330 relations: "Weird Al" Yankovic, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Activision, ACube Systems Srl, AHI (Amiga), Aladdin4D, Altera, AMD Lance Am7990, American Laser Games, Amiga 1000, Amiga 1200, Amiga 2000, Amiga 3000, Amiga 3000T, Amiga 3000UX, Amiga 4000, Amiga 4000T, Amiga 500, Amiga 500 Plus, Amiga 600, Amiga Active, Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture, Amiga CD32, Amiga Chip RAM, Amiga custom chips, Amiga Enhanced Chip Set, Amiga Format, Amiga Halfbrite mode, Amiga Sidecar, Amiga software, Amiga Unix, Amiga Zorro II, Amiga Zorro III, Amiga, Inc., AmigaDOS, AmigaOne, AmigaOne X1000, AmigaOS, AmigaOS 4, Aminet, Amiwm, Analog stick, Andy Warhol, ANTIC, Apple II, Apple IIGS, Apple Inc., AppleTalk, Application programming interface, ARCNET, ..., Arithmetic logic unit, AROS Research Operating System, Ars Technica, Artist, Atari, Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit family, Atari joystick port, Atari ST, Babylon 5, BCPL, BeOS, BIOS, Blitter, Bob Casale, Booting, Bus (computing), Byte (magazine), C (programming language), C-One, Calvin Harris, CD-ROM, Central processing unit, Channel Z (song), Character generator, Charge-coupled device, Check mark, Chief executive officer, Chief operating officer, Classic Mac OS, Clone (computing), Color depth, Command-line interface, Commodore 64, Commodore 64 Games System, Commodore 65, Commodore 900, Commodore CDTV, Commodore International, Commodore PET, Commodore USA, Commodore VIC-20, CompuServe, Computer multitasking, Computer program, Computer-generated imagery, Consumer Electronics Show, Conventional PCI, Coprocessor, Crash (computing), CSG 65CE02, CTIA and GTIA, D-subminiature, Dave Haynie, Debbie Harry, Debian, DECstation, Delta (rocket family), Demoscene, Desktop video, Device driver, Devo, Digital signal processor, Dire Straits, Direct memory access, Disk density, Display resolution, DraCo, DragonFly BSD, Electronic music, Escom (computer corp), Ethernet, Exec (Amiga), Eyetech, Field-programmable gate array, Filename, Filename extension, Firmware, Floating-point unit, Floppy-disk controller, Fourth generation of video game consoles, Framebuffer, Furry fandom, Future US, Gateway, Inc., Genesi, Genlock, Graphical user interface, Graphics tablet, Hard disk drive, Hard disk recorder, Hold-And-Modify, Hyperion Entertainment, I Created Disco, IBM PC compatible, Icon (computing), IEEE 1394, Imagine (3D modeling software), Individual Computers, Individual Computers Catweasel, Industry Standard Architecture, Input/output, Instruction pipelining, Instruction set architecture, Integrated circuit, Intel, Inter-process communication, Internet forum, Intuition (Amiga), Irving Gould, Jack Tramiel, Japan, Jay Miner, Jean Giraud, Jeri Ellsworth, John C. Dvorak, Joystick, JPEG, Kickstart (Amiga), Kilobyte, KryoFlux, Larry Kaplan, LaserDisc, Library (computing), LightWave 3D, Linux, List of Amiga games, LocalTalk, London Transport Museum, Mac OS 8, Macintosh, MAME, Marilyn Monroe, Max Headroom (TV series), Max Tundra, McGraw-Hill Education, Megabyte, Memory management unit, Memory protection, Menu bar, Micro Mart, Microkernel, Microprocessor, Mini-ITX, Minicomputer, Minimig, MINIX, Modem, Money for Nothing (song), Money for Nothing/Beverly Hillbillies*, Monochrome, MorphOS, MOS Technology 6502, MOS Technology CIA, Motorola, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68000 series, Motorola 68020, Motorola 68030, Motorola 68040, Motorola 68060, Motorola 68851, MP3, Multicast, Multiplexing, Museum of New Art, Music tracker, NASA, NE1000, NetBSD, New wave music, NewTek, Next Generation (magazine), Nolan