate of Secondary Education, Geographic coordinate system, George III of the United Kingdom, German Empire, Gibraltarians, Gini coefficient, God Save the Queen, Gondwana, Good governance, Gordon Brown, Government of the United Kingdom, Governor of the Falkland Islands, Gross domestic product, Harbor, Head of government, Head of state, Hispanic America, History of the Falkland Islands, HMS Exeter (68), Homogeneity and heterogeneity, Human Development Index, Human impact on the environment, Hydrocarbon exploration, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, Independent politician, Index of Falkland Islands-related articles, Inflation, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Introduced species, Islam, John Byron, John Dunmore, John MacBride (Royal Navy officer), John Strong (mariner), Journal of the Geological Society, Juan Manuel de Rosas, Juan Perón, Kingdom of France, Kingdom of Great Britain, Lafonia, Left- and right-hand traffic, Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands, Light infantry, List of South American countries by population, Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Louis XV of France, Luis Vernet, Malo (saint), Marine mammal, Mariner Books, Market trend, Matthew Brisbane, Member of parliament, MercoPress, Military of the Falkland Islands, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Mount Usborne, Napoleonic Wars, Nigel Phillips, Occupation of the Falkland Islands, Oceanic climate, Oil field, Oil well, Ottawa Treaty, Outline of the Falkland Islands, Overfishing, Panama Canal, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary system, Patagonia, Patagonian Shelf, Penguin News, Peru, Polar Record, Politics of the Falkland Islands, Polwarth sheep, Population decline, Port Egmont, Port Louis, Falkland Islands, Pound sterling, Premiership of Margaret Thatcher, Primary sector of the economy, Privateer, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Protestantism, Puerto Soledad, Purchasing power parity, RAF Mount Pleasant, Reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (1833), Reindeer, Richmond Hill, Ontario, Royal Falkland Islands Police, Royal Navy, Saint Helena, Saint-Malo, Samuel Fisher Lafone, Sapper Hill, Saunders Island, Falkland Islands, Scandinavians, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish people, Self-governance, Shipyard, Silas Duncan, Song of the Falklands, South America, South American fur seal, South American gray fox, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Georgia Island, South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands, Southampton, Southern elephant seal, Southern Ocean, Spain, Special member state territories and the European Union, Stanley, Falkland Islands, Steamship, Strait, Strait of Magellan, Striated caracara, Subantarctic, Subshrub, Synthetic fiber, The Guardian, Tierra del Fuego, Time in the Falkland Islands, Tourism in Antarctica, Treasurer of the Navy, Tundra, Unicameralism, United Kingdom, United Nations Charter, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations General Assembly Fourth Committee, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2065, United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, United States Navy, United States Ship, Universal suffrage, Uruguay, USS Lexington (1825), Vascular plant, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, Welsh people, West Falkland, Westerlies, Will Wagstaff, Wool, World War I, World War II, Wreck diving, .fk, 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands. 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Sir Alan James Carter Duncan (born 31 March 1957) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Albatrosses, of the biological family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds related to the procellariids, storm petrels and diving petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses).
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The Antarctic Peninsula is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, located at the base of the Southern Hemisphere.
The Antarctical realm is one of eight terrestrial biogeographic realms.
Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland PC (16 February 1656 – 24 May 1694; the surname is spelt Carey in some sources) was a Scottish nobleman and English politician.
Antonio “El Gaucho" Rivero was a gaucho who murdered the five leading members of the settlement of Port Louis on the Falkland Islands on 26 August 1833.
In the late 1840s, the Argentine Confederation attempted to regulate traffic on the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, which impacted upon Anglo-French trade with the landlocked Paraguay.
An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.
The Argentine Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Argentina) is one of the official names of Argentina according to the Argentine Constitution, Article 35.
What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán.
Argentines, also known as Argentinians (argentinos; feminine argentinas), are the citizens of the Argentine Republic, or their descendants abroad.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
Barings Bank was a British merchant bank based in London, and the world's second oldest merchant bank (after Berenberg Bank).
Barry Alan Rowland (born August 1961) is an English administrator and the current Chief Executive of the Falkland Islands.
The Battle of the Falkland Islands was a naval action between the British Royal Navy and Imperial German Navy on 8 December 1914, during the First World War in the South Atlantic.
The Battle of the River Plate was the first naval battle in the Second World War and the first one of the Battle of the Atlantic in South American waters.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
The British invasions of the River Plate were a series of unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of areas in the Spanish colonial Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata that were located around the Río de la Plata in South America — in present-day Argentina and Uruguay.
The British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983 (1983 c. 6) is an Act of Parliament passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 28 March 1983.
The British Nationality Act 1981 (c.61) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning British nationality since 1 January 1983.
