310 relations: ABO blood group system, Acid, Acid–base homeostasis, Adaptive immune system, Al-Ma'ida, Albumin, Allosteric regulation, Amino acid, Anatomy, Ancestor, Ancient Greece, Andres Serrano, Anemia, Animal soul, Anime, Annelid, Antibiotic, Antibody, Apostles, Archaeology, Arterial blood gas test, Arteriole, Artery, Arthropod, Ascidiacea, Assyrian Church of the East, Atherosclerosis, Atonement in Christianity, Atrium (heart), Autotransfusion, Bacteremia, Base (chemistry), Base excess, Bicarbonate, Biliverdin, Biological hazard, Blót, Blood, Blood as food, Blood bank, Blood brother, Blood cell, Blood donation, Blood is thicker than water, Blood lipids, Blood of Christ, Blood phobia, Blood plasma, Blood pressure, Blood proteins, ..., Blood residue, Blood substitute, Blood test, Blood transfusion, Blood type, Blood vessel, Blood volume, Blood-borne disease, Bloodletting, Bloodstain pattern analysis, Body fluid, Bohr effect, Bone marrow, Book of Genesis, Book of Leviticus, Brachiopod, Breathing, Cancer, Capillary, Carbamino, Carbaminohemoglobin, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carbon monoxide poisoning, Carbonic acid, Carbonic anhydrase, Carboxyhemoglobin, Cardiac output, Catholic Church, Cell (biology), Cell nucleus, Cephalopod, Chemotherapy, Chloride, Circulatory system, Clitoris, Coagulation, Coagulopathy, Connective tissue, Consubstantiation, Council of Jerusalem, Cross-matching, Cruentation, Crustacean, Culture of Japan, Culture of Korea, Cyanide, Cyanosis, Dehydration, Diabetes mellitus, Diet (nutrition), East Asian cultural sphere, Eastern Orthodox Church, Electrolyte, Endocrine gland, Endothelium, Erectile tissue, Erection, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Erythropoiesis, Essential thrombocythemia, Ethnic group, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Eucharist, Evidence-based medicine, Extracellular fluid, Fatty acid, Fetal hemoglobin, Fetus, Fibrinogen, Forensic science, Fowl, Franko B, Game (hunting), Gastropoda, Genealogy, Genetic disorder, Germanic peoples, Glucose, Glycoprotein, Gnathostomata, Haematopoiesis, Haemophilia, Haldane effect, Harvard University Press, Heart, Hemarthrosis, Hematocrit, Hemocyanin, Hemoglobin, Hemolymph, Hemorheology, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Heredity, Hermann Nitsch, Hippocrates, Hirudo medicinalis, Histology, Hittite language, Homeostasis, Hormone, Horseshoe crab, Human blood group systems, Human evolution, Human serum albumin, Humorism, Hydraulics, Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Hypothalamus, Ichor, Immune system, Indigenous Australians, Internal bleeding, Intravenous therapy, Ion, Iron overload, Ishara, Islamic dietary laws, Istvan Kantor, Jan Janský, Jehovah's Witnesses, Judaism, Jumping spider, Kabbalah, Karl Landsteiner, Kashrut, Kidney, Kinship terminology, Kira O'Reilly, Korean drama, Kupffer cell, Lactic acid, Last Supper, Leech, Lennie Lee, Leukemia, Lipoprotein, List of human blood components, Liver, Luminol, Lung, Lutheranism, Lymph, Maban, Magnetic field, Magnetism, Malaria, Malnutrition, Mammal, Manga, Marc Quinn, McGraw-Hill Education, Mediastinum, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Menstruation, Metabolic waste, Metabolism, Methemoglobin, Mixed-blood, Mollusca, Mosquito, Myelodysplastic syndrome, Myelopoiesis, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Necrosis, New World, Noah, Non-Newtonian fluid, Nosebleed, Nosferatu, Nudity, Nutrient, Ochre, Oct-1-en-3-one, Old English, Organelle, Oriental Orthodoxy, Orthostatic hypotension, Osmotic pressure, Oxygen, Pathogen, PCO2, Penis, Perfusion, PH, Placenta, Platelet, Platelet plug, Polychaete, Polycythemia, Polycythemia vera, Prasinohaema, Precancerous condition, Presbyterianism, Priapulida, Protein, Protein structure, Pulmonary artery, Pulmonary vein, Quran, Red blood cell, Reference ranges for blood tests, Respiratory pigment, Respiratory system, Rh blood group system, Riftia pachyptila, Ron Athey, Royal descent, Salting (food), Sepsis, Serum albumin, Seven Laws of Noah, Shock (circulatory), Sickle cell disease, Sipuncula, Skeletal muscle, Skink, Sodium in biology, Spleen, Subclavian vein, Sulfhemoglobinemia, Syncope (medicine), T cell, Thalassemia, Thermoregulation, Thoracic duct, Thrombophilia, Thrombosis, Thymus, Tick, Tissue (biology), Torah, Trachea, Transubstantiation, Trypanosomiasis, Tunicate, Umbilical artery, Urea, Urinary system, Urine, Vampire, Vampire bat, Vanabins, Vanadium, Vein, Venous blood, Ventricle (heart), Venule, Vertebrate, Viennese Actionism, Viscosity, Visual cortex, Visual perception, Water, Wesleyanism, White blood cell, William Harvey, Yang Zhichao. Expand index (260 more) » « Shrink index
The ABO blood group system is used to denote the presence of one, both, or neither of the A and B antigens on erythrocytes.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Acid–base homeostasis is the homeostatic regulation of the pH of the body's extracellular fluid (ECF).