Bushnell, NTSC, Nyquist frequency, OctaMED, Open-source software, OpenBSD, Operating system, Original Chip Set, Original equipment manufacturer, OS/2, PA-RISC, Paddle (game controller), PAL, Palomar Observatory, Parallel ATA, Parallel port, PC Card, PC World, PDP-11, PEEK and POKE, Pegasos, Personal computer, Pizza box form factor, PlayStation (console), Pointer (computer programming), Pokémon Gold and Silver, POKEY, PowerPC, PowerUP (accelerator), Preemption (computing), Printed circuit board, Progressive rock, Promiscuous mode, Proprietary software, Pulse-code modulation, PWRficient, Random-access memory, Raspberry Pi, Raster graphics editor, Read-only memory, Real-time clock, Reduced instruction set computer, Retr0bright, Richmond Sound Design, Rock Lobster, Rock music, Rolf Harris, RS-232, Sam440ep, Sam460ex, SCSI, SeaQuest DSV, Sega CD, Sega Saturn, Serial port, Show control, Soft core (synthesis), Sound Blaster, Sound card, Sound design, Spanish language, Sprite (computer graphics), Status bar, Susumu Hirasawa, Television Interface Adaptor, The B-52's, Thomas Rattigan, Time base correction, Todd Rundgren, Token ring, Total Devo, Trademark, TRIPOS, TRS-80, TurboGrafx-16, TurboSilver, UAE (emulator), UHF (film), UNIX System V, USB, Vertical market, Video capture, Video game console, Video game crash of 1983, Video processing, Video production, Video Toaster, Volume (computing), Warner Communications, Whitespace character, Window manager, Windowing system, WindowLab, Windows NT, Wintel, Workbench (AmigaOS), Workstation, X Window System, Xilinx, Yellow Dog Linux, You Are the One (Andy Warhol), ZX Spectrum, 16-bit, 24-bit, 32-bit, 3D computer graphics, 8-bit. 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Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (born October 23, 1959) is an American singer-songwriter, film/record producer, satirist, and author.
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.
Activision Publishing, Inc. is an American video game publisher.
ACube Systems Srl is a company that started in January 2007 from the synergy of the Italian companies Alternative Holding Group Srl, Soft3 and Virtual Works.
AHI (AHI audio system) is a retargetable audio subsystem for AmigaOS, MorphOS and AROS.
Aladdin4D is a computer program for modeling and rendering three-dimensional graphics and animations, currently running on AmigaOS and Mac OS X platforms.
Altera Corporation is an American manufacturer of programmable logic devices (PLDs), reconfigurable complex digital circuits.
AMD Lance Am7990 IEEE 802.3 090427 amd.com Ethernet Media Access Controller (MAC) controller were introduced in 1985.
American Laser Games was a company based in Albuquerque, New Mexico that created numerous light gun laserdisc video games featuring live action full motion video.
The Commodore Amiga 1000, also known as the A1000 and originally simply as the Amiga, is the first personal computer released by Commodore International in the Amiga line.
The Amiga 1200, or A1200 (code-named "Channel Z"), is Commodore International's third-generation Amiga computer, aimed at the home computer market.
The Amiga 2000, or A2000, is a personal computer released by Commodore in March 1987.
The Commodore Amiga 3000, or A3000, is the third major release in the Amiga computer family.
The Amiga 3000T is a computer manufactured by Commodore.
The Commodore Amiga 3000UX is a model of the Amiga computer family that was released with Amiga Unix, a full port of AT&T Unix System V Release 4 (SVR4), installed along with AmigaOS.
The Commodore Amiga 4000, or A4000, is the successor of the A2000 and A3000 computers.
