238 relations: Acid, Albumin, Alkali, Allergy, Allspice, Amphibian, Ancient Rome, Animal welfare, Apple sauce, Aquafaba, Araucana, Arrowroot, Atherosclerosis, Australia, Bacteria, Baking, Balut (food), Banana, Battery cage, Beetroot, Bird, Bird egg, Boiled egg, Brazil, Breed, Brine, British Egg Industry Council, Bulkley Valley, Calcium, Calcium carbonate, Calcium oxide, Calorie, Candling, Cannibalism, Carbohydrate, Cardiovascular disease, Catalonia, Caviar, Century egg, Chalaza, Chia seed, Chicken, Chicken egg sizes, Chickpea, Cholesterol, Choline, Clay, Cloaca, Cock egg, Collagen, ..., Common Era, Common ostrich, Congee, Coronary artery disease, Corpus Christi (feast), Costa Rica, Custard, Dancing egg, Debeaking, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Dietary Reference Intake, Duck, Easter, Egg, Egg carton, Egg decorating, Egg drop syndrome, Egg hunt, Egg marking, Egg rolling, Egg tapping, Egg white, Eggshell, Egypt, Embryo, Emu, Emulsion, England, Equinox, Escape response, European Union, Fat, Fatty acid, Feces, Fermentation in food processing, Fish, Fish oil, Flax, Food, Food additive, Food allergy, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food industry, Food intolerance, Food pyramid (nutrition), Foodborne illness, Forced molting, France, Free range, Free-range eggs, Fried egg, Fruit curd, Furnished cages, Gel, Ginger, Globulin, Goose, Guar gum, Guineafowl, Gull, Ham and eggs, Harold McGee, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Haugh unit, Hermetic seal, High-density lipoprotein, Hollandaise sauce, Humane society, Influenza vaccine, Ingredient, Intensive animal farming, Ireland, Iron, Japan, Johns Hopkins University Press, Larousse Gastronomique, Lecithin, Legume, Lent, Lipid, List of chicken breeds, Lists of foods, Lutein, Maize, Mass production, Mayonnaise, Meat, Meringue, Middle Ages, Mold, Monotreme, Mousse, Mucoprotein, Mud, Myocardial infarction, Myristic acid, Nature (journal), New England, New Scientist, Nihon University, Northeastern United States, Norway, Nowruz, Nutrient, Omega-3 fatty acid, Omelette, Organic certification, Oviduct, Palmitic acid, Pantothenic acid, Pasteurized eggs, Pastured poultry, Pathogen, Pea, Pelican, Persian Empire, PH, Pheasant, Phosphatidylcholine, Phosphorus, Pickled egg, Pigment, Poached egg, Poland, Polyunsaturated fat, Potato starch, Powdered eggs, Prehistory, Prospective cohort study, Protein, Quail, Quail eggs, Quartz (publication), Rapeseed, Reference Daily Intake, Reptile, Rhode Island Red, Riboflavin, Rice, Roe, Rooster, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Salmonella, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, Salmonellosis, Salt, Salted duck egg, Saturated fat, Scrambled eggs, Selective breeding, Smallholding, Smithers, British Columbia, Soybean, Species, Spheroid, St. Louis, Stearic acid, Strain (biology), Stroke, Sulfur, Tagetes, Tea egg, Thailand, Thebes, Egypt, Tofu, Tonne, Triethylamine, Trimethylamine N-oxide, Type I collagen, United Egg Producers, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, Vaccine, Vinegar, Vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, Vitelline membrane, Wood ash, World War II, Xanthan gum, Xanthophyll, Yolk, Zinc, 2017 Fipronil eggs contamination. Expand index (188 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Allspice, also called pimenta, Jamaica pimenta, or myrtle pepper, is the dried unripe fruit (berries, used as a spice) of Pimenta dioica, a midcanopy tree native to the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America, now cultivated in many warm parts of the world.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Animal welfare is the well-being of animals.
Apple sauce or applesauce is a sauce made of apples.
Aquafaba is the name for the viscous water in which legume seeds such as chickpeas have been cooked.
The Araucana (italic) is a breed of domestic chicken from Chile.