The adaptive immune system, also known as the acquired immune system or, more rarely, as the specific immune system, is a subsystem of the overall immune system that is composed of highly specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth.
Surat al-Māʼida (سورة المائدة, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food", likely a word of Ethiopic origin) is the fifth chapter of the Quran, with 120 verses.
The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.
In biochemistry, allosteric regulation (or allosteric control) is the regulation of an enzyme by binding an effector molecule at a site other than the enzyme's active site.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an antecedent (i.e., a grandparent, great-grandparent, great-great-grandparent, and so forth).
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Andres Serrano (born August 15, 1950) is an American photographer and artist who has become famous through his photos of corpses and his use of feces and bodily fluids in his work, notably his controversial work "Piss Christ", a red-tinged photograph of a crucifix submerged in a glass container of what was purported to be the artist's own urine.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
In kabbalah, the animal soul (nefesh habehamit) is one of the two souls of a Jew.
Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.
The annelids (Annelida, from Latin anellus, "little ring"), also known as the ringed worms or segmented worms, are a large phylum, with over 22,000 extant species including ragworms, earthworms, and leeches.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
An arterial-blood gas (ABG) test measures the amounts of arterial gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide.
An arteriole is a small-diameter blood vessel in the microcirculation that extends and branches out from an artery and leads to capillaries.
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
Ascidiacea (commonly known as the ascidians or sea squirts) is a paraphyletic class in the subphylum Tunicata of sac-like marine invertebrate filter feeders.
The Assyrian Church of the East (ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ ʻĒdtā d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), officially the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (ʻEdtā Qaddīštā wa-Šlīḥāitā Qātolīqī d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), is an Eastern Christian Church that follows the traditional christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
In western Christian theology, atonement describes how human beings can be reconciled to God through Christ's sacrificial suffering and death.
The atrium is the upper chamber in which blood enters the heart.
Autotransfusion is a process wherein a person receives their own blood for a transfusion, instead of banked allogenic (separate-donor) blood.
Bacteremia (also bacteraemia) is the presence of bacteria in the blood.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
In physiology, base excess and base deficit refer to an excess or deficit, respectively, in the amount of base present in the blood.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
Biliverdin is a green tetrapyrrolic bile pigment, and is a product of heme catabolism.
Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans.
Blót is the term for "sacrifice" in Norse paganism.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Many cultures consume blood as food, often in combination with meat.
A blood bank is a center where blood gathered as a result of blood donation is stored and preserved for later use in blood transfusion.
Blood brother can refer to one of two things: a male related by birth, or two or more men not related by birth who have sworn loyalty to each other.
A blood cell, also called a haematopoietic cell, hemocyte, or hematocyte, is a cell produced through hematopoiesis and found mainly in the blood.
A blood donation occurs when a person voluntarily has blood drawn and used for transfusions and/or made into biopharmaceutical medications by a process called fractionation (separation of whole-blood components).
In modern society, the proverb "blood is thicker than water" is used to imply that family relationships are always more important than friends.
Blood lipids (or blood fats) are lipids in the blood, either free or bound to other molecules.
