441 relations: "Civilized" Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness, A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière, Abraham Brill, Adolf Grünbaum, Adolf Hitler, Afterwardsness, Agnosia, Alan Tyson, Alfred Adler, Alix Strachey, Allan Hobson, Amalia Freud, American Psychoanalytic Association, An Outline of Psychoanalysis, Anal stage, Analgesic, Analytical psychology, Anesthesia, Anima and animus, Anna Freud, Anna O., Another Time (book), Anschluss, Anti-Oedipus, Antidepressant, Antisemitism, Aphasia, Archetype, Arnold Zweig, Arthur Janov, Arthur Schopenhauer, Austrian Empire, Basic Books, Being and Nothingness, Berlin, Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, Bertha Pappenheim, Betty Friedan, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, Binghamton University Art Museum, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Biorhythm, Brain (journal), British Psychoanalytical Society, Brook lamprey, Burghölzli, Camille Paglia, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus, Carl Jung, Carol Gilligan, ..., Castration anxiety, Caul, Cäcilie M., Cengage, Cerebral palsy, Charles Darwin, Child sexual abuse, Christoph Haizmann, Civilization and Its Discontents, Clark University, Clitoris, Cocaine, Cocaine intoxication, Coitus interruptus, Collective unconscious, Consciousness, Critical theory, Czech Republic, Daniel Paul Schreber, Das Kapital, David Eagleman, David Stannard, Death drive, Decathexis, Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire, Defence mechanisms, Delusion and Dream in Jensen's Gradiva, Denial, Dermatology, Dionysus, Displacement (psychology), Docent, Doctor of Medicine, Dora (case study), Dorotheergasse, Dream, Drive theory, Edith Banfield Jackson, Edmund Husserl, Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, Ego ideal, Ego psychology, Electrodermal activity, Elizabeth Danto, Ellen Bass, Emma Eckstein, Empedocles, Empirical evidence, Encyclopædia Britannica, Epithelioma, Eric Kandel, Erich Fromm, Ernest Gellner, Ernest Jones, Ernst L. Freud, Ernst Simmel, Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, Eros and Civilization, Escape from Freedom, Eucharist, Eugen Bleuler, Eva Figes, Existentialism, Falsifiability, Félix Guattari, Feminism, Frank Sulloway, Frankfurt School, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Brentano, Frederick Crews, Free association (psychology), Freud Evaluated, Freud family, Freud Museum, Freud's psychoanalytic theories, Freud's seduction theory, Freud: The Mind of the Moralist, Freudian slip, Freudo-Marxism, Friedrich Nietzsche, Fritz Perls, Fyodor Dostoevsky, G. Stanley Hall, Galicia (Eastern Europe), Georg Groddeck, Gestalt therapy, Gestapo, Gilles Deleuze, Goethe Prize, Golders Green Crematorium, Greek language, Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, Gustav Fechner, Gustav Mahler, H. G. Wells, H.D., Habilitation, Hampstead, Hanns Sachs, Hans Eysenck, Harold Bloom, Harrods, Harry Stack Sullivan, Harvard University, Harvard University Press, Hasidic Judaism, Hebrew language, Hedgehog's dilemma, Hedonism, Helene Deutsch, Henri Ellenberger, Henry Abramson, Herbert Graf, Herbert Marcuse, Hermeneutics, Hermeneutics of suspicion, Hermine Hug-Hellmuth, Hidden personality, Histrionic personality disorder, Hogarth Press, Honoré de Balzac, Humanities, Humor in Freud, Hypnoid state, Hypnosis, Id, ego and super-ego, Illusion, Individual psychology, Innere Stadt, International Psychoanalytical Association, Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, Introduction to Psychoanalysis, Isaac Bernays, Isaac Noah Mannheimer, Jacob Freud, Jacqueline Rose, Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, James Jackson Putnam, James Strachey, Jane Gallop, Jürgen Habermas, Jean Piaget, Jean-François Lyotard, Jean-Martin Charcot, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, Jews, Johann Friedrich Herbart, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, John Cooper Wiley, John Stuart Mill, Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious, Josef Breuer, Josef Herzig, Joseph Stalin, Julia Kristeva, Juliet Mitchell, Karen Horney, Karl Abraham, Karl Koller (ophthalmologist), Karl Marx, Karl Popper, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Kate Millett, Krater, La Peau de chagrin, Lamprey, Latency stage, Latin, Lawrence Kohlberg, Leipzig, Lenore Terr, Leonard Woolf, Leonardo da Vinci, A Memory of His Childhood, Leukoplakia, Libido, Library of Congress, Life Against Death, Linguistics, Lionel Trilling, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s), List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1936, List of patricides, List of psychoanalytical theorists, Locum, London, Lou Andreas-Salomé, Louis Althusser, Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury, Luce Irigaray, Lucian Freud, Ludwig Binswanger, Manchester, Mandatory Palestine, Marie-Jean-Léon, Marquis d'Hervey de Saint Denys, Mark Solms, Martha Bernays, Masturbation, Matura, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Max Eitingon, Max Graf, Max Schur, Medulla oblongata, Medusa's Head, Melanie Klein, Metapsychology, Middle Ages, Middle nasal concha, Monotheism, Moravia, Morphine, Moses, Moses and Monotheism, Nancy Chodorow, Naomi Weisstein, Nazi concentration camps, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Nazism, Neo-Freudianism, Neurasthenia, Neurology, Neuron, Neuropathology, Neuropsychoanalysis, Neuroscience, Neurosis, New Haven, Connecticut, New York Psychoanalytic Society, Norman O. Brown, Oakland, California, Object relations theory, Oedipus complex, Omen, On Aphasia, Oral cancer, Oral stage, Orient Express, Otorhinolaryngology, Otto Rank, Overdetermination, Oxford University Press, Pater familias, Patrick Hastings, Paul Federn, Paul Ricœur, Paul Roazen, Paul Vitz, Příbor, Penguin Books, Penis envy, Perversion, Peter Gay, Phallic stage, Phallogocentrism, Phenomenology (philosophy), Philip Rieff, Philosophy of the Unconscious, Plato, Polymorphous perversity, Pottery of ancient Greece, Primal therapy, Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess Marie Bonaparte, Pseudoscience, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Psychoanalytic literary criticism, Psychoanalytic theory, Psychodynamics, Psychology, Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, Psychology of the Unconscious, Psychopathology, Psychotherapy, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Rat Man, Reaction formation, Reason, Reichskommissar, Repetition compulsion, Repressed memory, Repression (psychology), Review of General Psychology, Ricarda Huch, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Richard Webster (British author), Richard Wollheim, Robert Michels (physician), Roger Scruton, Romain Rolland, Royal Society, Russian Revolution, Sabina Spielrein, Salvador Dalí, Salzburg, Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, Saul Rosenzweig, Sándor Ferenczi, School of Brentano, Science (journal), Scientific priority, Sea lamprey, Self-control, Sergei Pankejeff, Sexual Desire (book), Sexual Personae, Sexual Politics, Shadow (psychology), Shulamith Firestone, Sigmund Freud Archives, Sigmund Freud Museum (Vienna), Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality, Signorelli parapraxis, Simone de Beauvoir, Sophocles, Stanley Cavell, State University of New York, Stefan