260 relations: Acute accent, Afrikaans, Alt code, Alt key, AltGr key, American National Standards Institute, Apostrophe, Apple Keyboard, Application software, Aragonese language, Argentina, Arrow keys, ASCII, Asturian language, Australia, Austria-Hungary, Autocorrection, AZERTY, Ḷ, Ä, Å, Æ, Ç, È, Ñ, Ö, Ø, Ł, Ş, Ţ, Ə, Backslash, Bangladesh, Basque language, Belgium, Bigram, Blickensderfer typewriter, Bracket, Brazil, Brazilian cruzeiro, Brazilian National Standards Organization, Brazilian real, British and American keyboards, British English, British Standards, BSI Group, Bulgarian language, Bully for Brontosaurus, Canada, Caps lock, ..., Caret, Caribbean, Carlos Glidden, Catalan language, Cedilla, Cent (currency), Centavo, Central America, Character encoding, Christopher Latham Sholes, Circumflex, Colemak, Comma, Commonwealth of Nations, Compose key, Computer keyboard, Control Panel (Windows), CSC – IT Center for Science, Czech language, Ǯ, Danish language, Dash, Dead key, Delete key, Denmark, Diacritic, Diaeresis (diacritic), Discover (magazine), Dutch language, Dvorak Simplified Keyboard, E, E. Remington and Sons, EBCDIC, Economy, End key, English language, Enter key, Equals sign, Esc key, Estonia, Estonian orthography, Eth, Euro sign, Exclamation mark, Ezh, Faroe Islands, Faroese language, Finland, Finnish language, Flemish Community, Florin sign, French language, French language in Canada, Function key, G with stroke, Galician language, Gàidhealtachd, German language, Grave accent, Greenlandic language, Gregg shorthand, Handedness, HCESAR, Home key, Hong Kong, Hook above, I, IBM, IBM Personal System/2, Icelandic language, IJ (digraph), Inari Sami language, India, Insert key, Insular Celtic languages, International Committee for Information Technology Standards, Internationalization and localization, Interpunct, Inverted question and exclamation marks, Irish language, ISO/IEC 8859, ISO/IEC 8859-1, ISO/IEC 9995, Italian language, James Densmore, JCUKEN, JPEG, KALQ keyboard, Keyboard layout, Keyboard monument, Keyboard shortcut, Kinesis (keyboard), L, Languages of Finland, Languages of Norway, Languages of the European Union, Laptop, Latin script, Latin-script alphabet, Linux, Lucien Stephen Crandall, Lule Sami language, Macintosh, MacOS, Malaysia, Maltese language, Maltron, Mexico, Microsoft Windows, Milwaukee, Mnemonic, Mobile phone, Modern Greek, Natural History (magazine), Netherlands, Neuroradiology, New Zealand, Newspaper, Non-breaking space, Nordic countries, Northern Sami, Norwegian language, Numeric keypad, O, Occitan language, Open-source model, Operating system, Option key, Ordinal indicator, OS/2, Page Up and Page Down keys, Pakistan, Paraguay, Path dependence, Pen, Plus-minus sign, Polish language, Portable Network Graphics, Portugal, Portuguese language, Pound sign, Predictive text, Programming language, Punctuation, Q, Quotation mark, QWERTZ, R, Repetitive strain injury, Republic of Ireland, Romani language, Romanian alphabet, Romanian language, S-comma, Sami languages, Samuel W. Soule, Scots language, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic orthography, Section sign, Shift key, Sholes and Glidden typewriter, Singapore, Skolt Sami language, Slovak language, Slovakia, South Africa, South America, Southern Sami language, Spanish language, Stenotype, Surface area, Swedish language, Swedish-speaking population of Finland, Switching barriers, Switzerland, T, T-comma, Telegraphy, Teleprinter, Text entry interface, The American Economic Review, Thomas Edison, Thumb keyboard, Tilde, Touch typing, TypeMatrix, Typewriter, Unicode, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Velotype, Vertical bar, Vietnamese đồng, Vietnamese language, Virtual keyboard, W, Wales, Welsh language, Welsh orthography, Wiki, Windows 8, Windows XP, Wisconsin, Word processor, World War II, X Window System, Y, Yogh. Expand index (210 more) » « Shrink index
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
On IBM compatible personal computers, many characters not directly associated with a key can be entered using the Alt Numpad input method or Alt code: pressing and holding the ''Alt'' key while typing the number identifying the character with the keyboard's numeric keypad.