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 (c.8) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which superseded parts of the British Nationality Act 1981.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Building material is any material which is used for construction purposes.
The Camp is the term used in the Falkland Islands to refer to any part of the islands outside the islands' only significant town, Stanley, and often the large RAF base at Mount Pleasant.
Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island.
The Capture of Port Egmont on 10 June 1770 was a Spanish expedition that seized the British fort of Port Egmont on the Falkland Islands, garrisoned since 1765.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.
The Cheviot is a breed of white-faced sheep which gets its name from a range of hills in north Northumberland and the Scottish Borders.
The Chief Executive of the Falklands Islands is head of the public service responsible for the efficient and effective management of the Falkland Islands Government.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chileans in the Falkland Islands are people of Chilean ancestry or nationality who live in the Falkland Islands.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The climate of the Falkland Islands is cool and temperate, regulated by the large oceans which surround it.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
The Falkland Islands Constitution is a predominantly codified constitution documented primarily within the Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008, a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Continental crust is the layer of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks that forms the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves.
Corriedale sheep are a dual purpose breed, meaning they are used both in the production of wool and meat.
Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner (born 19 February 1953), sometimes referred to by her initials CFK, is an Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.
CSIRO Publishing is an Australian-based science and technology publisher.
The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.
David Jewett (June 17, 1772 – July 26, 1842) is known for his role in the sovereignty dispute between the United Kingdom and Argentina.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Demining or mine clearance is the process of removing land mines from an area, while minesweeping describes the act of detecting mines.
A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.
Desire the Right is the motto of the Falkland Islands.
The Director of Finance of the Falkland Islands is the government officer responsible for economic and financial matters in the Falkland Islands.
The Drake Passage or Mar de Hoces—Sea of Hoces—is the body of water between South America's Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
East Falkland (Isla Soledad) is the largest island of the Falklands in the South Atlantic having an area of or 54% of the total area of the Falklands.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Education in England is overseen by the United Kingdom's Department for Education.
Education in the Falkland Islands is free and compulsory up to the end of the academic year when a child reaches 16 years of age.
Edward Arthur Alexander Shackleton, Baron Shackleton, (15 July 1911 – 22 September 1994) was a British geographer, Royal Air Force officer and Labour Party politician.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In Christianity, Evangelism is the commitment to or act of publicly preaching of the Gospel with the intention of spreading the message and teachings of Jesus Christ.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The Executive Council of the Falkland Islands is the policy making body of the Government of the Falkland Islands, exercising executive power by advising the Governor.
Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.
Falkland Islanders, also called FalklandersChater, Tony.
The Falkland Islands Defence Force (FIDF) is the locally maintained volunteer defence unit in the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory.
Falkland Islands Dependencies was the constitutional arrangement for administering the British territories in Sub-Antarctica and Antarctica from 1843 until 1985.
The Falkland Islands general election of 2013 was held on Thursday 7 November 2013 to elect all eight members of the Legislative Assembly (five from the Stanley constituency and three from the Camp constituency) through universal suffrage using block voting, with each Stanley constituent having up to 5 votes and each Camp constituent having up to 3 votes.
The Pound is the currency of the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean.
Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is disputed by Argentina and the United Kingdom.
A referendum on political status was held in the Falkland Islands on 10–11 March 2013.
The Falkland Islands wolf (Dusicyon australis), also known as the warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Islands dog, Falkland Islands fox, or Antarctic wolf, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland Islands.
The Falkland Sound (Estrecho de San Carlos) is a sea strait in the Falkland Islands.
Falkland (Fàclann) is a village, parish and former royal burgh in Fife, Scotland at the foot of the Lomond Hills.
The Falklands Crisis of 1770 was a diplomatic standoff between Great Britain and Spain over possession of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean.
The Falklands Expedition occurred in late 1831 when the United States Navy warship USS ''Lexington'' was dispatched to investigate the plunder of two whalers at the small Argentine colony of Puerto Soledad.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
FIH group plc or FIH (formerly Falkland Islands Holdings plc) is a British conglomerate which plays a key role in the economy of the Falkland Islands through the Falkland Islands Company.
A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold.
In aviation, the flight length is defined as the distance of a flight.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
Fuegians are one of the three tribes of indigenous inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego, at the southern tip of South America.
Galaxias is a genus of small, highly successful freshwater fish in the Galaxiidae family.
A gaucho or gaúcho is a skilled horseman, reputed to be brave and unruly.
The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education, as well as a school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the United Kingdom and the educational authorities of British Crown dependencies to students completing secondary or pre-university education.
The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The Gibraltarians (colloquially Llanitos) are a cultural group native to Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea.
In economics, the Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.