Zweig, Stephen Jay Gould, Studies on Hysteria, Sublimation (psychology), Talking cure, Tatiana Rosenthal, Tegel, The Birth of Tragedy, The Courage to Heal, The Dialectic of Sex, The Ego and the Id, The Feminine Mystique, The Foundations of Psychoanalysis, The Freudian Coverup, The Future of an Illusion, The Guardian, The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement, The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, The Interpretation of Dreams, The Passions of the Mind, The Primal Scream, The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, The Question of Lay Analysis, The Review of Metaphysics, The Second Sex, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, The Trauma of Birth, Theodor Lipps, Theodor Meynert, Theodor W. Adorno, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Lipton, Thomism, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, Tobacco smoking, Todd Dufresne, Torah study, Toril Moi, Totem and Taboo, Transference, Trieste, Ukraine, Uncanny, Unconscious mind, United Kingdom, University of California Press, University of Toronto, University of Vienna, University of Zurich, Untimely Meditations, Vagina, Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, Virginia Woolf, W. H. Auden, Western philosophy, Why Freud Was Wrong, Wilhelm Fliess, Wilhelm Reich, Wilhelm Stekel, William Christian Bullitt Jr., William Henry Bragg, William John Little, William Shakespeare, Wish fulfillment, World War I, Yale University Press. Expand index (391 more) » « Shrink index
"Civilized" Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness (Die „kulturelle“ Sexualmoral und die moderne Nervosität) is an article published by Sigmund Freud in 1908, in the journal Sexual-Probleme ("Sexual Problems").
A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière ("Une leçon clinique à la Salpêtrière"), a group tableau portrait painted by the genre artist Pierre Aristide André Brouillet (1857-1914), is one of the best known paintings in the history of medicine and shows the neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot giving a clinical demonstration to a group of postgraduate students.
Abraham Arden Brill (October 12, 1874 – March 2, 1948) was an Austrian-born psychiatrist who spent almost his entire adult life in the United States.
Adolf Grünbaum (born May 15, 1923) is a philosopher of science and a critic of psychoanalysis, as well as Karl Popper's philosophy of science.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
In the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud, afterwardsness is a "mode of belated understanding or retroactive attribution of sexual or traumatic meaning to earlier events...
Agnosia is the inability to process sensory information.
Alan Walker Tyson CBE FBA (27 October 1926 – 10 November 2000) was a Glasgow born British musicologist who specialized in studies of the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven.
Alfred W. Adler(7 February 1870 – 28 May 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology.
Alix Strachey (4 June 1892 – 28 April 1973), née Sargant-Florence, was an American-born British psychoanalyst and, with her husband, the translator into English of The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud.
John Allan Hobson (born June 3, 1933) is an American psychiatrist and dream researcher.
Amalia Nathansohn Freud (18 August 1835 – 12 September 1930) was the third wife of Jacob Freud and mother of Sigmund Freud.
The American Psychoanalytic Association (APsaA) is an association of psychoanalysts in the United States.
An Outline of Psychoanalysis is a work by Sigmund Freud.
The anal stage is the second stage in Sigmund Freud's theory of psychosexual development, lasting from age 18 months to three years.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.
In the practice of medicine (especially surgery and dentistry), anesthesia or anaesthesia (from Greek "without sensation") is a state of temporary induced loss of sensation or awareness.
The anima and animus are described in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology as part of his theory of the collective unconscious.
Anna Freud (3 December 1895 – 9 October 1982) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst.
Anna O. was the pseudonym of a patient of Josef Breuer, who published her case study in his book Studies on Hysteria, written in collaboration with Sigmund Freud.
Another Time is a book of poems by W. H. Auden, published in 1940.
Anschluss ('joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Capitalisme et schizophrénie.) is a 1972 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst.
Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Aphasia is an inability to comprehend and formulate language because of damage to specific brain regions.
The concept of an archetype appears in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis.
Arnold Zweig (10 November 1887 – 26 November 1968) was a German writer and anti-war and antifascist activist.
Arthur Janov (August 21, 1924October 1, 2017), also known as Art Janov, was an American psychologist, psychotherapist, and writer.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.
Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (L'Être et le néant: Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique), sometimes published with the subtitle A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, is a 1943 book by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, in which the author asserts the individual's existence as prior to the individual's essence ("existence precedes essence") and seeks to demonstrate that free will exists.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute (later the Göring Institute) was founded in 1920 to further the science of psychoanalysis in Berlin.
Bertha Pappenheim (February 27, 1859 – May 28, 1936) was an Austrian-Jewish feminist, a social pioneer, and the founder of the Jewish Women's Association (Jüdischer Frauenbund).
Betty Friedan (February 4, 1921 – February 4, 2006) was an American writer, activist, and feminist.
Beyond the Pleasure Principle (Jenseits des Lustprinzips) is a 1920 essay by Sigmund Freud that marks a major turning point in his theoretical approach.
The Binghamton University Art Museum is an art museum in Binghamton, New York within Binghamton University.
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
A biorhythm (from Greek βίος - bios, "life" and ῥυθμός - rhuthmos, "any regular recurring motion, rhythm") is an attempt to predict various aspects of a person's life through simple mathematical cycles.
Brain is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of neurology, founded in 1878 by John Charles Bucknill, David Ferrier, James Crichton-Browne and John Hughlings Jackson.
The British Psychoanalytical Society was founded by the British psychiatrist Ernest Jones as the London Psychoanalytical Society on 30 October 1913.
The brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri, also known as the European brook lamprey and the western brook lamprey) is a small European lamprey species that exclusively inhabits freshwater environments.
Burghölzli is the common name given for the psychiatric hospital of the University of Zürich, Switzerland.
Camille Anna Paglia (born April 2, 1947) is an American academic and social critic.