The Alt key (pronounced or) on a computer keyboard is used to change (alternate) the function of other pressed keys.
AltGr (also Alt Graph, or Right Alt) is a modifier key found on some computer keyboards and is primarily used to type characters that are unusual for the locale of the keyboard layout, such as currency symbols and accented letters.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
The apostrophe ( ' or) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets.
The Apple Keyboard is a keyboard designed by Apple Inc. first for the Apple line, then the Macintosh line of computers.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Aragonese (aragonés in Aragonese) is a Romance language spoken in several dialects by 10,000 to 30,000 people in the Pyrenees valleys of Aragon, Spain, primarily in the comarcas of Somontano de Barbastro, Jacetania, Alto Gállego, Sobrarbe, and Ribagorza/Ribagorça.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arrow keys or cursor movement keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that are either programmed or designated to move the cursor in a specified direction.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Asturian (asturianu,Art. 1 de la formerly also known as bable) is a West Iberian Romance language spoken in Principality of Asturias, Spain.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Text replacement, replace-as-you-type or autocorrect is an automatic data validation function commonly found in word processors and text editing interfaces for smartphones and tablet computers.
AZERTY is a specific layout for the characters of the Latin alphabet on typewriter keys and computer keyboards.
Ḷ (minuscule: ḷ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from L with a diacritical dot below.
Ä (lower case ä) is a character that represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, or the letter A with an umlaut mark or diaeresis.
Å (lower case: å) — represents various (although often very similar) sounds in several languages.
Æ (minuscule: æ) is a grapheme named æsc or ash, formed from the letters a and e, originally a ligature representing the Latin diphthong ae.
Ç or ç (c-cedilla) is a Latin script letter, used in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Manx, Portuguese, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Kurdish and Zazaki alphabets.
"È" is a letter.
Ñ (lower case ñ, eñe, Phonetic Alphabet: "énye") is a letter of the modern Latin alphabet, formed by placing a tilde (called a virgulilla in Spanish) on top of an upper- or lowercase N. It became part of the Spanish alphabet in the eighteenth century when it was first formally defined, but it is also used in other languages such as Galician, Asturian, the Aragonese Grafía de Uesca, Basque, Chavacano, Filipino, Chamorro, Guarani, Quechua, Mapudungun, Mandinka, and Tetum alphabets, as well as in Latin transliteration of Tocharian and Sanskrit, where it represents.
Ö, or ö, is a character that represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, or the letter o modified with an umlaut or diaeresis.
Ø (or minuscule: ø) is a vowel and a letter used in the Danish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Southern Sami languages.
Ł or ł, described in English as L with stroke, is a letter of the West Slavic (Polish, Kashubian, and Sorbian), Łacinka (Latin Belarusian), Łatynka (Latin Ukrainian), Wymysorys, Navajo, Dene Suline, Inupiaq, Zuni, Hupa, and Dogrib alphabets, several proposed alphabets for the Venetian language, and the ISO 11940 romanization of the Thai alphabet.
Ş, ş (S-cedilla) is a letter of the Azerbaijani, Gagauz, Neapolitan, Turkish and Turkmen alphabets.
Ţ, ţ - t-cedilla.
Ə ə, also called schwa or inverted e, is an additional letter of the Latin alphabet, used in the Azerbaijani language and in the hən̓q̓əmin̓əm̓ dialect of Halkomelem.
