Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Nuclear weapon

+ Save concept

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb). [1]

332 relations: Aerial refueling, African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty, Aircraft, Albert Einstein, Aldermaston, Aldermaston Marches, Almería, American Experience, Americium, Anti-submarine warfare, Antimatter, Antimatter-catalyzed nuclear pulse propulsion, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Atomic demolition munition, Atomic nucleus, Atomic Weapons Establishment, Australasian Science, B28 nuclear bomb, B43 nuclear bomb, B53 nuclear bomb, B61 nuclear bomb, B83 nuclear bomb, Ballistics, Barack Obama, Battle, Belarus, Belgium, Berkshire, Bertrand Russell, Biological warfare, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, BOMARC Missile Accident Site, Boosted fission weapon, Boston, British Columbia, Brookings Institution, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Canal, Caribbean, Castle Bravo, Casus belli, Cataract, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone, Charles de Gaulle, Chemical weapon, China and weapons of mass destruction, Chuck Hansen, ..., CIM-10 Bomarc, Civil defense, Civilian, CNN, Cobalt, Cobalt bomb, Cold War, Command and Control (book), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Conventional weapon, Critical mass, Cuban Missile Crisis, Cyrus S. Eaton, Daigo Fukuryū Maru, Daniel Ellsberg, David Albright, Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Depleted uranium, Deterrence theory, Deuterium, Dirty bomb, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, Easter, Economic development, Ejection seat, Electric charge, Empire of Japan, Enriched uranium, Environmental remediation, Eric Schlosser, Ethics, Explosive lens, Explosive material, Exponential growth, Fat Man, Fighter-bomber, Firestorm, Fissile material, Fission barrier, Force de dissuasion, France and weapons of mass destruction, Game theory, Gamma ray, Geneva Conventions, George P. Shultz, Germany, Global Zero (campaign), Gold, Goldsboro, North Carolina, Graham T. Allison, Greenland, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Half-life, Hanford Site, Hans Bethe, Harry Daghlian, Head of government, Head of state, Henry DeWolf Smyth, Henry Kissinger, Hiroshima, Hugh Gusterson, Hydrogen, Hypergolic propellant, India and weapons of mass destruction, Induced gamma emission, Institute for Science and International Security, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Court of Justice, International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, International law, International relations, Interventionism (politics), Iodine-131, Ionizing radiation, Iraq, Iraq War, Isotope, Isotopes of neptunium, Israel and weapons of mass destruction, Italy, Ivy Mike, John Mearsheimer, Kazakhstan, Kenneth Waltz, Kofi Annan, Land mine, Latin America, Lawrence M. Krauss, Linus Pauling, List of nuclear close calls, List of nuclear weapons, List of states with nuclear weapons, Lithium hydride, Little Boy, London, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Louis Slotin, Manhattan Project, Mark 17 nuclear bomb, Mark 39 nuclear bomb, Mark 4 nuclear bomb, Mark Diesendorf, Matter, Median lethal dose, Mediterranean Sea, Military personnel, Misnomer, Missile, Missile defense, Missile launch facility, Mordechai Vanunu, Mortar (weapon), Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle, Mutual assured destruction, Nagasaki, National Cancer Institute, National Command Authority, Neorealism (international relations), Netherlands, Neutron, Neutron bomb, Neutron radiation, Nevada Test Site, New START, Niger uranium forgeries, Nobel Peace Prize, North Korea, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, Nth Country Experiment, Nuclear artillery, Nuclear blackout, Nuclear bunker buster, Nuclear chain reaction, Nuclear depth bomb, Nuclear electromagnetic pulse, Nuclear explosion, Nuclear fallout, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fission product, Nuclear forensics, Nuclear fusion, Nuclear holocaust, Nuclear peace, Nuclear proliferation, Nuclear pumped laser, Nuclear reaction, Nuclear sharing, Nuclear technology, Nuclear terrorism, Nuclear torpedo, Nuclear warfare, Nuclear weapon, Nuclear weapon design, Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom, Nuclear weapons delivery, Nuclear weapons in popular culture, Nuclear weapons of the United States, Nuclear weapons testing, Nuclear winter, Nuclear-weapon-free zone, OPANAL, Operation Opera, Operation Outside the Box, Pacific Proving Grounds, Pakistan and weapons of mass destruction, Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Particle, PBS, Penguin Group, Pierre Marie Gallois, Plutonium, Plutonium-239, Policy of deliberate ambiguity, Prague, Pre-emptive nuclear strike, Project Excalibur, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Pure fusion weapon, Radiation, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, Radioactive contamination, Radioactive decay, Radioactive waste, Radiophobia, Reuters, Richard Rhodes, Rinaldo Brutoco, Robert Gallucci, Russell–Einstein Manifesto, Russia and weapons of mass destruction, Salted bomb, Sam Nunn, Sea ice, Secretary-General of the United Nations, September 11 attacks, Shelter in place, Sievert, Small arms, Smyth Report, South Africa, South Africa and weapons of mass destruction, South Korea, Soviet Union, Spain, Special Atomic Demolition Munition, Spencer R. Weart, Stability–instability paradox, Starfish Prime, START I, START II, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Strategic bomber, Strategic Defense Initiative, Strategic nuclear weapon, Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, Submarine, Submarine-launched ballistic missile, Suitcase nuclear device, Surrender of Japan, Syria, Tactical nuclear weapon, Terrorism, The Making of the Atomic Bomb, The New York Review of Books, The Pentagon, The Washington Post, TheGuardian.com, Thermonuclear weapon, Thomas Powers, Three Non-Nuclear Principles, Thyroid cancer, Titan (rocket family), TNT, TNT equivalent, Total war, Trafalgar Square, Transporter erector launcher, Treaty of Tlatelolco, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Trinity (nuclear test), Tritium, Tsar Bomba, Tuna, Turkey, Ukraine, Underground nuclear weapons testing, Unguided bomb, United Kingdom and weapons of mass destruction, United Nations, United Nations Charter, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Secretariat, United States, United States Air Force, United States and weapons of mass destruction, United States Army Air Forces, United States Atomic Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, United States military nuclear incident terminology, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, University of New Mexico, Uranium, Uranium-233, Uranium-235, Variable yield, Weapon of mass destruction, William Perry, World War II, X-ray, 1950 British Columbia B-36 crash, 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash, 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 incident, 1966 Palomares B-52 crash, 1968 Thule Air Base B-52 crash, 1980 Damascus Titan missile explosion. Expand index (282 more) »

Aerial refueling

Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Aerial refueling · See more »