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus (2 January 1835 – 18 January 1899) was a German zoologist.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Carol Gilligan (born November 28, 1936) is an American feminist, ethicist, and psychologist best known for her work on ethical community and ethical relationships, and certain subject-object problems in ethics.
Castration anxiety is the fear of emasculation in both the literal and metaphorical sense.
A caul or cowl (Caput galeatum, literally, "helmeted head") is a piece of membrane that can cover a newborn's head and face.
Cäcilie M. (Anna von Lieben, born Anna von Tedesco; 1847–1900) is the pseudonym of one of Freud's first patients, whom he called in 1890 his “principal client” and in 1897 his “instructress”.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Child sexual abuse, also called child molestation, is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.
Johann Christoph Haizmann (1651/52 – 14 March 1700) was a Bavarian-born Austrian painter who is known for his autobiographically depicted demonical neurosis.
Civilization and Its Discontents is a book by Sigmund Freud.
Clark University is an American private research university located in Worcester, Massachusetts.
The clitoris is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of other animals.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Cocaine intoxication refers to the immediate and deleterious effects of cocaine on the body.
Coitus interruptus, also known as the rejected sexual intercourse, withdrawal or pull-out method, is a method of birth control in which a man, during sexual intercourse, withdraws his penis from a woman's vagina prior to orgasm (and ejaculation) and then directs his ejaculate (semen) away from the vagina in an effort to avoid insemination.
Collective unconscious (kollektives Unbewusstes), a term coined by Carl Jung, refers to structures of the unconscious mind which are shared among beings of the same species.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Daniel Paul Schreber (25 July 1842 – 14 April 1911) was a German judge who suffered from what was then diagnosed as dementia praecox (later known as paranoid schizophrenia or schizophrenia, paranoid type).
Das Kapital, also known as Capital.
David Eagleman (born April 25, 1971) is an American writer and neuroscientist, teaching at Stanford University as an in the department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.
David Edward Stannard (born 1941) is an American historian and Professor of American Studies at the University of Hawaii.
In classical Freudian psychoanalytic theory, the death drive (Todestrieb) is the drive toward death and self-destruction.
In psychoanalysis, decathexis is the withdrawal of cathexis from an idea or instinctual object.
Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire (1985; second edition 2004) is a book by the psychologist Hans Eysenck, in which the author criticizes Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis, which he argues is unscientific.
A defence mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli.
Delusion and Dream in Jensen's Gradiva (Der Wahn und die Träume in W. Jensens "Gradiva") is an essay written in 1907 by Sigmund Freud that subjects the novel Gradiva by Wilhelm Jensen, and especially its protagonist, to psychoanalysis.
Denial, in ordinary English usage, is asserting that a statement or allegation is not true.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.
In Freudian psychology, displacement (Verschiebung, "shift, move") is an unconscious defence mechanism whereby the mind substitutes either a new aim or a new object for goals felt in their original form to be dangerous or unacceptable.
Docent is a title at some European universities to denote a specific academic appointment within a set structure of academic ranks at or below the full professor rank.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.
Dora is the pseudonym given by Sigmund Freud to a patient whom he diagnosed with hysteria, and treated for about eleven weeks in 1900.
Dorotheergasse is a narrow lane (German: -gasse), terminating at the Graben to the north and Augustinerstraße to the south, part of the Old Town district of Vienna, Austria.
A dream is a succession of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that usually occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep.
In psychology, a drive theory or drive doctrine is a theory that attempts to define, analyze, or classify the psychological drives.
Edith Banfield Jackson (1895–1977) was a child psychiatrist who developed the rooming-in model of maternal and infant care.
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (or;; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology.
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), styled Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s.
In Freudian psychoanalysis, the ego ideal (Ichideal) is the inner image of oneself as one wants to become.
Ego psychology is a school of psychoanalysis rooted in Sigmund Freud's structural id-ego-superego model of the mind.
Electrodermal activity (EDA) is the property of the human body that causes continuous variation in the electrical characteristics of the skin.
Elizabeth Ann Danto is a professor of social work at Hunter College, City University of New York.
Ellen Bass (born 1947 in Philadelphia) is an American poet and co-author of The Courage to Heal.
Emma Eckstein (1865–1924) was an Austrian author.
Empedocles (Ἐμπεδοκλῆς, Empedoklēs) was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Akragas, a Greek city in Sicily.
Empirical evidence, also known as sensory experience, is the information received by means of the senses, particularly by observation and documentation of patterns and behavior through experimentation.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Epithelioma is an abnormal growth of the epithelium, which is the layer of tissue that covers the surfaces of organs and other structures of the body.
Eric Richard Kandel (born November 7, 1929) is an Austrian-American neuroscientist and a University Professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University.
Erich Seligmann Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German-born American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.
Ernest André Gellner (9 December 1925 – 5 November 1995) was a British-Czech philosopher and social anthropologist described by The Daily Telegraph, when he died, as one of the world's most vigorous intellectuals, and by The Independent as a "one-man crusader for critical rationalism".
Alfred Ernest Jones (1 January 1879 – 11 February 1958) was a Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst.
Ernst Ludwig Freud (6 April 1892 in Vienna – 7 April 1970 in London) was an Austrian architect and the fourth child of Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and his German-born wife Martha Bernays.
Ernst Simmel (4 April 1882, Breslau – 11 November 1947, Los Angeles) was a German-Jewish neurologist and psychoanalyst.
Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, also Ernst Fleischl von Marxow (5 August 1846, Vienna – 22 October 1891, Vienna), son of Karl Fleischl Edlem von Marxow and his wife Ida (née Marx) was an Austrian physiologist and physician who became known for his important investigations on the electrical activity of nerves and the brain.
Ernst Wilhelm Ritter von Brücke (6 July 1819 – 7 January 1892) was a German physician and physiologist.
Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud (1955; second edition, 1966) is a book by the German philosopher and social critic Herbert Marcuse, in which the author proposes a non-repressive society, attempts a synthesis of the theories of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud, and explores the potential of collective memory to be a source of disobedience and revolt and point the way to an alternative future.
Escape from Freedom, sometimes known as The Fear of Freedom outside North America, is a book by the Frankfurt-born psychoanalyst Erich Fromm, first published in the United States by Farrar & Rinehart in 1941.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Paul Eugen Bleuler (30 April 1857 – 15 July 1939) was a Swiss psychiatrist and eugenicist most notable for his contributions to the understanding of mental illness.