Blood of Christ in Christian theology refers to (a) the physical blood actually shed by Jesus Christ primarily on the Cross, and the salvation which Christianity teaches was accomplished thereby; and (b) the sacramental blood present in the Eucharist or Lord's Supper, which is considered by Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran Christians to be the same blood of Christ shed on the Cross.
Blood phobia (also AE: hemophobia or BE: haemophobia) is extreme and irrational fear of blood, a type of specific phobia.
Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Blood proteins, also termed plasma proteins, are proteins present in blood plasma.
Blood residue are the wet and dry remnants of blood, as well the discoloration of surfaces on which blood has been shed.
A blood substitute (also called artificial blood or blood surrogate) is a substance used to mimic and fulfill some functions of biological blood.
A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.
Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously.
A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of blood based on the presence and absence of antibodies and also based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs).
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
Blood volume is the volume of blood (both red blood cells and plasma) in the circulatory system of any individual.
A bloodborne disease is a disease that can be spread through contamination by blood and other body fluids.
Bloodletting (or blood-letting) is the withdrawal of blood from a patient to prevent or cure illness and disease.
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis (BPA), one of several specialties in the field of forensic science, involves the study and analysis of bloodstains at a known or suspected violent crime scene with the goal of helping investigators draw conclusions about the nature, timing and other details of the crime.
Body fluid, bodily fluids, or biofluids are liquids within the bodies of living people.
The Bohr effect is a physiological phenomenon first described in 1904 by the Danish physiologist Christian Bohr: hemoglobin's oxygen binding affinity (see Oxygen–haemoglobin dissociation curve) is inversely related both to acidity and to the concentration of carbon dioxide.
Bone marrow is a semi-solid tissue which may be found within the spongy or cancellous portions of bones.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Leviticus is the third book of the Torah and of the Old Testament.
Brachiopods, phylum Brachiopoda, are a group of lophotrochozoan animals that have hard "valves" (shells) on the upper and lower surfaces, unlike the left and right arrangement in bivalve molluscs.
Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
A capillary is a small blood vessel from 5 to 10 micrometres (µm) in diameter, and having a wall one endothelial cell thick.
Carbamino refers to a compound composed by the addition of carbon dioxide with a free amino group in an amino acid or a protein, such as hemoglobin forming carbaminohemoglobin.
Carbaminohemoglobin (or carbaminohaemoglobin, also known as carbhaemoglobin and carbohaemoglobin) is a compound of hemoglobin and carbon dioxide, and is one of the forms in which carbon dioxide exists in the blood.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carbon monoxide poisoning typically occurs from breathing in too much carbon monoxide (CO).
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the interconversion between carbon dioxide and water and the dissociated ions of carbonic acid (i.e. bicarbonate and protons).
Carboxyhemoglobin or carboxyhaemoglobin (symbol COHb or HbCO) is a stable complex of carbon monoxide and hemoglobin (Hb) that forms in red blood cells upon contact with carbon monoxide (CO).
Cardiac output (CO, also denoted by the symbols Q and \dot Q_), is a term used in cardiac physiology that describes the volume of blood being pumped by the heart, in particular by the left or right ventricle, per unit time.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
The clitoris is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of other animals.
Coagulation (also known as clotting) is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.
A bleeding disorder (coagulopathy) is a condition that affects the way the blood clots.
Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
Consubstantiation is a Christian theological doctrine that (like Transubstantiation) describes the Real Presence in the Eucharist.
The Council of Jerusalem or Apostolic Council was held in Jerusalem around AD 50.
In transfusion medicine, cross-matching or crossmatching (part of series of steps in blood compatibility tests) is testing before a blood transfusion to determine if the donor's blood is compatible with the blood of an intended recipient.
Cruentation (Latin: "ius cruentationis" or "Ius feretri sine sandapilae") was one of the medieval methods of finding proof against a suspected murderer.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric time Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.
The traditional culture of Korea refers to the shared cultural heritage of the Korean Peninsula.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Cyanosis is defined as the bluish or purplish discolouration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen saturation.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
The "Sinosphere", or "East Asian cultural sphere", refers to a grouping of countries and regions in East Asia that were historically influenced by the Chinese culture.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.
Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.
Erectile tissue is tissue in the body with numerous vascular spaces that may become engorged with blood.
An erection (clinically: penile erection or penile tumescence) is a physiological phenomenon in which the penis becomes firm, engorged, and enlarged.
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is the rate at which red blood cells sediment in a period of one hour.
Erythropoiesis (from Greek 'erythro' meaning "red" and 'poiesis' meaning "to make") is the process which produces red blood cells (erythrocytes).