The Amiga 4000T, also known as A4000T, is a tower version of Commodore's A4000 personal computer.
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.
The Commodore Amiga 500 Plus (often A500 Plus or simply A500+) is an enhanced version of the original Amiga 500 computer.
The Amiga 600, also known as the A600 (codenamed "June Bug" after a B-52s song), is a home computer that was introduced at the CeBIT show in March 1992.
Amiga Active was a monthly computer magazine published by Pinprint Publishing, it launched at a time when most other Amiga magazines had already closed, and as a result only had one major competitor Amiga Format.
Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture (AGA) is the third-generation Amiga graphic chipset, first used in the Amiga 4000 in 1992.
The Amiga CD32, styled "CD32" and code-named "Spellbound", was the first 32-bit home video game console released in western Europe, Australia, Canada and Brazil.
Chip RAM is a commonly used term for the integrated RAM used in Commodore's line of Amiga computers.
In addition to the Amiga chipsets, various specially designed chips have been used in Commodore Amiga computers that do not belong to the 'Amiga chipset' in a tight sense.
The Enhanced Chip Set (ECS) is the second generation of the Amiga computer's chipset, offering minor improvements over the original chipset (OCS) design.
Amiga Format was a British computer magazine for Amiga computers, published by Future plc.
Extra Half-Brite (EHB) mode is a planar display mode of the Commodore Amiga computer.
The Commodore A1060 Sidecar is an expansion hardware device developed by Commodore and released in 1986 for the Amiga 1000 computer.
Amiga software is computer software engineered to run on the Amiga personal computer.
Amiga Unix (informally known as Amix) is a discontinued full port of AT&T Unix System V Release 4 operating system, done by Commodore-Amiga, Inc. in 1990, for the Amiga computer family (in addition to the proprietary AmigaOS shipping with the line of computers by default).
Zorro II is the general purpose expansion bus used by the Amiga 2000 computer.
Released as the expansion bus of the Commodore Amiga 3000 in 1990, the Zorro III computer bus was used to attach peripheral devices to an Amiga motherboard.
Amiga, Inc. is a company that holds some trademarks and other assets associated with the Amiga personal computer (originally developed by Amiga Corporation).
AmigaDOS is the disk operating system of the AmigaOS, which includes file systems, file and directory manipulation, the command-line interface, and file redirection.
AmigaOne is a series of computers intended to run AmigaOS 4 developed by Hyperion Entertainment, as a successor to the popular Amiga series by Commodore International.
AmigaOne X1000 is a PowerPC-based personal computer intended as a high-end platform for AmigaOS 4.
AmigaOS is a family of proprietary native operating systems of the Amiga and AmigaOne personal computers.
AmigaOS 4 (abbreviated as OS4 or AOS4) is a line of Amiga operating systems which runs on PowerPC microprocessors.
Aminet is the world's largest archive of Amiga-related software and files.
In computing, the AMIga Window Manager (amiwm) is a stacking window manager for the X Window System written by Marcus Comstedt.
An analog stick (or analogue stick in UK English), sometimes called a control stick, joystick, or thumbstick is an input device for a controller (often a game controller) that is used for two-dimensional input.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Alphanumeric Television Interface Controller (ANTIC) is an LSI ASIC dedicated to generating 2D computer graphics to be shown on a television screen or computer display.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple IIGS (styled as II), the fifth and most powerful model of the Apple II family, is a 16-bit personal computer produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
AppleTalk was a proprietary suite of networking protocols developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
Attached Resource Computer NETwork (ARCNET or ARCnet) is a communications protocol for local area networks.
An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
AROS Research Operating System (AROS pronounced "AR-OS") is a free and open source multi media centric implementation of the AmigaOS 3.1 APIs.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art, practicing the arts, or demonstrating an art.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
The Atari joystick port is a widely used computer port used to connect various gaming controllers to game console and home computer systems.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
Babylon 5 is an American science fiction television series created by writer and producer J. Michael Straczynski, under the Babylonian Productions label, in association with Straczynski's Synthetic Worlds Ltd.