Eva Figes (15 April 1932 – 28 August 2012) was an English author.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
A statement, hypothesis, or theory has falsifiability (or is falsifiable) if it can logically be proven false by contradicting it with a basic statement.
Pierre-Félix Guattari (April 30, 1930 – August 29, 1992) was a French psychotherapist, philosopher, semiologist, and activist.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Frank Jones Sulloway (born February 2, 1947) is an American psychologist.
The Frankfurt School (Frankfurter Schule) is a school of social theory and philosophy associated in part with the Institute for Social Research at the Goethe University Frankfurt.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (16 January 1838 – 17 March 1917) was an influential German philosopher, psychologist, and priest whose work strongly influenced not only students Edmund Husserl, Sigmund Freud, Tomáš Masaryk, Rudolf Steiner, Alexius Meinong, Carl Stumpf, Anton Marty, Kazimierz Twardowski, and Christian von Ehrenfels, but many others whose work would follow and make use of his original ideas and concepts.
Frederick Campbell Crews (born 1933) is an American essayist and literary critic.
Free association is a technique used in psychoanalysis (and also in psychodynamic theory) which was originally devised by Sigmund Freud out of the hypnotic method of his mentor and colleague, Josef Breuer.
Freud Evaluated: The Completed Arc (1991; second edition 1997) is a book about Sigmund Freud by Malcolm Macmillan, in which the author criticizes Freud's theories and procedures.
The family of Sigmund Freud, the pioneer of psychoanalysis, lived in Austria and Germany until the 1930s before emigrating to England, Canada and the United States.
The Freud Museum in London is a museum dedicated to Sigmund Freud, located in the house where Freud lived with his family during the last year of his life.
Sigmund Schlomo Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) is considered to be the founder of the psychodynamic approach to psychology which looks closely at the unconscious drives that motivate people to act in certain ways.
Freud's seduction theory (Verführungstheorie) was a hypothesis posited in the mid-1890s by Sigmund Freud that he believed provided the solution to the problem of the origins of hysteria and obsessional neurosis.
Freud: The Mind of the Moralist (1959; second edition 1961) is a book about Sigmund Freud by the sociologist Philip Rieff, who described his motive in writing it as being to "show the mind of Freud, not the man or the movement he founded, as it derives lessons on the right conduct of life from the misery of living it." The book placed Freud and psychoanalysis in a larger historical context.
A Freudian slip, also called parapraxis, is an error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of an unconscious subdued wish or internal train of thought.
Freudo-Marxism is a loose designation for philosophies that have been informed by or have attempted to synthesize the works of Karl Marx and the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Friedrich (Frederick) Salomon Perls (July 8, 1893 – March 14, 1970), better known as Fritz Perls, was a noted German-born psychiatrist and psychotherapist.
Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.
Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1846 – April 24, 1924) was a pioneering American psychologist and educator.
Galicia (Ukrainian and Галичина, Halyčyna; Galicja; Czech and Halič; Galizien; Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Galiția/Halici; Галиция, Galicija; גאַליציע Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine.
Georg Groddeck (13 October 1866 in Bad Kösen – 10 June 1934 in Knonau, near Zurich) was a physician and writer regarded as a pioneer of psychosomatic medicine.
Gestalt therapy is an existential/experiential form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility, and that focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment, the therapist–client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.
The Goethe Prize of the City of Frankfurt (German: Goethepreis der Stadt Frankfurt) is a prestigious award for achievement 'worthy of honour in memory of Johann Wolfgang Goethe' made by the city of Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Golders Green Crematorium and Mausoleum was the first crematorium to be opened in London, and one of the oldest crematoria in Britain.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego (Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse) is a work of Sigmund Freud from the year 1921.
Gustav Theodor Fechner (19 April 1801 – 18 November 1887), was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
Herbert George Wells.
Hilda "H.D." Doolittle (September 10, 1886 – September 27, 1961) was an American poet, novelist, and memoirist, associated with the early 20th century avant-garde Imagist group of poets, including Ezra Pound and Richard Aldington.
Habilitation defines the qualification to conduct self-contained university teaching and is the key for access to a professorship in many European countries.
Hampstead, commonly known as Hampstead Village, is an area of London, England, northwest of Charing Cross.
Hanns Sachs (10 January 1881, Vienna – 10 January 1947, Boston) was one of the earliest psychoanalysts, and a close personal friend of Sigmund Freud.
Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.
Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American literary critic and Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale University.
Harrods is a luxury department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London.
Herbert "Harry" Stack Sullivan (February 21, 1892, Norwich, New York – January 14, 1949, Paris, France) was an American Neo-Freudian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who held that the personality lives in, and has his or her being in, a complex of interpersonal relations.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.
The hedgehog's dilemma, or sometimes the porcupine dilemma, is a metaphor about the challenges of human intimacy.
Hedonism is a school of thought that argues that the pursuit of pleasure and intrinsic goods are the primary or most important goals of human life.
Helene Deutsch (née Rosenbach; 9 October 1884 – 29 March 1982) was a Polish American psychoanalyst and colleague of Sigmund Freud.
Henri Frédéric Ellenberger (Nalolo, Barotseland, Rhodesia, 6 November 1905 – Quebec, 1 May 1993) was a Canadian psychiatrist, medical historian, and criminologist, sometimes considered the founding historiographer of psychiatry.
Henry (Hillel) Abramson (born 1963) was the former Dean for Academic Affairs and Student Services at Touro College's Miami branch (Touro College South).
Herbert Graf (10 April 1903, Vienna5 April 1973, Geneva) was an Austrian-American opera producer.
Herbert Marcuse (July 19, 1898 – July 29, 1979) was a German-American philosopher, sociologist, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory.
Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
"School of suspicion" is a phrase coined by Paul Ricœur to capture a common spirit that pervades the writings of Marx, Freud, and Nietzsche, the three "masters of suspicion".
Hermine Hug-Hellmuth (born Hermine Hug Edle von Hugenstein; 31 August 1871, Vienna – 9 September 1924, Vienna) was an Austrian psychoanalyst.
Hidden personality is the part of the personality that is determined by unconscious processes.
Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive attention-seeking emotions, usually beginning in early adulthood, including inappropriately seductive behavior and an excessive need for approval.
The Hogarth Press was a British publishing house founded in 1917 by Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf.
Honoré de Balzac (born Honoré Balzac, 20 May 1799 – 18 August 1850) was a French novelist and playwright.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
Sigmund Freud noticed that humor, like dreams, can be related to unconscious content.