"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King", depending on the gender of the reigning monarch) is the national or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Governor of the Falkland Islands is the representative of the British Crown in the Falkland Islands, acting "in Her Majesty's name and on Her Majesty's behalf" as the islands' de facto head of state in the absence of the British monarch.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Hispanic America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica, or América hispana), also known as Spanish America (Spanish: América española), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.
The history of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) goes back at least five hundred years, with active exploration and colonisation only taking place in the 18th century.
HMS Exeter was the second and last heavy cruiser built for the Royal Navy during the late 1920s.
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
Hydrocarbon exploration (or oil and gas exploration) is the search by petroleum geologists and geophysicists for hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earth's surface, such as oil and natural gas.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) is an international issue around the world.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
Duplicate: List of Falkland Islands-related topics The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the British Overseas Territory of the Falkland Islands.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Vice-Admiral The Hon.
John Dunmore CNZM (born 1923) is a prominent New Zealand academic, historian, author, playwright, and publisher.
John MacBride (c. 1735 – 17 February 1800) was an officer of the Royal Navy and a politician who saw service during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars, eventually rising to the rank of Admiral of the Blue.
John Strong was an English mariner.
The Journal of the Geological Society is a peer-reviewed scientific journal which covers research in all aspects of the Earth sciences.
Juan Manuel de Rosas (30 March 1793 – 14 March 1877), nicknamed "Restorer of the Laws", was a politician and army officer who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation.
Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Lafonia is a peninsula forming the southern part of East Falkland, the largest of the Falkland Islands.
The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.
The Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands is the unicameral legislature of the British Overseas Territory of the Falkland Islands.
Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers (infantry) throughout history, typically having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry.
This is a list of the countries of South American countries and dependent territories by population, which is sorted by the 2015 mid-year normalized demographic projections.
Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (12 November 1729 – 31 August 1811) was a French admiral and explorer.
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.
Luis Vernet (born Louis Vernet in 1791; died in 1871) was a merchant from Hamburg of Huguenot descent.
Saint Malo (also known as Maclou or Mac'h Low, or in Latin as Maclovius or Machutus, born 27 March 520 – died 15 November 621) was a mid-sixth century founder of Saint-Malo, a commune in Brittany, France.
Marine mammals are aquatic mammals that rely on the ocean and other marine ecosystems for their existence.
Mariner Books, a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, was established in 1997 as a publisher of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry in paperback.
A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time.
Matthew Brisbane (1787–1833) was an Antarctic explorer, sealer and a notable figure in the early history of the Falkland Islands.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
MercoPress is an online news agency based in Montevideo, Uruguay.
The Falkland Islands are a British overseas territory and, as such, rely on the UK for the guarantee of their security.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Mount Usborne (Cerro Alberdi) is a mountain on East Falkland.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Nigel James Phillips CBE (born May 1963) is a British diplomat, Royal Air Force officer and the current Governor of the Falkland Islands and Commissioner of the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The occupation of the Falkland Islands and of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Gobernación Militar de las Islas Malvinas, Georgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur "Military Administration of the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands") was the short-lived Argentine administration of a group of islands in the South Atlantic whose sovereignty has long been disputed.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.
An oil well is a boring in the Earth that is designed to bring petroleum oil hydrocarbons to the surface.
The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, known informally as the Ottawa Treaty, the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, or often simply the Mine Ban Treaty, aims at eliminating anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines) around the world.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Falkland Islands: The Falkland Islands (or; Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago located in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Patagonia is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.
The Patagonian or Argentine Shelf is part of the South American continental shelf belonging to the Argentine Sea on the Atlantic seaboard, south of about 35°S.
The Penguin News is the only newspaper produced within the Falkland Islands.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Polar Record is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of Arctic and Antarctic exploration and research.
The politics of the Falkland Islands takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary representative democratic dependency as set out by the constitution, whereby the Governor exercises the duties of head of state in the absence of the monarch and the Chief Executive acts as the head of government, with an elected Legislative Assembly to propose new laws and hold the executive to account.
Polwarth is a breed of sheep that was developed in Victoria (Australia) during 1880.
A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is any great reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay, white flight or rural flight, or due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes.
Port Egmont (Spanish: Puerto de la Cruzada; French: Poil de la Croisade) was the first British settlement in the Falkland Islands, on Saunders Island and is named after the Earl of Egmont.
Port Louis is a settlement on northeastern East Falkland.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Margaret Thatcher served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1979 to November 1990.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Puerto Soledad (Puerto de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, Port Solitude) was a Spanish military outpost and penal colony on the Falkland Islands, situated at an inner cove of Berkeley Sound (Baie Accaron,Dom Pernety, Antoine-Joseph. Journal historique d'un voyage fait aux Iles Malouïnes en 1763 et 1764 pour les reconnoître et y former un établissement; et de deux Voyages au Détroit de Magellan, avec une Rélation sur les Patagons. Berlin: Etienne de Bourdeaux, 1769. 2 volumes, 704 pp. & Bahía Anunciación).
