1041 relations: A King and His Movie, A Place in the World (film), Absolute monarchy, Abstract art, Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Academy Award for Best Original Score, Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, Academy Awards, Aconcagua, Adolfo Bellocq, Adolfo Bioy Casares, Adolfo Cambiaso, Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, Age of Enlightenment, Agnosticism, Agriculture in Argentina, Agustín Pedro Justo, Airport Security Police, Alberto Ginastera, Alberto Lysy, Alberto Prebisch, Alberto Vaccarezza, Alejandra Pizarnik, Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, Alejandro Bustillo, Alfajor, Alfonsina Storni, Alfredo Di Stéfano, Alluvial plain, Almendra (band), Altiplano, AM broadcasting, Amado Boudou, Amancio Williams, Americas, Americas Rugby Championship, Amerigo Vespucci, Amnesty, Amphibian, Aníbal Troilo, Andes, Andrés Calamaro, Andrés Nocioni, Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata, Antarctic Treaty Secretariat, Antarctic Treaty System, Antarctica, Antibody, Antonio Berni, ..., ARA Hércules (B-52), Arab Argentine, Arabic, Architecture of Argentina, Argentina during World War II, Argentina Jaguars, Argentina national basketball team, Argentina national football team, Argentina national rugby union team, Argentina women's national field hockey team, Argentina–Brazil relations, Argentine Air Force, Argentine Antarctica, Argentine Anticommunist Alliance, Argentine Army, Argentine Chamber of Deputies, Argentine Civil Wars, Argentine Confederation, Argentine Constitution of 1819, Argentine Constitution of 1826, Argentine Currency Board, Argentine debt restructuring, Argentine Declaration of Independence, Argentine defense industry, Argentine Federal Police, Argentine general election, 1916, Argentine general election, 1946, Argentine general election, 1951, Argentine general election, 1958, Argentine general election, 1963, Argentine general election, 1983, Argentine general election, 1989, Argentine general election, 1995, Argentine general election, 1999, Argentine general election, 2003, Argentine general election, 2007, Argentine general election, 2011, Argentine general election, March 1973, Argentine general election, September 1973, Argentine Interior Security System, Argentine law, Argentine Law 1420, Argentine National Anthem, Argentine National Congress, Argentine National Gendarmerie, Argentine National Symphony Orchestra, Argentine Naval Prefecture, Argentine Navy, Argentine Northwest, Argentine peso, Argentine Revolution, Argentine rock, Argentine Sea, Argentine Senate, Argentine War of Independence, Argentine wine, Argentines, Argentinisches Tageblatt, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Article (grammar), Artificial heart, Arturo Frondizi, Arturo Umberto Illia, Asado, Ashes of Paradise, Asian Argentine, Assembly of the Year XIII, Association football, Astor Piazzolla, At-large, Atahualpa Yupanqui, Atheism, Atilio Malinverno, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic Revolutions, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Atucha I Nuclear 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people, Child labour, Chile, Chilean Antarctic Territory, Chilean War of Independence, Chinese people, Chinese Take-Away, Chitterlings, Chorizo, Chubut Province, Cinema of Brazil, Cinema of Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria railway station, Clarín (Argentine newspaper), Clorindo Testa, Coast guard, Coat of arms of Argentina, Cockade of Argentina, Cocoliche, Colorado River (Argentina), Comechingón, Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Command hierarchy, Commander-in-chief, Common Era, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Comodoro Rivadavia, Compulsory voting, Computer science, Conceptual art, Concert, Concertgebouw, Concrete art, Congress of Tucumán, Conscription, Constitution of Argentina, Constitution of Argentina of 1853, Constitutionality, Constructivism (art), Controlled-access highway, Copa América, Copi, Cordobazo, Coronary artery bypass surgery, Corralito, Corrientes Province, Corruption Perceptions Index, Cosmic ray, Council of Magistrates of the Nation, Coup 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Emilio Pettoruti, Empanada, En unión y libertad, End of World War II in Europe, English language, Enrique Banchs, Enrique Telémaco Susini, Ensenada, Buenos Aires Province, Erminio Blotta, Ernesto de la Cárcova, Ernesto Sabato, Erythrina crista-galli, Essay, Estanislao del Campo, Esteban Echeverría, Eugenio Cambaceres, European Space Agency, Eva Perón, Evangelicalism, Executive (government), Exile, Expulsion of Montoneros from Plaza de Mayo, External debt, Ezeiza massacre, Ezequiel Martínez Estrada, Fabricio Oberto, Facundo, Falkland Current, Falkland Islands, Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute, Falklands War, Fantastic art, Félix de Azara, Federal capital, Federal district, Federal law, Federal republic, Federal territory, Federales (Argentina), Federalism, Federation, Ferdinand VII of Spain, Fern, Fernando de la Rúa, Fernando Fader, Ferrocarriles Argentinos, FIBA Americas, FIBA Americas Championship, FIBA Basketball World Cup, FIBA Diamond Ball, Ficciones, Field hockey, FIFA Confederations Cup, FIFA World Cup, FIH Player of the Year Awards, First school, First Upper Peru campaign, Fito Páez, Fitz Roy, Flag of Argentina, Floral emblem, Florencio Molina Campos, Flowering plant, Flyweight, FM broadcasting, Foehn wind, Football at the Pan American Games, Football at the Summer Olympics, Foothills, Forced disappearance, Formosa Province, Formula One, France, Francisco Canaro, Francisco de Aguirre (conquistador), Francisco Gianotti, Francisco Salamone, Freedom of religion, French Argentine, French blockade of the Río de la Plata, French language, French people, Full employment, Full stop law, Futurist architecture, G-20 major economies, Gabriela Sabatini, Gatica, el mono, Gato Barbieri, Gaucho, Generative art, Germans, Germany, Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Glucose, Glycogen, Gotan Project, Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport, Governorate, Governorate of the Río de la Plata, Goya Award for Best Spanish Language Foreign Film, Grammatical gender, 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Buenos Aires, State terrorism, State-sponsored terrorism, Steppe, Stress (linguistics), String theory, Subdivisions of Buenos Aires, Subtropics, Sudestada, Suffrage, Sui Generis, Sun of May, Supreme Court of Argentina, Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, Surrealism, Sweetbread, Swing music, Symphony Hall, Boston, Symphony No. 2 (Mahler), Syrah, Syrian people, Tanghetto, Tango, Tango (1998 film), Tanque Argentino Mediano, Teatro Argentino de La Plata, Teatro Colón, Teatro Coliseo, Teatro del Libertador General San Martín, Teatro El Círculo, Teatro General San Martín, Teatro Independencia, Teatro Nacional Cervantes, Teatro Opera, Tehuelche people, Telephone numbers in Argentina, Television in Argentina, Temperate climate, Tennis, Tenor saxophone, Textile, The Aleph (short story collection), The Hands, The Invention of Morel, The Lighthouse (film), The Motorcycle Diaries (film), The Official Story, The Past (film), The Rugby Championship, The Secret in Their Eyes, The Truce (1974 film), Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina, Time in Argentina, Toba people, Toba Qom language, Toconoté, Tomás Eloy Martínez, Tomás Maldonado, Topography, Torrontés, Tourism, Tourism in Buenos Aires, Track gauge, Trade, Trade union, Transparency International, Treaty, Trelew massacre, Trial of the Juntas, Tropical climate, Tucumán Government Palace, TV format, Ukrainian language, Ulm School of Design, Un Oso Rojo, Unfree labour, Unicameralism, Union of South American Nations, Unitarian Party, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council election, 2012, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, United States, Universal suffrage, University of Buenos Aires, University of Colorado Boulder, Uranium, Uruguay, Uruguay national rugby union team, Uruguay River, USA Selects, Ushuaia, Valdes Peninsula, Vanguardism, Vascular plant, Víctor Galíndez, Venezuela, Veto, Vicente López y Planes, Viceroyalty of Peru, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, Victoria Ocampo, Viennese cuisine, Viktor Sulčič, Villa La Angostura, Vlax Romani language, Void (law), Voseo, War of the Confederation, Water supply and sanitation in Argentina, Waterway, Wells Fargo Center (Minneapolis), Welsh language, Western Hemisphere, Western Sahara, Wheat, White people, Wichí languages, Wichí people, Wild Tales (film), Women's suffrage, World Bank Group, World Bank high-income economy, World Tourism Organization, World Trade Organization, World War I, WTA Rankings, Xul Solar, XXY (film), Yaghan people, Yiddish language, Yungas, Zárate, Buenos Aires, Zonda wind, .ar, 1930 Argentine coup d'état, 1943 Argentine coup d'état, 1976 Argentine coup d'état, 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands, 1989 riots in Argentina, 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, 2007 Rugby World Cup, 2012 Rugby Championship. 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A King and His Movie (La película del rey) is a 1986 Argentine comedy drama film, directed by Carlos Sorín, and written by Sorín and Jorge Goldenberg.
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A Place in the World (Un lugar en el mundo) is a 1992 Argentine drama film co-written, co-produced and directed by Adolfo Aristarain.
Absolute monarchy or absolutism is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.
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Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.
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The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards of Merit, or Oscars, handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Original Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer.
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material.
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards or The Oscars is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.
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Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at, and by extension the highest point in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
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Adolfo Bellocq (1899–1972) was an influential Argentine artist known for his lithographs.
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Adolfo Bioy Casares (September 15, 1914 – March 8, 1999) was an Argentine fiction writer, journalist, and translator.
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Adolfo Cambiaso born April 15, 1975 in Cañuelas, Buenos Aires Province is an Argentine polo player with a 10-goal handicap.
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Jorge Newbery Airfield (Aeroparque "Jorge Newbery") is located in Palermo neighbourhood, northeast of downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Age of Enlightenment or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason is an era from the 1620s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority.
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Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.
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Agriculture is one of the bases of Argentina's economy.
Agustín Pedro Justo Rolón (February 26, 1876 – January 11, 1943) was President of Argentina from February 20, 1932, to February 20, 1938.
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The Policía de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (Airport Security Police; PSA) is an Argentine law enforcement agency created to protect and guard national public airports.
Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (April 11, 1916June 25, 1983) was an Argentine composer of classical music.
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Alberto Lysy (February 11, 1935 –December 30, 2009) was a prestigious Argentine violinist and conductor.
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Alberto Prebisch (February 1, 1899 – October 13, 1970) was a distinguished Argentine architect whose numerous works included private houses, apartment and office blocks, cinemas, shops and banks.
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Bartolomé Ángel Venancio Alberto Vaccarezza (1886–1959) was an Argentine poet and playwright.
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Alejandra Pizarnik (April 29, 1936 – September 25, 1972) was an Argentine poet.
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Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (August 28, 1918 – August 26, 1996) was the 38th president of the Argentine Republic between March 22, 1971 and May 25, 1973, during the Argentine Revolution.
Alejandro Bustillo (18 March 1889 - 3 November 1982) was an Argentine painter and architect who left his mark in various tourist destinations in Argentina, especially in the Andean region of the Patagonia.
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An alfajor or alajú (plural alfajores) is a traditional confection found in some regions of Spain, the Philippines, and in parts of Latin America, including Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Southern Brazil, and Mexico.
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Alfonsina Storni (May 29, 1892 – October 25, 1938) was one of the most important Argentine and Latin-American poets of the modernist period.
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Alfredo Stéfano Di Stéfano Laulhé (4 July 1926 – 7 July 2014) was an Argentine-Spanish footballer and coach, widely regarded by FIFA and worldwide as one the greatest players of all time, and by some as the greatest footballer ever in the history of the game.
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An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.
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Almendra was one of the most important rock and roll groups from Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late 1960s.
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The Altiplano (Spanish for "high plain"), Andean Plateau or Bolivian Plateau, in west-central South America, where the Andes are at their widest, is the most extensive area of high plateau on Earth outside of Tibet.
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AM broadcasting is the process of radio broadcasting using amplitude modulation (AM).
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Amado Boudou (born 19 November 1962) is an Argentine businessman and government policy maker who has served as the 35th Vice President of Argentina since December 2011.
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Amancio Williams (February 19, 1913 –October 14, 1989) was an Argentine architect and among his country's leading exponents of modern architecture.
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The Americas, or America,"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X).
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The Americas Rugby Championship is a rugby union competition contested by national and, formerly, regional teams from North and South America.
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages, but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to Afro-Eurasians.
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Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of persons, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of persons who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted." It includes more than pardon, in as much as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.
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Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
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Aníbal Carmelo Troilo (July 11, 1914 – May 18, 1975 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine tango musician.
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The Andes is the longest continental mountain range in the world.
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Andrés Calamaro (born Andrés Calamaro Masel, August 22, 1961), is an Argentine musician, composer and Latin Grammy winner.
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Andrés Marcelo Nocioni (born November 30, 1979) is an Argentine professional basketball player who currently plays for Real Madrid of the Spanish Liga ACB.
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The Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata was a five-year-long naval blockade imposed by France and Britain on the Argentine Confederation ruled by Juan Manuel de Rosas.
The Antarctic Treaty Secretariat is an organization created in 2003 by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) for the management of several ATCM tasks such as the support of the annual meeting of signatory countries of the Antarctic Treaty, and the publication of the ATCM annual report.
The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.
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An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shape protein produced by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.
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Delesio Antonio Berni (Rosario, 14 May 1905 - Buenos Aires, 13 October 1981) was an Argentinian figurative artist.
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ARA Hércules is a Type 42 destroyer of the Argentine Navy or Armada de la República Argentina.
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An Arab Argentine is an Argentine citizen or resident alien whose ancestry traces back to any of various waves of immigrants, largely of Arab cultural and linguistic heritage and/or identity, originating mainly from what is now Lebanon and Syria but also there are some individuals from the twenty-two countries which comprise the Arab world such as Palestine, Egypt, and Morocco.
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Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
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The Architecture of Argentina can be said to start at the beginning of the Spanish colonisation, though it was in the 18th century that the cities of the country reached their splendour.
The history of Argentina during World War II is a complex period of time beginning in 1939, following the outbreak of war in Europe, and ending in 1945 with the surrender of Japan.
The Argentina A national rugby union team, also known as Argentina Jaguars and as Argentina XV national rugby union team, in the past, are the second national rugby union team in Argentina after the national side.
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The Argentina national basketball team represents Argentina in basketball international competitions, and is controlled by the Argentine Basketball Federation.