The hypnoid state is a theory of the origins of hysteria published jointly by Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud in their Preliminary communication of 1893, subsequently reprinted as the first chapter of Studies on Hysteria (1895).
Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity to respond to suggestion.
The id, ego, and super-ego are three distinct, yet interacting agents in the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche.
An illusion is a distortion of the senses, which can reveal how the human brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation.
Individual psychology is the psychological method or science founded by the Viennese psychiatrist Alfred Adler.
The Innere Stadt is the 1st municipal District of Vienna (German: 1. Bezirk) located in the center of the Austrian capital.
The International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) is an association including 12,000 psychoanalysts as members and works with 70 constituent organizations.
The Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse (International Journal of Psychoanalysis) was a German-language psychoanalytic journal, which was published from 1913 to 1937 and from 1939 to 1941 by the International Psychoanalytic Association.
Introduction to Psychoanalysis or Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse) is a set of lectures given by Sigmund Freud in 1915-17 (published 1916-17), which became the most popular and widely translated of his works.
Isaac Bernays Isaac Bernays (29 September 1792, Weisenau – 1 May 1849, Hamburg) was chief rabbi in Hamburg.
Isaac Noah Mannheimer (October 17, 1793, Copenhagen – March 17, 1865, Vienna) was a Jewish preacher.
Jacob Koloman Freud (1815–1896) was the father of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis.
Jacqueline Rose, FBA (born 1949, London) is a British academic who is Professor of Humanities at the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities.
Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.
Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".
James Jackson Putnam (October 3, 1846 – November 4, 1918) was a United States neurologist.
James Beaumont Strachey (26 September 1887, London25 April 1967, High Wycombe) was a British psychoanalyst, and, with his wife Alix, a translator of Sigmund Freud into English.
Jane Anne Gallop (born May 4, 1952) is an American professor who since 1992 has served as Distinguished Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, where she has taught since 1990.
Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.
Jean Piaget (9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980) was a Swiss psychologist and epistemologist known for his pioneering work in child development.
Jean-François Lyotard (10 August 1924 – 21 April 1998) was a French philosopher, sociologist, and literary theorist.
Jean-Martin Charcot (29 November 1825 – 16 August 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson (born March 28, 1941 as Jeffrey Lloyd Masson) is an American author.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Johann Friedrich Herbart (4 May 1776 – 14 August 1841) was a German philosopher, psychologist and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
John Cooper Wiley (September 26, 1893 – February 3, 1967) was a United States Foreign Service officer and ambassador.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious (Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewußten) is a book on the psychoanalysis of jokes and humour by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), first published in 1905 (translated into English in 1960).
Josef Breuer (15 January 1842 – 20 June 1925) was a distinguished physician who made key discoveries in neurophysiology, and whose work in the 1880s with his patient Bertha Pappenheim, known as Anna O., developed the talking cure (cathartic method) and laid the foundation to psychoanalysis as developed by his protégé Sigmund Freud.
Josef Herzig (25 September 1853 – 4 July 1924) was an Austrian chemist.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Julia Kristeva (Юлия Кръстева; born 24 June 1941) is a Bulgarian-French philosopher, literary critic, psychoanalyst, feminist, and, most recently, novelist, who has lived in France since the mid-1960s.
Juliet Mitchell (born 1940) is a British professor, psychoanalyst, socialist feminist and author.
Karen Horney (16 September 1885 – 4 December 1952) was a German psychoanalyst who practiced in the United States during her later career.
Karl Abraham (3 May 1877 – 25 December 1925) was an early important and influential German psychoanalyst, and a collaborator of Sigmund Freud, who called him his 'best pupil'.
Karl Koller (December 3, 1857 – March 21, 1944) was an Austrian ophthalmologist who began his medical career as a surgeon at the Vienna General Hospital and a colleague of Sigmund Freud.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Sir Karl Raimund Popper (28 July 1902 – 17 September 1994) was an Austrian-British philosopher and professor.
Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann (23 February 1842 – 5 June 1906) was a German philosopher, author of Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).
Katherine Murray Millett (September 14, 1934 – September 6, 2017) was an American feminist writer, educator, artist, and activist.
A krater or crater (κρατήρ, kratēr,."mixing vessel") was a large vase in Ancient Greece, particularly used for watering down wine.
La Peau de chagrin (The Skin of Sorrow or The Wild Ass's Skin) is an 1831 novel by French novelist and playwright Honoré de Balzac (1799–1850).
Lampreys (sometimes also called, inaccurately, lamprey eels) are an ancient lineage of jawless fish of the order Petromyzontiformes, placed in the superclass Cyclostomata.
In his model of the child's psychosexual development, Sigmund Freud describes five stages.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lawrence Kohlberg (October 25, 1927 – January 19, 1987) was an American psychologist best known for his theory of stages of moral development.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Lenore C. Terr (born 1936) is a pediatric, adolescent, and adult psychiatrist and author known for her work with post traumatic stress disorder within children.
Leonard Sidney Woolf (25 November 1880 – 14 August 1969) was a British political theorist, author, publisher and civil servant, and husband of author Virginia Woolf.
Leonardo da Vinci and A Memory of His Childhood (Eine Kindheitserinnerung des Leonardo da Vinci) is a 1910 essay by Sigmund Freud about Leonardo da Vinci's childhood.
Leukoplakia generally refers to a firmly attached white patch on a mucous membrane which is associated with an increased risk of cancer.
Libido, colloquially known as sex drive, is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History (1959; second edition 1985) is a book by the American classicist Norman O. Brown, in which the author offers a radical analysis and critique of the work of Sigmund Freud, tries to provide a theoretical rationale for a nonrepressive civilization, explores parallels between psychoanalysis and Martin Luther's theology, and draws on revolutionary themes in western religious thought, especially the body mysticism of Jakob Böhme and William Blake.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Lionel Mordecai Trilling (July 4, 1905 – November 5, 1975) was an American literary critic, short story writer, essayist, and teacher.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.
Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1936.
Patricide is (i) the act of killing one's father, or (ii) a person who kills his or her father.
Some the most influential psychoanalysts and theorists, philosophers and literary critics who were or are influenced by psychoanlaysis include.
A locum is a person who temporarily fulfills the duties of another.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lou Andreas-Salomé (born either Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé or Lioulia von Salomé, Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 18615 February 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author.
Louis Pierre Althusser (16 October 1918 – 22 October 1990) was a French Marxist philosopher.
Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury (March 23, 1817 – February 11, 1892), was a French scholar and physician, important because his ideas about the interpretation of dreams and the effect of external stimuli on dreams pre-dated those of Sigmund Freud.