African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty

The African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Pelindaba (named after South Africa's main Nuclear Research Centre, run by The South African Nuclear Energy Corporation and was the location where South Africa's atomic bombs of the 1970s were developed, constructed and subsequently stored), establishes a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Africa.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty · See more »

Aircraft

An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Aircraft · See more »

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Albert Einstein · See more »

Aldermaston

Aldermaston is a mostly rural, dispersed settlement, civil parish and electoral ward in Berkshire, England.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Aldermaston · See more »

Aldermaston Marches

The Aldermaston marches were anti-nuclear weapons demonstrations in the 1950s and 1960s, taking place on Easter weekend between the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston in Berkshire, England, and London, over a distance of fifty-two miles, or roughly 83 km.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Aldermaston Marches · See more »

Almería

Almería is a city in Andalusia, Spain, located in the southeast of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea, and is the capital of the province of the same name.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Almería · See more »

American Experience

American Experience is a television program airing on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television stations in the United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and American Experience · See more »

Americium

Americium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Am and atomic number 95.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Americium · See more »

Anti-submarine warfare

Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Anti-submarine warfare · See more »

Antimatter

In modern physics, antimatter is defined as a material composed of the antiparticle (or "partners") to the corresponding particles of ordinary matter.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Antimatter · See more »

Antimatter-catalyzed nuclear pulse propulsion

Antimatter catalyzed nuclear pulse propulsion is a variation of nuclear pulse propulsion based upon the injection of antimatter into a mass of nuclear fuel which normally would not be useful in propulsion.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Antimatter-catalyzed nuclear pulse propulsion · See more »

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki · See more »

Atomic demolition munition

Atomic demolition munitions (ADMs), colloquially known as nuclear land mines, are small nuclear explosive devices.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Atomic demolition munition · See more »

Atomic nucleus

The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Atomic nucleus · See more »

Atomic Weapons Establishment

The Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) is responsible for the design, manufacture and support of warheads for the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Atomic Weapons Establishment · See more »

Australasian Science

Australasian Science is a bimonthly science magazine published in Australia.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Australasian Science · See more »

B28 nuclear bomb

The B28, originally Mark 28, was a thermonuclear bomb carried by U.S. tactical fighter bombers, attack aircraft and bomber aircraft.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and B28 nuclear bomb · See more »

B43 nuclear bomb

The B43 was a United States air-dropped variable yield nuclear weapon used by a wide variety of fighter bomber and bomber aircraft.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and B43 nuclear bomb · See more »

B53 nuclear bomb

The Mk/B53 was a high-yield bunker buster thermonuclear weapon developed by the United States during the Cold War.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and B53 nuclear bomb · See more »

B61 nuclear bomb

The B61 nuclear bomb is the primary thermonuclear gravity bomb in the United States Enduring Stockpile following the end of the Cold War.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and B61 nuclear bomb · See more »

B83 nuclear bomb

The B83 thermonuclear weapon is a variable-yield unguided bomb developed by the United States in the late 1970s, entering service in 1983.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and B83 nuclear bomb · See more »

Ballistics

Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ballistics · See more »

Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Barack Obama · See more »

Battle

A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Battle · See more »

Belarus

Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Belarus · See more »

Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Belgium · See more »

Berkshire

Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Berkshire · See more »

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Bertrand Russell · See more »

Biological warfare

Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Biological warfare · See more »

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Boeing B-52 Stratofortress · See more »

Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker

The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is a military aerial refueling aircraft.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker · See more »

BOMARC Missile Accident Site

BOMARC Site RW-01 is a fenced-off site contaminated primarily with "weapons-grade plutonium (WGP), highly-enriched and depleted uranium." On 7 June 1960 an explosion in a CIM-10 Bomarc missile fuel tank caused the accident and subsequent contamination.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and BOMARC Missile Accident Site · See more »

Boosted fission weapon

A boosted fission weapon usually refers to a type of nuclear bomb that uses a small amount of fusion fuel to increase the rate, and thus yield, of a fission reaction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Boosted fission weapon · See more »

Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Boston · See more »

British Columbia

British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and British Columbia · See more »

Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Brookings Institution · See more »

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is a nontechnical academic journal, published by Taylor and Francis that covers global security and public policy issues related to the dangers posed by nuclear threats, weapons of mass destruction, climate change, and emerging technologies and biological hazards.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists · See more »

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) is an organisation that advocates unilateral nuclear disarmament by the United Kingdom, international nuclear disarmament and tighter international arms regulation through agreements such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament · See more »

Canal

Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Canal · See more »

Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Caribbean · See more »

Castle Bravo

Castle Bravo was the first in a series of high-yield thermonuclear weapon design tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, as part of Operation Castle.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Castle Bravo · See more »

Casus belli

Casus belli is a Latin expression meaning "an act or event that provokes or is used to justify war" (literally, "a case of war").

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Casus belli · See more »

Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cataract · See more »

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention · See more »

Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone

The Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (CANWFZ) treaty is a legally binding commitment by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan not to manufacture, acquire, test, or possess nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone · See more »

Charles de Gaulle

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Charles de Gaulle · See more »

Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Chemical weapon · See more »

China and weapons of mass destruction

The People's Republic of China has developed and possesses weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and China and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Christmas · See more »

Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Christmas and holiday season · See more »

Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Christmas Eve · See more »

Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Christmas traditions · See more »

Chuck Hansen

Chuck Hansen (May 13, 1947 - March 26, 2003) was the compiler, over a period of 30 years, of the world's largest private collection of unclassified documents on how America developed atomic and thermonuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Chuck Hansen · See more »

CIM-10 Bomarc

The Boeing CIM-10 Bomarc (IM-99 Weapon System prior to September 1962) was a supersonic long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) used during the Cold War for the air defense of North America.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and CIM-10 Bomarc · See more »

Civil defense

Civil defense or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Civil defense · See more »

Civilian

A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Civilian · See more »

CNN

Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and CNN · See more »

Cobalt

Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cobalt · See more »

Cobalt bomb

A cobalt bomb is a type of "salted bomb": a nuclear weapon designed to produce enhanced amounts of radioactive fallout, intended to contaminate a large area with radioactive material.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cobalt bomb · See more »

Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cold War · See more »

Command and Control (book)

Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety is a 2013 nonfiction book by Eric Schlosser about the history of nuclear weapons systems in the United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Command and Control (book) · See more »

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty · See more »

Conventional weapon

The terms conventional weapons or conventional arms generally refer to weapons that are in relatively wide use that are not weapons of mass destruction (e.g. nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Conventional weapon · See more »

Critical mass

A critical mass is the smallest amount of fissile material needed for a sustained nuclear chain reaction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Critical mass · See more »