The Argentina national football team (Selección de fútbol de Argentina) represents Argentina in football and is controlled by the Argentine Football Association (AFA), the governing body for football in Argentina. Argentina's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti. La Selección (national team), also known as the Albicelestes (sky blue and whites), has appeared in five World Cup finals, including the first final in 1930, which they lost, 4–2, to Uruguay. Argentina won in their next final appearance in 1978, beating the Netherlands at extra time, 3–1. Argentina, led by Diego Maradona won again in 1986, a 3–2 victory over West Germany. They again made the World Cup finals in 1990, and lost, 1–0, to West Germany after conceding a penalty kick in the 85th minute. Argentina made their fifth appearance in a World Cup final in 2014, again losing to Germany, 1–0 during extra-time. Argentina's World Cup winning managers are César Luis Menotti in 1978, and Carlos Bilardo in 1986. Argentina has been very successful in the Copa América, winning it 14 times and also winning the 'extra' South American Championships in 1941, 1945 and 1946. The team also won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Kirin Cup, both in 1992, and the Argentine olympic team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008. Argentina and France are the only two national teams that have won the three most important men's titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament. They have both also won their respective continental championship (Copa América for Argentina, and UEFA European Championship for France). Argentina is known for having rivalries with Brazil, Uruguay, England and Germany due to historic occurrences with one another throughout football history. Argentina also won six of the 14 football competitions at the Pan American Games, winning in 1951, 1955, 1959, 1971, 1995 and 2003. In March 2007, Argentina reached the top of the FIFA World Rankings for the first time.
The Argentina national rugby team, nicknamed Los Pumas, represents Argentina in international rugby union matches.
The Argentina women's national field hockey team (Selección femenina de hockey sobre césped de Argentina) represents Argentina in international field hockey competitions.
Relations between the Argentine Republic and the Federative Republic of Brazil are both close and historical, and encompasses all possible dimensions: economy, trade, culture, education and tourism.
The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic.
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Argentine Antarctica (Antártida Argentina, Sector Antártico Argentino or Argentártida) is a sector of Antarctica claimed by Argentina as part of its national territory consisting of the Antarctic Peninsula and a triangular section extending to the South Pole, delimited by the 25° West and 74° West meridians and the 60° South parallel.
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The Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Alianza Anticomunista Argentina, usually known as Triple A or AAA) was a far-right death squad founded in Argentina in 1973 and particularly active under Isabel Perón's rule (1974–1976).
The Argentine Army (Ejército Argentino, EA) is the land armed force branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic and the senior military service of the country.
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The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Argentine National Congress.
The Argentine Civil Wars were a series of internecine wars that took place in Argentina from 1814 to 1880.
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The Argentine Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Argentina) is one of the official names of Argentina, according to the Argentine Constitution, Article 35.
The Argentine Constitution of 1819 was a Constitution drafted by the Congress of Tucumán in 1819.
The Argentine Constitution of 1826 was a short-lived Constitution of Argentina drafted during the Argentine Civil Wars.
The Argentine Currency Board pegged the Argentine peso to the U.S. dollar between 1991 and 2002 in an attempt to eliminate hyperinflation and stimulate economic growth.
Argentina began a process of debt restructuring on January 14, 2005, that allowed it to resume payment on the majority of the USD 82 billion in sovereign bonds that defaulted in 2002 at the depth of the worst economic crisis in the country's history.
What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán.
The Argentine defense industry has developed, over the years, different programs to improve the armed forces of Argentina.
The Policía Federal Argentina (PFA; in English Argentine Federal Police) is a civil police force of the Argentine federal government.
The Argentine general election of 1916 was held on 2 April.
The Argentine general election of 1946, the last for which only men were enfranchised, was held on 24 February.
The Argentine general election of 1951, the first to have enfranchised women at the national level, was held on 11 November.
The Argentine general election of 1958 was held on 23 February.
The Argentine general election of 1963 was held on 7 July.
The Argentine general election of 1983 was held on 30 October and marked the return of constitutional rule following the self-styled National Reorganization Process dictatorship installed in 1976.
The Argentine general election of 1989 was held on 14 May 1989.
The Argentine general election of 1995 was held on 14 May.
Argentina held presidential and parliamentary elections on 24 October 1999.
Argentina held presidential and parliamentary elections on Sunday, April 27, 2003.
Argentina held national presidential and legislative elections on Sunday, October 28, 2007, and elections for provincial governors took place on staggered dates throughout the year.
Argentina held national presidential and legislative elections on Sunday, 23 October 2011.
The first Argentine general election of 1973 was held on 11 March.
The second Argentine general election of 1973 was held on 23 September.
The Argentine Interior Security System (Sistema de Seguridad Interior or SSI), is the official name of the public security service of Argentina.
The Legal system of Argentina is a Civil law legal system.
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The Law 1420 of General Common Education of Argentina was a landmark national law that dictated public compulsory, free and secular education.
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The original Argentine National Anthem (Himno Nacional Argentino) was named Marcha Patriótica (Patriotic March), later renamed Canción Patriótica Nacional (National Patriotic Song), and then Canción Patriótica (Patriotic Song).
The Congress of the Argentine Nation (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina.
The Argentine National Gendarmerie (Gendarmería Nacional Argentina; GNA) is the gendarmerie and corps of border guards of Argentina.
The Argentine National Symphony Orchestra is the state symphony of Argentina, and is based in Buenos Aires.
The Argentine Naval Prefecture, in Spanish Prefectura Naval Argentina or PNA, is a service of the Argentine Security Ministry charged with protecting the country's rivers and maritime territory.
The Argentine Navy or Navy of the Argentine Republic or Armada of the Argentine Republic (Armada de la República Argentina — ARA, also Armada Argentina) is the navy of Argentina.
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The Argentine Northwest (Noroeste Argentino) is a geographic and historical region of Argentina composed of the provinces of Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán.
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The peso (originally established as the peso convertible) is the currency of Argentina, identified by the symbol $ preceding the amount in the same way as many countries using dollar currencies.
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Argentine Revolution (Revolución Argentina) was the name given by its leaders to a military coup d'état which overthrew the government of Argentina in June 1966 which begun a period of military dictatorship by a junta from then until 1973.
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Argentine rock (locally Rock Nacional) is composed or made by Argentine bands or artists in the Spanish language.
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atlantic coast of Argentina The Argentine Sea (Mar Argentino) is the sea within the continental shelf off the Argentine mainland.
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The Argentine Senate (Honorable Senado de la Nación Argentina) is the upper house of the Argentine National Congress.
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The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown.
The Argentine wine industry is the fifth largest producer of wine in the world.
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Argentines (Argentinos), also called Argentinians, are the citizens of Argentina, or their descendants abroad.
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Argentinisches Tageblatt (lit. "Argentine Daily") is a German-language weekly newspaper published every Saturday in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Art Deco, or Deco, is an influential visual arts design style that first appeared in France just before World War I and began flourishing internationally in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s before its popularity waned after World War II.
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Art Nouveau (Anglicised to; at. Sezession, Czech Secese, Eng. Modern Style, Ger.. Jugendstil, Slovak. Secesia) or Jugendstil is an international philosophyDuncan (1994), 7.
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An article (abbreviated) is a word (or prefix or suffix) that is used with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun.
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An artificial heart is a device that replaces the heart.
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Arturo Frondizi Ercoli, GCMG (October 28, 1908 – April 18, 1995) was the President of Argentina between May 1, 1958, and March 29, 1962, for the Intransigent Radical Civic Union, which he led until 1986.
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Arturo Umberto Illia Francesconi (August 4, 1900 – January 18, 1983) was President of Argentina from October 12, 1963, to June 28, 1966, and a member of the centrist UCR.
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Asado is a term used both for a range of barbecue techniques and the social event of having or attending a barbecue in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Spain and Chile, where it is considered the national dish.
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Ashes of Paradise (Cenizas del Paraíso) is a 1997 Argentine film from director Marcelo Piñeyro.
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An Asian-Argentine is defined as an Argentine of Asian ancestry, who pertains citizenship or residency of Argentina.
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The Assembly of Year XIII (Asamblea del Año XIII) was a meeting called by the Second Triumvirate governing the young republic of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (today's Uruguay, part of Argentina and Bolivia) on October 1812.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
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Ástor Pantaleón Piazzolla (March 11, 1921 – July 4, 1992) was an Argentine tango composer, bandoneon player and arranger.
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At-large is a designation for members of a governing body who are elected or appointed to represent the whole membership of the body (for example, a city, state or province, nation, club or association), rather than a subset of that membership.
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Atahualpa Yupanqui (31 January 1908 – 23 May 1992) (in Quechua, He who comes from faraway lands to say something) was an Argentine singer, songwriter, guitarist, and writer.
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Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.
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Atilio Malinverno (Buenos Aires, 1890-1936) was an Argentine painter.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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The Atlantic Revolutions were a revolutionary wave in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
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The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
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Atucha I is one of three operational nuclear power plants of Argentina.
Atucha II is a nuclear power plant in Argentina, located in Lima, Buenos Aires, on a site next to Atucha I. Its construction started in June 1981 under a contract with Siemens.
The Australian national rugby union team is the representative side of Australia in rugby union.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing or automobile racing) is a sport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
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Autonomous city is a type of autonomous administrative division.
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Autumn Sun (Sol de otoño) is a 1996 Argentine drama film directed by Eduardo Mignogna and starring Norma Aleandro and Federico Luppi.
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Avenida Corrientes is one of the principal thoroughfares of the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires.
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Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.
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Bahía Blanca is a city located in the south-west of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, by the Atlantic Ocean, and is the seat of government of Bahía Blanca Partido.
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Bajofondo is a Río de la Plata-based music band consisting of eight musicians from Argentina and Uruguay, which aims to create a more contemporary version of tango and other musical styles of the Río de la Plata region.
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The commercial balance or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy over a certain period, measured in the currency of that economy.
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A ballet dancer (ballerina fem., ballerino masc.) is a person who practices the art of classical ballet.
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Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros y de la Torre (1756–1829) was a Spanish naval officer born in Cartagena.
Banda Oriental, or more fully Banda Oriental del Uruguay (Eastern Bank), was the name of the South American territories east of the Uruguay River and north of Río de la Plata, comprising the modern nation of Uruguay, the modern Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul and some parts of Santa Catarina.
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San Carlos de Bariloche, usually known as Bariloche, is a city in the province of Río Negro, Argentina, situated in the foothills of the Andes on the southern shores of Nahuel Huapi Lake.
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Barranqueras is a city in the southeast of the province of Chaco, Argentina, on a small tributary river on the right-hand-side (western) shore of the Paraná River, only 7 km from the provincial capital Resistencia and within its metropolitan area.
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Bartolomé Mitre Martínez (26 June 1821 – 19 January 1906) was an Argentine statesman, military figure, and author.
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Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.
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Basketball at the Summer Olympics has been a sport for men consistently since 1936.
The Batallón de Inteligencia 601 (Spanish for "601 Intelligence Battalion") was a special military intelligence service of the Argentine Army whose structure was set up in the late 1970s, active in the Dirty War and Operation Condor, and disbanded in 2000.
The Battle of Caseros was fought near the town of Caseros, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, on 3 February 1852, between the Army of Buenos Aires commanded by Juan Manuel de Rosas and the Grand Army (Ejército Grande) led by Justo José de Urquiza. The forces of Urquiza, caudillo and governor of Entre Ríos, defeated Rosas, who fled to the United Kingdom. This defeat marked a sharp division in the history of Argentina. As provisional Director of the Argentine Confederation, Urquiza sponsored the creation of the Constitution in 1853, and became the first constitutional President of Argentina in 1854.
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The Battle of Cepeda of 1820 took place on February 1 in Cañada de Cepeda, Santa Fe, Argentina.
The Battle of Cepeda of 1859 took place on October 23 at Cañada de Cepeda, Santa Fe, Argentina.
The Battle of Pavón was a key battle of the Argentine civil wars.
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Bérénice Bejo (born 7 July 1976) is a French Argentine actress, who played Christiana in the 2001 film A Knight's Tale and Peppy Miller in the 2011 film The Artist.
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Beaux-Arts architecture expresses the academic neoclassical architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
Belgranodeutsch or Belgrano-Deutsch is a macaronic mixture of German and Spanish spoken in Buenos Aires, specifically in the neighborhood of Belgrano.
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Benito Lynch (25 July 1885 - 23 December 1951) was an Argentine novelist and short-story writer.
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Benito Quinquela Martín (March 1, 1890 – January 28, 1977) was an Argentine painter born in La Boca, Buenos Aires.
The Bermejo River (Spanish, Río Bermejo) is a river in South America that flows from Bolivia to the Paraguay River in Argentina.
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Bernardino de la Trinidad González Rivadavia y Rivadavia (May 20, 1780 – September 2, 1845) was the first president of Argentina, then called the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, from February 8, 1826 to July 7, 1827.
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Bernardo de Irigoyen is a city in the province of Misiones, Argentina.
Bernardo Alberto Houssay (April 10, 1887 – September 21, 1971) was an Argentine physiologist who, in 1947, received one half Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the role played by pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of blood sugar (glucose) in animals.
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A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
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A big band is a type of musical ensemble that originated in the United States and is associated with jazz and the Swing Era typically consisting of percussion, brass, and woodwind instruments totalling approximately 12 to 25 musicians.
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A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
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Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil - or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
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Global Biodiversity is the variety of different types of life found on Earth and the variations within species.
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Blas Parera (1777–1840) was a Spanish music composer.
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Blessed by Fire (Iluminados por el fuego) (2005) is an Argentine film about the Falklands War written and directed by Tristán Bauer.
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A blizzard is a severe snowstorm characterized by strong sustained winds of at least and lasting for a prolonged period of time—typically three hours or more.
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Blood sausages are sausages filled with blood that are cooked or dried and mixed with a filler until they are thick enough to congeal when cooled.
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Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously.
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Bolivia (Buliwya; Wuliwya; Volívia), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
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The Bombing of Plaza de Mayo was a massacre which took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 16 June 1955.
A border guard of a country is a national security agency that performs border control, i.e., enforces the security of the country's national borders.
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Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people throw punches at each other, usually with gloved hands.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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The Brazil Current is a warm water current that flows south along the Brazilian south coast to the mouth of the Río de la Plata.
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The British Antarctic Territory (BAT) is a sector of Antarctica claimed by the United Kingdom as one of its 14 British Overseas Territories and is the largest.
The British invasions of the River Plate were a series of unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of the Spanish colonies located around the Platine Basin in South America (today part of Argentina and Uruguay).
The fourteen British Overseas Territories (BOT) are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom; they do not, however, form part of it.
Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.
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Brutalist architecture is a movement in architecture that flourished from the 1950s to the mid-1970s, descending from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America.
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The Buenos Aires Herald is an English language daily newspaper from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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The Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedral Metropolitana de Buenos Aires) is the main Catholic church in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Buenos Aires (Provincia de Buenos Aires) (English: Fair Winds) is the largest and most populous Argentinian province.
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The Buenos Aires Underground (Subterráneo de Buenos Aires), locally known as Subte (from subterráneo – 'underground' or 'subterranean') is a mass transit metro system that serves the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) is an operating unit of the United States Department of Labor which manages the Department's international responsibilities.