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a rare chronic blood condition characterised by the overproduction of platelets (thrombocytes) by megakaryocytes in the bone marrow.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), also known by several other names, is a chemical originating in multiseasonal plants with dormancy stages as a lipidopreservative which helps to develop the stem, currently used for both industrial and medical purposes.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and well-conducted research.
Extracellular fluid (ECF) denotes all body fluid outside the cells.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fetal hemoglobin, or foetal haemoglobin, (also hemoglobin F, HbF, or α2γ2) is the main oxygen transport protein in the human fetus during the last seven months of development in the uterus and persists in the newborn until roughly 6 months old.
A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.
Fibrinogen (factor I) is a glycoprotein that in vertebrates circulates in the blood.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
Fowl are birds belonging to one of two biological orders, namely the gamefowl or landfowl (Galliformes) and the waterfowl (Anseriformes).
Franko B (born in Milan in 1960) is an Italian performance artist based in London, where he has lived since 1979.
Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.
The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.
Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.
Gnathostomata are the jawed vertebrates.
Haematopoiesis (from Greek αἷμα, "blood" and ποιεῖν "to make"; also hematopoiesis in American English; sometimes also haemopoiesis or hemopoiesis) is the formation of blood cellular components.
Haemophilia, also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding.
The Haldane effect is a property of hemoglobin first described by John Scott Haldane.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Hemarthrosis (or haemarthrosis) is a bleeding into joint spaces.
The hematocrit (Ht or HCT), also known by several other names, is the volume percentage (vol%) of red blood cells in blood.
Hemocyanins (also spelled haemocyanins and abbreviated Hc) are proteins that transport oxygen throughout the bodies of some invertebrate animals.
Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.
Hemolymph, or haemolymph, is a fluid, analogous to the blood in vertebrates, that circulates in the interior of the arthropod body remaining in direct contact with the animal's tissues.
Hemorheology, also spelled haemorheology (from the Greek ‘αἷμα, haima "blood" and rheology), or blood rheology, is the study of flow properties of blood and its elements of plasma and cells.
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that affects the liver.
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
Hermann Nitsch (born 29 August 1938) is an Austrian avant-garde artist who works in experimental and multimedia modes.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Hirudo medicinalis, the European medicinal leech, is one of several species of leeches used as "medicinal leeches".
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
Hittite (natively " of Neša"), also known as Nesite and Neshite, is an Indo-European-language that was spoken by the Hittites, a people of Bronze Age Anatolia who created an empire, centred on Hattusa.
Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Horseshoe crabs are marine and brackish water arthropods of the family Limulidae, suborder Xiphosurida, and order Xiphosura.
The term human blood group systems is defined by International Society of Blood Transfusion as systems in the human species where cell-surface antigens—in particular, those on blood cells—are "controlled at a single gene locus or by two or more very closely linked homologous genes with little or no observable recombination between them", and include the common ABO and Rh- (Rhesus) antigen systems, as well as many others; thirty-five major human systems are identified as of November 2014.
Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes.
Human serum albumin is the serum albumin found in human blood.
Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours—directly influences their temperament and health.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
Hyperlipidemia is abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
In Greek mythology, ichor (or; ἰχώρ) is the ethereal fluid that is the blood of the gods and/or immortals.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to British colonisation.
Internal bleeding (also called internal hemorrhage) is a loss of blood that occurs from the vascular system into a body cavity or space.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Iron overload (variously known as haemochromatosis, hemochromatosis, hemochromocytosis, Celtic curse, Irish illness, British gene, Scottish sickness and bronzing diabetes) indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause.
Ishara is an ancient deity of unknown origin from northern modern Syria.
Islamic jurisprudence specifies which foods are halāl (حَلَال "lawful") and which are harām (حَرَامْ "unlawful").
Istvan Kantor (aka "Monty Cantsin", and "Amen!") (Kántor István; born August 27, 1949, Hungary) is a Canadian performance and video artist, industrial music and electropop singer, and one of the early members of Neoism.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Jumping spiders are a group of spiders that constitute the family Salticidae.
Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.
Karl Landsteiner,, (June 14, 1868 – June 26, 1943) was an Austrian biologist, physician, and immunologist.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
Kinship terminology is the system used in languages to refer to the persons to whom an individual is related through kinship.
Kira O'Reilly is a performance artist based in the UK.
Korean dramas or K-dramas are television dramas in the Korean language, made in South Korea.