Cuban Missile Crisis

The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cuban Missile Crisis · See more »

Cyrus S. Eaton

Cyrus Stephen Eaton, Sr. (December 27, 1883 – May 9, 1979) was a Canadian-American investment banker, businessman and philanthropist, with a career that spanned seventy years.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Cyrus S. Eaton · See more »

Daigo Fukuryū Maru

was a Japanese tuna fishing boat with a crew of 23 men which was contaminated by nuclear fallout from the United States Castle Bravo thermonuclear weapon test at Bikini Atoll on March 1, 1954.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Daigo Fukuryū Maru · See more »

Daniel Ellsberg

Daniel Ellsberg (born April 7, 1931) is an American activist and former United States military analyst who, while employed by the RAND Corporation, precipitated a national political controversy in 1971 when he released the Pentagon Papers, a top-secret Pentagon study of U.S. government decision-making in relation to the Vietnam War, to The New York Times and other newspapers.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Daniel Ellsberg · See more »

David Albright

David Albright, M.Sc., is the founder of the non-governmental Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), its current president, and author of several books on proliferation of atomic weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and David Albright · See more »

Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki concerns the ethical, legal, and military controversies surrounding the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 August and 9 August 1945 at the close of World War II (1939–45).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki · See more »

Depleted uranium

Depleted uranium (DU; also referred to in the past as Q-metal, depletalloy or D-38) is uranium with a lower content of the fissile isotope U-235 than natural uranium.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Depleted uranium · See more »

Deterrence theory

Deterrence theory gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Deterrence theory · See more »

Deuterium

Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Deuterium · See more »

Dirty bomb

A dirty bomb or radiological dispersal device (RDD) is a speculative radiological weapon that combines radioactive material with conventional explosives.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Dirty bomb · See more »

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Dissolution of the Soviet Union · See more »

Douglas A-4 Skyhawk

The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a single seat subsonic carrier-capable attack aircraft developed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps in the early 1950s.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Douglas A-4 Skyhawk · See more »

Easter

Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Easter · See more »

Economic development

economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Economic development · See more »

Ejection seat

In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ejection seat · See more »

Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Electric charge · See more »

Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Empire of Japan · See more »

Enriched uranium

Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Enriched uranium · See more »

Environmental remediation

Environmental remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Environmental remediation · See more »

Eric Schlosser

Eric Matthew Schlosser (born August 17, 1959) is an American journalist and author known for his investigative journalism, such as in his books Fast Food Nation (2001), Reefer Madness (2003), and Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety (2013).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Eric Schlosser · See more »

Ethics

Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ethics · See more »

Explosive lens

An explosive lens—as used, for example, in nuclear weapons—is a highly specialized shaped charge.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Explosive lens · See more »

Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Explosive material · See more »

Exponential growth

Exponential growth is exhibited when the rate of change—the change per instant or unit of time—of the value of a mathematical function is proportional to the function's current value, resulting in its value at any time being an exponential function of time, i.e., a function in which the time value is the exponent.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Exponential growth · See more »

Fat Man

"Fat Man" was the codename for the atomic bomb that was detonated over the Japanese city of Nagasaki by the United States on 9 August 1945.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Fat Man · See more »

Fighter-bomber

A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Fighter-bomber · See more »

Firestorm

A firestorm is a conflagration which attains such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Firestorm · See more »

Fissile material

In nuclear engineering, fissile material is material capable of sustaining a nuclear fission chain reaction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Fissile material · See more »

Fission barrier

In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, the fission barrier is the activation energy required for a nucleus of an atom to undergo fission.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Fission barrier · See more »

Force de dissuasion

The Force de frappe (French for: strike force), or Force de dissuasion after 1961,Gunston, Bill.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Force de dissuasion · See more »

France and weapons of mass destruction

France is one of the five "Nuclear Weapons States" under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, but is not known to possess or develop any chemical or biological weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and France and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Game theory

Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Game theory · See more »

Gamma ray

A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Gamma ray · See more »

Geneva Conventions

Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Geneva Conventions · See more »

George P. Shultz

George Pratt Shultz (born December 13, 1920) is an American economist, elder statesman, and businessman.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and George P. Shultz · See more »

Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Germany · See more »

Global Zero (campaign)

Global Zero is an international non-partisan group of 300 world leaders dedicated to achieving the elimination of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Global Zero (campaign) · See more »

Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Gold · See more »

Goldsboro, North Carolina

Goldsboro is a city in Wayne County, North Carolina, United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Goldsboro, North Carolina · See more »

Graham T. Allison

Graham Tillett Allison, Jr. (born March 23, 1940) is an American political scientist and professor at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Graham T. Allison · See more »

Greenland

Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Greenland · See more »

Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907

The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 · See more »

Half-life

Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Half-life · See more »

Hanford Site

The Hanford Site is a decommissioned nuclear production complex operated by the United States federal government on the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hanford Site · See more »

Hans Bethe

Hans Albrecht Bethe (July 2, 1906 – March 6, 2005) was a German-American nuclear physicist who made important contributions to astrophysics, quantum electrodynamics and solid-state physics, and won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hans Bethe · See more »

Harry Daghlian

Haroutune Krikor "Harry" Daghlian Jr. (May 4, 1921 – September 15, 1945) was a physicist with the Manhattan Project which designed and produced the atomic bombs that were used in World War II.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Harry Daghlian · See more »

Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Head of government · See more »

Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Head of state · See more »

Henry DeWolf Smyth

Henry DeWolf "Harry" Smyth (May 1, 1898 – September 11, 1986) was an American physicist, diplomat, and bureaucrat.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Henry DeWolf Smyth · See more »

Henry Kissinger

Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Henry Kissinger · See more »

Hiroshima

is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hiroshima · See more »

Hugh Gusterson

Hugh Gusterson is an anthropologist at George Washington University,.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hugh Gusterson · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hydrogen · See more »

Hypergolic propellant

A hypergolic propellant combination used in a rocket engine is one whose components spontaneously ignite when they come into contact with each other.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Hypergolic propellant · See more »

India and weapons of mass destruction

The Republic of India has developed and possesses weapons of mass destruction in the form of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and India and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Induced gamma emission

In physics, induced gamma emission (IGE) refers to the process of fluorescent emission of gamma rays from excited nuclei, usually involving a specific nuclear isomer.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Induced gamma emission · See more »

Institute for Science and International Security

The Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) is a nonprofit, non-governmental institution to inform the public about "science and policy issues affecting international security." Founded in 1993, the group is led by founder and former United Nations IAEA nuclear inspector David Albright.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Institute for Science and International Security · See more »