Burnt Money (Plata quemada) is a 2001 Argentine action thriller directed by Marcelo Piñeyro and written by Piñeyro and Marcelo Figueras.
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Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.
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A cabildo or ayuntamiento was a Spanish colonial, and early post-colonial, administrative council which governed a municipality.
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Cake is a form of sweet dessert that is typically baked.
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The Calchaquí Valley (Valles Calchaquíes) is an area in the northwestern region of Argentina which crosses the provinces of Catamarca, Tucumán, Jujuy and Salta.
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Camila is a 1984 Argentine drama film directed by María Luisa Bemberg, based on the story of the 19th-century Argentine socialite Camila O'Gorman.
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Campana is a city in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, in the Campana Partido.
Canada A is a national representative rugby union team of Rugby Canada.
The Cannes Festival (French: Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries, from around the world.
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The Best Actress Award (Prix d'interprétation féminine) is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival.
Cabo San Pío (English: Cape San Pio) at, the southernmost tip of mainland Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego as well as of Argentina, except for the small islet Islote Blanco that lies about 1.5 km (1 mi) off the coast in SW direction (about 0.5 km further to the south).
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Capital flight, in economics, occurs when assets or money rapidly flow out of a country, due to an event of economic consequence.
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Caramel is a beige to dark-brown confectionery product made by heating a variety of sugars.
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A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m could be different from n).
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A cardinal (Latin: sanctae romanae ecclesiae cardinalis, literally cardinal of the Holy Roman Church) is a senior ecclesiastical leader, an ecclesiastical prince, and usually (now always for those created when still within the voting age-range) an ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
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Carlos Francisco Delfino (born August 29, 1982) is an Argentine-Italian professional basketball player who last played for the Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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Carlos Gardel (born Charles Romuald Gardes; 11 December 1890 – 24 June 1935) was a French Argentine singer, songwriter, composer and actor, and the most prominent figure in the history of tango.
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Carlos Gorostiza (born June 7, 1920) is a prominent Argentine playwright, theatre director and novelist.
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Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) is an Argentine politician who was President of Argentina from 1989 to 1999.
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Carlos Monzón (August 7, 1942 – January 8, 1995) was an Argentine professional boxer who held the Undisputed World Middleweight Championship for 7 years.
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Carlos Alberto Reutemann (born April 12, 1942), nicknamed "Lole", is an Argentine former racing driver (who raced in Formula One from through), and later a politician in his native province of Santa Fe, for the Justicialist Party and governor in Argentina.
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La Casa Rosada (The Pink House) is the executive mansion and office of the President of Argentina.
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Catalan (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh; also or autonym: català or) is a Romance language named for its origins in Catalonia, in what is northeastern Spain and adjoining parts of France.
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Catamarca is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country.
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Cataratas del Iguazú International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Cataratas del Iguazú), also known as Mayor Carlos Eduardo Krause Airport, is an airport in Misiones Province, Argentina serving the city of Puerto Iguazú and providing access to the nearby Iguazú Falls (Cataratas del Iguazú).
The Cathedral of Córdoba (Our Lady of the Assumption; Nuestra Señora de la Asunción) is the central church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Córdoba, Argentina, and the oldest church in continuous service in Argentina.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.
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Cándido López (29 August 1840, Buenos Aires - 31 December 1902, Baradero) was an Argentinian photographer, soldier and painter, who worked in the Naïve style.
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The César Award for Best Actress (French: César de la meilleure actrice) is one of the César Awards, presented annually by the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma to recognize the outstanding performance in a leading role of an actress who has worked within the French film industry during the year preceding the ceremony.
César Milstein, CH, FRS (8 October 1927 – 24 March 2002) was an Argentinian biochemist - nationalized British - in the field of antibody research.
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César Pelli (born October 12, 1926) is an Argentine American architect known for designing some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks.
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Córdoba is a city located in the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of Buenos Aires.
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Cerro Torre is one of the mountains of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in South America.
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Cesáreo Bernaldo de Quirós (May 27, 1879May 29, 1968) was an Argentine painter of the post-impressionist school.
The Province of Chaco (provincia del Chaco) is a province in northeastern Argentina.
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Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine.
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Charly García (born Carlos Alberto García Moreno on October 23, 1951) is a singer-songwriter, musician and producer from Argentina, with a long career in rock music, forming successful groups such as Sui Generis and Serú Girán, cult status groups like La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros, and as a solo musician.
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The Charrúa are an indigenous people of South America in present-day Uruguay and the adjacent areas in Argentina (Entre Ríos) and Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).
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Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
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The Chilean Antarctic Territory or Chilean Antarctica (Spanish: Territorio Chileno Antártico, Antártica Chilena) is the territory in Antarctica claimed by Chile.
The Chilean War of Independence was an armed conflict between pro-independence Chilean criollos seeking political and economic independence from Spain and royalist criollos supporting continued allegiance to the Captaincy General of Chile and membership of the Spanish Empire.
Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.
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Chinese Take-Away (Un cuento chino) is a 2011 Argentine comedy film written and directed by Sebastián Borensztein.
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Chitterlings (or; sometimes spelled/pronounced chitlins or chittlins) are usually the small intestines of a pig, although the intestines of cattle and other animals are sometimes so named when used as a foodstuff.
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Chorizo (Spanish) or chouriço (Portuguese) is a term originating in the Iberian Peninsula encompassing several types of pork sausages.
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Chubut (Provincia del Chubut,; Talaith Chubut) is a province in southern Argentina, situated between the 42nd parallel south (the border with Río Negro Province), the 46th parallel south (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east.
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Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment.
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The history of Mexican cinema goes back to the ending of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, when several enthusiasts of the new medium documented historical events – most particularly the Mexican Revolution – and produced some movies that have only recently been rediscovered.
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Ciudad Universitaria is a railway station located in Belgrano, Buenos Aires.
Clarín (Bugle) is the largest newspaper in Argentina, published by the Grupo Clarín media group.
Clorindo Manuel José Testa (December 10, 1923 – April 11, 2013) was an Italian-Argentine architect and artist.
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A coast guard or coastguard is a maritime security organization of a particular country.
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The coat of arms of the Argentine Republic (Escudo de la República Argentina) was established in its current form in 1944, but has its origins in the seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813.
The Argentine cockade (escarapela argentina) is one of the national symbols of Argentina, instituted by decree on February 18, 1812 by the First Triumvirate, who determined that "the national cockade of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata shall be of colours white and light blue ". The National Cockade Day is on May 18, the date on which it is assumed that the cockade was first used by the ladies of Buenos Aires during the events of the 1810 May Revolution.
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Cocoliche is an Italian-Spanish mixed language or pidgin that was spoken by Italian immigrants in Argentina (especially in Greater Buenos Aires) between 1870-1970.
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The Colorado River (Río Colorado) is a river in the south of Argentina.
Comechingón (plural Comechingones) is the common name for a group of people indigenous to the Argentine provinces of Córdoba and San Luis.
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Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales (CONAE; in English, National Space Activities Commission) is the civilian agency of the government of Argentina in charge of the national space program.
A command hierarchy is a group of people dedicated to carrying out orders "from the top," that is, of authority.
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A commander-in-chief is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces or significant elements of those forces.
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Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
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The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, CELAC; Comunidade de Estados Latino-Americanos e Caribenhos; Communauté des États Latino-Américains et Caribéens; Gemeenschap van Latijns-Amerikaanse en Caraïbische Staten) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit, and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.
Comodoro Rivadavia is a city in the Patagonian province of Chubut in southern Argentina, located on the San Jorge Gulf, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Chenque Hill.
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Compulsory voting is a system in which electors are obliged to vote in elections or attend a polling place on voting day.
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Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations Computer science is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications.
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Conceptual art, sometimes simply called Conceptualism, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns.
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A concert is a live performance of music in front of an audience.
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The Royal Concertgebouw (Koninklijk Concertgebouw) is a concert hall in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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Concrete art is an art movement with a strong emphasis on abstraction.
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The Congress of Tucumán was the representative assembly, initially meeting in San Miguel de Tucumán, that declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America (modern-day Argentina, Uruguay, part of Bolivia) on July 9, 1816, from the Spanish Empire.
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Conscription, or drafting, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
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The Constitution of Argentina is one of the primary sources of existing law in Argentina.
The Argentine Constitution of 1853 was the first constitution of Argentina, approved with the support of the governments of the provinces —though without that of the Buenos Aires Province, who remained separated of the Argentine Confederation until 1859, after several modifications to the original constitution— sanctioned in May 1853 by the Constitutional Convention gathered in Santa Fe, and promulgated by the head of the national executive government Justo José de Urquiza.
Constitutionality is the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution; the status of a law, a procedure, or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution.
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Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1919 and was a rejection of the idea of autonomous art.
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A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
The Copa América (Spanish and Portuguese for "America Cup"), formerly known as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sud Americano de Football in Spanish), is an international football competition contested between the men's national football teams of CONMEBOL, determining the continental champion of South America.
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Raúl Damonte Botana (November 20, 1939, Buenos AiresDecember 14, 1987, Paris), better known by the nom de plume Copi (for "copito de nieve", Spanish for "little snowflake"), was an Argentine writer, cartoonist, and playwright who spent most of his career in Paris.
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The Cordobazo was a civil uprising in the city of Córdoba, Argentina, in the end of May 1969, during the military dictatorship of General Juan Carlos Onganía, which occurred a few days after the Rosariazo, and a year after the French May '68.
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Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, pronounced "cabbage") surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure consisting of either diverting the left internal thoracic artery (left internal mammary artery or "LIMA") to the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the left main coronary artery; or a harvested great saphenous vein of the leg, attaching the proximal end to the aorta or one of its major branches, and the distal end to immediately beyond a partially obstructed coronary artery (the "target vessel") - usually a 50% to 99% obstruction.
Corralito was the informal name for the economic measures taken in Argentina at the end of 2001 by Minister of Economy Domingo Cavallo in order to stop a bank run, and which were fully in force for one year.
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Corrientes (‘currents’ or ‘streams’; Taragui Tetãmini) is a province in northeast Argentina, in the Mesopotamia region.
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Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit."CPI 2010: Long methodological brief, p. 2 The CPI currently ranks 177 countries "on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt).".
Cosmic rays are immensely high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System.
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The Council of Magistrates of the Nation (Consejo de la Magistratura de la Nación) is an organ of the Judicial Branch of the Government of Argentina.
A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.
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The Criollo (or "creole" people) were a social class in the caste system of the overseas colonies established by Spain in the 16th century, especially in Hispanic America, comprising the locally born people of confirmed Spanish ancestry.
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Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner (born 19 February 1953), known as Cristina Kirchner and often referred to by her initials CFK, is the current President of Argentina and widow of former president Néstor Kirchner.
The Crossing of the Andes (Cruce de los Andes) was one of the most important feats in the Argentine and Chilean wars of independence, in which a combined army of Argentine soldiers and Chilean exiles invaded Chile leading to Chile's liberation from Spanish rule.
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Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture.
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The culture of Africa is varied and manifold.
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Cuyo is the name given to the wine-producing, mountainous area of central-west Argentina.
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Cycads are seed plants with a long fossil history that were formerly more abundant and more diverse than they are today.
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Daniel Barenboim (Hebrew: דניאל ברנבוים; born 15 November 1942) is an Argentine pianist and conductor.
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Danish pastry or just Danish (especially in American English) is a multilayered, laminated sweet pastry in the viennoiserie tradition.
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De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
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De jure (Classical Latin: de iúre) is an expression that means "of right, by right, according to law" (literally "from law"), as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact, in reality" (literally "from fact").
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The December 2001 uprising was a period of civil unrest and rioting in Argentina, which took place during December 2001, with the most violent incidents taking place on December 19 and December 20 in the capital, Buenos Aires, Rosario and other large cities around the country.
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one nation goes to war against another.
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Dementia, also known as senility, is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
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The demographics of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion.
Brazil's population is very diverse, comprising many races and ethnic groups.
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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.
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The demographics of New Zealand encompass the gender, ethnic, religious, geographic, and economic backgrounds of the 4.4 million people living in New Zealand.
As of September 12, 2015, the United States has a total resident population of 321,729,000, making it the third most populous country in the world.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uruguay, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Departments (departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in Argentina, subdividing the provinces, except for the province of Buenos Aires and the national capital, Buenos Aires.
Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations typically in the economic sphere.
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A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
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The Diaguita people are a group of South American indigenous people native to the Chilean Norte Chico and the Argentine Northwest.
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Diego Armando Maradona Franco (born 30 October 1960) is a retired Argentine professional footballer.
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Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).
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Direct election is a term describing a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.
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Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons.
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The dollar sign or peso sign ($ or) is a symbol primarily used to indicate the various peso and dollar units of currency around the world.
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Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (February 15, 1811 – September 11, 1888) was an Argentine activist, intellectual, writer, statesman and the seventh President of Argentina.
Domingo Santo Liotta, MD (born November 29, 1924) is a pioneer of heart surgery, creator of multiple cardiac prostheses including the first total artificial heart used in a human being.
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The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a country on the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.
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Don Segundo Sombra is a 1926 novel by Argentine rancher Ricardo Güiraldes.
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The Drake Passage or Mar de Hoces—Sea of Hoces—is the body of water between South America's Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
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Dulce de leche (doce de leite or) is a confection prepared by slowly heating sweetened milk to create a substance that derives its taste from the Maillard reaction, changing flavour and colour.
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Eclecticism is a nineteenth and twentieth-century architectural style in which a single piece of work incorporates a mixture of elements from previous historical styles to create something that is new and original.
Economic liberalism is the ideological belief in organizing the economy on individualist lines, meaning that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals and not by collective institutions or organizations.
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An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system.
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Eduardo Delgado (born October 3, 1943) is an Argentine classical pianist and teacher living in California.
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Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (born October 5, 1941) is an Argentine politician, lawyer and professor of public law, who also was President of Argentina from 2002 to 2003.
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Eduardo Mac Entyre (20 February 1929 – 5 May 2014) was an Argentine artist known for his geometric paintings.
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Eduardo Mallea (14 August 1903, Bahía Blanca – 12 November 1982, Buenos Aires) was an Argentine essayist, cultural critic, writer and diplomat.
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Eduardo Sívori (October 13, 1847 – June 5, 1918) was an Argentine artist widely regarded as his country's first realist painter.
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The Aura (El Aura) is a 2005 Argentine neo-noir psychological thriller film directed and written by Fabián Bielinsky and starring Ricardo Darín.
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El Calafate is a city in Patagonia, Argentina.
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El Chaltén is a small mountain village in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina.
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El Sonido de mi Tierra is a company from Argentina, for Tango Argentino and Folklore Argentino, foundet by Luis Pereyra in 1996.
Elementary school is for students at the ages of 4-12 to receive primary education.
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The Embalse Nuclear Power Station (Central Nuclear Embalse) is one of the three operational nuclear power plants in Argentina.