Kupffer cells, also known as stellate macrophages and Kupffer-Browicz cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver, lining the walls of the sinusoids.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
The Last Supper is the final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
Lennie Lee (born 4 March 1958) is a South African conceptual artist who lives and works in London.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
A lipoprotein is a biochemical assembly whose purpose is to transport hydrophobic lipid (a.k.a. fat) molecules in water, as in blood or extracellular fluid.
In blood banking, the fractions of Whole Blood used for transfusion are also called components.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
Luminol (C8H7N3O2) is a chemical that exhibits chemiluminescence, with a blue glow, when mixed with an appropriate oxidizing agent.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.
Maban or Mabain is a material that is held to be magical in Australian Aboriginal mythology.
A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electrical currents and magnetized materials.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
Marc Quinn (born 8 January 1964) is a British contemporary visual artist whose work includes sculpture, installation and painting.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The mediastinum (from Medieval Latin mediastinus, "midway") is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loose connective tissue, as an undelineated region that contains a group of structures within the thorax.
Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902 OS – June 12, 1994 / AM 11 Nissan 5662 – 3 Tammuz 5754), known to many as the Lubavitcher Rebbe or simply as the Rebbe, was a Russian Empire–born American Orthodox Jewish rabbi, and the last rebbe of the Lubavitcher Hasidic dynasty.
Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina.
Metabolic wastes or excretes are substances left over from metabolic processes (such as cellular respiration) which cannot be used by the organism (they are surplus or toxic), and must therefore be excreted.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Methemoglobin (English: methaemoglobin) (pronounced "met-hemoglobin") is a form of the oxygen-carrying metalloprotein hemoglobin, in which the iron in the heme group is in the Fe3+ (ferric) state, not the Fe2+ (ferrous) of normal hemoglobin.
The term mixed-blood in the United States is most often employed for individuals of mixed European and Native American ancestry.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of cancers in which immature blood cells in the bone marrow do not mature and therefore do not become healthy blood cells.
In hematology, myelopoiesis in the broadest sense of the term is the production of bone marrow and of all cells that arise from it, namely, all blood cells.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
In Abrahamic religions, Noah was the tenth and last of the pre-Flood Patriarchs.
A non-Newtonian fluid is a fluid that does not follow Newton's law of viscosity.
A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose.
Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (translated as Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror; or simply Nosferatu) is a 1922 German Expressionist horror film, directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok.
Nudity, or nakedness, is the state of wearing no clothing.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, in which their function is vital for the cell to live.
Oriental Orthodoxy is the fourth largest communion of Christian churches, with about 76 million members worldwide.
Orthostatic hypotension, also known as postural hypotension, occurs when a person's blood pressure falls when suddenly standing up from a lying or sitting position.
Osmotic pressure is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of its pure solvent across a semipermeable membrane.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
The pCO2, PCO2, p_\ceor P_\ce is the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (CO2), often used in reference to blood, but also used in oceanography to describe the partial pressure of CO2 in the Ocean, and in life support systems engineering and underwater diving to describe the partial pressure in a breathing gas.
A penis (plural penises or penes) is the primary sexual organ that male animals use to inseminate sexually receptive mates (usually females and hermaphrodites) during copulation.
Perfusion is the passage of fluid through the circulatory system or lymphatic system to an organ or a tissue, usually referring to the delivery of blood to a capillary bed in tissue.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.
The platelet plug, also known as the hemostatic plug or platelet thrombus, is an aggregation of platelets formed during the earlier stage of hemostasis in response to blood vessel wall injury.
The Polychaeta, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine.
Polycythemia (also known as polycythaemia or polyglobulia) is a disease state in which the hematocrit (the volume percentage of red blood cells in the blood) is elevated.
Polycythemia vera is an uncommon neoplasm in which the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells.
Prasinohaema (Greek: "green blood") is a genus of skinks characterized by having green blood.
A precancerous condition or premalignant condition, sometimes called a potentially precancerous condition or potentially premalignant condition, is a term used to describe certain conditions or lesions involving abnormal cells which are associated with an increased risk of developing into cancer.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
Priapulida (priapulid worms, from Gr. πριάπος, priāpos 'Priapus' + Lat. -ul-, diminutive), sometimes referred to as penis worms, is a phylum of unsegmented marine worms.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protein structure is the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in an amino acid-chain molecule.
A pulmonary artery is an artery in the pulmonary circulation that carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs.