Intercontinental ballistic missile

An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Intercontinental ballistic missile · See more »

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) is the abbreviated name of the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, a 1987 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union (and later its successor states, in particular the Russian Federation).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty · See more »

International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International Atomic Energy Agency · See more »

International Committee of the Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International Committee of the Red Cross · See more »

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International Court of Justice · See more »

International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons

Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons is a landmark international law case, where the International Court of Justice gave an advisory opinion stating that there is no source of law, customary or treaty, that explicitly prohibits the possession or even use of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons · See more »

International law

International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International law · See more »

International relations

International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and International relations · See more »

Interventionism (politics)

Interventionism is a policy of non-defensive (proactive) activity undertaken by a nation-state, or other geo-political jurisdiction of a lesser or greater nature, to manipulate an economy and/or society.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Interventionism (politics) · See more »

Iodine-131

Iodine-131 (131I) is an important radioisotope of iodine discovered by Glenn Seaborg and John Livingood in 1938 at the University of California, Berkeley.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Iodine-131 · See more »

Ionizing radiation

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ionizing radiation · See more »

Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Iraq · See more »

Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Iraq War · See more »

Isotope

Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Isotope · See more »

Isotopes of neptunium

Neptunium (93Np) is usually considered an artificial element, although trace quantities are found in nature, so thus a standard atomic weight cannot be given.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Isotopes of neptunium · See more »

Israel and weapons of mass destruction

Israel is widely believed to possess weapons of mass destruction, and to be one of four nuclear-armed countries not recognized as a Nuclear Weapons State by the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Israel and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Italy · See more »

Ivy Mike

Ivy Mike was the codename given to the first test of a full-scale thermonuclear device, in which part of the explosive yield comes from nuclear fusion.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ivy Mike · See more »

John Mearsheimer

John Joseph Mearsheimer (born December 14, 1947) is an American political scientist.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and John Mearsheimer · See more »

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Kazakhstan · See more »

Kenneth Waltz

Kenneth Neal Waltz (June 8, 1924 – May 12, 2013) was an American political scientist who was a member of the faculty at both the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University and one of the most prominent scholars in the field of international relations.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Kenneth Waltz · See more »

Kofi Annan

Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Kofi Annan · See more »

Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Land mine · See more »

Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Latin America · See more »

Lawrence M. Krauss

Lawrence Maxwell Krauss (born May 27, 1954) is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist and cosmologist who is Foundation Professor of the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University, and director of its Origins Project.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Lawrence M. Krauss · See more »

Linus Pauling

Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Linus Pauling · See more »

List of nuclear close calls

A nuclear close call is an incident that could lead to, or could have led to, at least one unintended nuclear detonation/explosion.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and List of nuclear close calls · See more »

List of nuclear weapons

This is a list of nuclear weapons listed according to country of origin, & then by type within the states.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and List of nuclear weapons · See more »

List of states with nuclear weapons

There are eight sovereign states that have successfully detonated nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and List of states with nuclear weapons · See more »

Lithium hydride

Lithium hydride is an inorganic compound with the formula LiH.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Lithium hydride · See more »

Little Boy

"Little Boy" was the codename for the atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 during World War II by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., commander of the 509th Composite Group of the United States Army Air Forces.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Little Boy · See more »

London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and London · See more »

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos or LANL for short) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory initially organized during World War II for the design of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Los Alamos National Laboratory · See more »

Louis Slotin

Louis Alexander Slotin (1 December 1910 – 30 May 1946) was a Canadian physicist and chemist who worked on the Manhattan Project.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Louis Slotin · See more »

Manhattan Project

The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Manhattan Project · See more »

Mark 17 nuclear bomb

The Mark 17 and Mark 24 were the first mass-produced hydrogen bombs deployed by the United States.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mark 17 nuclear bomb · See more »

Mark 39 nuclear bomb

The Mark 39 nuclear bomb and W39 nuclear warhead were versions of an American thermonuclear weapon, which were in service from 1957 to 1966.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mark 39 nuclear bomb · See more »

Mark 4 nuclear bomb

The Mark 4 nuclear bomb was an American nuclear bomb design produced starting in 1949 and in use until 1953.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mark 4 nuclear bomb · See more »

Mark Diesendorf

Mark Diesendorf is an Australian academic and environmentalist, known for his work in sustainable development and renewable energy.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mark Diesendorf · See more »

Matter

In the classical physics observed in everyday life, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Matter · See more »

Median lethal dose

In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Median lethal dose · See more »

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mediterranean Sea · See more »

Military personnel

Military personnel are members of the state's armed forces.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Military personnel · See more »

Misnomer

A misnomer is a name or term that suggests an idea that is known to be wrong.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Misnomer · See more »

Missile

In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Missile · See more »

Missile defense

Missile defense is a system, weapon, or technology involved in the detection, tracking, interception, and destruction of attacking missiles.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Missile defense · See more »

Missile launch facility

A missile launch facility, also known as an underground missile silo, launch facility (LF), or nuclear silo, is a vertical cylindrical structure constructed underground, for the storage and launching of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Missile launch facility · See more »

Mordechai Vanunu

Mordechai Vanunu (מרדכי ואנונו; born 14 October 1954), also known as John Crossman, is an Israeli former nuclear technician and peace activist who, citing his opposition to weapons of mass destruction, revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press in 1986.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mordechai Vanunu · See more »

Mortar (weapon)

A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mortar (weapon) · See more »

Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle

A multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) is a ballistic missile payload containing several thermonuclear warheads, each capable of being aimed to hit a different target.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle · See more »

Mutual assured destruction

Mutual assured destruction or mutually assured destruction (MAD) is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender (see pre-emptive nuclear strike and second strike).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Mutual assured destruction · See more »

Nagasaki

() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nagasaki · See more »

National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and National Cancer Institute · See more »

National Command Authority

National Command Authority (NCA) is a term used by the Department of Defense of the United States of America to refer to the ultimate source of lawful military orders.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and National Command Authority · See more »

Neorealism (international relations)

Neorealism or structural realism is a theory of international relations that says power is the most important factor in international relations.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Neorealism (international relations) · See more »

Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Netherlands · See more »

Neutron

| magnetic_moment.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Neutron · See more »

Neutron bomb

A neutron bomb, officially defined as a type of enhanced radiation weapon (ERW), is a low yield thermonuclear weapon designed to maximize lethal neutron radiation in the immediate vicinity of the blast while minimizing the physical power of the blast itself.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Neutron bomb · See more »

Neutron radiation

Neutron radiation is a form of ionizing radiation that presents as free neutrons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Neutron radiation · See more »