The backslash (\) is a typographical mark (glyph) used mainly in computing and is the mirror image of the common slash (/).
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
A bigram or digram is a sequence of two adjacent elements from a string of tokens, which are typically letters, syllables, or words.
The Blickensderfer Typewriter was invented by George Canfield Blickensderfer (1850–1917) and patented on August 4, 1891.
A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The cruzeiro was the currency of Brazil from 1942 to 1986 (two distinct currencies) and again between 1990 and 1993.
The Brazilian Association of Technical Standards, usually rendered in portuguese as Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (ABNT) is a private non-profit organization and the normative body which is responsible for technical standards in Brazil, and intends to promote technological development in the country.
The Brazilian real (real, pl. reais; sign: R$; code: BRL) is the official currency of Brazil.
There are two major English language computer keyboard layouts, the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout defined in BS 4822 (48-key version).
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
British Standards (BS) are the standards produced by the BSI Group which is incorporated under a Royal Charter (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK).
BSI Group, also known as the British Standards Institution (BSI), is the national standards body of the United Kingdom.
Bully for Brontosaurus (1991) is the fifth volume of collected essays by the Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Caps Lock is a button on a computer keyboard that, when pressed, causes all letters to be generated in capitals until deactivated.
The caret is an inverted V-shaped grapheme.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carlos Glidden (November 8, 1834 – March 11, 1877), along with Christopher Sholes, Frank Haven Hall, and Samuel W. Soule, invented the first practical typewriter at a machine shop in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
A cedilla (from Spanish), also known as cedilha (from Portuguese) or cédille (from French), is a hook or tail (¸) added under certain letters as a diacritical mark to modify their pronunciation.
In many national currencies, the cent, commonly represented by the cent sign (a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c") is a monetary unit that equals of the basic monetary unit.
Centavo is a Spanish and Portuguese word, derived from the Latin centum, meaning "one hundred", and the suffix -avo, meaning "portion" or "fraction".
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
Christopher Latham Sholes (February 14, 1819 – February 17, 1890) was an American inventor who invented the QWERTY keyboard, and along with Samuel W. Soule, Carlos Glidden and John Pratt, has been contended as one of the inventors of the first typewriter in the United States.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
Colemak is a keyboard layout for Latin-script alphabets, created by and named after Shai Coleman in 2006.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
A compose key (sometimes called multi key) is a key on a computer keyboard that indicates that the following (usually 2 or more) keystrokes trigger the insertion of an alternate character, typically a precomposed character or a symbol.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
The Control Panel is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings.
CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Ǯ (minuscule: ǯ) is a modified letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from ezh (ʒ) with the addition of a caron.
Danish (dansk, dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.
The dash is a punctuation mark that is similar in appearance to and, but differs from these symbols in both length and height.
A dead key is a special kind of a modifier key on a mechanical typewriter, or computer keyboard, that is typically used to attach a specific diacritic to a base letter.
The delete key is a key on most computer keyboards which typically is used to delete either (in text mode) the character ahead of or beneath the cursor, or (in GUI mode) the currently-selected object.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
Discover is an American general audience science magazine launched in October 1980 by Time Inc.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dvorak Simplified Keyboard is a keyboard layout patented during 1936 by Dr.
E (named e, plural ees) is the fifth letter and the second vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
The key is a key commonly found on desktop and laptop keyboards.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
On computer keyboards, the enter key (or the return key on Macs and most Sun Workstations) in most cases causes a command line, window form, or dialog box to operate its default function.
The equals sign or equality sign is a mathematical symbol used to indicate equality.
On computer keyboards, the Esc key (named Escape key in the international standard series ISO/IEC 9995) is a key used to generate the escape character (which can be represented as ASCII code 27 in decimal, Unicode U+001B, or.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Estonian orthography is the system used for writing the Estonian language and is based on the Latin alphabet.
Eth (uppercase: Ð, lowercase: ð; also spelled edh or eð) is a letter used in Old English, Middle English, Icelandic, Faroese (in which it is called edd), and Elfdalian.