Luce Irigaray (born 3 May 1930) is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist.
Lucian Michael Freud (8 December 1922 – 20 July 2011) was a British painter and draftsman, specializing in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists.
Ludwig Binswanger (13 April 1881 – 5 February 1966) was a Swiss psychiatrist and pioneer in the field of existential psychology.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Marie-Jean-Léon Lecoq, Baron d'Hervey de Juchereau, Marquis d'Hervey de Saint-Denys (6 May 1822 – 2 November 1892) son of Alexandre Le Coq or Lecoq, Baron d'Hervey (1780-1844), and Mélanie Juchereau de Saint-Denys (1789-1844) was born on 6 May 1822.
Mark Solms (born 17 July 1961, Lüderitz, Namibia) is a South African psychoanalyst and neuropsychologist.
Martha Bernays (26 July 1861 – 2 November 1951) was the wife of Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
Masturbation is the sexual stimulation of one's own genitals for sexual arousal or other sexual pleasure, usually to the point of orgasm.
Matura or its translated terms (Mature, Matur, Maturita, Maturità, Maturität, Maturité, Mатура) is a Latin name for the secondary school exit exam or "maturity diploma" in various countries, including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (14 March 1908 – 3 May 1961) was a French phenomenological philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
Max Eitingon (26 June 1881 – 30 July 1943) was a Belarusian-German medical doctor and psychoanalyst, instrumental in establishing the institutional parameters of psychoanalytic education and training.
Max Graf (1 October 1873 – 24 June 1958) was an Austrian music critic, born in Vienna.
Max Schur (26 September 1897 – 12 October 1969) was a physician and friend of Sigmund Freud.
The medulla oblongata (or medulla) is located in the brainstem, anterior and partially inferior to the cerebellum.
"Medusa's Head" (Das Medusenhaupt, 1922), by Sigmund Freud, is a very short, posthumously published essay on the subject of the Medusa Myth.
Melanie Reizes Klein (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that influenced child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis.
Metapsychology (Greek: meta 'beyond, transcending', and ψυχολογία 'psychology') is that aspect of any psychological theory which refers to the structure of the theory itself (hence the prefix "meta") rather than to the entity it describes.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The medial surface of the labyrinth of ethmoid consists of a thin lamella, which descends from the under surface of the cribriform plate, and ends below in a free, convoluted margin, the middle nasal concha.
Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Moses and Monotheism (Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion) is a 1939 book about monotheism by Sigmund Freud, published in English translation in the same year.
Nancy Julia Chodorow (born January 20, 1944) is a feminist sociologist and psychoanalyst.
Naomi Weisstein (1939 – March 2015) was an American professor of psychology, neuroscientist, and author.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The term "neo-Freudian" is sometimes loosely used to refer to those early followers of Freud who at some point accepted the basic tenets of Freud's theory of psychoanalysis but later dissented from it.
Neurasthenia is a term that was first used at least as early as 1829 to label a mechanical weakness of the nerves and would become a major diagnosis in North America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries after neurologist George Miller Beard reintroduced the concept in 1869.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of either small surgical biopsies or whole-body autopsies.
Neuropsychoanalysis (previously neuro-psychoanalysis) is a movement within neuroscience and psychoanalysis to combine the insights of both disciplines for a better understanding of mind and brain.
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.
Neurosis is a class of functional mental disorders involving chronic distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute — founded in 1911 by Dr. Abraham A. Brill — is the oldest psychoanalytic organization in the United States.
Norman Oliver Brown (September 25, 1913 – October 2, 2002) was an American scholar, writer, and social philosopher.
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.
Object relations theory in psychoanalytic psychology is the process of developing a psyche in relation to others in the environment during childhood.
The Oedipus complex is a concept of psychoanalytic theory.
An omen (also called portent or presage) is a phenomenon that is believed to foretell the future, often signifying the advent of change.
On Aphasia is a work on aphasia by Sigmund Freud.
Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer, is a type of head and neck cancer and is any cancerous tissue growth located in the oral cavity.
In Freudian psychoanalysis, the term oral stage or hemitaxia denotes the first psychosexual development stage wherein the mouth of the infant is his or her primary erogenous zone.
The Orient Express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883 by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).
Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology and otolaryngology–head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck.
Otto Rank (né Rosenfeld; April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, and teacher.
Overdetermination occurs when a single-observed effect is determined by multiple causes, any one of which alone would be sufficient to account for ("determine") the effect.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The pater familias, also written as paterfamilias (plural patres familias), was the head of a Roman family.
Sir Patrick Gardiner Hastings (17 March 1880 – 26 February 1952) was a British barrister and politician noted for his long and highly successful career as a barrister and his short stint as Attorney General.
Paul Federn (October 13, 1871 – May 4, 1950) was an Austrian-American psychologist who was a native of Vienna.
Jean Paul Gustave Ricœur (27 February 1913 – 20 May 2005) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutics.
Paul Roazen (August 14, 1936, in Boston – November 3, 2005) was a political scientist who became a preeminent historian of psychoanalysis.
Paul C. Vitz (born August 27, 1935) is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at New York University, whose work focuses on the relationship between psychology and Christianity.
Příbor (Freiberg in Mähren) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Penis envy (Penisneid) is a stage theorized by Sigmund Freud regarding female psychosexual development, in which young girls experience anxiety upon realization that they do not have a penis.
Perversion is a type of human behavior that deviates from that which is understood to be orthodox or normal.
Peter Gay (born Peter Joachim Fröhlich; June 20, 1923 – May 12, 2015) was a German-American historian, educator and author.
In Freudian psychoanalysis, the phallic stage is the third stage of psychosexual development, spanning the ages of three to six years, wherein the infant's libido (desire) centers upon his or her genitalia as the erogenous zone.
In critical theory and deconstruction, phallogocentrism is a neologism coined by Jacques Derrida to refer to the privileging of the masculine (phallus) in the construction of meaning.
Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.
Philip Rieff (December 15, 1922 – July 1, 2006) was an American sociologist and cultural critic, who taught sociology at the University of Pennsylvania from 1961 until 1992.
Philosophy of the Unconscious: Speculative Results According to the Induction Method of the Physical Sciences (Philosophie des Unbewussten) is an 1869 book by the philosopher Eduard von Hartmann.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Polymorphous perversity is a psychoanalytic concept proposing the ability to gain sexual gratification outside socially normative sexual behaviors.
Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.