Nevada Test Site

The Nevada National Security Site (N2S2 or NNSS), previously the Nevada Test Site (NTS), is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in southeastern Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las Vegas.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nevada Test Site · See more »

New START

New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) (Russian: СНВ-III, SNV-III) is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and New START · See more »

New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and New Year · See more »

New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and New Year's Day · See more »

New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and New Year's Eve · See more »

Niger uranium forgeries

The Niger uranium forgeries were forged documents initially released by SISMI (Italian military intelligence), which seem to depict an attempt made by Saddam Hussein in Iraq to purchase yellowcake uranium powder from Niger during the Iraq disarmament crisis.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Niger uranium forgeries · See more »

Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nobel Peace Prize · See more »

North Korea

North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and North Korea · See more »

North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

North Korea has a military nuclear weapons program and also has a significant quantity of chemical and biological weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and North Korea and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Nth Country Experiment

The Nth Country Experiment was an experiment conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory starting in May 1964 which sought to assess the risk of nuclear proliferation.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nth Country Experiment · See more »

Nuclear artillery

Nuclear artillery is a subset of limited-yield tactical nuclear weapons, in particular those weapons that are launched from the ground at battlefield targets.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear artillery · See more »

Nuclear blackout

Nuclear blackout, also known as fireball blackout or radar blackout, is an effect caused by explosions of nuclear weapons that disturbs radio communications and causes radar systems to be blacked out or heavily refracted so they can no longer be used for accurate tracking and guidance.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear blackout · See more »

Nuclear bunker buster

A nuclear bunker buster, also known as an earth-penetrating weapon (EPW), is the nuclear equivalent of the conventional bunker buster.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear bunker buster · See more »

Nuclear chain reaction

A nuclear chain reaction occurs when one single nuclear reaction causes an average of one or more subsequent nuclear reactions, thus leading to the possibility of a self-propagating series of these reactions.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear chain reaction · See more »

Nuclear depth bomb

A nuclear depth bomb is the nuclear equivalent of the conventional depth charge, and can be used in anti-submarine warfare for attacking submerged submarines.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear depth bomb · See more »

Nuclear electromagnetic pulse

A nuclear electromagnetic pulse (commonly abbreviated as nuclear EMP, or NEMP) is a burst of electromagnetic radiation created by nuclear explosions.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear electromagnetic pulse · See more »

Nuclear explosion

A nuclear explosion is an explosion that occurs as a result of the rapid release of energy from a high-speed nuclear reaction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear explosion · See more »

Nuclear fallout

Nuclear fallout, or simply fallout, is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and the shock wave have passed.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear fallout · See more »

Nuclear fission

In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear fission · See more »

Nuclear fission product

Nuclear fission products are the atomic fragments left after a large atomic nucleus undergoes nuclear fission.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear fission product · See more »

Nuclear forensics

Nuclear forensics is the investigation of nuclear materials to find evidence for the source, the trafficking, and the enrichment of the material.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear forensics · See more »

Nuclear fusion

In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear fusion · See more »

Nuclear holocaust

A nuclear holocaust or nuclear apocalypse is a theoretical scenario involving widespread destruction and radioactive fallout causing the collapse of civilization, through the use of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear holocaust · See more »

Nuclear peace

Nuclear peace is a theory of international relations that argues that under some circumstances nuclear weapons can induce stability and decrease the chances of crisis escalation.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear peace · See more »

Nuclear proliferation

Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear proliferation · See more »

Nuclear pumped laser

A nuclear pumped laser is a laser pumped with the energy of fission fragments.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear pumped laser · See more »

Nuclear reaction

In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, a nuclear reaction is semantically considered to be the process in which two nuclei, or else a nucleus of an atom and a subatomic particle (such as a proton, neutron, or high energy electron) from outside the atom, collide to produce one or more nuclides that are different from the nuclide(s) that began the process.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear reaction · See more »

Nuclear sharing

Nuclear sharing is a concept in NATO's policy of nuclear deterrence, which involves member countries without nuclear weapons of their own in the planning for the use of nuclear weapons by NATO.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear sharing · See more »

Nuclear technology

Nuclear technology is technology that involves the nuclear reactions of atomic nuclei.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear technology · See more »

Nuclear terrorism

Nuclear terrorism refers to an act of terrorism in which a person or people belonging to a terrorist organization detonates a nuclear device.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear terrorism · See more »

Nuclear torpedo

A nuclear torpedo is a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear torpedo · See more »

Nuclear warfare

Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy in which nuclear weaponry is used to inflict damage on the enemy.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear warfare · See more »

Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapon · See more »

Nuclear weapon design

Nuclear weapon designs are physical, chemical, and engineering arrangements that cause the physics package of a nuclear weapon to detonate.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapon design · See more »

Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom

In October 1952, the United Kingdom (UK) became the third country to independently develop and test nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom · See more »

Nuclear weapons delivery

Nuclear weapons delivery is the technology and systems used to place a nuclear weapon at the position of detonation, on or near its target.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapons delivery · See more »

Nuclear weapons in popular culture

Since their public debut in August 1945, nuclear weapons and their potential effects have been a recurring motif in popular culture, to the extent that the decades of the Cold War are often referred to as the "atomic age".

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapons in popular culture · See more »

Nuclear weapons of the United States

The United States was the first country to manufacture nuclear weapons and is the only country to have used them in combat, with the separate bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapons of the United States · See more »

Nuclear weapons testing

Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear weapons testing · See more »

Nuclear winter

Nuclear winter is the severe and prolonged global climatic cooling effect hypothesized to occur after widespread firestorms following a nuclear war.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear winter · See more »

Nuclear-weapon-free zone

A nuclear-weapons-free zone (NWFZ) is defined by the United Nations as an agreement which a group of states has freely established by treaty or convention that bans the use, development, or deployment of nuclear weapons in a given area, that has mechanisms of verification and control to enforce its obligations, and that is recognized as such by the General Assembly of the United Nations.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Nuclear-weapon-free zone · See more »

OPANAL

The OPANAL (which stands for el Organismo para la Proscripción de las Armas Nucleares en la América Latina y el Caribe) is an international organization which promotes a aggression compact and nuclear disarmament in much of the Americas.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and OPANAL · See more »

Operation Opera

Operation Opera (מבצע אופרה‎‎.), also known as Operation Babylon, was a surprise Israeli air strike carried out on 7 June 1981, which destroyed an Iraqi nuclear reactor under construction 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) southeast of Baghdad.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Operation Opera · See more »