BCPL ("Basic Combined Programming Language"; or 'Before C Programming Language' (a common humorous backronym)) is a procedural, imperative, and structured computer programming language.
BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
A blitter is a circuit, sometimes as a coprocessor or a logic block on a microprocessor, dedicated to the rapid movement and modification of data within a computer's memory.
Robert Edward "Bob" Casale, Jr. (born Robert Edward Pizzute, Jr.; July 14, 1952 – February 17, 2014), or Bob 2, was an American multi-instrumentalist, composer, record producer and audio engineer.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
The C-One is a single-board computer (SBC) created in 2002 as an enhanced version of the Commodore 64, a home computer popular in the 1980s.
Adam Richard Wiles (born 17 January 1984), known professionally as Calvin Harris, is a Scottish DJ, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
"Channel Z" is a single by The B-52's from their 1989 album Cosmic Thing.
A character generator, often abbreviated as CG, is a device or software that produces static or animated text (such as news crawls and credits rolls) for keying into a video stream.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
A check mark, checkmark or tick is a mark (✓, ✔, etc.) used (primarily in the English speaking world) to indicate the concept “yes” (e.g. “yes; this has been verified”, “yes; that is the correct answer”, “yes; this has been completed”, or “yes; this applies to me”).
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
The chief operating officer (COO), also called the chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, comprising part of the "C-Suite".
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
In computing, a clone is a hardware or software system that is designed to function in the same way as another system.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
The Commodore 64 Games System (often abbreviated C64GS) is the cartridge-based home video game console version of the popular Commodore 64 home computer.
The Commodore 65 (also known as the C64DX) is a prototype computer created at Commodore Business Machines in 1990-1991.
The Commodore 900 (also known as the Z-8000) was a prototype microcomputer intended for business computing and CAD purposes, and created in 1985 by Commodore International in West Germany.
The CDTV (from Commodore Dynamic Total Vision, later treated as a backronym for Compact Disc Television) is a home multimedia entertainment and video game console – convertible into a full-fledged personal computer by the addition of optional peripherals – developed by Commodore International and launched in March 1991.
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
Commodore USA, LLC was a computer company based in Pompano Beach, Florida, with additional facilities in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
The VIC-20 (in Germany: VC-20; In Japan: VIC-1001) is an 8-bit home computer that was sold by Commodore Business Machines.
CompuServe (CompuServe Information Service, also known by its initialism CIS) was the first major commercial online service provider in the United States.
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
A coprocessor is a computer processor used to supplement the functions of the primary processor (the CPU).
In computing, a crash (or system crash) occurs when a computer program, such as a software application or an operating system, stops functioning properly and exits.
The CSG 65CE02 is a 8/16-bit microprocessor developed by Commodore Semiconductor Group in 1988.
Color Television Interface Adaptor (CTIA) and its successor Graphic Television Interface Adaptor (GTIA) are custom chips used in the Atari 8-bit family of computers and in the Atari 5200 console.
The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector.
Dave Haynie is an American electrical engineer.
Deborah Ann Harry (born Angela Tremble; July 1, 1945) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress, known as the lead singer of the new wave band Blondie.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
The DECstation was a brand of computers used by DEC, and refers to three distinct lines of computer systems—the first released in 1978 as a word processing system, and the latter (more widely known) two both released in 1989.
Delta is an American versatile family of expendable launch systems that has provided space launch capability in the United States since 1960.
The demoscene is an international computer art subculture focused on producing demos: self-contained, sometimes extremely small, computer programs that produce audio-visual presentations.