The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the Eurozone in the European Union (EU).
The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.
Ezh (Ʒ ʒ), also called the "tailed z", is a letter whose lower case form is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), representing the voiced postalveolar fricative consonant.
The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.
Faroese (føroyskt mál,; færøsk) is a North Germanic language spoken as a first language by about 66,000 people, 45,000 of whom reside on the Faroe Islands and 21,000 in other areas, mainly Denmark.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
The term Flemish Community (Vlaamse Gemeenschap; Communauté flamande; Flämische Gemeinschaft) has two distinct, though related, meanings.
The florin sign (ƒ) is a symbol that is used for the currencies named florin, also called guilder, The Dutch name for the currency is gulden.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
French is the mother tongue of about 7.2 million Canadians (20.6% of the Canadian population, second to English at 56%) according to Census Canada 2016.
A function key is a key on a computer or terminal keyboard which can be programmed so as to cause an operating system command interpreter or application program to perform certain actions, a form of soft key.
The g-stroke character Ǥ / ǥ is a letter of the Latin Skolt Sami alphabet, denoting the partially voiced palatal spirant (i.e., a weakly voiced velar fricative).
Galician (galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch.
The Gàidhealtachd (English: Gaeldom), sometimes known as A' Ghàidhealtachd (English: The Gaeldom), usually refers to the Highlands and Islands of Scotland and especially the Scottish Gaelic-speaking culture of the area.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
Greenlandic is an Eskimo–Aleut language spoken by about 56,000 Greenlandic Inuit in Greenland.
Gregg shorthand is a form of shorthand that was invented by John Robert Gregg in 1888.
In human biology, handedness is a better, faster, or more precise performance or individual preference for use of a hand, known as the dominant hand; the less capable or less preferred hand is called the non-dominant hand.
HCESAR (pronounced by saying the name of the letter H and then the word César: in Portuguese, agá-César) is an obsolete typewriter keyboard layout.
The key is commonly found on desktop and laptop keyboards.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
In typesetting, the hook above (dấu hỏi) is a diacritic mark placed on top of vowels in the Vietnamese alphabet.
I (named i, plural ies) is the ninth letter and the third vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The Personal System/2 or PS/2 was IBM's third generation of personal computers.
Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, and the language of Iceland.
IJ (lowercase ij) is a digraph of the letters i and j. Occurring in the Dutch language, it is sometimes considered a ligature, or even a letter in itselfalthough in most fonts that have a separate character for ij, the two composing parts are not connected but are separate glyphs, sometimes slightly kerned.
Inari Sami (anarâškielâ) is a Sami language spoken by the Inari Sami of Finland.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Insert key (often abbreviated Ins) is a key commonly found on computer keyboards.
Insular Celtic languages are a group of Celtic languages that originated in Britain and Ireland, in contrast to the Continental Celtic languages of mainland Europe and Anatolia.
The InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS), (pronounced "insights"), is an ANSI-accredited standards development organization composed of Information technology developers.
In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target locale.
An interpunct (·), also known as an interpoint, middle dot, middot, and centered dot or centred dot, is a punctuation mark consisting of a vertically centered dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script.
Inverted question marks (¿) and exclamation marks (Commonwealth English) or exclamation points (American English) (¡) are punctuation marks used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences (or clauses), respectively, in written Spanish and sometimes also in languages which have cultural ties with Spanish, such as in older standards of Galician (now it is optional and not recommended) and the Waray language.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
ISO/IEC 8859 is a joint ISO and IEC series of standards for 8-bit character encodings.
ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 1: Latin alphabet No.