The pulmonary veins are the veins that transfer oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.
A respiratory pigment is a molecule, such as hemoglobin in humans and other vertebrates, that increases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.
The Rh blood group system is one of thirty-five known human blood group systems.
Riftia pachyptila, commonly known as giant tube worms, are marine invertebrates in the phylum Annelida (formerly grouped in phylum Pogonophora and Vestimentifera) related to tube worms commonly found in the intertidal and pelagic zones.
Ron Athey (born December 16, 1961) is an American performance artist associated with body art and with extreme performance art.
A royal descent is a genealogical line of descent from a past or present monarch.
Salting is the preservation of food with dry edible salt.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Serum albumin, often referred to simply as blood albumin, is an albumin (a type of globular protein) found in vertebrate blood.
The Seven Laws of Noah (שבע מצוות בני נח Sheva Mitzvot B'nei Noach), also referred to as the Noahide Laws or the Noachide Laws (from the English transliteration of the Hebrew pronunciation of "Noah"), are a set of imperatives which, according to the Talmud, were given by God as a binding set of laws for the "children of Noah" – that is, all of humanity.
Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
The Sipuncula or Sipunculida (common names sipunculid worms or peanut worms) is a group containing 144–320 species (estimates vary) of bilaterally symmetrical, unsegmented marine worms.
Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.
Skinks are lizards belonging to the family Scincidae and the infraorder Scincomorpha.
Sodium ions are necessary in small amounts for some types of plants, but sodium as a nutrient is more generally needed in larger amounts by animals, due to their use of it for generation of nerve impulses and for maintenance of electrolyte balance and fluid balance.
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
The subclavian vein is a paired large vein, one on either side of the body.
Sulfhemoglobinemia (or sulfhaemoglobinaemia) is a rare condition in which there is excess sulfhemoglobin (SulfHb) in the blood.
Syncope, also known as fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery.
A T cell, or T lymphocyte, is a type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.
Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production.
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
In human anatomy, the thoracic duct is the larger of the two lymph ducts of the lymphatic system.
Thrombophilia (sometimes hypercoagulability or a prothrombotic state) is an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases the risk of thrombosis (blood clots in blood vessels).
Thrombosis (from Ancient Greek θρόμβωσις thrómbōsis "clotting”) is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.
Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
Transubstantiation (Latin: transsubstantiatio; Greek: μετουσίωσις metousiosis) is, according to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the change of substance or essence by which the bread and wine offered in the sacrifice of the sacrament of the Eucharist during the Mass, become, in reality, the body and blood of Jesus Christ.
Trypanosomiasis or trypanosomosis is the name of several diseases in vertebrates caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma.
A tunicate is a marine invertebrate animal, a member of the subphylum Tunicata, which is part of the Chordata, a phylum which includes all animals with dorsal nerve cords and notochords.
The umbilical artery is a paired artery (with one for each half of the body) that is found in the abdominal and pelvic regions.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
A vampire is a being from folklore that subsists by feeding on the vital force (generally in the form of blood) of the living.
Vampire bats are bats whose food source is blood, a dietary trait called hematophagy.
Vanabins (also known as vanadium-associated proteins or vanadium chromagen) are a specific group of vanadium-binding metalloproteins.
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
Venous blood is deoxygenated blood which travels from the peripheral vessels, through the venous system into the right atrium of the heart.
A ventricle is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs.
A venule is a very small blood vessel in the microcirculation that allows blood to return from the capillary beds to drain into the larger blood vessels, the veins.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Viennese Actionism was a short and violent movement in 20th-century art.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
The visual cortex of the brain is a part of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information.
Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Wesleyanism, or Wesleyan theology, is a movement of Protestant Christians who seek to follow the "methods" or theology of the eighteenth-century evangelical reformers John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology.
Yang Zhichao (traditional Chinese: 楊志超, simplified Chinese: 杨志超, pinyin: Yáng Zhìchāo; born 1963) is a performance artist living and working in Beijing.
BLOOD, Blood color, Blood composition, Blood organ, Blood oxygen capacity, Blood oxygen-carrying capacity, Blood physiology, Blood-forming, Bloodiness, Deoxygenated blood, Haemochrome, Hematological, Hemic, Hemochrome, Human Blood, Human blood, Oxygen capacity, Oxygen consumption, Oxygen delivery, Oxygen transport, Oxygen-carrying capacity, Oxygenated blood, The hematologic system, Transporting oxygen.