Arrowroot is a starch obtained from the rhizomes (rootstock) of several tropical plants, traditionally Maranta arundinacea, but also Florida arrowroot from Zamia integrifolia, and tapioca from cassava (Manihot esculenta), which is often labelled as arrowroot.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.
Balut (spelled standardized as balot) is a developing bird embryo (usually a duck) that is boiled and eaten from the shell.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Battery cages are a housing system used for various animal production methods, but primarily for egg-laying hens.
The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
Bird eggs are laid by the females and incubated for a time that varies according to the species; a single young hatches from each egg.
Boiled eggs are eggs (typically chicken eggs) cooked with their shells unbroken, usually by immersion in boiling water.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species.
Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (usually sodium chloride) in water.
The British Egg Industry Council is an organisation set up in 1986 to represent the British egg industry.
The Bulkley Valley is located in the northwest Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Candling is a method used in embryology to study the growth and development of an embryo inside an egg.
Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Caviar (less often, caviare) is a delicacy consisting of salt-cured roe of the Acipenseridae family.
Century egg or Pidan, also known as preserved egg, hundred-year egg, thousand-year egg, thousand-year-old egg, millennium egg, skin egg and black egg, is a Chinese preserved food product and delicacy made by preserving duck, chicken or quail eggs in a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quicklime, and rice hulls for several weeks to several months, depending on the method of processing. Through the process, the yolk becomes a dark green to grey color, with a creamy consistency and strong flavor due to the hydrogen sulfide and ammonia present, while the white becomes a dark brown, translucent jelly with a salty flavor. The transforming agent in the century egg is an alkaline salt, which gradually raises the pH of the egg to around 9–12, during the curing process. This chemical process breaks down some of the complex, flavorless proteins and fats, which produces a variety of smaller flavorful compounds. Some eggs have patterns near the surface of the egg white that are likened to pine branches, and that gives rise to one of its Chinese names, the pine-patterned egg.
The chalaza (from Greek χάλαζα "hailstone"; plural chalazas or chalazae) is a structure inside bird and reptile eggs and plant ovules.
Chia is the edible seed of Salvia hispanica, flowering plant in the mint family native to Central America, as well as the related Salvia columbariae of southwest United States and Mexico.
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
Chicken eggs are graded by size, for the purpose of sales.
The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
In animal anatomy, a cloaca (plural cloacae or) is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts (if present) of many vertebrate animals, opening at the vent.
A cock egg, cock's egg, dwarf egg, or witch egg is a small usually yolkless egg.
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either of two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family.
Congee or conjee is a type of rice porridge or gruel popular in many Asian countries, especially East Asia.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
The Feast of Corpus Christi (Latin for "Body of Christ") is a Catholic liturgical solemnity celebrating the real presence of the body and blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, in the Eucharist—known as transubstantiation.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk.
The dancing egg (L'ou com balla in Catalan) is an old tradition that takes place in several towns in Catalonia during the feast of Corpus Christi.
Debeaking, is the partial removal of the beak of poultry, especially layer hens and turkeys although it may also be performed on quail and ducks.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States).
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches.
An egg carton (also known as an egg box in British English) is a carton designed for carrying and transporting whole eggs.
Egg decorating is the art or craft of decorating eggs.
Egg drop syndrome is a viral disease of birds, notably chickens, ducks, geese and swans.
An egg hunt is a game during which decorated eggs or Easter eggs are hidden for children to find.
Egg marking is a form of egg labeling that includes an egg code stamped on the egg itself.
Egg rolling, or an Easter egg roll is a traditional game played with eggs at Easter.
Egg tapping, or also known as egg fight, egg knocking, egg pacqueing, egg boxing, egg picking, egg chucking, or egg jarping is a traditional Easter game.
Egg white is the clear liquid (also called the albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg.
An eggshell is the outer covering of a hard-shelled egg and of some forms of eggs with soft outer coats.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.
The emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) is the second-largest living bird by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
An equinox is commonly regarded as the moment the plane (extended indefinitely in all directions) of Earth's equator passes through the center of the Sun, which occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 22-23 September.
In animal behaviour, escape response, escape reaction, or escape behaviour is a rapid series of movements performed by an animal in response to possible predation.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.
Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Fish oil is oil derived from the tissues of oily fish.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
Food intolerance is a detrimental reaction, often delayed, to a food, beverage, food additive, or compound found in foods that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems, but generally refers to reactions other than food allergy.
A food pyramid or diet pyramid is a triangular diagram representing the optimal number of servings to be eaten each day from each of the basic food groups.
Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the food spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes.
Forced molting, sometimes known as induced molting, is the practice by some poultry industries of artificially provoking a flock to molt simultaneously, typically by withdrawing food for 7–14 days and sometimes also withdrawing water for an extended period.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
A small flock of mixed free-range chickens being fed outdoors Free range denotes a method of farming husbandry where the animals, for at least part of the day, can roam freely outdoors, rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24 hours each day.
Free-range eggs are eggs produced from birds that may be permitted outdoors.
A fried egg is a cooked dish made from one or more eggs which are removed from their shells and placed into a pan, usually without breaking the yolk, and fried with minimal accompaniment.
Fruit curd is a dessert spread and topping usually made with citrus fruit, such as lemon, lime, orange, or tangerine.
Furnished cages, sometimes called enriched or modified cages, are cages for egg laying hens which have been designed to overcome some of the welfare concerns of battery cages whilst retaining their economic and husbandry advantages, and also provide some of the welfare advantages of non-cage systems.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.
The globulins are a family of globular proteins that have higher molecular weights than albumins and are insoluble in pure water but dissolve in dilute salt solutions.
Geese are waterfowl of the family Anatidae.
Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties useful in the food and hydraulic fracturing industries.
Guineafowl (sometimes called "pet speckled hen", or "original fowl" or guineahen) are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes.
Gulls or seagulls are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari.
Ham and eggs is a dish combining various preparations of its main ingredients, ham and eggs.
Harold James McGee (born October 3, 1951) is an American author who writes about the chemistry and history of food science and cooking.
The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (formerly Harvard School of Public Health) is the public health graduate school of Harvard University, located in the Longwood Medical Area of Boston, Massachusetts adjacent Harvard Medical School.
The Haugh unit is a measure of egg protein quality based on the height of its egg white (albumen).
A hermetic seal is any type of sealing that makes a given object airtight (excludes the passage of air, oxygen, or other gases).
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are one of the five major groups of lipoproteins.
Hollandaise sauce, formerly also called Dutch sauce, is an emulsion of egg yolk, melted butter, water and lemon juice (or a white wine or vinegar reduction).
A humane society is a group that aims to stop human or animal suffering due to cruelty or other reasons.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses.
An ingredient is a substance that forms part of a mixture (in a general sense).
Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, also known as factory farming, is a production approach towards farm animals in order to maximize production output, while minimizing production costs.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.
Larousse Gastronomique is an encyclopedia of gastronomy.
Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
Lent (Latin: Quadragesima: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence.
This is a categorically-organized list of foods.
Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Mayonnaise (also), informally mayo, is a thick cold sauce or dressing usually used in sandwiches and composed salads.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Meringue is a type of dessert, often associated with French, Swiss, and Italian cuisine, traditionally made from whipped egg whites and sugar, and occasionally an acidic ingredient such as lemon, vinegar or cream of tartar.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
Monotremes are one of the three main groups of living mammals, along with placentals (Eutheria) and marsupials (Metatheria).
A mousse (French 'foam') is a soft prepared food that incorporates air bubbles to give it a light and airy texture.
A mucoprotein is a glycoprotein composed primarily of mucopolysaccharides.
Mud is a liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and any combination of different kinds of soil (loam, silt, and clay).
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Myristic acid (IUPAC systematic name: 1-tetradecanoic acid) is a common saturated fatty acid with the molecular formula CH3(CH2)12COOH.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
, abbreviated as, is a private research university in Japan.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nowruz (نوروز,; literally "new day") is the name of the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups as the beginning of the New Year.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
In cuisine, an omelette or omelet is a dish made from beaten eggs fried with butter or oil in a frying pan (without stirring as in scrambled egg).
Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products.
In vertebrates, other than mammals, the passageway from the ovaries to the outside of the body is known as the oviduct.
Palmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid in IUPAC nomenclature, is the most common saturated fatty acid found in animals, plants and microorganisms.
Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin.
Pasteurized eggs are eggs that have been pasteurized in order to reduce the risk of food-borne illness in dishes that are not cooked or are only lightly cooked.
Pastured poultry is a sustainable agriculture technique that calls for the raising of laying chickens, meat chickens (broilers), and/or turkeys on pasture, as opposed to indoor confinement.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae.
The Persian Empire (شاهنشاهی ایران, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to any of a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th-century-BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Pheasants are birds of several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae, of the family Phasianidae in the order Galliformes.
Phosphatidylcholines (PC) are a class of phospholipids that incorporate choline as a headgroup.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Pickled eggs are typically hard boiled eggs that are cured in vinegar or brine.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A poached egg is an egg that has been cooked, outside the shell, by poaching (or sometimes steaming), as opposed to simmering or boiling liquid.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Polyunsaturated fats are fats in which the constituent hydrocarbon chain possesses two or more carbon–carbon double bonds.
Potato starch is starch extracted from potatoes.
Powdered eggs are fully dehydrated eggs.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
A prospective cohort study is a longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals (cohorts) who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determine how these factors affect rates of a certain outcome.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes.
Quail eggs are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world, including Asia, Europe, and North America.
Quartz (qz.com) is a news website owned by Atlantic Media.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
The Rhode Island Red is an American breed of domestic chicken.
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Roe or hard roe is the fully ripe internal egg masses in the ovaries, or the released external egg masses of fish and certain marine animals, such as shrimp, scallop and sea urchins.
A rooster, also known as a gamecock, a cockerel or cock, is a male gallinaceous bird, usually a male chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus).
The Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (abbreviated RPAH or RPA, and sometimes shortened to PA Hospital) is a major public teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia, located on Missenden Road in Camperdown.
Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.
Salmonella enterica subsp.
Salmonellosis is a symptomatic infection caused by bacteria of the Salmonella type.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
A salted duck egg is a Chinese preserved food product made by soaking duck eggs in brine, or packing each egg in damp, salted charcoal.
A saturated fat is a type of fat in which the fatty acid chains have all or predominantly single bonds.
Scrambled eggs is a dish made from eggs (usually chicken eggs) stirred or beaten together in a pan while being gently heated, typically with salt and butter and various other ingredients.
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
A smallholding is a small farm.
Smithers is a town in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, approximately halfway between Prince George and Prince Rupert.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
A spheroid, or ellipsoid of revolution, is a quadric surface obtained by rotating an ellipse about one of its principal axes; in other words, an ellipsoid with two equal semi-diameters.
Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid with an 18-carbon chain and has the IUPAC name octadecanoic acid.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Tagetes is a genusSoule, J. A. 1996.
Tea egg is a typical Chinese savory food commonly sold as a snack, in which a boiled egg is cracked slightly and then boiled again in tea, sauce and/or spices.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.
Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food cultivated by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Triethylamine is the chemical compound with the formula N(CH2CH3)3, commonly abbreviated Et3N.
Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)3NO.
Type I collagen is the most abundant collagen of the human body which forms large, eosinophilic fibers known as collagen fibers.
United Egg Producers (UEP) is a Capper–Volstead agricultural cooperative in the United States which represents the interests of American egg producers.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
The vitelline membrane or vitelline envelope is a structure surrounding the outer surface of the plasma membrane of an ovum (the oolemma) or, in some animals (e.g., birds), the extracellular yolk and the oolemma.
Wood ash is the residue powder left after the combustion of wood, such as burning wood in a home fireplace or an industrial power plant.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with many industrial uses, including as a common food additive.
Xanthophylls (originally phylloxanthins) are yellow pigments that occur widely in nature and form one of two major divisions of the carotenoid group; the other division is formed by the carotenes.
Among animals which produce one, the yolk (also known as the vitellus) is the nutrient-bearing portion of the egg whose primary function is to supply food for the development of the embryo.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 2017 Fipronil eggs contamination is an incident in Europe and Asia involving the spread of fipronil insecticide which contaminated human consumed chicken eggs and egg products.
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