Desktop video refers to a phenomenon lasting from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s when the graphics capabilities of personal computers such as Commodore's Amiga, the Apple Macintosh II and specially-upgraded IBM PC compatibles had advanced to the point where individuals and local broadcasters could use them for analog non-linear editing (NLE) and vision mixing in video production.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Devo (originally) is an American rock band from Akron, Ohio formed in 1973.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
Dire Straits were a British rock band formed in London in 1977 by Mark Knopfler (lead vocals and lead guitar), David Knopfler (rhythm guitar and backing vocals), John Illsley (bass guitar and backing vocals), and Pick Withers (drums and percussion).
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
Disk density is a capacity designation on magnetic storage, usually floppy disks.
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
The DraCo, also known as DraCo Vision in one of its later models, was a non-linear video editing workstation created by MacroSystem Computer GmbH in 1994, based on the Commodore-Amiga platform.
DragonFly BSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system created as a fork of FreeBSD 4.8.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
ESCOM, previously Schmitt Computer Systems Ltd., was a German computer company, best known in Germany, the Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States as the successful purchaser of Commodore International and the Amiga trademarks in 1995.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Exec is the kernel of AmigaOS.
Eyetech Group Ltd is a company founded in 1983, in order to provide commercial companies with automatical data collection systems.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
A filename (also written as two words, file name) is a name used to uniquely identify a computer file stored in a file system.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
A floating-point unit (FPU, colloquially a math coprocessor) is a part of a computer system specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers.
A floppy-disk controller (FDC) is a special-purpose chip and associated disk controller circuitry that directs and controls reading from and writing to a computer's floppy disk drive (FDD).
In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).
A framebuffer (frame buffer, or sometimes framestore) is a portion of RAM containing a bitmap that drives a video display.
The furry fandom is a subculture interested in fictional anthropomorphic animal characters with human personalities and characteristics.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
Gateway Inc. was an American computer hardware company based in South Dakota and later California, that developed, manufactured, supported, and marketed a wide range of personal computers, computer monitors, servers, and computer accessories.
Genesi is an international group of technology and consulting companies in the United States, Mexico and Germany.
Genlock (generator locking) is a common technique where the video output of one source, or a specific reference signal from a signal generator, is used to synchronize other picture sources together.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A graphic tablet (also known as a digitizer, drawing tablet, digital drawing tablet, pen tablet, or digital art board) is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, with a special pen-like stylus, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil and paper.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
A hard disk recorder (HDR) is a system that uses a high-capacity hard disk to record digital audio or digital video.
Hold-And-Modify, usually abbreviated as HAM, is a display mode of the Commodore Amiga computer.
Hyperion Entertainment CVBA (formerly Hyperion Entertainment VOF) is a Belgian software company which in its early years focused in porting Windows games to Amiga OS, Linux and Mac OS.
I Created Disco is the debut studio album by Scottish musician Calvin Harris.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
Imagine was the name of a cutting-edge 3D modeling and ray tracing program, originally for the Amiga computer and later also for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.
Individual Computers is a German computer hardware company specializing in retrocomputing accessories for the Commodore 64, Amiga, and PC platforms.
The Catweasel is a family of enhanced floppy disk controllers from German company Individual Computers.
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) is a retronym term for the 16-bit internal bus of IBM PC/AT and similar computers based on the Intel 80286 and its immediate successors during the 1980s.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
Instruction pipelining is a technique for implementing instruction-level parallelism within a single processor.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
In computer science, inter-process communication or interprocess communication (IPC) refers specifically to the mechanisms an operating system provides to allow the processes to manage shared data.
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
Intuition is the native windowing system and user interface (UI) engine of AmigaOS.
Irving Gould (1919–2004) was a Canadian businessperson credited with both saving and sinking Commodore.
Jack Tramiel (born Idek Trzmiel; December 13, 1928 – April 8, 2012) was a Polish American businessman, best known for founding Commodore International.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jay Glenn Miner (May 31, 1932 – June 20, 1994) was an American integrated circuit designer, known primarily for developing multimedia chips for the Atari 2600 and Atari 8-bit family and as the "father of the Amiga".