Operation Outside the Box

Operation Outside the Box (מבצע מחוץ לקופסה, Mivtza Michutz La'Kufsa) was an Israeli airstrike on a suspected nuclear reactor, Associated Press Latest Update: 04.28.11, 18:10 referred to as the Al Kibar site (also referred to in IAEA documents as Dair Alzour), in the Deir ez-Zor region of Syria, which occurred just after midnight (local time) on 6 September 2007.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Operation Outside the Box · See more »

Pacific Proving Grounds

The Pacific Proving Grounds was the name given by the United States government to a number of sites in the Marshall Islands and a few other sites in the Pacific Ocean at which it conducted nuclear testing between 1946 and 1962.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pacific Proving Grounds · See more »

Pakistan and weapons of mass destruction

Pakistan is one of nine states to possess nuclear weapons. Pakistan began development of nuclear weapons in January 1972 under Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who delegated the program to the Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) Munir Ahmad Khan with a commitment to having the bomb ready by the end of 1976. Since PAEC, consisting of over twenty laboratories and projects under nuclear engineer Munir Ahmad Khan, was falling behind schedule and having considerable difficulty producing fissile material, Abdul Qadeer Khan was brought from Europe by Bhutto at the end of 1974. As pointed out by Houston Wood, Professor of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, in his article on gas centrifuges, "The most difficult step in building a nuclear weapon is the production of fissile material"; as such, this work in producing fissile material as head of the Kahuta Project was pivotal to Pakistan developing the capability to detonate a nuclear bomb by the end of 1984.Levy, Adrian and Catherine Scott-Clark, Deception: Pakistan, the United States, and the Secret Trade in Nuclear Weapons. New York. Walker Publishing Company. 1977: page 112. Print. The Kahuta Project started under the supervision of a coordination board that oversaw the activities of KRL and PAEC. The Board consisted of A G N Kazi (secretary general, finance), Ghulam Ishaq Khan (secretary general, defence), and Agha Shahi (secretary general, foreign affairs), and reported directly to Bhutto. Ghulam Ishaq Khan and General Tikka Khan appointed military engineer Major General Ali Nawab to the program. Eventually, the supervision passed to Lt General Zahid Ali Akbar Khan in President General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's Administration. Moderate uranium enrichment for the production of fissile material was achieved at KRL by April 1978. Pakistan's nuclear weapons development was in response to the loss of East Pakistan in 1971's Bangladesh Liberation War. Bhutto called a meeting of senior scientists and engineers on 20 January 1972, in Multan, which came to known as "Multan meeting". Bhutto was the main architect of this programme, and it was here that Bhutto orchestrated nuclear weapons programme and rallied Pakistan's academic scientists to build the atomic bomb in three years for national survival. At the Multan meeting, Bhutto also appointed Munir Ahmad Khan as chairman of PAEC, who, until then, had been working as director at the nuclear power and Reactor Division of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in Vienna, Austria. In December 1972, Abdus Salam led the establishment of Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) as he called scientists working at ICTP to report to Munir Ahmad Khan. This marked the beginning of Pakistan's pursuit of nuclear deterrence capability. Following India's surprise nuclear test, codenamed Smiling Buddha in 1974, the first confirmed nuclear test by a nation outside the permanent five members of the United Nations Security Council, the goal to develop nuclear weapons received considerable impetus. Finally, on 28 May 1998, a few weeks after India's second nuclear test (Operation Shakti), Pakistan detonated five nuclear devices in the Ras Koh Hills in the Chagai district, Balochistan. This operation was named Chagai-I by Pakistan, the underground iron-steel tunnel having been long-constructed by provincial martial law administrator General Rahimuddin Khan during the 1980s. The last test of Pakistan was conducted at the sandy Kharan Desert under the codename Chagai-II, also in Balochistan, on 30 May 1998. Pakistan's fissile material production takes place at Nilore, Kahuta, and Khushab Nuclear Complex, where weapons-grade plutonium is refined. Pakistan thus became the seventh country in the world to successfully develop and test nuclear weapons. Although, according to a letter sent by A.Q. Khan to General Zia, the capability to detonate a nuclear bomb using highly enriched uranium as fissile material produced at KRL had been achieved by KRL in 1984.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pakistan and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

The Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) is the abbreviated name of the 1963 Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, which prohibited all test detonations of nuclear weapons except for those conducted underground.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty · See more »

Particle

In the physical sciences, a particle (or corpuscule in older texts) is a small localized object to which can be ascribed several physical or chemical properties such as volume, density or mass.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Particle · See more »

PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and PBS · See more »

Penguin Group

The Penguin Group is a trade book publisher and part of Penguin Random House.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Penguin Group · See more »

Pierre Marie Gallois

Pierre Marie Gallois (29 June 1911 – 24 August 2010) was a French air force brigadier general and geopolitician.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pierre Marie Gallois · See more »

Plutonium

Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Plutonium · See more »

Plutonium-239

Plutonium-239 is an isotope of plutonium.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Plutonium-239 · See more »

Policy of deliberate ambiguity

A policy of deliberate ambiguity (also known as a policy of strategic ambiguity, strategic uncertainty) is the practice by a country of being intentionally ambiguous on certain aspects of its foreign policy or whether it possesses certain weapons of mass destruction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Policy of deliberate ambiguity · See more »

Prague

Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Prague · See more »

Pre-emptive nuclear strike

In nuclear strategy, a first strike is a preemptive surprise attack employing overwhelming force.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pre-emptive nuclear strike · See more »

Project Excalibur

Project Excalibur was a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) research program to develop an X-ray laser as a ballistic missile defense (BMD).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Project Excalibur · See more »

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs is an international organization that brings together scholars and public figures to work toward reducing the danger of armed conflict and to seek solutions to global security threats.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs · See more »

Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Pugwash (2012 population: 736) is a village in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pugwash, Nova Scotia · See more »

Pure fusion weapon

A pure fusion weapon is a hypothetical hydrogen bomb design that does not need a fission "primary" explosive to ignite the fusion of deuterium and tritium, two heavy isotopes of hydrogen (see thermonuclear weapon for more information about fission-fusion weapons).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Pure fusion weapon · See more »

Radiation

In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radiation · See more »

Radiation Effects Research Foundation

The Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) is a joint U.S.-Japan research organization responsible for studying the medical effects of radiation and associated diseases in humans for the welfare of the survivors and all humankind.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radiation Effects Research Foundation · See more »