Primal therapy is a trauma-based psychotherapy created by Arthur Janov, who argues that neurosis is caused by the repressed pain of childhood trauma.
Prince Peter August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Peter August Ludwig Maria Michael Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga; 19 March 1866 – 6 July 1934), known in Brazil as Dom Pedro Augusto, was a prince of the Empire of Brazil and of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry.
Princess Marie Bonaparte (2 July 1882 – 21 September 1962), known as Princess George of Greece and Denmark upon her marriage, was a French author and psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud.
Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
Psychoanalytic literary criticism is literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud.
Psychoanalytic theory is the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development that guides psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology.
Psychodynamics, also known as psychodynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte) (1874; second edition 1924) is an 1874 book by the Austrian philosopher Franz Brentano, in which the author argues that the goal of psychology should be to establish exact laws.
Psychology of the Unconscious (Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido) is an early work of Carl Jung, first published in 1912.
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; effective classification schemes (nosology); course across all stages of development; manifestations; and treatment.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
"Rat Man" was the nickname given by Sigmund Freud to a patient whose "case history" was published as Bemerkungen über einen Fall von Zwangsneurose (1909).
In psychoanalytic theory, reaction formation (Reaktionsbildung) is a defense mechanism in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration of the directly opposing tendency.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
Reichskommissar (rendered as Commissioner of the Empire or as Reich - or Imperial Commissioner), in German history, was an official gubernatorial title used for various public offices during the period of the German Empire and the Nazi Third Reich.
Repetition compulsion is a psychological phenomenon in which a person repeats a traumatic event or its circumstances over and over again.
Repressed memories are memories that have been unconsciously blocked due to the memory being associated with a high level of stress or trauma.
Repression is the psychological attempt to direct one's own desires and impulses toward pleasurable instincts by excluding them from one's consciousness and holding or subduing them in the unconscious.
Review of General Psychology is the quarterly scientific journal of the American Psychological Association Division 1: The Society for General Psychology.
Ricarda Huch (18 July 1864 – 17 November 1947) was a pioneering German intellectual.
Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902; full name Richard Fridolin Joseph Freiherr Krafft von Festenberg auf Frohnberg, genannt von Ebing) was an Austro–German psychiatrist and author of the foundational work Psychopathia Sexualis (1886).
Richard Webster (17 December 1950 – 24 June 2011) was a British author.
Richard Arthur Wollheim (5 May 1923 – 4 November 2003) was a British philosopher noted for original work on mind and emotions, especially as related to the visual arts, specifically, painting.
Robert Michels (born 1936) is Professor of Medicine and of Psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College and a training and supervising psychoanalyst at the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research.
Sir Roger Vernon Scruton (born 27 February 1944) is an English philosopher and writer who specialises in aesthetics and political philosophy, particularly in the furtherance of traditionalist conservative views.
Romain Rolland (29 January 1866 – 30 December 1944) was a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
Sabina Nikolayevna Spielrein (p; 25 October 1885 OS – 11 August 1942) was a Russian physician and one of the first female psychoanalysts.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, (24 February 1880 – 7 May 1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a senior British Conservative politician who served in various Cabinet posts in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s.
Saul Rosenzweig (1907–2004) was an American psychologist and therapist who studied subjects such as repression, psychotherapy, and aggression.
Sándor Ferenczi (7 July 1873 – 22 May 1933) was a Hungarian psychoanalyst, a key theorist of the psychoanalytic school and a close associate of Sigmund Freud.
The School of Brentano was a group of philosophers and psychologists who studied with Franz Brentano and were essentially influenced by him.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
In science, priority is the credit given to the individual or group of individuals who first made the discovery or propose the theory.
The sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) is a parasitic lamprey native to the Northern Hemisphere.
Self-control, an aspect of inhibitory control, is the ability to regulate one's emotions, thoughts, and behavior in the face of temptations and impulses.
Sergei Konstantinovitch Pankejeff (Серге́й Константи́нович Панке́ев; December 24, 1886 – May 7, 1979) was a Russian aristocrat from Odessa best known for being a patient of Sigmund Freud, who gave him the pseudonym of Wolf Man (der Wolfsmann) to protect his identity, after a dream Pankejeff had of a tree full of white wolves.
Sexual Desire: A Philosophical Investigation, published as Sexual Desire: A Moral Philosophy of the Erotic in the United States, is a 1986 book about the philosophy of sex by the philosopher Roger Scruton, in which the author discusses sexual desire and erotic love, arguing against the idea that the former expresses the animal part of human nature while the latter is an expression of its rational side.
Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson is a 1990 work about sexual decadence in Western literature and the visual arts by scholar Camille Paglia, in which the author addresses major artists and writers such as Donatello, Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, Emily Brontë, and Oscar Wilde.
Sexual Politics is a 1970 book by Kate Millett, based on her PhD dissertation.
In Jungian psychology, the "shadow", "Id", or "shadow aspect/archetype" may refer to (1) an unconscious aspect of the personality which the conscious ego does not identify in itself, or (2) the entirety of the unconscious, i.e., everything of which a person is not fully conscious.
Shulamith "Shulie" Firestone (January 7, 1945 – August 28, 2012) was a Canadian-American radical feminist.
The Sigmund Freud Archives mainly consist of a trove of documents housed at the US Library of Congress and in the former residence of Sigmund Freud during the last year of his life at 20 Maresfield Gardens in northwest London.
The Sigmund Freud Museum in Vienna is a museum founded in 1971 covering Sigmund Freud's life story.
Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality have been described as deterministic, whereas he would ascribe biological and psychological factors in explaining the principal causes of homosexuality.
The Signorelli parapraxis represents the first and best known example of a parapraxis and its analysis in Freud's The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (or;; 9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986) was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist.
Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
Stanley Louis Cavell (September 1, 1926 – June 19, 2018) was an American philosopher.
The State University of New York (SUNY) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States.
Stefan Zweig (28 November 1881 – 22 February 1942) was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist and biographer.
Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.
Studies on Hysteria is an 1895 book by Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer.
In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism, in which socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are unconsciously transformed into socially acceptable actions or behavior, possibly resulting in a long-term conversion of the initial impulse.
The Talking Cure and chimney sweeping were terms Bertha Pappenheim, known in case studies by the alias Anna O., used for the verbal therapy given to her by Josef Breuer.
Tatiana Rosenthal (1885-1921) was a Russian psychoanalyst, physician and specialist in neurology.
is a locality (Ortsteil) in the Berlin borough of Reinickendorf on the shore of Lake Tegel.