Jean Henri Gaston Giraud (8 May 1938 – 10 March 2012) was a French artist, cartoonist and writer who worked in the Franco-Belgian ''bandes dessinées'' (BD) tradition.
Jeri Janet Ellsworth is an American entrepreneur and an autodidact computer chip designer and inventor.
John Charles Dvorak (born April 5, 1952) is an American columnist and broadcaster in the areas of technology and computing.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
Kickstart is the bootstrap firmware of the Amiga computers developed by Commodore.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
KryoFlux is a hardware and software solution for preserving software on floppy disks.
Larry Kaplan is an American video game designer and programmer best known for the 1981 Atari 2600 game, Kaboom!.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
LightWave 3D is a 3D computer graphics software developed by NewTek.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of games for the Commodore Amiga computer system, organised alphabetically by name.
LocalTalk is a particular implementation of the physical layer of the AppleTalk networking system from Apple Computer.
The London Transport Museum, or LT Museum based in Covent Garden, London, seeks to conserve and explain the transport heritage of Britain's capital city.
Mac OS 8 is an operating system that was released by Apple Computer, Inc. on July 26, 1997.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
MAME (originally an acronym of Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator) is a free and open source emulator designed to recreate the hardware of arcade game systems in software on modern personal computers and other platforms.
Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer.
Max Headroom is an American satirical science fiction television series by Chrysalis Visual Programming and Lakeside Productions for Lorimar-Telepictures that aired in the United States on ABC from March 1987 to May 1988.
Ben Jacobs, more commonly known by the stage name Max Tundra, is an English multi-instrumental musician, singer and music producer.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
Memory protection is a way to control memory access rights on a computer, and is a part of most modern instruction set architectures and operating systems.
A menu bar is a graphical control element which contains drop-down menus.
Micro Mart was a weekly computer magazine published in the United Kingdom by Dennis Publishing Ltd..
In computer science, a microkernel (also known as μ-kernel) is the near-minimum amount of software that can provide the mechanisms needed to implement an operating system (OS).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Mini-ITX is a motherboard, developed by VIA Technologies in 2001.
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
Minimig (short for Mini Amiga) is an open source re-implementation of an Amiga 500 using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA).
MINIX (from "mini-Unix") is a POSIX-compliant (since version 2.0), Unix-like operating system based on a microkernel architecture.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
"Money for Nothing" is a single by British rock band Dire Straits, taken from their 1985 studio album Brothers in Arms.
"Money for Nothing/Beverly Hillbillies*" is a song by "Weird Al" Yankovic.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
MorphOS is an AmigaOS-like computer operating system.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
The 6526/8521 Complex Interface Adapter (CIA) was an integrated circuit made by MOS Technology.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.
The Motorola 68020 ("sixty-eight-oh-twenty", "sixty-eight-oh-two-oh" or "six-eight-oh-two-oh") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1984.
The Motorola 68030 ("sixty-eight-oh-thirty") is a 32-bit microprocessor in the Motorola 68000 family.
The Motorola 68040 ("sixty-eight-oh-forty") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1990.
The Motorola 68060 ("sixty-eight-oh-sixty") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola released in 1994.
The Motorola 68851 is an external Memory Management Unit (MMU) which is designed to provide paged memory support for the 68020 using that processor's coprocessor interface.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
In computer networking, multicast is group communication where data transmission is addressed to a group of destination computers simultaneously.
In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.
The Museum of New Art, better known as MONA is the first popup museum, founded in 1996 and run by artists since then.
A music tracker (short version tracker) is a type of music sequencer software for creating music.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NE1000/NE2000 is an early line of low cost Ethernet network cards originally produced by Novell by 1987.
NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
NewTek, Inc. is a San Antonio, Texas–based hardware and software company that produces live and post-production video tools and visual imaging software for personal computers.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
Nolan Kay Bushnell (born February 5, 1943) is an American electrical engineer and businessman.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
The Nyquist frequency, named after electronic engineer Harry Nyquist, is half of the sampling rate of a discrete signal processing system.