ISO/IEC 9995 Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems is an ISO standard series defining layout principles for computer keyboards.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
James Densmore was a business associate of Christopher Sholes, who along with Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule helped contribute to inventing one of the first practical typewriters at a machine shop located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
JCUKEN (ЙЦУКЕН, also known as YCUKEN, YTsUKEN and JTSUKEN) is the main Cyrillic keyboard layout for the Russian language in computers and typewriters.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
The KALQ keyboard, (dubbed after the order the keys appear in the keyboard, analogous to QWERTY), is a keyboard layout that has been developed by researchers at the University of St Andrews, the Max Planck Institute for Informatics and Montana Tech as a split-screen keyboard for thumb-typing, which is claimed to allow a 34% increase in typing speeds for touchscreen users.
A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.
Keyboard Monument is an outdoor sculpture featuring the QWERTY keyboard.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
The Kinesis line of ergonomic computer keyboards is an alternative to the traditional keyboard design.
L (named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.
The two main official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish.
There is a large number of languages spoken in Norway.
The languages of the European Union are languages used by people within the member states of the European Union (EU).
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A Latin-script alphabet (Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet) is an alphabet that uses letters of the Latin script.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Lucien Stephen Crandall (May 4, 1844 - 1889) was an American inventor of typewriters, adding machines and electrical devices.
Lule Sami (julevsámegiella) is a Uralic, Sami language spoken in Lule Lappmark, i.e. around the Lule River, Sweden and in the northern parts of Nordland county in Norway, especially Tysfjord municipality, where Lule Sami is an official language.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Maltese (Malti) is the national language of Malta and a co-official language of the country alongside English, while also serving as an official language of the European Union, the only Semitic language so distinguished.
PCD Maltron Ltd., d.b.a. Maltron, is a manufacturer of ergonomic special-needs keyboards, founded by South African-born inventor Lillian Malt, the namesake of the company, and manufacturer Stephen Hobday.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
A mnemonic (the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Modern Greek (Νέα Ελληνικά or Νεοελληνική Γλώσσα "Neo-Hellenic", historically and colloquially also known as Ρωμαίικα "Romaic" or "Roman", and Γραικικά "Greek") refers to the dialects and varieties of the Greek language spoken in the modern era.
Natural History is a natural history magazine published in the United States.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neuroradiology is a subspecialty of radiology focusing on the diagnosis and characterization of abnormalities of the central and peripheral nervous system, spine, and head and neck using neuroimaging techniques.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
In word processing and digital typesetting, a non-breaking space (" "), also called no-break space, non-breakable space (NBSP), hard space, or fixed space, is a space character that prevents an automatic line break at its position.
The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").
Northern or North Sami (davvisámegiella; disapproved exonym Lappish or Lapp), sometimes also simply referred to as Sami, is the most widely spoken of all Sami languages.
Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language.
A numeric keypad, number pad, numpad, or ten key, is the palm-sized, 17-key section of a standard computer keyboard, usually on the far right.
O (named o, plural oes) is the 15th letter and the fourth vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Option key is a modifier key (ALT) present on Apple keyboards.
In written languages, an ordinal indicator is a character, or group of characters, following a numeral denoting that it is an ordinal number, rather than a cardinal number.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
The Page Up and Page Down keys (sometimes abbreviated as PgUp and PgDn) are two keys commonly found on computer keyboards.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Path dependence explains how the set of decisions one faces for any given circumstance is limited by the decisions one has made in the past or by the events that one has experienced, even though past circumstances may no longer be relevant.
A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing.
The plus-minus sign (±) is a mathematical symbol with multiple meanings.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
The pound sign (£) is the symbol for the pound sterling—the currency of the United Kingdom and previously of Great Britain and the Kingdom of England.
Predictive text is an input technology used where one key or button represents many letters, such as on the numeric keypads of mobile phones and in accessibility technologies.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
Q (named cue) is the 17th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks, inverted commas or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.
The QWERTZ or QWERTZU keyboard is a typewriter and keyboard layout widely used in Central Europe.
R (named ar/or) is the 18th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A repetitive strain injury (RSI, also known as work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs), is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions".