The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music (Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik) is an 1872 work of dramatic theory by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
The Courage to Heal: A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse (first published in 1988, with three subsequent editions, the last being a 20th anniversary edition in 2008) is a self-help book by poet Ellen Bass and Laura Davis that focuses on recovery from child sexual abuse and has been called "controversial and polarizing".
The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution (1970) is a book by the radical feminist Shulamith Firestone.
The Ego and the Id (Das Ich und das Es) is a prominent paper by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
The Feminine Mystique is a book written by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique is a 1984 book by the philosopher Adolf Grünbaum, in which the author offers a philosophical critique of Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis, evaluating the claim that it is a natural science.
The Freudian Cover-up is a theory first popularized by social worker Florence Rush in the 1970s, which asserts that Sigmund Freud intentionally ignored evidence that his patients were victims of sexual abuse.
The Future of an Illusion (Die Zukunft einer Illusion) is a 1927 work by Sigmund Freud, describing his interpretation of religion's origins, development, psychoanalysis, and its future.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement (Zur Geschichte der psychoanalytischen Bewegung) is a work published by Sigmund Freud in 1914.
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis is an academic journal in the field of psychoanalysis.
The Interpretation of Dreams (Die Traumdeutung) is an 1899 book by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, in which the author introduces his theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation, and discusses what would later become the theory of the Oedipus complex.
The Passions of the Mind is a 1971 novel by American author Irving Stone.
The Primal Scream.
Psychopathology of Everyday Life (Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens) is a 1901 work by Sigmund Freud, based on Freud's researches into slips and parapraxes from 1897 onwards.
The Question of Lay Analysis (Die Frage der Laienanalyse) is a 1926 book by Sigmund Freud advocating the right of non-doctors, or 'lay' people, to be psychoanalysts.
The Review of Metaphysics is a peer-reviewed academic journal of philosophy.
The Second Sex (Le Deuxième Sexe) is a 1949 book by the French existentialist Simone de Beauvoir, in which the author discusses the treatment of women throughout history.
The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud is a complete edition of the works of Sigmund Freud.
The Trauma of Birth (Das Trauma der Geburt) is a 1924 book by psychoanalyst Otto Rank, first published in English translation in 1929.
Theodor Lipps (28 July 1851 – 17 October 1914) was a German philosopher.
Theodor Hermann Meynert (15 June 1833 – 31 May 1892) was a German-Austrian psychiatrist, neuropathologist and anatomist born in Dresden.
Theodor W. Adorno (born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund; September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German philosopher, sociologist, and composer known for his critical theory of society.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Sir Thomas Johnstone Lipton, 1st Baronet, KCVO (10 May 1848 – 2 October 1931) was a Scotsman of Irish parentage who was a self-made man, merchant, and yachtsman.
Thomism is the philosophical school that arose as a legacy of the work and thought of Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274), philosopher, theologian, and Doctor of the Church.
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie), sometimes titled Three Contributions to the Theory of Sex, is a 1905 work by Sigmund Freud which advanced his theory of sexuality, in particular its relation to childhood.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Todd Dufresne (born 1966) is a Canadian social and cultural theorist best known for his work on Sigmund Freud and the history of psychoanalysis.
Torah study is the study of the Torah, Hebrew Bible, Talmud, responsa, rabbinic literature and similar works, all of which are Judaism's religious texts.
Toril Moi (born 28 November 1953 in Norway) is James B. Duke Professor of Literature and Romance Studies and Professor of English, Philosophy and Theatre Studies at Duke University.
Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics, or Totem and Taboo: Some Points of Agreement between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics, (Totem und Tabu: Einige Übereinstimmungen im Seelenleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker) is a 1913 book by Sigmund Freud, in which the author applies psychoanalysis to the fields of archaeology, anthropology, and the study of religion.
Transference (Übertragung) is a theoretical phenomenon characterized by unconscious redirection of the feelings a person has about a second person to feelings the first person has about a third person.
Trieste (Trst) is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The uncanny is the psychological experience of something as strangely familiar, rather than simply mysterious.
The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
The University of Vienna (Universität Wien) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria.
The University of Zurich (UZH, Universität Zürich), located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with over 25,000 students.
Untimely Meditations (Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen), also translated as Unfashionable Observations and Thoughts Out Of Season) consists of four works by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, started in 1873 and completed in 1876. The work comprises a collection of four (out of a projected 13) essays concerning the contemporary condition of European, especially German, culture. A fifth essay, published posthumously, had the title "We Philologists", and gave as a "Task for philology: disappearance". Glenn W. Most,, HyperNietzsche, 2003-11-09 Nietzsche here began to discuss the limitations of empirical knowledge, and presented what would appear compressed in later aphorisms. It combines the naivete of The Birth of Tragedy with the beginnings of his more mature polemical style. It was Nietzsche's most humorous work, especially for "David Strauss: the confessor and the writer.".
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Vienna General Hospital (Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien), usually abbreviated to AKH, is the general hospital of the city of Vienna, Austria.
The Vienna Psychoanalytic Society (WPV), formerly known as the Wednesday Psychological Society, is the oldest psychoanalysis society in the world.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet.
Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.
Why Freud Was Wrong: Sin, Science and Psychoanalysis (1995; second edition 1996; third edition 2005) is a book by Richard Webster, in which the author provides a critique of Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis, and attempts to develop his own theory of human nature.
Wilhelm Fliess (Wilhelm Fließ; 24 October 1858 – 13 October 1928) was a German Jewish otolaryngologist who practised in Berlin.
Wilhelm Reich (24 March 1897 – 3 November 1957) was an Austrian doctor of medicine and psychoanalyst, a member of the second generation of analysts after Sigmund Freud.
Wilhelm Stekel (18 March 1868 – 25 June 1940) was an Austrian physician and psychologist, who became one of Sigmund Freud's earliest followers, and was once described as "Freud's most distinguished pupil".
William Christian Bullitt Jr. (January 25, 1891 – February 15, 1967) was an American diplomat, journalist, and novelist.
Sir William Henry Bragg (2 July 1862 – 12 March 1942) was a British physicist, chemist, mathematician and active sportsman who uniquelyThis is still a unique accomplishment, because no other parent-child combination has yet shared a Nobel Prize (in any field).
William John Little (1810–1894) was an English surgeon who is credited with the first medical identification of spastic diplegia, when he observed it in the 1860s amongst children.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wish fulfillment is the satisfaction of a desire through an involuntary thought process.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
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