OctaMED is a popular sound tracker for the Commodore Amiga, written by Teijo Kinnunen.
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
OpenBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Original Chip Set (OCS) is a chipset used in the earliest Commodore Amiga computers and defined the Amiga's graphics and sound capabilities.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
PA-RISC is an instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hewlett-Packard.
A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
Palomar Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in San Diego County, California, United States, southeast of Los Angeles, California, in the Palomar Mountain Range.
Parallel ATA (PATA), originally, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, and optical disc drives in computers.
A parallel port is a type of interface found on computers (personal and otherwise) for connecting peripherals.
In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
In computing, PEEK and POKE are commands used in some high-level programming languages for accessing the contents of a specific memory cell referenced by its memory address.
Pegasos is a MicroATX motherboard powered by a PowerPC 750CXe or PowerPC 7447 microprocessor, featuring three PCI slots, one AGP slot, two Ethernet ports (10/100/1000 & 10/100), USB, DDR, AC'97 sound, and FireWire.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
In computing, a pizza box is a style of case for computers or network switches.
The PlayStation (officially abbreviated to PS, and commonly known as the PS1 or its codename, PSX) is a home video game console developed and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
In computer science, a pointer is a programming language object that stores the memory address of another value located in computer memory.
Pokémon Gold Version and Silver Version are the second installments of the ''Pokémon'' series of role-playing video games, developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo for the Game Boy Color.
The Pot Keyboard Integrated Circuit (POKEY) is a digital I/O chip designed for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and found in Atari arcade games of the 1980s.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
PowerUP boards were dual-processor 68k–PowerPC accelerator boards designed by Phase5 Digital Products for Amiga computers.
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
In computer networking, promiscuous mode is a mode for a wired network interface controller (NIC) or wireless network interface controller (WNIC) that causes the controller to pass all traffic it receives to the central processing unit (CPU) rather than passing only the frames that the controller is specifically programmed to receive.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
PWRficient is the name of a series of microprocessors designed by P.A. Semi where the PA6T-1682M was the only one that became an actual product.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
The Raspberry Pi is a series of small single-board computers developed in the United Kingdom by the Raspberry Pi Foundation to promote the teaching of basic computer science in schools and in developing countries.
A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to create and edit images interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many "bitmap" or "raster" formats such as JPEG, PNG, GIF and TIFF.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
A real-time clock (RTC) is a computer clock (most often in the form of an integrated circuit) that keeps track of the current time.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
Retrobright (stylized as Retr0bright) is a chemical mixture used to remove yellowing from ABS plastic computer and electronics cases, including computers that were manufactured by Commodore and Apple in the 1980s and 1990s, and various video game consoles and cartridges.
Richmond Sound Design Ltd. is a theatre sound design and show control systems and software developer and manufacturer.
"Rock Lobster" is a song written by Fred Schneider and Ricky Wilson, two members of The B-52's.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rolf Harris (born 30 March 1930) is an Australian entertainer whose career has encompassed work as a musician, singer-songwriter, composer, comedian, actor, painter and television personality.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
Sam440, also known by Sam or its codename Samantha, is a line of modular motherboards produced by the Italian company ACube Systems Srl.
Sam460ex is a line of modular motherboards produced by the Italian company ACube Systems Srl.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
SeaQuest DSV (stylized as seaQuest DSV and also promoted as simply seaQuest) is an American science fiction television series created by Rockne S. O'Bannon.
The Sega CD, released as the in most regions outside North America and Brazil, is a CD-ROM accessory for the Sega Genesis video game console designed and produced by Sega as part of the fourth generation of video game consoles.
The is a 32-bit fifth-generation home video game console developed by Sega and released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America, and July 8, 1995 in Europe.
In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).
Show control is the use of automation technology to link together and operate multiple entertainment control systems in a coordinated manner.