Radiation Exposure Compensation Act

The United States Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) is a federal statute providing for the monetary compensation of people, including atomic veterans, who contracted cancer and a number of other specified diseases as a direct result of their exposure to atmospheric nuclear testing undertaken by the United States during the Cold War, or their exposure to radon gas and other radioactive isotopes while undertaking uranium mining, milling or the transportation of ore.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radiation Exposure Compensation Act · See more »

Radioactive contamination

Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radioactive contamination · See more »

Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radioactive decay · See more »

Radioactive waste

Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive material.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radioactive waste · See more »

Radiophobia

Radiophobia is an obsessive fear of ionizing radiation, in particular, fear of X-rays.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Radiophobia · See more »

Reuters

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Reuters · See more »

Richard Rhodes

Richard Lee Rhodes (born July 4, 1937) is an American historian, journalist and author of both fiction and non-fiction (which he prefers to call "verity"), including the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Making of the Atomic Bomb (1986), and most recently, Energy: A Human History (2018).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Richard Rhodes · See more »

Rinaldo Brutoco

Rinaldo S. Brutoco (born in Toronto, Canada on February 27, 1947) is a corporate executive, entrepreneur, and consultant.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Rinaldo Brutoco · See more »

Robert Gallucci

Robert L. Gallucci (born February 11, 1946) is an American academic and diplomat, who formerly worked as president of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Robert Gallucci · See more »

Russell–Einstein Manifesto

The Russell–Einstein Manifesto was issued in London on 9 July 1955 by Bertrand Russell in the midst of the Cold War.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Russell–Einstein Manifesto · See more »

Russia and weapons of mass destruction

According to the Federation of American Scientists, an organization that assesses nuclear weapon stockpiles, as of 2017, the Russian Federation possesses 7,300 total nuclear warheads, of which 4,500 are strategically operational.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Russia and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

Salted bomb

A salted bomb is a nuclear weapon designed to function as a radiological weapon, producing enhanced quantities of radioactive fallout, rendering a large area uninhabitable.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Salted bomb · See more »

Sam Nunn

Samuel Augustus Nunn Jr. (born September 8, 1938) is an American lawyer and politician.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Sam Nunn · See more »

Sea ice

Sea ice arises as seawater freezes.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Sea ice · See more »

Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Secretary-General of the United Nations · See more »

September 11 attacks

The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and September 11 attacks · See more »

Shelter in place

Shelter in place (also known as a Shelter In-Place Warning, SAME code SPW) is to seek safety within the building one already occupies, rather than to evacuate the area or seek a community emergency shelter.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Shelter in place · See more »

Sievert

The sievert (symbol: SvNot be confused with the sverdrup or the svedberg, two non-SI units that sometimes use the same symbol.) is a derived unit of ionizing radiation dose in the International System of Units (SI) and is a measure of the health effect of low levels of ionizing radiation on the human body.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Sievert · See more »

Small arms

Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Small arms · See more »

Smyth Report

The Smyth Report is the common name of an administrative history written by American physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Manhattan Project, the Allied effort to develop atomic bombs during World War II.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Smyth Report · See more »

South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and South Africa · See more »

South Africa and weapons of mass destruction

From the 1960s to the 1980s, South Africa pursued research into weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and South Africa and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and South Korea · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Soviet Union · See more »

Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Spain · See more »

Special Atomic Demolition Munition

The Special Atomic Demolition Munition (SADM) was a family of man-portable nuclear weapons fielded by the US military in the 1960s, but never used in combat.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Special Atomic Demolition Munition · See more »

Spencer R. Weart

Spencer R. Weart (born 1942) was the director of the Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics (AIP) from 1971 until his retirement in 2009.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Spencer R. Weart · See more »

Stability–instability paradox

The stability–instability paradox is an international relations theory regarding the effect of nuclear weapons and mutually assured destruction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Stability–instability paradox · See more »

Starfish Prime

Starfish Prime was a July 9, 1962 high-altitude nuclear test conducted by the United States, a joint effort of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Defense Atomic Support Agency.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Starfish Prime · See more »

START I

START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and START I · See more »

START II

START II (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and Russia on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and START II · See more »

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Strategic Arms Limitation Talks · See more »

Strategic bomber

A strategic bomber is a medium to long range penetration bomber aircraft designed to drop large amounts of air-to-ground weaponry onto a distant target for the purposes of debilitating the enemy's capacity to wage war.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Strategic bomber · See more »

Strategic Defense Initiative

The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was a proposed missile defense system intended to protect the United States from attack by ballistic strategic nuclear weapons (intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched ballistic missiles).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Strategic Defense Initiative · See more »

Strategic nuclear weapon

A strategic nuclear weapon refers to a nuclear weapon which is designed to be used on targets often in settled territory far from the battlefield as part of a strategic plan, such as military bases, military command centers, arms industries, transportation, economic, and energy infrastructure, and heavily populated areas such as cities and towns, which often contain such targets.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Strategic nuclear weapon · See more »

Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

The Treaty Between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), also known as the Treaty of Moscow, was a strategic arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russia that was in force from June 2003 until February 2011 when it was superseded by the New START treaty.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty · See more »

Submarine

A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Submarine · See more »

Submarine-launched ballistic missile

A submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of being launched from submarines.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Submarine-launched ballistic missile · See more »

Suitcase nuclear device

A suitcase nuclear device (also suitcase bomb, backpack nuke, mini-nuke and pocket nuke) is a hypothetical tactical nuclear weapon that is portable enough that it could use a suitcase as its delivery method.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Suitcase nuclear device · See more »

Surrender of Japan

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Surrender of Japan · See more »

Syria

Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Syria · See more »

Tactical nuclear weapon

A tactical nuclear weapon (TNW) or non-strategic nuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon, generally smaller in its explosive power, which is designed to be used on a battlefield in military situations, mostly with friendly forces in proximity and perhaps even on contested friendly territory.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Tactical nuclear weapon · See more »

Terrorism

Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Terrorism · See more »

The Making of the Atomic Bomb

The Making of the Atomic Bomb is a contemporary history book written by the American journalist and historian Richard Rhodes, first published by Simon & Schuster in 1987.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and The Making of the Atomic Bomb · See more »

The New York Review of Books

The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and The New York Review of Books · See more »

The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and The Pentagon · See more »

The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and The Washington Post · See more »

TheGuardian.com

TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and TheGuardian.com · See more »

Thermonuclear weapon

A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Thermonuclear weapon · See more »

Thomas Powers

Thomas Powers (New York City, December 12, 1940) is an American author and intelligence expert.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Thomas Powers · See more »

Three Non-Nuclear Principles

Japan's are a parliamentary resolution (never adopted into law) that have guided Japanese nuclear policy since their inception in the late 1960s, and reflect general public sentiment and national policy since the end of World War II.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Three Non-Nuclear Principles · See more »