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Romani (also Romany; romani čhib) is any of several languages of the Romani people belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Romanian alphabet is a variant of the Latin alphabet used by the Romanian language.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
S-comma (majuscule: Ș, minuscule: ș) is a letter which is part of the Romanian alphabet, used to represent the sound, the voiceless postalveolar fricative (like sh in shoe).
Sami languages is a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people in Northern Europe (in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden and extreme northwestern Russia).
Samuel Willard Soulé (January 25, 1830 – July 12, 1875), along with Christopher Sholes, and Carlos Gliddin, was the inventor of the first practical typewriter at a machine shop located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1869.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
Scottish Gaelic orthography has evolved over many centuries.
The section sign (§) is a typographical character for referencing individual numbered sections of a document, frequently used when referring to legal code.
The shift key is a modifier key on a keyboard, used to type capital letters and other alternate "upper" characters.
The Sholes and Glidden typewriter (also known as the Remington No. 1) was the first commercially successful typewriter.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Skolt Sami (sääʹmǩiõll 'the Saami language' or nuõrttsääʹmǩiõll if a distinction needs to be made between it and the other Sami languages) is a Uralic, Sami language that is spoken by the Skolts, with approximately 300 speakers in Finland, mainly in Sevettijärvi and approximately 20–30 speakers of the Njuõʹttjäuʹrr (Notozero) dialect in an area surrounding Lake Lovozero in Russia.
Slovak is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, and Sorbian).
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Southern or South Sami (åarjelsaemien gïele) is the southwestern-most of the Sami languages.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A stenotype, stenotype machine, shorthand machine or steno writer is a specialized chorded keyboard or typewriter used by stenographers for shorthand use.
The surface area of a solid object is a measure of the total area that the surface of the object occupies.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
The Swedish-speaking population of Finland (whose members are often called Swedish-speaking Finns, Finland-Swedes, Finland Swedes, Finnish Swedes, or Swedes of Finland—see below; finlandssvenskar; suomenruotsalaiset; the term Swedo-Finnish—finlandssvensk; suomenruotsalainen—can be used as an attribute) is a linguistic minority in Finland.
Switching barriers or switching costs are terms used in microeconomics, strategic management, and marketing to describe any impediment to a customer's changing of suppliers (customer switching).
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
T (named tee) is the 20th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
T-comma (majuscule: Ț, minuscule: ț) is a letter which is part of the Romanian alphabet, used to represent the Romanian language sound, the voiceless alveolar affricate (like ts in bolts).
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
A teleprinter (teletypewriter, Teletype or TTY) is an electromechanical typewriter that can be used to send and receive typed messages through various communications channels, in both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint configurations.
A text entry interface or text entry device is an interface that is used to enter text information in very light and does not damaged to users into an electronic device.
The American Economic Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal of economics.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
A thumb keyboard, or a thumb board, is a type of keyboard commonly found on PDAs, mobile phones, and PDA phones which has a familiar layout to an ordinary keyboard, such as QWERTY.
The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary or; ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
Touch typing (also called touch type or touch keyboarding) is typing without using the sense of sight to find the keys.
Typematrix is an American computer keyboard design and manufacturing company specializing in ergonomic TCO99-compliant keyboards, and is based in Santa Barbara, California.
A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Velotype is the old trademark for a type of keyboard for typing text known as a syllabic chord keyboard, an invention of the Dutchmen Nico Berkelmans and Marius den Outer.
The vertical bar (|) is a computer character and glyph with various uses in mathematics, computing, and typography.
The đồng (sign: ₫; code: VND) has been the currency of Vietnam since May 3, 1978.
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
A virtual keyboard is a software component that allows the input of characters without the need for physical keys.
W (named double-u,Pronounced plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter of the modern English and ISO basic Latin alphabets.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
Welsh orthography uses 29 letters (including eight digraphs) of the Latin script to write native Welsh words as well as established loanwords.
A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser.
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and penultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The letter yogh (ȝogh) (Ȝ ȝ; Middle English: ȝogh) was used in Middle English and Older Scots, representing y and various velar phonemes.
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