A soft core (also called softcore) is a digital circuit that can be wholly implemented using logic synthesis.
The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was the de facto standard for consumer audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, until the widespread transition to Microsoft Windows 95, which standardized the programming interface at application level (eliminating the importance of backward compatibility with Sound Blaster), and the evolution in PC design led to onboard motherboard-audio, which commoditized PC audio functionality.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
Sound design is the art and practice of creating sound tracks for a variety of needs.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
A status bar is a graphical control element which poses an information area typically found at the window's bottom.
(born April 1, 1954) is a Japanese musician and composer.
The Television Interface Adaptor (TIA) is the custom computer chip that is the heart of the Atari 2600 game console, generating the screen display, sound effects, and reading input controllers.
The B-52s (styled as The B-52's prior to 2008) are an American rock band, formed in Athens, Georgia, in 1976.
Thomas John Rattigan (born 20 July 1937 in Boston) is an American businessman.
Time base correction is a technique to reduce or eliminate errors caused by mechanical instability present in analog recordings on mechanical media.
Todd Harry Rundgren (born June 22, 1948) is an American multi-instrumentalist, singer, songwriter, and record producer who has performed a diverse range of styles as a solo artist and as a member of the band Utopia.
MAU b) Using several MAUs connected to each other Token ring network IBM hermaphroditic connector with locking clip Token Ring local area network (LAN) technology is a communications protocol for local area networks.
Total Devo is the seventh studio album by the American new wave band Devo.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
TRIPOS (TRIvial Portable Operating System) is a computer operating system.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The TurboGrafx-16 Entertainment SuperSystem, known in Japan and France as the, is a home video game console jointly developed by Hudson Soft and NEC Home Electronics, released in Japan on October 30, 1987 and in the United States on August 29, 1989.
TurboSilver was one of the original 3D raytracing software packages available for the Amiga and for personal computers in general.
UAE is a computer emulator which emulates the hardware of the Commodore Amiga range of computers.
UHF (released internationally as The Vidiot from UHF) is a 1989 American comedy film starring "Weird Al" Yankovic, David Bowe, Fran Drescher, Victoria Jackson, Kevin McCarthy, Michael Richards, Gedde Watanabe, Billy Barty, Anthony Geary, Emo Philips and Trinidad Silva; the film is dedicated to Silva who died shortly after principal filming.
UNIX System V (pronounced: "System Five") is one of the first commercial versions of the Unix operating system.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A vertical market is a market in which vendors offer goods and services specific to an industry, trade, profession, or other group of customers with specialized needs.
Video capture is the process of converting an analog video signal—such as that produced by a video camera, DVD player, or television tuner—to digital video and sending it to local storage or to external circuitry.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
In electronics engineering, video processing is a particular case of signal processing, which often employs video filters and where the input and output signals are video files or video streams.
Video production is the process of producing video content.
The NewTek Video Toaster is a combination of hardware and software for the editing and production of NTSC standard-definition video.
In computer data storage, a volume or logical drive is a single accessible storage area with a single file system, typically (though not necessarily) resident on a single partition of a hard disk.
Warner Communications, Inc. was established in 1972 when Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations (as National Kinney Corporation), and changed its name.
In computer programming, white space is any character or series of characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.
A window manager is system software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface.
In computing, a windowing system (or window system) is software that manages separately different parts of display screens.
WindowLab is an X window manager for Unix-like systems.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Wintel is a portmanteau of Windows and Intel, referring to personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows.
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
Yellow Dog Linux (YDL) is a free and open-source operating system for high-performance computing on multi-core processor computer architectures.
You Are the One, by Andy Warhol, is an Amiga-made music video, created in 1985.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.
Notable 24-bit machines include the CDC 924 – a 24-bit version of the CDC 1604, CDC lower 3000 series, SDS 930 and SDS 940, the ICT 1900 series, and the Datacraft minicomputers/Harris H series.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
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