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
RAF Mount Pleasant (also known as Mount Pleasant Airport, Mount Pleasant Complex or MPA) is a Royal Air Force station in the British Overseas Territory of the Falkland Islands.
In December 1832, two naval vessels were sent by the United Kingdom to re-assert British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), after the United Provinces of the River Plate (part of which later became Argentina) ignored British diplomatic protests over the appointment of Luis Vernet as governor of the Falkland Islands and a dispute over fishing rights.
The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia and North America.
Richmond Hill (2016 population 195,022) is a town in south-central York Region, Ontario, Canada.
The Royal Falkland Islands Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the Falkland Islands.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Saint Helena is a volcanic tropical island in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the Cunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola in southwestern Africa.
Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.
Samuel Fisher Lafone (Liverpool, 1805 – Buenos Aires, 1871) was a British-born Uruguayan businessman.
Sapper Hill (453 ft) is on East Falkland, Falkland Islands.
Saunders Island (Isla Trinidad) is the fourth largest of the Falkland Islands, lying north west of West Falkland.
Scandinavians are people belonging to the various ethnic groups native to Scandinavia: Always included based on a genetic definition are.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.
Silas M. Duncan (1788 – 14 September 1834) was an officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812.
"Song of the Falklands" is the unofficial anthem of the Falkland Islands ("God Save the Queen" being official).
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
The South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) breeds on the coasts of Peru, Chile, the Falkland Islands, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.
The South American gray fox (Lycalopex griseus), also known as the Patagonian fox, the chilla or the gray zorro, is a species of Lycalopex, the "false" foxes.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The South Orkney Islands are a group of islands in the Southern Ocean, about north-east of the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.
The South Shetland Islands are a group of Antarctic islands, lying about north of the Antarctic Peninsula, with a total area of.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is one of the two species of elephant seals.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
Stanley (also known as Port Stanley) is the capital of the Falkland Islands.
A steamship, often referred to as a steamer, is a type of steam powered vessel, typically ocean-faring and seaworthy, that is propelled by one or more steam engines that typically drive (turn) propellers or paddlewheels.
A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
The Strait of Magellan, also called the Straits of Magellan, is a navigable sea route in southern Chile separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south.
The striated caracara (Phalcoboenus australis) is a bird of prey of the family Falconidae.
The Subantarctic is a region in the southern hemisphere, located immediately north of the Antarctic region.
A subshrub (Latin suffrutex) or dwarf shrub is a short woody plant.
Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) are fibers made by humans with chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that humans get from living organisms with little or no chemical changes.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire") is an archipelago off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland, across the Strait of Magellan.
The Falkland Islands has officially used Falkland Islands Standard Time (UTC−3) all year round since 5 September 2010.
Tourism in Antarctica started with sea 1960s.
The Treasurer of the Navy originally called Treasurer of Marine Causes also originally called Paymaster of the Navy was a civilian officer of the Royal Navy, he was one of the Principle Commissioners of the Navy Board responsible for Naval Finance from 1524 to 1832.
In physical geography, tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
The United Nations General Assembly Fourth Committee (also known as the Special Political and Decolonization Committee or SPECPOL) is one of six main committees of the United Nations General Assembly.
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2065, adopted on December 16, 1965, recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute between United Kingdom and Argentina over the Falkland Islands.
The United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata), earlier known as the United Provinces of South America (Provincias Unidas de Sudamérica), a union of provinces in the Río de la Plata region of South America, emerged from the May Revolution in 1810 and the Argentine War of Independence of 1810–1818.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
United States Ship (abbreviated as USS or U.S.S.) is a ship prefix used to identify a commissioned ship of the United States Navy and applies to a ship only while it is in commission.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
The second USS Lexington was a sloop in the United States Navy built at the New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, in 1825; and commissioned on 11 June 1826, Master Commandant William B. Shubrick in command.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
The Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (Virreinato del Río de la Plata, also called Viceroyalty of the River Plate in some scholarly writings) was the last to be organized and also the shortest-lived of the Viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire in America.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
West Falkland (Isla Gran Malvina) is the second largest of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
The westerlies, anti-trades, or prevailing westerlies, are prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude.
William Wagstaff, commonly known as Will Wagstaff, is a leading ornithologist and naturalist in the Isles of Scilly, and also an author.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wreck diving is recreational diving where the wreckage of ships, aircraft and other artificial structures are explored.
.fk is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Falkland Islands.
On 2 April 1982, Argentine forces launched the invasion of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), beginning the Falklands War.
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