The Alerce is an Argentine railcar produced by the Emepa Group in Chascomús, Buenos Aires Province.
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An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.
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Emilio Pettoruti (1892–1971) was an Argentine painter, who caused a scandal with his avant-garde cubist exhibition in 1924 in Buenos Aires.
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An empanada (also called pastel in Portuguese and pate in Haitian Creole) is a stuffed bread or pastry baked or fried in many countries in Latin Europe, Latin America, the Southwestern United States, and parts of Southeast Asia.
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En unión y libertad (Spanish for "in unity and freedom") is Argentina's national motto.
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The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Western Allies and the Soviet Union took place in late April and early May 1945.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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Enrique Banchs (1888 – 1968) was an Argentine poet.
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Enrique Telémaco Susini (January 31, 1891 - July 4, 1972) was an Argentine entrepreneur and media pioneer.
Ensenada is a city and port in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, located around the Ensenada de Barragán.
Erminio Blotta (November 8, 1892 – January 23, 1976) was an Argentine self-taught sculptor of Italian origin.
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Ernesto de la Cárcova (March 3, 1866 – December 28, 1927) was an Argentine painter of the Realist school.
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Ernesto Sabato (June 24, 1911 – April 30, 2011) was an Argentine writer, painter and physicist.
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Erythrina crista-galli, often known as the cockspur coral tree, is a flowering tree in the family Fabaceae, native to Argentina, Uruguay, southern Brazil and Paraguay.
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Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing giving the author's own argument, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story.
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Estanislao del Campo (February 7, 1834 – November 6, 1880) was an Argentine poet.
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José Esteban Antonio Echeverría (September 2, 1805 – January 19, 1851) was an Argentine poet, fiction writer, cultural promoter, and political activist who played a significant role in the development of Argentine literature, not only through his own writings but also through his organizational efforts.
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Eugenio Cambaceres (1843–1888) Argentine writer and politician.
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The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, with 22 member states.
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María Eva Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the second wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
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Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
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The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.
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Exile means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state or country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return and/or being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return.
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The expulsion of Montoneros from Plaza de Mayo was a key event of the third presidency of Juan Perón.
External debt (or foreign debt) is the total debt a country owes to foreign creditors.
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The Ezeiza massacre took place on June 20, 1973 near the Ezeiza International Airport in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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Ezequiel Martínez Estrada (September 14, 1895 – November 4, 1964) was an Argentine writer, poet, essayist, and literary critic.
Fabricio Raúl Jesús Oberto (born March 21, 1975) is an Argentine-Italian former professional basketball player.
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Facundo: Civilization and Barbarism (original Spanish title: Facundo: Civilización y Barbarie) is a book written in 1845 by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, a writer and journalist who became the seventh president of Argentina.
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The Falkland Current (also called Malvinas Current or Falklands Current) is a cold water current that flows northward along the Atlantic coast of Patagonia as far north as the mouth of the Río de la Plata.
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The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
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Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas in Spanish) is disputed between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British overseas territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It began on Friday, 2 April 1982, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands (and, the following day, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them. On 5 April, the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the islands. The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, returning the islands to British control. In total, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel, and three Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode in the protracted confrontation over the territories' sovereignty. Argentina asserted (and maintains) that the islands are Argentinian territory, and the Argentine government thus characterised its military action as the reclamation of its own territory. The British government regarded the action as an invasion of a territory that had been a Crown colony since 1841. Falkland Islanders, who have inhabited the islands since the early 19th century, are predominantly descendants of British settlers, and favour British sovereignty. Neither state, however, officially declared war (both sides did declare the Islands areas a war zone and officially recognised that a state of war existed between them) and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the area of the South Atlantic where they lie. The conflict has had a strong impact in both countries and has been the subject of various books, articles, films, and songs. Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, hastening its downfall. In the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party government, bolstered by the successful outcome, was re-elected the following year. The cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect in Britain than in Argentina, where it remains a continued topic for discussion. Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 following a meeting in Madrid, Spain, at which the two countries' governments issued a joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands was made explicit. In 1994, Argentina's claim to the territories was added to its constitution.
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Fantastic art is a broad and loosely defined art genre.
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Félix Manuel de Azara (18 May 1746 – 20 October 1821) was a Spanish military officer, naturalist, and engineer.
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A federal capital is a political entity, often a municipality or capital city, that enjoys primary status as a seat of government in a federal state.
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A federal district is a type of administrative division of a federation, under the direct control of a federal government.
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Federal law is the body of law created by the federal government of a country.
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A federal republic is a federation of states with a democratic form of government.
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A federal territory is an area ruled directly by any central government within a federation.
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Federales was the name under which the supporters of federalism in Argentina were known, opposing the Unitarios that claimed a centralised government of Buenos Aires Province, with no participation of the other provinces of the custom taxes benefits of the Buenos Aires port.
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Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head.
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A federation (from Latin: foedus, gen.: foederis, "covenant"), also known as a federal state, is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government.
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Ferdinand VII (Fernando VII de Borbón; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death.
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A fern is a member of a group of approximately 12,000 species of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.
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Fernando de la Rúa (born September 15, 1937) is an Argentine politician.
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Fernando Fader (April 11, 1882 – February 25, 1935) was a French-born Argentine painter of the Post-impressionist school.
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Ferrocarriles Argentinos (FA) was a state-owned company that managed the entire Argentine railway system for nearly 45 years.
FIBA Americas is a zone within FIBA (International Basketball Federation) which contains the 44 FIBA Federations located in the Americas.
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The FIBA Americas Championship is the name commonly used to refer to the American Basketball Championship that takes place every two years between national teams of the continents.
The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body.
The FIBA Diamond Ball was an official international basketball tournament organised by FIBA, held every Olympic year prior to the Olympics.
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Ficciones is the most popular collection of short stories by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges, often considered the best introduction to his work.
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Field hockey, or simply hockey, is a team sport of the hockey family.
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The FIFA Confederations Cup is an international association football tournament for national teams, currently held every four years by FIFA.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
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The FIH Player of the Year Awards are awarded annually by the International Hockey Federation to the male and female field hockey players adjudged to be the best in the world.
A first school or lower school was the first part of the 'three tier' school system, the others being middle school and upper school in rural areas of England and Wales.
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The first Upper Peru campaign was a military campaign of the Argentine War of Independence, which took place in 1810.
Rodolfo "Fito" Saenz Ávalos, popularly known as Fito Páez (born March 13, 1963 in Rosario, Santa Fe Province) is an Argentine popular rock and roll pianist, lyricist, singer-songwriter and film director.
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Monte Fitz Roy (also known as Cerro Chaltén, Cerro Fitz Roy, or simply Mount Fitz Roy) is a mountain located near El Chaltén village, in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in Patagonia, on the border between Argentina and Chile.
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The national flag of Argentina is a triband, composed of three equally wide horizontal bands coloured light blue, and white.
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In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas.
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Florencio Molina Campos (August 21, 1891 – November 16, 1959) was an Argentine illustrator and a painter known by his typical traditional scenes of the Pampa.
The flowering plants (angiosperms), also known as Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants.
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Flyweight is a weight class in combat sports.
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FM broadcasting is a VHF broadcasting technology, pioneered by Edwin Howard Armstrong, which uses frequency modulation (FM) to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio.
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A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
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A men's football tournament is held at every Pan American Games since the first edition of the multi-sports event in 1951, a women's tournament was introduced in 1999.
Association football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932 as a men's competition sport.
Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increases in elevation at the base of a mountain range.
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In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
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Formosa Province is a province in northeastern Argentina, part of the Gran Chaco Region.
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Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was an Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.
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Francisco de Aguirre (1507–1581) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the conquest of Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.
Francisco Gianotti (April 4, 1881February 13, 1967) was an architect who designed many important Art Nouveau buildings in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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Francisco Salamone (June 5, 1897August 8, 1959) was an Argentine architect of Italian descent who, between 1936 and 1940, during the Infamous Decade, built more than 60 municipal buildings with elements of Art Deco style in 25 rural communities on the Argentine Pampas within the Buenos Aires Province.
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Freedom of religion or freedom of belief is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance; the concept is generally recognized also to include the freedom to change religion or not to follow any religion.
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A French Argentine (Franco-Argentin, franco-argentino) is an Argentine citizen of full or partial French ancestry, or a France-born person who resides in Argentina.
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The French blockade of the Río de la Plata was a two-year-long naval blockade imposed by France on the Argentine Confederation ruled by Juan Manuel de Rosas.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
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The French (Français) are a nation and ethnic group who are identified with the country of France. This connection may be legal, historical, or cultural. Descending from peoples of Celtic (Gauls) origin, later mixing with Romance (Romans) and Germanic (Franks) origin, and having experienced a high rate of inward migration since the middle of the 19th century, modern French society can be considered a melting pot. France was still a patchwork of local customs and regional differences in the late 19th century, and besides the common speaking of the French language, the definition of some unified French culture is a complex issue. Some French have equated their nationality with citizenship, regardless of ethnicity or country of residence. Successive waves of immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries were rapidly assimilated into French culture. Seeing itself as an inclusive nation with universal values, France has always valued and strongly advocated assimilation where immigrants were expected to adhere to French traditional values and cultural norms. However, despite the success of such assimilation, the French Government abandoned it in the mid-1980s encouraging immigrants to retain their distinctive cultures and traditions and requiring from them a mere integration. This "integrationist" policy has recently been called into question, for example, following the 2005 French riots in some troubled and impoverished immigrant suburbs. Most French people speak the French language as their mother tongue, but certain languages like Norman, Occitan, Corsican, Basque, French Flemish and Breton remain spoken in certain regions (see Language policy in France). In addition to mainland France, French people and people of French descent can be found internationally, in overseas departments and territories of France such as the French West Indies (French Caribbean), and in foreign countries with significant French-speaking population groups or not, such as Switzerland (French Swiss), the United States (French Americans), Canada (French Canadians), Argentina (French Argentines), Brazil (French Brazilians) or Uruguay (French Uruguayans), and some of them have a French cultural identity.
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Full employment, in macroeconomics, is the level of employment rates where there is no cyclical or deficient-demand unemployment.
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The Full stop law, Ley de Punto Final, was passed by the National Congress of Argentina in 1986, three years after the end of the military dictatorship of the Proceso de Reorganización Nacional (1976 to 1983) and restoration of democracy.
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Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy, characterized by strong chromaticism, long dynamic lines, suggesting speed, motion, urgency and lyricism: it was a part of Futurism, an artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who produced its first manifesto, the ''Manifesto of Futurism'' in 1909.
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The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.
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Gabriela Beatriz Sabatini (born 16 May 1970) is an Argentine former professional tennis player.
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Gatica, el mono is a 1993 Argentine drama film directed by Leonardo Favio.
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Leandro Barbieri (born November 28, 1932 in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina), known as Gato Barbieri (Spanish for "the cat" Barbieri), is an Argentinean jazz tenor saxophonist and composer who rose to fame during the free jazz movement in the 1960s and is known for his Latin jazz recordings in the 1970s.
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Gaucho or gaúcho is a resident of the South American pampas, Gran Chaco, or Patagonian grasslands, found mainly in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Southeastern Bolivia, Southern Brazil and Southern Chile.
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Generative art refers to art that in whole or in part has been created with the use of an autonomous system.
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Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Gervasio Antonio de Posadas y Dávila (18 June 1757, in Buenos Aires – 2 July 1833, in Buenos Aires) was a member of Argentina's Second Triumvirate from 19 August 1813 to 31 January 1814, after which he served as Supreme Director until 9 January 1815.
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
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Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi.
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Gotan Project is a musical group based in Paris, consisting of musicians Eduardo Makaroff (Argentine), Philippe Cohen Solal (French) and Christoph H. Müller (Swiss, former member of Touch El Arab).
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Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Gobernador Francisco Gabrielli), better known as El Plumerillo International Airport, is located northeast of the centre of Mendoza, a city in the Mendoza Province of Argentina.
A governorate is an administrative division of a country.
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The Governorate of the Río de la Plata (1549−1776) (Gobernación del Río de la Plata) was one of the governorates of the Spanish Empire.
The Goya Award for Best Spanish Language Foreign Film (Goya a la Mejor Película Hispanoamericana) is one of the Goya Awards, Spain's principal national film awards.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun-class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, or verbs.
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The Gran Chaco (Quechua: chaku, "hunting land") is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, where it is connected with the Pantanal region.
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Gran Colombia ("Great Colombia") is a name used today for the state that encompassed much of northern South America and part of southern Central America from 1819 to 1831.
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Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae), however sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found.
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The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930s.
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Greater Buenos Aires (Gran Buenos Aires; GBA) is the urban agglomeration comprising the autonomous city of Buenos Aires and the adjacent 24 partidos (districts) over the Province of Buenos Aires.
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Griselda Gambaro (born July 24, 1928) is an Argentine writer, whose novels, plays, short stories, story tales, essays and novels for teenagers often concern the political violence in her home country that would develop into the Dirty War.
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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.
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The Group of 15 (G-15)The adopts the "G-15" orthography (with a hyphen) in order to distinguish an abbreviated reference to this group -- contrasts with other similarly named entities.
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Guaraní are a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America.
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Guarani, specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani subfamily of the Tupian languages.
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Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
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Guillermo Kuitca is an Argentinean artist who was born in Buenos Aires in 1961, where he continues to work and live.
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Guillermo Vilas (born 17 August 1952, in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a retired professional tennis player from Argentina who won four major singles titles.
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Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
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Gustavo Daniel Cabral (born 14 October 1985) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays for Spanish club Celta de Vigo as a central defender.
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Gustavo Adrián Cerati Clark (11 August 1959 – 4 September 2014) was an Argentine singer-songwriter, composer and producer, considered one of the most important and influential figures of Ibero-American rock and a Latin American rock legend.
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Gustavo Alfredo Santaolalla (born 19 August 1951) is an Argentine musician, film composer and producer.
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Gyula Kosice, born Fernando Fallik (April 26, 1924) in Košice (Slovakia) is a naturalized Argentine sculptor, plastic artist, theoretician and poet, one of the most important figures in kinetic and luminal art and luminance vanguard.
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Héctor José Cámpora (March 26, 1909December 18, 1980) was president of Argentina from 25 May until 13 July 1973.
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A high school (also secondary school, senior school, secondary college) is a school that provides adolescents with part or all of their secondary education.
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Higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.
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Juan Hipólito del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Irigoyen Alem (July 12, 1852 – July 3, 1933) was a two-time President of Argentina (from 1916 to 1922, and again from 1928 to 1930).
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Hispanophone (hispanohablantes, hispanoparlantes or hispanófono; also castellanohablantes, castellanoparlantes, or castellanófonos) or Hispanosphere denotes Spanish language speakers and the Spanish-speaking world.
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The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry which attempts to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces.
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The early history of radio is the history of technology that produced radio instruments that use radio waves.
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Most historians believe that tennis originated in the monastic cloisters in northern France in the 12th century, but the ball was then struck with the palm of the hand hence the name jeu de paume ("game of the palm").
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The history of the Jews of Argentina goes back to the early sixteenth centuries, following the Jewish expulsion from Spain.
Tango, a distinctive dance and the corresponding musical style of tango music, began in the working-class port neighborhoods of Buenos Aires (Argentina); and years later in Montevideo, Uruguay; the area of the Rio de la Plata.
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The Hockey Champions Trophy is an international field hockey tournament held by the International Hockey Federation.
Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a hoop (diameter 1m).
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The Huarpes or Warpes are indigenous inhabitants of Cuyo, in Argentina.
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Gustavo Adolfo Martínez Zuviría (October 23, 1883March 28, 1962), best known under his pseudonym Hugo Wast, was a renowned Argentine novelist and script writer.
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The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
In the human digestive system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth (oral cavity).
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Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, Dec 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved Aug.
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Humita (from Quechua humint'a) is a Native American dish from pre-Hispanic times, and a traditional food in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.
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In economics, hyperinflation occurs when a country experiences very high and usually accelerating rates of inflation, rapidly eroding the real value of the local currency, and causing the population to minimize their holdings of the local money.
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Iñaki Urlezaga (La Plata, Argentina) is an Argentine classical dancer of international significance.
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The Iguazú National Park is a national park of Argentina, located in the Iguazú Department, in the north of the province of Misiones, Argentine Mesopotamia.
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Iguazu Falls, Iguazú Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguaçu Falls (Cataratas do Iguaçu; Cataratas del Iguazú; Chororo Yguasu) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná.
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Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
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Immigration to Argentina began several millennia BC with the arrival of cultures from Asia to the Americas through Beringia, according to the most accepted theories, and were slowly populating the continent.
Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.
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Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s.
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The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
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In economics, income distribution is how a nation’s total GDP is distributed amongst its population.
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The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Argentine Republic.
Indian reductions (reducciones) were mission towns established by Spanish Jesuit missionaries in Central and South America, built and occupied by the relocation of indigenous populations and consolidating the previously scattered populations.
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Argentina has 35 indigenous groups or Argentine Amerindians or Native Argentines, according to the Complementary Survey of the Indigenous Peoples of 2004, in the first attempt in more than a 100 years that the government tried to recognize and classify the population according to ethnicity.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development.
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Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age.
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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.
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In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
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Infusion is the process of extracting chemical compounds or flavors from plant material in a solvent such as water, oil or alcohol, by allowing the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time (a process often called steeping).
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The European Union's (EU) internal market, also known as the EU Single Market, is a single market that seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and people – the "four freedoms" – between the EU's 28 member states.
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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
The modern International Boxing Hall of Fame (IBHOF), located in Canastota, New York, United States, honors boxers, trainers and other contributors to the sport worldwide.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
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The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), formerly the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research (ITF) until January 2013, is an intergovernmental organization established in 1998.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".
The following are international rankings of Argentina.
The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States.
An International variety is a grape variety that is widely planted in most of the major wine producing regions and has widespread appeal and consumer recognition.
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Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations and peoples.
Inti is the ancient Incan sun god.
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Historias mínimas (Minimal Stories and Intimate Stories) is a 2002 Argentine and Spanish drama film, directed by Carlos Sorín and written by Pablo Solarz.
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INVAP S.E. is an Argentine company that provides design, integration, construction and delivery of equipment, plants and devices.
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Iruya is a small town of population 1,070 in northwestern Argentina.
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María Estela Martínez Cartas de Perón (born 4 February 1931), better known as Isabel Martínez de Perón; or Isabel Perón, is a former President of Argentina.
Ischigualasto Provincial Park (Parque Provincial Ischigualasto), also called Valle de la Luna ("Valley of the Moon", due to its otherworldly appearance), is a provincial protected area in the north-east of San Juan Province, north-western Argentina, limiting to the north with the Talampaya National Park, in La Rioja Province.
Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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Islam in Argentina is represented by one of Latin America's largest Muslim minorities.
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Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.
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The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.
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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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The jaguar, Panthera onca, is a big cat, a feline in the Panthera genus, and is the only extant Panthera species native to the Americas.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
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The are an ethnic group native to Japan.
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Jazz is a genre of music that originated in African American communities in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century.
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Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
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Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera (1528 – 1574) was a Spanish Conquistador, early colonial governor over much of what today is northwestern Argentina, and founder of the city of Córdoba.
Jorge Donn (25 February 1947 in El Palomar, Buenos Aires – 30 November 1992 in Lausanne, Switzerland), was an Argentine internationally known ballet dancer.
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Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges KBE (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986), was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish language literature.
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Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.
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José Cura (born December 5, 1962 in Rosario, Argentina) is an Argentine operatic tenor, conductor, director, scenographer and photographer known for intense and original interpretations of opera characters, notably Otello in Verdi’s Otello, Samson in Saint-Saëns’ Samson et Dalila, Canio in Ruggero Leoncavallo's Pagliacci, Stiffelio in Giuseppe Verdi's Stiffelio and many others.
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José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín, was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.
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Lieutenant General José Félix Benito Uriburu y Uriburu (July 20, 1868 – April 29, 1932) was the first de facto President of Argentina.
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José Froilán González (October 5, 1922 – June 15, 2013) was an Argentine racing driver, particularly notable for scoring Ferrari's first win in a Formula One World Championship race at the 1951 British Grand Prix.
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José Hernández (born José Rafael Hernández y Pueyrredón; November 10, 1834 – October 21, 1886) was an Argentine journalist, poet, and politician best known as the author of the epic poem Martín Fierro.
José López Rega (17 October 1916 – 9 June 1989) was Argentina's Minister of Social Welfare during the Peronist government started in 1973 by Juan Perón and continued after Perón's death in 1974 by his third wife and vice-president, Isabel Martínez de Perón (1974–76), until the coup d'etat of 1976 that initiated the so-called National Reorganization Process (1976–83) under Jorge Videla's direction.
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José María Guido (August 29, 1910 – June 13, 1975) was an interim President of Argentina from 30 March 1962 to 12 October 1963.
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José Neglia (April 2, 1929October 10, 1971) was a notable Argentine ballerino, who perhaps more than any other figure, helped popularize the classical ballet in his country.
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Juan Antonio Buschiazzo (October 29, 1845May 13, 1917) was an Italian architect and engineer who contributed to the modernisation of Buenos Aires, Argentina in the 1880s and to the construction of the city of La Plata, the new capital of the Buenos Aires Province.
Juan Carlos Onganía Carballo (March 17, 1914 – June 8, 1995) was de facto President of Argentina from 29 June 1966 to 8 June 1970.
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Juan d'Arienzo (December 14, 1900 – January 14, 1976) was an Argentine tango musician, also known as "El Rey del Compás" (King of the Beat).
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Juan Díaz de Solís (1470 – 20 January 1516) was a 16th Century navigator and explorer.
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Juan de Garay (1528–1583) was a Spanish conquistador. Garay's bithplace is disputed.
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Juan Gálvez (Buenos Aires, 14 February 1916 – 3 March 1963 in Olavarría) was an Argentine racing driver, and the brother of driver Óscar Alfredo Gálvez.
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Juan Ignacio Sánchez Brown, also known as Pepe Sánchez (born May 8, 1977), is Argentine-Spanish professional basketball player.
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Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo (1719 in Mérida, Yucatán – 1799 in Madrid, Spain) was a Spanish colonial politician born in New Spain, and Viceroy of the Río de la Plata.
Juan Manuel de Rosas (30 March 1793 – 14 March 1877), nicknamed "Restorer of the Laws", was a politician and army officer who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation.
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Juan Manuel Fangio Déramo (24 June 1911 – 17 July 1995), nicknamed El Chueco ("the bowlegged one", also commonly translated as "bandy legged") or El Maestro ("The Master"), was a racing car driver from Argentina.
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Juan Martín Maldacena (born September 10, 1968) is a theoretical physicist born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine military officer and politician.
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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review by the judiciary.
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The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
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Jujuy is a province of Argentina, located in the extreme northwest of the country, at the borders with Chile and Bolivia.
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Alejo Julio Argentino Roca Paz (July 17, 1843 – October 19, 1914) was an army general who served as President of Argentina from 12 October 1880 to 12 October 1886 and again from 12 October 1898 to 12 October 1904.
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Julio Barragán (1928–2011) was an Argentine painter of the Concretist and Cubist schools.
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Julio Bocca (born March 6, 1967) is one of the most important ballet dancers of the later part of the 20th century and arguably the most important Argentine dancer of all time.
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Julio Cortázar, born Jules Florencio Cortázar (August 26, 1914 – February 12, 1984), was an Argentine novelist, short story writer, and essayist.
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Julio de Caro (December 11, 1899March 11, 1980) was an Argentine composer, musician and conductor prominent in the Tango genre.
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Justo José de Urquiza y García (October 18, 1801 – April 11, 1870) was an Argentine general and politician.
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The Konzerthaus Berlin is a concert hall situated on the Gendarmenmarkt square in the central Mitte district of Berlin housing the German orchestra Konzerthausorchester Berlin.
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The Koreans (alternatively, see names of Korea) are a historic people based in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria.
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La Argentina is a 1602 poem written by Martín del Barco Centenera.
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La Boca is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.
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La fuga (The Escape) is a 2001 Argentine film directed by Eduardo Mignogna.
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La Nación (The Nation) is an Argentine daily newspaper.
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La Pampa is a sparsely populated province of Argentina, located in the Pampas in the center of the country.
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La Plata is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and of the partido La Plata.
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La Voz del Interior is a daily Spanish language newspaper edited and published in Córdoba, capital of the province of Córdoba, Argentina and the second-largest city in the country.
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Laguna del Carbón is a salt lake in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina.
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Lalo Schifrin (born June 21, 1932) is an Argentine pianist, composer, arranger and conductor.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Latin America is a region of the Americas that comprises countries where Romance languages are predominant; primarily Spanish and Portuguese, but also French.
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The Latin American Boom was a flourishing of literature, poetry and criticism in Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s, when writers from this region explored new ideas and came to international renown in a way that had not happened previously.
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Latin American cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of Latin America.
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The integration of Latin America has a history going back to Spanish American and Brazilian independence, when there was discussion of creating a regional state or confederation of Latin American nations to protect the area's newly won autonomy.
The Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC) is a free internet portal on Latin American studies.
The romantic ballad or Latin ballad is a music genre derivative of Bolero that was originated to early of the 1960s in Latin America and Spain.
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The Law of Due Obedience (Ley de obediencia debida) was a law passed by the National Congress of Argentina after the end of the military dictatorship of the Proceso de Reorganización Nacional (which started with a coup d'état in 1976 and ended in 1983).
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Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who was better known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.
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León Ferrari (September 3, 1920 – July 25, 2013) was a contemporary conceptual artist known for his protest art.
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Raúl Alberto Antonio Gieco, better known as León Gieco (born on November 20, 1951 on a farm near Cañada Rosquín in northern Santa Fe Province, Argentina) is a folk rock performer, composer and interpreter.
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The Lebanese people (الشعب اللبناني / ALA-LC: Lebanese Arabic pronunciation) are the inhabitants of the country of Lebanon and their ancestors.
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Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.
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Legatum is a private investment firm headquartered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
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A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.
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Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri Castelli (15 July 1926 12 January 2003) was an Argentine general and President of Argentina from 22 December 1981 to 18 June 1982, during the last military dictatorship (known officially as the National Reorganization Process).
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Leopoldo Lugones Argüello (13 June 1874 – 18 February 1938) was an Argentine writer and journalist.
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Leopoldo Marechal (June 11, 1900 — June 26, 1970) was one of the most important Argentine writers of the twentieth century.
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Levantine Arabic (اللهجة الشامية), is a broad dialect of Arabic spoken in the 100 to 200 km-wide Eastern Mediterranean coastal strip.
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Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.
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Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.
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Light heavyweight, or light-heavyweight, is a weight class in combat sports.
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Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
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When the May Revolution took place in Buenos Aires (modern Argentina) in 1810, the former viceroy Santiago de Liniers led an ill-fated counter-revolutionary attempt from the city of Córdoba.
Lionel Andrés "Leo" Messi (born 24 June 1987) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club Barcelona and the Argentina national team.
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This list of animated feature films compiles animated feature films from around the world and is organized alphabetically under the year of release (the year the completed film was first released to the public).
This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by its total area.
This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.
The List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor is an annual publication issued by the United States Government’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor.
Route 14, or Highway 14, can refer to.
This is a list of national birds, most official, but some unofficial.
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This is a list of national liquors.
This is a list of national trees, most official, but some unofficial.
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This is a list of public and private Argentine universities, grouped by region and type.
The office of Vice President of Argentina is the second highest political position in Argentina, and first in the line of succession to the Presidency of Argentina.
Literacy is traditionally understood as the ability to read and write.
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Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America.
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Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
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Litto Nebbia (born July 21, 1948) is a singer, songwriter and producer prominent in the development of Argentine rock.
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The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since pre-Hispanic times.
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The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk is a major upgrade of the McDonnell Douglas A-4M Skyhawk attack aircraft developed for the Argentine Air Force which entered service in 1998.
Locro (from the Quechua ruqru) is a hearty thick stew popular along the Andes mountain range.
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Dolores Candelaria Mora Vega de Hernández or Dolores Mora Vega (17 November 1866 – 7 June 1936), known as Lola Mora, was a sculptor, born in a barn in the, though generally considered native to Trancas, province of Tucumán, where she was recorded and baptized.
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Londres is a small tourist town in the Belén Department of Catamarca Province, Argentina.
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Los Abuelos de la Nada (The Grandparents of Nothingness) were an Argentine new wave/rock band that underwent several incarnations, all of them led by singer and songwriter Miguel Abuelo.
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The Los Alerces National Park is a national park in Chubut Province, Argentina, some 30 miles (50 km) from Esquel.
The town of Los Gatos is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, California, United States.
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Los Glaciares National Park (Parque Nacional de Los Glaciares, "Glaciers National Park") is a federal protected area in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina.
The Loyalty Day (Día de la lealtad) is a commemoration day in Argentina.
Luis Seoane (1910–1979) was a lithographer and artist.
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Luciana Paula Aymar (born 10 August 1977) is a retired Argentine field hockey player.
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Lucio Fontana (19 February 1899 – 7 September 1968) was an Italian painter, sculptor and theorist of Argentine birth.
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Luis Agote (September 22, 1868 – November 12, 1954) was an Argentine physician and researcher.
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Luis Alberto "El Flaco" Spinetta (23 January 1950 – 8 February 2012) known as "El Flaco" (the skinny guy) was an Argentine singer, guitarist, composer and poet.
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Luis Enríquez Bacalov (born 30 March 1933) is a Bullgarian-Argentinian-Italian composer of film scores.
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Luis Federico Leloir (September 6, 1906 – December 2, 1987) was an Argentine physician and biochemist who received the 1970 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
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Luis Alberto Scola Balvoa (born April 30, 1980) is an Argentine professional basketball player who currently plays for the Toronto Raptors of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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Lunfardo is a slang originated and developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the lower classes (of mainly Italian immigrants) in Buenos Aires and the surrounding Gran Buenos Aires, and from there spread to other cities nearby, such as Rosario, and Montevideo, cities with similar socio-cultural situations.
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Macaronic refers to text using a mixture of languages, particularly bilingual puns or situations in which the languages are otherwise used in the same context (rather than simply discrete segments of a text being in different languages).
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Madí (or MADI) is an international abstract art movement initiated in Buenos Aires in 1946 by the Hungarian-Argentinian artist and poet Gyula Kosice, and the Uruguayans Carmelo Arden Quin and Rhod Rothfuss.
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Malbec is a purple grape variety used in making red wine.
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Mammals (class Mammalia from Latin mamma "breast") are any members of a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles and birds by the possession of hair, three middle ear bones, mammary glands, and a neocortex (a region of the brain).
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Man Facing Southeast (Hombre mirando al sudeste) is a 1986 Argentine drama-science fiction film written and directed by Eliseo Subiela and starring Lorenzo Quinteros and Hugo Soto.
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Manal was an Argentine rock group.
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Emanuel David "Manu" Ginóbili (born 28 July 1977) is an Argentine professional basketball player who currently plays for the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano (3 June 1770 – 20 June 1820), usually referred to as Manuel Belgrano, was an Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader.
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Manuel Mujica Láinez (11 September 1910, Buenos Aires, Argentina- 21 April 1984, Cruz Chica, La Cumbre, Córdoba, Argentina) was an Argentine novelist, essayist and art critic.
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Manuel Puig (born Juan Manuel Puig Delledonne) (December 28, 1932 – July 22, 1990) was an Argentine author.
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Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
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The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.
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Mar del Plata is an Argentine city in the southeast part of Buenos Aires Province located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
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María Elena Walsh (1 February 1930 – 10 January 2011) was an Argentine poet, novelist, musician, playwright, writer and composer, mainly known for her songs and books for children, who has been considered a "living legend, cultural hero (and) crest of nearly every childhood".
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Marcelo Raúl Álvarez, (born February 27, 1962 in Córdoba, Argentina), is an Argentine lyric tenor who achieved international success starting in the mid-1990s.
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Marco Denevi (May 12, 1922 – December 12, 1998) was an Argentine award-winning author of novels and short stories, as well as a lawyer and journalist.
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Marianela Núñez (born in 23 March 1982) is an Argentinian ballet dancer.
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Marta Minujín (born 1943) is an Argentine conceptual and performance artist.
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Martín del Barco Centenera (1535 – c. 1602) was a Spanish cleric, explorer and author.
Martín Fierro is a 2,316 line epic poem by the Argentine writer José Hernández.
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Martín Miguel de Güemes (8 February 1785 – 17 June 1821) was a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.
Martha Argerich (born June 5, 1941) is an Argentinian-Swiss pianist, widely regarded as one of the great pianists of the second half of the 20th century.
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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical view of social transformation.
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Mate (sometimes erroneously spelled maté in English, but never in Spanish or Portuguese), also known as yerba mate, chimarrão or cimarrón, is a traditional South American caffeine-rich infused drink, particularly in Argentina (where it is defined by law as the "national infusion"), Uruguay, Paraguay, the Bolivian Chaco and Southern Brazil, and in southern Chile.
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The May Revolution (Revolución de Mayo) was a week-long series of events that took place from May 18 to 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
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The melting pot is a metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture.
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The Province of Mendoza is a province of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region.
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Mendoza is the capital city of Mendoza Province, in Argentina.
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Haydée Mercedes Sosa (9 July 1935 at BrainyHistory.com – 4 October 2009), known as La Negra (literally: The Black Woman), was an Argentine singer who was popular throughout Latin America and many countries outside the continent.
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Mercosur or Mercosul (Mercado Común del Sur, Mercado Comum do Sul, Ñemby Ñemuha, Southern Common Market) is a sub-regional bloc.
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In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.
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La Mesopotamia or Región Mesopotámica is the humid and verdant area of north-east Argentina, comprising the provinces of Misiones, Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
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Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.
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A metaphor is a figure of speech that identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing for rhetorical effect, thus highlighting the similarities between the two.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.
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In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower or a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.
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Middleweight is a weight class in combat sports.
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Military service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription).
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The Ministries of the Argentine Republic, which form the cabinet, currently consist of sixteen ministries under a ministerial chief of staff.
Ministro Pistarini International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Ministro Pistarini), known as Ezeiza International Airport owing to its location in the Ezeiza Partido in Greater Buenos Aires, is an international airport south-southwest of Buenos Aires, the capital city of Argentina.
The Ministry of Defense of Argentina is a ministry of the national executive power that deals with everything related to the country's national defense.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship (Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto) is the Argentine government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Argentina.
Minuane were one of the native nations of Uruguay, Argentina (specially in the province of Entre Rios) and Brazil (specially in the state of Rio Grande do Sul).
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The Mocoví language is a Guaicuruan language of Argentina spoken by about 3,000 people, mostly in Santa Fé province.
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Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
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Montoneros (Movimiento Peronista Montonero-MPM) was an Argentine leftist urban guerrilla and subversive group, active during the 1960s and 1970s.
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Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, which began with Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
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The term mountaineering describes the sport of mountain climbing, including ski mountaineering.
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Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an ethnic group.
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A municipality is one form of a country subdivision of Argentina.
The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America, namely the Romance-speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
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The, (Viennese Music Association), commonly shortened to, is a concert hall in the Innere Stadt borough of Vienna, Austria.
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Naïve art is a classification of art that is often characterized by a childlike simplicity in its subject matter and technique.
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Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.
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The National Atomic Energy Commission (Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CNEA) is the Argentine government agency in charge of nuclear energy research and development.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world.
National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons (Spanish: Comisión Nacional sobre la Desaparición de Personas, CONADEP) was an Argentine organization created by President Raúl Alfonsín on 15 December 1983, shortly after his inauguration, to investigate the fate of the desaparecidos (victims of forced disappearance) and other human rights violations (see: Dirty War) performed during the military dictatorship known as the National Reorganization Process between 1976 and 1983.
A national dish is a culinary dish that is strongly associated with a particular country.
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National Statistics and Censuses Institute (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos, INDEC) is the Argentine government agency responsible for the collection and processing of statistical data.
The National Reorganization Process (Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process") was the name used by its leaders for the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.
National Route 1, also known as Buenos Aires–La Plata Highway and officially called Autopista Doctor Ricardo Balbín since 2004, connects the Autopista 25 de Mayo in Buenos Aires with Provincial Route 11, near the city of La Plata.
A national sport or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.
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The National Technological University (Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, UTN) is a country-wide national university in Argentina, and considered to be among the top engineering schools in the country.
The National University of Córdoba (Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, UNC), founded in 1613, is the oldest university in Argentina, the fourth oldest in South America and the sixth oldest in Latin America.
The National University of La Plata (Universidad Nacional de La Plata, UNLP) is one of the most important Argentine national universities and the biggest one situated in the city of La Plata, capital of Buenos Aires Province.
The National University of Rosario (Universidad Nacional de Rosario, UNR) is a research public university located in the city of Rosario, province of Santa Fe, Argentina.
Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.
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Natural Resources are all that exists without the actions of humankind.
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Néstor Carlos Kirchner (25 February 195027 October 2010) was an Argentine politician who served as President of Argentina from 25 May 2003 until 10 December 2007.
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Neapolitan (autonym: (’o n)napulitano; napoletano) is the language of much of southern continental Italy, including the city of Naples.
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Necochea is a port and beach city in the southwest of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
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Neo-figurative art describes an expressionist revival in modern form of figurative art.
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Neo-Keynesian economics is a school of macroeconomic thought that was developed in the post-war period from the writings of John Maynard Keynes.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Neoliberalism is a term whose usage and definition have changed over time.
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The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
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Neoplasm (from Ancient Greek νέος- neo "new" and πλάσμα plasma "formation, creation") is an abnormal growth of tissue, and when also forming a mass is commonly referred to as a tumor or tumour.
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Net migration rate is the difference of immigrants and emigrants of an area in a period of time, divided (usually) per 1,000 inhabitants (considered on midterm population).
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Neuquén is a province of Argentina, located in the west of the country, at the northern end of Patagonia.
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The New Zealand national men's rugby union team, officially nicknamed the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's rugby union, which is regarded as the country's national sport.
Nicolás Remigio Aurelio Avellaneda Silva (October 3, 1837 – 24 November 1885) was an Argentine politician and journalist, and president of Argentina from 1874 to 1880.
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Nicolino Locche (September 2, 1939 – September 7, 2005) was an Argentine boxer from Tunuyán, Mendoza.
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Nine Queens (Nueve Reinas) is a 2000 Argentine crime drama film written and directed by Fabián Bielinsky and starring Ricardo Darín, Gastón Pauls, Leticia Brédice, Tomás Fonzi and Alejandro Awada.
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Nonintervention or non-interventionism is a foreign policy which holds that political rulers should avoid alliances with other nations, but still retain diplomacy, and avoid all wars not related to direct self-defense.
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Norma Fontenla (June 28, 1930 - October 10, 1971) was an Argentine prima ballerina.
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A novel is a long narrative, normally in prose, which describes fictional characters and events, usually in the form of a sequential story.
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A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).
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Tango Nuevo (Nuevo Tango or simply Nuevo) - either a form of music in which new elements are incorporated into traditional Argentine tango, or an evolution of tango dance that began to develop in the 1980s.
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Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
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An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas.
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Oliverio Girondo (August 17, 1891 – January 24, 1967) was an Argentine poet.
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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
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Operativo Independencia (Spanish for "Operation Independence") was the code-name of the Argentine military operation in the Tucumán Province, started in 1975 to crush the ERP —Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo or People's Revolutionary Army—, a Guevarist guerrilla group, which tried to create a Vietnam-style war front in the Tucumán Province, in northwestern Argentina.
Base Orcadas is an Argentine scientific station in Antarctica, and the oldest of the stations in Antarctica still in operation.
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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string (violin, viola, cello and double bass), brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments.
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The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États Américains), or the OAS or OEA, is an inter-continental organization founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.
The Organization of Ibero-American States (Organização dos Estados Ibero-americanos, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos, usually abbreviated OEI), formally the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture, is an international organization whose members are the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking nations of the Americas and Europe and Equatorial Guinea in Africa.
Oscar Alfredo Gálvez (17 August 1913 – 16 December 1989) was a racing driver from Argentina.
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Osvaldo Pedro Pugliese (Buenos Aires, December 2, 1905 – July 25, 1995) was an Argentine tango musician.
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Osvaldo Soriano (January 6, 1943 – January 29, 1997) was an Argentine journalist and writer.
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Our Lady of Luján (Nuestra Señora de Luján) is a celebrated 16th-century icon of the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ.
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The following outline is provided as an overview of, and introduction to Argentina: Argentina – country in South America, the continent's second largest by land area, after Brazil.
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Pablo Prigioni (born May 17, 1977) is an Argentine-Italian professional basketball player who currently plays for the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
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The Palace of Justice of the Argentine Nation (Palacio de Justicia de la Nación Argentina, more often referred locally as Palacio de Justicia or Palacio de Tribunales), is a large building complex located in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Palace of the Argentine National Congress (Palacio del Congreso Nacional Argentino, often referred locally as Palacio del Congreso) is a monumental building, seat of the Argentine National Congress, located in Buenos Aires at the western end of Avenida de Mayo (at the other end of which is the Casa Rosada).
The Paleolithic (American spelling; British spelling: Palaeolithic; pronunciation: or) Age, Era or Period is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Grahame Clark's Modes I and II), and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory.
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Paloma Herrera (born 21 December 1975) is a principal ballet dancer with the American Ballet Theatre.
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The Pampas (from Quechua pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands, covering more than, that include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; most of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul.
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The pampero is a burst of cold polar air from the west, southwest or south on the pampas in the south of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
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A pancake is a flat cake, often thin, and round, prepared from a starch-based batter that may also contain eggs, milk and butter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or frying pan, often with oil or butter.
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Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay, Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
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The Paraguay campaign (1810–1811) was the attempt by a Buenos Aires-sponsored militia, commanded by Manuel Belgrano, to win the Intendency of Paraguay for the revolutionary cause.
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The Paraguay River (Río Paraguay in Spanish, Rio Paraguai in Portuguese, Ysyry Paraguái in Guarani) is a major river in south central South America, running through Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina.
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The Paraná River (Río Paraná, Rio Paraná) is a river in south Central South America, running through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina for some.
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Parsifal (WWV 111) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner.
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A partido is the second-level administrative subdivision in the.
Pascual Nicolás Pérez (May 4, 1926 – January 22, 1977) was an Argentine flyweight boxer.
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Patagonia is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.
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The Patagonian or Argentine Shelf is part of the South American continental shelf belonging to the Argentine Sea on the Atlantic seaboard, south of about 35°S.
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Patagonian Welsh is the dialect of Welsh which is spoken in the region of the Argentine Patagonia in South America.
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Pato, also called juego del pato (literally "duck game"), is a game played on horseback that combines elements from polo and basketball.
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Patricio Pouchulu (born April 13, 1965, Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a Futurist contemporary architect.
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Patricio Rey y Sus Redonditos de Ricota were a rock band formed in La Plata, Argentina.
A patron saint or a patron hallow is a saint who in Roman Catholicism is regarded as the tutelary spirit or heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
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Página/12 is a newspaper published in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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Pío Collivadino (August 20, 1869August 26, 1945) was an Argentine painter of the post-impressionist school.
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Peacebuilding is an intervention that is designed to prevent the start or resumption of violent conflict by creating a sustainable peace.
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Pedro Bonifacio Palacios (May 13, 1854February 28, 1917), better known by his sobriquet, Almafuerte, was an Argentine poet.
Pedro de Mendoza y Luján (c. 1487 – June 23, 1537) was a Spanish conquistador, soldier and explorer, and the first adelantado of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
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Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Silveti (May 21, 1903 – May 29, 1970) was an Argentine Army general.
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The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
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The Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo (ERP or "People's Revolutionary Army") was the military branch of the communist Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores (PRT, Workers' Revolutionary Party) in Argentina.
Per capita income or average income is the measure of the amount of money that is being earned by person in a certain area, such as a city, region, or country, which is calculated by dividing the total income of a the area by its total population.
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Peronism (Peronismo), or Justicialism (Justicialismo), is an Argentine political movement based on the legacy of former President Juan Domingo Perón and his second wife, Eva Perón.
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Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
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The Peruvian War of Independence was a series of military conflicts beginning in 1811 that culminated in the proclamation of the independence of Peru by José de San Martín on July 28, 1821.
The Petronas Towers, also known as the Petronas Twin Towers (Malay: Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas), are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
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Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
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The Pierre Auger Observatory is an international cosmic ray observatory in Argentina designed to detect ultra-high-energy cosmic rays: sub-atomic particles traveling nearly at the speed of light and each with energies beyond 1018 eV.
Pilcomayo (in hispanicized spelling) (Quechua Pillkumayu or Pillku Mayu, pillku red, mayu river, "red river", Guarani Ysyry Araguay) is a river in central South America.
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The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of 12 extant division-level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae (Viridiplantae) and 10 within the extant land plants.
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The word piquetero is a neologism in the Spanish of Argentina.
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In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing in humans.
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Pizza, Beer, and Cigarettes (Pizza, birra, faso), is a 1998 Argentine drama film, co-directed and co-written by Israel Adrián Caetano and Bruno Stagnaro.
In geology and earth science, a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux), also called a high plain or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
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In geology, a platform is a continental area covered by relatively flat or gently tilted, mainly sedimentary strata, which overlie a basement of consolidated igneous or metamorphic rocks of an earlier deformation.
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Political repression is the persecution of an individual or group for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing their ability to take part in the political life of a society.
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Polo is a team sport played on horseback.
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The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
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Pope Francis (Franciscus; Francesco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio, 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope of the Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and Sovereign of the Vatican City.
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In biology, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
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A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.
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Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905; from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism.
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Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up potterywares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
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The power of the purse is the ability of one group to manipulate and control the actions of another group by withholding funding, or putting stipulations on the use of funds.
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In political science and political history, the term power vacuum is an analogy between a physical vacuum, to the political condition "when someone has lost control of something and no one has replaced them." The situation can occur when a government has no identifiable central power or authority.
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The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is the head of state of Argentina.
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A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
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The Primera Junta or First Assembly is the most common name given to the first independent government of Argentina.
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Privatization, also spelled privatisation, may have several meanings.
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In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
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Proscription (proscriptio) is, in current usage, a "decree of condemnation to death or banishment" (OED) and can be used in a political context to refer to state-approved murder or banishment.
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Protectionism is the economic policy of restraining trade between states (countries) through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, restrictive quotas, and a variety of other government regulations designed to allow (according to proponents) fair competition between imports and goods and services produced domestically.
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A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.
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Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.
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Autovía 2 Juan Manuel Fangio (also known as Provincial Route 2, formerly National Route 2) is an Argentine dual carriageway, which runs from Buenos Aires to Mar del Plata.
The Pucará de Tilcara is a pre-Inca fortification or pukara located on a hill just outside the small town of Tilcara, in the Argentine province of Jujuy.
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Puelche (Mapudungun: pwelche, " people of the east") is the name that the Mapuche used to give the ethnic groups who inhabited the lands to the east of the Andes Mountains (in Argentine territory and some valleys of Chile) including the northern Tehuelches and Hets, these last ones were also known as the Pampas or Querandíes.
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Puerto Deseado, originally called Port Desire, is a city of about 15,000 inhabitants and a fishing port in Patagonia in Santa Cruz Province of Argentina, on the estuary of the Deseado River.
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Puerto Madryn is a city in the province of Chubut in Argentine Patagonia.
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The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, north of Buenos Aires.
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Quechuan, also known as runa simi ("people's language"), is a Native American language family spoken primarily in the Andes region of South America, derived from a common ancestral language.
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Quequén is a beach town in Necochea Partido, Buenos Aires province, Argentina, on the Atlantic coast by the Quequén Grande River.
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The Querandí were one of the Het peoples, indigenous South Americans who lived in the Pampas area of Argentina; specifically, they were the eastern Didiuhet.
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Quirino Cristiani (July 2, 1896 – August 2, 1984) was an Argentine animation director and cartoonist, responsible for the world's first two animated feature films as well as the first animated feature film with sound, even though the only copies of these two films were lost in a fire.
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RA-1 Enrico Fermi is a research reactor in Argentina and the first nuclear reactor to be built in that country.
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Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín (12 March 1927 – 31 March 2009) was an Argentine lawyer, politician and statesman, who served as the President of Argentina from December 10, 1983, to July 8, 1989.
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The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, UCR) is a social-liberal political party in Argentina.
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Don Rafael de Sobremonte y Núñez del Castillo, 3rd Marquis of Sobremonte (Seville, 1745 – Cádiz, 1827), third Marquis of Sobremonte, was an aristocrat, military man and Spanish colonial administrator, and Viceroy of the Río de la Plata.
The Argentine railway network consisted of a network at the end of the Second World War and was, in its time, one of the most extensive and prosperous in the world.
In architecture, rationalism is an architectural current which mostly developed from Italy in the 1920s-1930s.
The Río de la Plata (River of Silver) — rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River (occasionally Plata River) in other English-speaking countries — is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers.
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The Río de la Plata Basin (Cuenca del Plata, Bacia do Prata), sometimes called the Platine basin or Platine region, is the name given to the hydrographical area that covers parts of Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.
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The Río Grande de San Juan is a river of Argentina.
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Black River (Río Negro) is the most important river of the Argentine province of Río Negro.
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Río Negro (Black River) is a province of Argentina, located at the northern edge of Patagonia.
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Realism (or naturalism) in the arts is the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, implausible, exotic and supernatural elements.
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In gastronomy, red meat is mammal meat which is red when raw and not white when cooked; it includes the meat of most adult mammals.
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In international relations, a regional power is a state that has power within a geographic region.
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A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law.
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Representative democracy (also indirect democracy or psephocracy) is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Reptiles are a group (Reptilia) of tetrapod animals comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
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A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.
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Research reactors are nuclear reactors that serve primarily as a neutron source.
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The respiratory system (called also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism.
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The Revolución Libertadora (Liberating Revolution) was a military and civilian uprising that ended the second presidential term of Juan Perón in Argentina, on September 16, 1955.
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Reynaldo Benito Antonio Bignone (born January 21, 1928) is a retired Argentine general who served as dictatorial President of Argentina from July 1, 1982 to December 10, 1983.
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Rhodochrosite is a manganese carbonate mineral with chemical composition MnCO3.
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Ricardo Güiraldes (Buenos Aires, 13 February 1886 — Paris, 8 October 1927)Escuela Normal Superior de Chascomús was an Argentine novelist and poet, one of the most significant Argentine writers of his era, particularly known for his 1926 novel Don Segundo Sombra, set amongst the gauchos.
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Ricardo Luis Lorenzetti (born 19 September 1955) is a member of the Supreme Court of Justice of Argentina.
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Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
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Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.
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Rioplatense Spanish (español rioplatense, locally castellano rioplatense) is a dialect of the Spanish language spoken mainly in the areas in and around the Río de la Plata Basin of Argentina and Uruguay, and also in Rio Grande do Sul.
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Roberto Aizenberg (22 August 1928 – 16 February 1996), nicknamed "Bobby", was an Argentine painter and sculptor.
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Roberto Arlt (1900–1942) was an Argentine writer.
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Roberto Cossa (born November 30, 1934) is a prominent Argentinian playwright and theatre director.
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The Roca–Runciman Treaty was a commercial agreement between Argentina and the United Kingdom signed in London by the Vice President of Argentina, Julio Argentino Roca, Jr., and the president of the British Board of Trade, Sir Walter Runciman, the British envoy.
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Rodolfo Jorge Walsh (January 9, 1927 – March 25, 1977) was an Argentine writer, considered the founder of investigative journalism.
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Rogelio Yrurtia (December 6, 1879 – March 4, 1950) was a renowned Argentine sculptor of the Realist school.
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RomaniaIn English, Romania was formerly often spelled Rumania or sometimes Roumania.
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Romanticism (also the Romantic era or the Romantic period) was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
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Roque Sáenz Peña Lahitte (March 19, 1851 – August 9, 1914) was President of Argentina from 12 October 1910 to 9 August 1914, when he died in office.
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The Rosariazo was a protest movement that consisted in demonstrations and strikes, in Rosario,, between May and September 1969, during the military dictatorial rule of de facto President General Juan Carlos Onganía.
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Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina.
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The Rosario–Córdoba Highway is a highway in the central region of Argentina, which links the third- and second-largest cities in the country.
The rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) is a medium-sized ovenbird in the family Furnariidae It occurs in eastern South America, and is the national bird in Argentina.
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Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
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The Rugby World Cup is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams.
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The Salado River (Río Salado, "Salty River") is a river that crosses several provinces of Argentina, flowing from its source in the Salta Province to end in the Paraná River, in the Santa Fe Province.
Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country.
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Same-sex marriage in Argentina has been legal since July 22, 2010.
San Antonio Oeste is a port city in the Argentine province of Río Negro, and head of the department of San Antonio.
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San Ignacio Miní was one of the many missions founded in 1632 by the Jesuits in what the Spanish called the Province of Paraguay in the Americas during the Spanish colonial period.
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San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valley, west of the San Juan River, at above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the (over 500,000 in the metropolitan area).
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San Lorenzo is a city in the south of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, located 23 km north of Rosario, on the western shore of the Paraná River, and forming one end of the Greater Rosario metropolitan area.
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San Luis is the capital city of San Luis Province in the Cuyo region of Argentina.
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San Miguel de Tucumán (usually called simply Tucumán) is the capital of the Tucumán Province, located in northern Argentina at from Buenos Aires.
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San Nicolás de los Arroyos (usually shortened to San Nicolás) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the western shore of the Paraná River, from Rosario.
Sancti Spiritu was a fortification established in 1527 near the Paraná River by the explorer Sebastian Cabot.
Roberto Sánchez-Ocampo (August 19, 1945 – January 4, 2010), better known by his artist names Sandro/Sandro de América ("Sandro of America"), Gitano (gypsy), and the Argentine Elvis, was a notable Argentine singer and actor.
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Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the southern part of the country, in Patagonia.
Santa Cruz River (Río Santa Cruz) is a river in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz.
The Province of Santa Fe (Provincia de Santa Fe) is a province of Argentina, located in the center-east of the country.
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Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz (usually called just Santa Fe) is the capital city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina.
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Santiago del Estero (Spanish for Saint-James-Upon-The-Lagoon) is the capital of Santiago del Estero Province in northern Argentina.
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The Sáenz Peña Law (in Spanish, Ley Sáenz Peña) was Law 1887 of Argentina, sanctioned by the National Congress on 10 February 1912, which established the universal, secret and compulsory male suffrage though the creation of an electoral list (Padrón Electoral).
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Schinopsis balansae is a hardwood tree known as willow-leaf red quebracho which forms forests in the subtropical Gran Chaco ecoregion of north-eastern Argentina, and Paraguay.
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Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with imaginative content such as futuristic settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, time travel, faster than light travel, parallel universes and extraterrestrial life.
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A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made.
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The seat of government is (as defined by Brewer's Politics) "the building, complex of buildings or city from which a government exercises its authority".
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Sebastian Cabot (Italian and Venetian: Sebastiano Caboto, Spanish: Sebastián Caboto, Gaboto or Cabot; c. 1474 – c. December 1557) was an Italian explorer, likely born in the Venetian Republic.
The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation and potential vote buying.
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The Secretary General of the Union of South American Nations is the legal representative of the Secretariat of the Union of South American Nations (USAN).
The right of nations to self-determination (from) is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter’s norms.
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The Selk'nam, also known as the Onawo or Ona people, were an indigenous people in the Patagonian region of southern Argentina and Chile, including the Tierra del Fuego islands.
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The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state).
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Serú Girán was an Argentine rock supergroup.
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The Sierra de la Plata ("Silver Mountains") was a mythical source of silver in the interior of South America.
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The Sierras de Córdoba is a mountain range in central Argentina, located between the Pampas to the east and south, the Chaco to the north and the foothills of the Andes to the west.
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The Sierras pampeanas (also called Central Sierras or Pampas Sierras) (English: Pampas Mountains) is a geographical region of Argentina.
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Silvina Bullrich (October 4, 1915 – July 2, 1990) was a best-selling Argentine novelist, as well as a translator, screenwriter, critic, and academic.
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Silvina Ocampo Aguirre (July 28, 1903 – December 14, 1993) was an Argentine poet and short-fiction writer.
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Simón Bolívar, in full Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played an instrumental role in the establishment of Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Colombia as personal fiefdoms independent of Spanish rule.
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Slash-and-burn is an agricultural technique that involves the cutting and burning of plants in forests or woodlands to create fields.
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The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ or SI) is a male religious congregation of the Catholic Church.
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Soda Stereo were an Argentine rock band that is considered by critics to be the most important and influential Ibero-American band of all time and a Latin music legend.
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Son of the Bride (El hijo de la novia) is a 2001 Argentine comedy drama film directed by Juan José Campanella and written by Campanella and Fernando Castets.
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A sopaipilla, sopapilla, sopaipa, or cachanga is a kind of fried pastry and a type of quick bread served in several regions with Spanish heritage in the Americas.
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The South Africa national rugby union team, commonly known by their nickname of the Springboks, is the South African international rugby union team and is governed by the South African Rugby Union.
South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
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South American Basketball Championship was first played in 1930.
The sovereignty of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is disputed between the United Kingdom and Argentina.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
The South Orkney Islands are a group of islands in the Southern Ocean, about north-east of the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.
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Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn.
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The Southern Hemisphere of Earth is the half which is south of the equator.
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The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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Spaniards (españoles.) are a nation and ethnic group native to Spain that share a common Spanish culture and speak the Spanish language as a mother tongue.
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The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe's Napoleonic Wars.
Spanish Baroque is a strand of Baroque architecture that evolved in Spain, its provinces, and former colonies.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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Spatialism (Spazialismo) is an art movement founded by Italian artist Lucio Fontana in Milan in 1947 in which he grandiosely intended to synthesize colour, sound, space, movement, and time into a new type of art.
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Standard German (Standarddeutsch or Hochdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.
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The State of Buenos Aires (Estado de Buenos Ayres) was a secessionist republic resulting from the overthrow of the Argentine Confederation government in the Province of Buenos Aires on September 11, 1852.
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State terrorism refers to acts of terrorism conducted by a state against a foreign state or people, or against its own people.
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State-sponsored terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism.
In physical geography, a steppe (a) is an ecoregion, in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biomes, characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
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In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence.
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In physics, string theory is a theoretical framework in which the point-like particles of particle physics are replaced by one-dimensional objects called strings.
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The city of Buenos Aires is formally divided in 48 barrios (neighbourhoods), grouped into 15 comunas (communes), which are defined as "units of decentralized political and administrative management governed by designated residents" The city proper (excluding the outskirts that form Greater Buenos Aires), had 2,891,082 inhabitants as of 2010.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.
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Sudestada (Southeast blow) is the Spanish name for a climatic phenomenon common to the Río de la Plata (an estuary formed by the combination of the Uruguay River and the Paraná River on the southeastern coastline of South America) and its surrounding region.
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Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
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Sui Generis is one of the most important rock bands in Argentinian history, enjoying enormous success and popularity during the first half of the 1970s and a following that lasts to the present throughout South America.
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The Sun of May (Sol de Mayo) is a national emblem of Argentina and Uruguay, and appears on both countries' flags.
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The Supreme Court of Argentina (in Spanish, Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación) is the highest court of law of the Argentine Republic.
The Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (Director Supremo de las Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata) was a title given to the executive officers of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata according to the form of government established in 1814 by the Asamblea del Año XIII (Assembly of Year XIII).
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
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Sweetbreads or ris are culinary names for the thymus (also called throat, gullet, or neck sweetbread) or the pancreas (also called heart, stomach, or belly sweetbread), especially of calf (ris de veau) and lamb (ris d'agneau), and, less commonly, of beef and pork.
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Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of American music that developed in the early 1930s and became a distinctive style by 1940.
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Symphony Hall is a concert hall located at 301 Massachusetts Avenue in Boston, Massachusetts.
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The Symphony No.
Syrah is a dark-skinned grape variety grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce red wine.
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The Syrian people (الشعب السوري / ALA-LC: al-sha‘ab al-Sūrī; ܣܘܪܝܝܢ) are the inhabitants of Syria, and their ancestors who share a common Levantine Semitic ancestry.
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Tanghetto is a musical group based in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and one of the most important on the neo tango scene.
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Tango is a partner dance that originated in the 1890s along the River Plate, the natural border between Argentina and Uruguay, and soon spread to the rest of the world.
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Tango (Tango, no me dejes nunca) is a 1998 Argentine tango film written and directed by Carlos Saura and photographed by cinematographer Vittorio Storaro.
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The Tanque Argentino Mediano (TAM; English: Argentine Medium Tank) is the main battle tank in service with the Argentine Army.
The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is the second most important lyric opera house in Argentina, after the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires.
The Teatro Colón (Spanish: Columbus Theatre) is the main opera house in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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The Teatro Coliseo is a theatre in Retiro neighbourhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina which opened on July 8, 1905.
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The Teatro del Libertador General San Martín (or more commonly, Teatro del Libertador or Teatro Libertador) is the premier stage theatre, opera house and concert hall in Córdoba, Argentina.
Teatro El Círculo is a theater in Rosario, Argentina.
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The Teatro General San Martín (General San Martín Theater) is an important public theater in Buenos Aires, located on Corrientes Avenue and adjacent to the cultural center of the same name.
The Teatro Independencia ("Independence Theatre") is the premier performing arts venue in Mendoza, Argentina.
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The Teatro Nacional Cervantes in Buenos Aires is the national stage and comedy theatre of Argentina.
The Teatro Opera (Opera Theatre) is a prominent cinema and theatre house in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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The Tehuelche people is a collective name for some native tribes of Patagonia and the southern pampas region in Argentina and Chile.
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In Argentina, area codes are two, three, or four digits long (after the initial zero).
Argentine television broadcasting began in 1951 with the inaugural of then state-owned Canal 7, developed by Radio Belgrano executive Jaime Yankelevich.
In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
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The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s.
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A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn.
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The Aleph and Other Stories (Spanish: El Aleph, 1949) is a book of short stories by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
The Hands (Las manos) is a movie in 2006 Argentinean-Italian film directed by Alejandro Doria.
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La invención de Morel (1940) — translated as The Invention of Morel or Morel's Invention — is a science fiction novel by Adolfo Bioy Casares.
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El faro (The Lighthouse) is a 1998 Argentine-Spanish drama film directed by Eduardo Mignogna.
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The Motorcycle Diaries (Diarios de motocicleta) is a 2004 biopic about the journey and written memoir of the 23-year-old Ernesto Guevara, who would several years later become internationally known as the iconic Marxist guerrilla commander and revolutionary Che Guevara.
The Official Story (La historia oficial) is a 1985 Argentine drama historical film directed by Luis Puenzo and written by Puenzo and Aída Bortnik.
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The Past (Le Passé) is a 2013 French–Italian–Iranian drama film, written and directed by Iranian director Asghar Farhadi and starring Bérénice Bejo, Tahar Rahim and Ali Mosaffa.
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The Rugby Championship is an international rugby union competition contested annually by Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
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The Secret in Their Eyes (El secreto de sus ojos) is a 2009 Argentine crime thriller film directed, produced and edited by Juan José Campanella and written by Eduardo Sacheri and Campanella, based on Sacheri's novel La pregunta de sus ojos (The Question in Their Eyes).
The Truce (La tregua) is a 1974 Argentine film directed by Sergio Renán and co-written with Aída Bortnik, based on the eponymous novel by Mario Benedetti.
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Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire";; officially Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is an Argentine province.
Argentina is located at a longitude that would naturally put it in the UTC−4 or UTC−5 time zone, but it actually uses the UTC−3 time zone.
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The Toba or Qom are an ethnic group in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay.
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Toba Qom is a Guaicuruan language spoken in South America by the Toba people.
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The tonocotés or tonokotés are an aboriginal people inhabiting the provinces of Santiago del Estero and Tucumán in Argentina.
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Tomás Eloy Martínez (July 16, 1934January 31, 2010) was an Argentine journalist and writer.
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Tomás Maldonado (born 25 April 1922) is an Argentine painter, designer and thinker, considered one of the main theorists of design theory of the legendary "Ulm Model", a design philosophy developed during his tenure (1954–1967) at the Ulm School of Design (Hochschule für Gestaltung – HfG) in Germany.
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Topography is a field of geoscience and planetary science comprising the study of surface shape and features of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.
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Torrontés is a white Argentine wine grape variety, producing fresh, aromatic wines with moderate acidity, smooth texture and mouthfeel as well as distinctive peach and apricot aromas on the nose.
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Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.
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Buenos Aires is in the midst of a tourism boom, according to the World Travel & Tourism Council, Retrieved on 10 March 2008 which reveals strong growth for Argentina Travel and Tourism in 2007 and in coming years, and the prestigious travel and tourism publication; Travel + Leisure, a monthly magazine, travelers voted Buenos Aires the second most desirable city to visit after Florence, Italy.
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.
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Trade involves the transfer of the ownership of goods or services from one person or entity to another in exchange for other goods or services or for money.
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A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.
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Transparency International (TI) is a non-governmental organization that monitors and publicizes corporate and political corruption in international development.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
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The Trelew Massacre was a mass execution of 16 political prisoners, militants of different Peronist and left organizations, in Rawson Penitentiary by the conservative military government of Argentina.
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The Trial of the Juntas (Spanish, Juicio a las Juntas) was the judicial trial of the members of the de facto military government that ruled Argentina during the dictatorship of the Proceso de Reorganización Nacional (el proceso), which lasted from 1976 to 1983.
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A tropical climate is a climate typically found within the Tropics, while a few locations outside the Tropics are considered to have a tropical climate.
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The Tucumán Government Palace is the executive office building of the Government of the Province of Tucumán.
A TV format is the overall concept and branding of a copyrighted television program.
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The Ulm School of Design (Hochschule für Gestaltung Ulm) was a college of design based in Ulm, Germany.
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Un Oso Rojo (Red Bear or A Red Bear) is a 2002 Argentine, Spanish, and French drama film, directed by Israel Adrián Caetano.
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Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will by the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), lawful compulsion, or other extreme hardship to themselves or to members of their families.
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In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
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The Union of South American Nations, USAN; (Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR; União de Nações Sul-Americanas, UNASUL; Unie van Zuid-Amerikaanse Naties, UZAN) is an intergovernmental regional organization comprising 12 South American countries.
Unitarianists or Unitarians (in Spanish, Unitarios) were the proponents of the concept of a Unitary state (centralized government) in Buenos Aires during the civil wars which shortly followed the Declaration of Independence of Argentina in 1816.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
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The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) is a United Nations peacekeeping force that was established under United Nations Security Council Resolution 186 in 1964 to prevent a recurrence of fighting following intercommunal violence between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, to contribute to the maintenance and restoration of law and order and to facilitate a return to normal conditions.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The 2012 United Nations Security Council election was held on 18 October 2012 during the 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City.
The United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti (UNSTAMIH) (Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti), also known as MINUSTAH, an acronym of the French translation, is a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti that has been in operation since 2004.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to adult citizens (or subjects), though it may also mean extending that right to minors (Demeny voting) and non-citizens.
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The University of Buenos Aires (Universidad de Buenos Aires, UBA) is the largest university in Argentina and the second largest university by enrollment in Latin America.
The University of Colorado Boulder (UCB, also commonly referred to as CU-Boulder, CU, Boulder, or Colorado) is a public research university located in Boulder, Colorado, United States.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
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Uruguay, officially the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in the southeastern region of South America.
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The Uruguay national rugby union team is the representative side of Uruguay, governed by the Unión de Rugby del Uruguay.
The Uruguay River (Río Uruguay,; Rio Uruguai) is a river in South America.
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The USA Selects is the second national rugby team for the United States, usually used for uncapped matches and domestic club sides.
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Ushuaia is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina.
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The Valdes Peninsula (Spanish: Península Valdés) is a peninsula on the Atlantic coast in the Viedma Department in the north east of Chubut Province, Argentina.
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In the context of the theory of Marxist revolutionary struggle, vanguardism is a strategy whereby the most class-conscious and politically advanced sections of the proletariat or working class, described as the revolutionary vanguard, form organizations in order to draw larger sections of the working class towards revolutionary politics and serve as manifestations of proletarian political power against its class enemies.
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Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
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Víctor Emilio Galíndez (November 2, 1948 in Vedia – October 25, 1980 in Veinticinco de Mayo, Buenos Aires) was an Argentine boxer who was the third Latin American to win the world Light Heavyweight championship, after Puerto Rico's José Torres and Venezuela's Vicente Rondon.
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Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
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A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.
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Alejandro Vicente López y Planes (May 3, 1785 – October 10, 1856) was an Argentine writer and politician who acted as interim President of Argentina from July 7, 1827 to August 18, 1827.
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The Viceroyalty of Peru (Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima.
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The Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most short-lived Viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.
Victoria Ocampo CBE (April 7, 1890January 27, 1979) was an Argentine writer and intellectual, described by Jorge Luis Borges as La mujer más argentina ("The quintessential Argentine woman").
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Viennese cuisine is the cuisine that is characteristic of Vienna, Austria, and a majority of its residents.
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Viktor Sulčič, also known as Víctor (or Victorio) Sulcic, was a Slovenian born Art Deco architect in Argentina.
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Villa La Angostura (Spanish for Narrowness-ville) is a village located in the Los Lagos Department in the south of the Argentine province of Neuquén, on the northwest shore of the Nahuel Huapi Lake.
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Vlax Romani is a dialect group of the Romani language.
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In law, void means of no legal effect.
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Voseo is the use of vos as a second person singular pronoun, including its conjugational verb forms in many dialects of Spanish.
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The War of the Confederation (Guerra de la Confederación) (1836–1839), was a conflict between the Peru-Bolivian Confederation on one side and Chile, Peruvian dissidents and Argentina, on the other.
This article has been written in 2007/08 and has only been partially updated since.
A waterway is any navigable body of water.
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The Wells Fargo Center (90 South 7th St), formerly known as Norwest Center, is the third-tallest building in Minneapolis, Minnesota, after the IDS Center and the Capella Tower.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).
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The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of the Earth that lies west of the Prime Meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the Antimeridian, the other half being called the Eastern Hemisphere.
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The Western Sahara (الصحراء المغربية; Sahara Occidental; Berber: Taneẓroft Tutrimt) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
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Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.
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White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.
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Wichí languages are the most widely spoken language of the Matacoan language family.
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The Wichí are an indigenous people of South America. They are a large group of tribes ranging about the headwaters of the Bermejo River and the Pilcomayo River, in Argentina and Bolivia.
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Wild Tales (Relatos salvajes) is a 2014 Argentine-Spanish black comedy film written and directed by Damián Szifron and starring an ensemble cast consisting of Ricardo Darín, Oscar Martínez, Leonardo Sbaraglia, Érica Rivas, Rita Cortese, Julieta Zylberberg, and Darío Grandinetti.
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Women's suffrage(also known as woman suffrage or woman's right to vote) is the right of women to vote and to stand for electoral office.
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The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
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A high-income economy is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income per capita above US$12,735 in 2014, calculated using the Atlas method.
The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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The WTA Rankings are the ratings defined by the Women's Tennis Association, introduced in November 1975.
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Xul Solar was the adopted name of Oscar Agustín Alejandro Schulz Solari (born December 14, 1887 – April 9, 1963), Argentine painter, sculptor, writer, and inventor of imaginary languages.
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XXY is a 2007 Argentine-Spanish-French drama film written and directed by Lucía Puenzo.
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The Yaghan, also called Yagán, Yahgan, Yámana, Yamana, or Tequenica, are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southern Cone, who are regarded as the southernmost peoples in the world.
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Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, literally "Jewish"; in older sources also "Yiddish-Taitsh" (Judaeo-German)) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
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The Yungas (Aymara yunka warm or temperate Andes or earth, Quechua yunka warm area on the slopes of the Andes) is a stretch of forest along the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains from Peru, Bolivia, and northern Argentina.
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Zárate is a city in the northeast of the.
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Zonda wind (in Spanish, viento zonda) is a regional term for the foehn wind that often occurs on the eastern slope of the Andes, in Argentina.
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.ar is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Argentina.
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The 1930 Argentine coup d'état also known as the September Revolution by supporters of it, involved the overthrow of the Argentine government of Hipólito Yrigoyen by forces loyal to General José Félix Uriburu.
The 1943 Argentine coup d'état, also known as the Revolution of '43, was a coup d'état on June 4, 1943, which ended the government of Ramón Castillo, who had been fraudulently elected to office,Rock, David.
The 1976 Argentine coup was a right-wing coup d'état that overthrew Isabel Perón on 24 March 1976, in Argentina.
On 2 April 1982, Argentine forces launched the invasion of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), beginning the Falklands War.
The 1989 food riots were a series of riots and related episodes of looting in stores and supermarkets in Argentina, during the last part of the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín, between May and June 1989.
The 1994 amendment to the Constitution of Argentina was approved on 22 August by a Constitutional Assembly that met in the twin cities of Santa Fe and Paraná.
The 2007 Rugby World Cup was the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union competition inaugurated in 1987.
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The 2012 Rugby Championship was the inaugural annual rugby union series between the national rugby union teams of New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and Argentina.
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