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Thyroid cancer · See more »

Titan (rocket family)

Titan is a family of United States expendable rockets used between 1959 and 2005.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Titan (rocket family) · See more »

TNT

Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and TNT · See more »

TNT equivalent

TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and TNT equivalent · See more »

Total war

Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Total war · See more »

Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Trafalgar Square · See more »

Transporter erector launcher

A transporter erector launcher (TEL) is a missile vehicle with an integrated prime mover that can carry, elevate to firing position and launch one or more missiles.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Transporter erector launcher · See more »

Treaty of Tlatelolco

The Treaty of Tlatelolco is the conventional name given to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Treaty of Tlatelolco · See more »

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons · See more »

Trinity (nuclear test)

Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Trinity (nuclear test) · See more »

Tritium

Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Tritium · See more »

Tsar Bomba

Tsar Bomba was the Western nickname for the Soviet RDS-220 hydrogen bomb (code name Ivan or Vanya), the most powerful nuclear weapon ever created.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Tsar Bomba · See more »

Tuna

A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Tuna · See more »

Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Turkey · See more »

Ukraine

Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Ukraine · See more »

Underground nuclear weapons testing

Underground nuclear testing is the test detonation of nuclear weapons that is performed underground.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Underground nuclear weapons testing · See more »

Unguided bomb

An unguided bomb, also known as a free-fall bomb, gravity bomb, dumb bomb, or iron bomb, is a conventional aircraft-delivered bomb that does not contain a guidance system and hence, simply follows a ballistic trajectory.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Unguided bomb · See more »

United Kingdom and weapons of mass destruction

The United Kingdom possesses, or has possessed, a variety of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United Kingdom and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United Nations · See more »

United Nations Charter

The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United Nations Charter · See more »

United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United Nations General Assembly · See more »

United Nations Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat (le Secrétariat des Nations unies) is one of the six major organs of the United Nations, with the others being (a) the General Assembly; (b) the Security Council; (c) the Economic and Social Council; (d) the defunct Trusteeship Council; and (e) the International Court of Justice.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United Nations Secretariat · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States · See more »

United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States Air Force · See more »

United States and weapons of mass destruction

The United States is known to have possessed three types of weapons of mass destruction: nuclear weapons, chemical weapons, and biological weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States and weapons of mass destruction · See more »

United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States Army Air Forces · See more »

United States Atomic Energy Commission

The United States Atomic Energy Commission, commonly known as the AEC, was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by U.S. Congress to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States Atomic Energy Commission · See more »

United States Department of Energy

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States Department of Energy · See more »

United States military nuclear incident terminology

The United States Armed Forces uses a number of terms to define the magnitude and extent of nuclear incidents.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and United States military nuclear incident terminology · See more »

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Universal Declaration of Human Rights · See more »

University of New Mexico

The University of New Mexico (also referred to as UNM) is a public research university in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and University of New Mexico · See more »

Uranium

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Uranium · See more »

Uranium-233

Uranium-233 is a fissile isotope of uranium that is bred from thorium-232 as part of the thorium fuel cycle.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Uranium-233 · See more »

Uranium-235

Uranium-235 (235U) is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Uranium-235 · See more »

Variable yield

Variable yield—or dial-a-yield—is an option available on most modern nuclear weapons.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Variable yield · See more »

Weapon of mass destruction

A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures (e.g., buildings), natural structures (e.g., mountains), or the biosphere.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and Weapon of mass destruction · See more »

William Perry

William James Perry (born October 11, 1927) is an American mathematician, engineer, and businessman who was the United States Secretary of Defense from February 3, 1994, to January 23, 1997, under President Bill Clinton.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and William Perry · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and World War II · See more »

X-ray

X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and X-ray · See more »

1950 British Columbia B-36 crash

On 14 February 1950, a Convair B-36B, Air Force Serial Number 44-92075 assigned to the 7th Bomb Wing at Carswell Air Force Base, crashed in northern British Columbia after jettisoning a Mark 4 nuclear bomb.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1950 British Columbia B-36 crash · See more »

1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash

The 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash was an accident that occurred near Goldsboro, North Carolina, on January 24, 1961.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash · See more »

1965 Philippine Sea A-4 incident

The 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 crash was a Broken Arrow incident in which a United States Navy Douglas A-4E Skyhawk attack aircraft of Attack Squadron 56 (VA-56) carrying a nuclear weapon fell into the sea off Japan from the aircraft carrier.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 incident · See more »

1966 Palomares B-52 crash

The 1966 Palomares B-52 crash, or the Palomares incident, occurred on 17 January 1966, when a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refueling at over the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Spain.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1966 Palomares B-52 crash · See more »

1968 Thule Air Base B-52 crash

On 21 January 1968, an aircraft accident (sometimes known as the Thule affair or Thule accident; Thuleulykken) involving a United States Air Force (USAF) B-52 bomber occurred near Thule Air Base in the Danish territory of Greenland.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1968 Thule Air Base B-52 crash · See more »

1980 Damascus Titan missile explosion

The Damascus Titan missile explosion (also known as the Damascus accident) was a 1980 U.S. Broken Arrow incident involving a Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM).

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 1980 Damascus Titan missile explosion · See more »

2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 2018 · See more »

2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

New!!: Nuclear weapon and 2019 · See more »

Redirects here:

A bomb, A-Bomb, A-Bombs, A-bomb, A-bombs, Abomb, Atom Bomb, Atom bomb, Atom bombe, Atom bombs, Atombomb, Atomic Bomb, Atomic bomb, Atomic bombing, Atomic bombs, Atomic warhead, Atomic weapon, Atomic weapons, Effects of a nuclear weapon, First nuclear fission bomb, Fission bomb, Fusion Bomb, Fusion bomb, N Bomb, N-Bomb, NBomb, Nbomb, Neuclear bomb, Nuclear Arms, Nuclear Bomb, Nuclear Missle, Nuclear Weapon, Nuclear Weaponry, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear arms, Nuclear bomb, Nuclear bombing, Nuclear bombs, Nuclear device, Nuclear devices, Nuclear fission weapon, Nuclear missile, Nuclear ordnance, Nuclear power weapon, Nuclear war weapon, Nuclear warhead, Nuclear warheads, Nuclear weaponry, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear-tipped missile, Nuclear-warhead, Nuclear-weapon, Nucular bombs, Nucular weapon, Nukes, Nukuler bomb, Plutonium bomb, Super Bomb, Super nuke, Superbomb, The Atomic Bomb.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapon

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »